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without being watched like school- tions of men be more easily acquired boys. But even in the advanced class. than amidst several hundred students? es, the greatest care is taken to secure – If our Upitarian youths are gifted the regular attendance of the students with dispositions more prone to do and to inculcate habits of diligence evil, than imitate that which is good; and perseverance. The fact is, that if their morals are so delicate as to be at the University of Glasgow, every unable to resist the least temptation; ambitious young man may succeed: let them be kept at home or sent to there are rewards held out to the in- some insulated monastery; but if they dustrious; but fines and disgrace are be capable of exhibiting the dignity the necessary consequences of idle. of human nature, let them breathe
The prizes which are given to the air of freedom ; let them see the the students of each class, for general world ; let them be enabled to retain eminence, ought to operate as most a character free from vice, not bepowerful inducements to diligence cause it has always been placed beand exertion : nor should any com- yond their reach, but because they pulsion be applied to young men who have thrust it from them: if they are are sent to finish their education at a to acquire a spirit of independence University, but such as respects moral and to avoid the evils of established feeling ; “ the stimulants which alone error; let them be placed amongst will be of use" to them, “ must prick those who differ from them, but where the sense of honour and emulation, of not the least restraint is laid upon any disapprobation and disgrace." particular sentiments; let them be
3. But are not the morals of a Glas- placed where the most important regow student exposed to a great haz- ligious and political subjects are disard? Is he not in danger of being led cussed with the greatest freedom and into improper company, or habits of ability ; where a spirit of inquiry is extravagance?-In these questions are indulged and encouraged to the greatinvolved the comparative advantages est degree; where every one can take of a public and private education : an active part in the good cause; and but without occupying your time by where the friends of truth are every any discussion upon this subject, it day enlivened by the renewed sucmay be observed that, there is not cess of persevering industry. Should the least danger of a young man from they in such circumstances refuse to England, who has been initiated in exhibit Methodistic zeal and Unitathe principles of Unitarianism, injur-: rian independence, it is because they ing his character by the choice of his pever received the seeds of such discompanions. It is very patural that positions either from their parents or he will first unite himself to those of Disseyting schools ; nay, more, it is his countrymen who have spent some because their minds are incapable of time at the College. Their company these Christian graces. Should they will be found more agreeable than the become immoral characters, it is besociety of strangers ; and if he be at cause their previous education must all desirous of sharing in the respect have been superficial, or they must which is attached to the character of be endued with the unnatural desire an English student, and of acquiring of avoiding those who unite with the approbation of the distinguished them iu sentiment, and who have been preacher and defender of our faith, nourished with the fruits of the same he will corduct himself in a proper soil. Should they become extravamariner ; and will therefore be in as gant, most of the blame falls upon little danger of becoming a dissipated their parents. They cannot be too character, as of acquiring habits of profuse in their expenditure unless indolence. The testimony of facts they be furnished with the means, bears me out in these suppositions. As they are not lodged with the ProI believe there is not an instance of fessors or within the walls of the Col. a Unitarian student from England lege they can easily accommodate injuring his moral character through themselves to their circumstances. the influence of the society he had lodgings may be procured in the city formed, while at Glasgow College. for five, twenty, or thirty shillings A far more pleasing effect is almost a-week. The expenses of board may necessarily produced. Where can a be equally varied; they may be rekpowledge of the habits and disposi- duced to eight, or ten, or extended to fifteen, twenty, or thirty shillings as those incognitos, with an assurance a-week." But in the management of of whose existence in bigh life Mr. household affairs, as well as college Belsham has alarmed the Bishop of business, a Glasgow student is direct- London ; being under no such oblied by the influence of utility, and ap- gation to become a Trinitarian in the probation or disapprobation. He country, I passed by the parish church knows that vice and extravagance and sought out in a weigbouring vilare incompatible with industry and lage a small congregation of Unitahonourable distinction ; be therefore rians, which had nothing to attract learus to avoid evil, lest he should for- regard, but the simplicity of scriptufeit the approbation of his parents, ral worship, friends, instructors and fellow-stu- They used the Collection of Psalms dents ; lest he should frustrate the and Hymns first published in 1795, design for which he was sent to Col- by the late excellent Dr. Kippis, and lege. These convictions ought to be, bis coadjutors, three Unitarian minisand generally are, an ample compen- ters still living. One of the Psalms sation for strict academical discipline. read for singing was the 229th, Few parents have had to complain of Blest are the souls that hear and know, &c. the extravagant habits acquired by
The second stanza ran thus : their sons at Glasgow: on the contrary, it has often been remarked, Their joy sball bear their spirits up, that those young men who have ac
Through God's eternal name: quired a knowledge of the value of His promises exalt their hope,
And who shall dare condemn ? money, by actual experience, claim a decided superiority over those who I was surprised to find this stanza have never known what it is to pro- attributed to Watts, by adding his vide for themselves,
name to the title of the psalm. The But I must conclude; for I find I religious occupations of early life had have already far exceeded the bounds served me to recollect that he had of a common letter. I am aware that written, much more might have been said in Their joy shall bear their spirits up less compass.
If however I can con- Through their Redeemer's name, tribute in any degree towards the in- His righteousness exalts their hope, formation of your readers, I shall care Nor Satan dares condemn. little about the profuseness of my The 2nd line of this stanza he evi. style. If your correspondent had been dently designed for the praise of able to discover any thing worthy of Christ in his supposed character of admiration in a Scotch College; if he God-man, while the third recognised had told all the truth, we might have the favourite dogma of the imputed dispensed with his philippics against righteousness of Christ, by which grammar-school colleges, crowded the elect being covered, Satan is foiled class-rooms, “ promiscuous society," when, according to the 4th Jine, he &c., &c.: but a whole catalogue of comes forward to accuse them; a fond evils without any mixture of good was conceit, probably borrowed from the not likely to accord with the feeelings poetical introduction to the Book of of those who are proud to acknow- Job. These three lines appear in my ledge the many and great advantages judgment, to contain notions as unthey have received from the Univer- scriptural as any fables in the Coran sity of Glasgow. “ A little more
or the Shaster, yet they were imcandour and a little less partiality portant parts of the author's theolowould do us no harm." I subscribe gical system. myself
Finding the name of Watts thus A Friend to Pure Representation. freely treated, I had the curiosity to
look further into the volume. At SIR,
Sept. 28, 1815.
ATELY spending a Sunday in
Sing to the Lord ye distant lands, Unitarian of the cast doomed to wor- the poet's representation of Christ's ship only in genteel company, such reign as “ God's own Almighty Son,"
and his coming to “ bless the nations * The Professors' fees are two guineas as their God," are expunged and reeaeh, with one or two exceptions, wbisb placed by more scriptural sentiments amount to three guineas and a balf. could easily give other examples, in
which the name of Watts appears to Donne, sometime Dean of St. Paul's sanction an abandonment of his sys- London." These Letters, though tem, or at least of its most important much of their interest is gone with doctrines.
the age in which they first appeared, I have always thought that a col- are still valuable for some fine thoughts lector might justly accommodate to which they contain, and especially his own ideas of Christian worship, for the ease and perspicuity of the whatever he met with, putting, as it style, when compared with the were, every Hymnist on the bed of phraseology of Dr. Donne's Poems, Procrustes, provided be accompanied which had become so obsolete, a cenhis selection with a full declaration of tury ago, that Pope, as is well known, the liberty he had assumed. For such translated the Satires into intelligible a declaration, I searched the Preface Euglish verse. to this Collection, in the editions of lua letter to bis “ honoured friend 1795 and 1812, but was suprised to Sir T. Lucey,”(p.11) written probably find a licence taken out only for some about 1624, the author has a passlight alterations. I beg leave to ask sage introductory to that for which the surviving editors of the collec- ! refer to him well worth transcribtion, who, 1 dare say, are among ing. He remarks, “ that as litigious your readers, and who, I am persuad- men, tired with suits, admit any ared, would rather Christianize than bitrament, and Princes travailled with designedly neglect the Pagan precept long and wasteful war, descend to on your blue cover; I would ask such conditions of peace, as they are those respectable gentlemen a ques soon after ashamed to have embraced: tion with which orthodox Christians so philosophers, and so all sects of have more than once puzzled me; Christians, after long disputations and what are alterations of moment, if controversies, have allowed many those to which I have referred are things for positive and dogmatical “slight alterations ?"
truths, which are not worthy of that VERBUM SAT. dignity. And so, many doctrines
have grown to be the ordinary dict St. Ardleon, Oct. 4, 1815.
and food of our spirits and have Sir,
place in the pap of Catechisms, which
were admitted but as physic in that article in your Review, p. 588, present distemper, or accepted in a that the doctrine of Original Sin has lazy weariness, when men, so they come under the public animadversion might have something to rely upon,
and to excuse themselves from more of Mr. Wright who, with scriptural arguments, in a popular form, has painful inquisition, never examined
what that was." already successfully opposed several popular and long-established perver- the matter of the soul—that whole
Dr. Donne goes on to remark, “in sions, as I cannot help regarding them, Christian churches arest themselves of the faith once delivered to the Saints,
upon propagation from parents; and The doctrine of Original or Birth other whole Christian churches allow Sin though it runs, as it were, on
only infusion from God." He controall fours, through the Articles, Con, evict necessarily and certainly a na.
verts the first, because you “ can never fessions and Catechisms of Established and Separated Churches, has been a
tural immortality in the soul, if the doctrine of difficult digestion with soul result out of matter.” He adds, some learned and pious individuals
as to the second notion, “they which among them, who appear to have follow the opinion of infusion from perplexed themselves, like the su
God, and of a new creation, which
is now the common opinion, can very per-human metaphysicians of the poet
hardly defend the doctrine of original And found no end, in wandering mazes sin. The soul is forced to take this lost.
infection, and comes not into the body I will give two examples among many of her own disposition.” It is clear, which might be adduced.
I think, that Dr. Donne could discosThere was published in 1054, a er no foundation for the doctrine of Ato volume of “ Letters to several Original Sin, but church-authority, Persons of Honour, written by John which his contemporary, John Hale,
Bad declared to be nought. I cannot « Mr. Edward Sympson, a fine help adding how secondary must have critic, preached a sermon before King been the importance attached to the James, at Royston, taking for his Christian doctrine of a resurrection, text, John ii. 6, That which is born when Christians were so tenacious of the flesh is ftesh.' Hence he en“of a natural immortality in the soul!" deavoured to prove that the commis
A learned Divine of that Assembly, sion of any great sin doth extinguish the grand Caterer and Dry Nurse of grace and God's spirit, for the time, the Presbyterian Church and still fa- in man. He added also, that St.
or its Pap of Catechisms, will Paul, in the 7th chapter to the Romans, furnish the other example. Henry Hick- spake not of himself as an Apostle and man, Fellow of Magdalen College, Ox. regenerate, but sub statu legis. Hereat ford, in “a Justification of the Fathers his Majesty took, and publicly exand Schoolmen, against Mr. Thomas pressed, great distaste; because ArPierce," a Landean Clergyman, pub- minius had lately been blamed for lished in 1659, maintains, “ that the extracting the like exposition out of soul is not by propagation, or ex tra- the works of Faustus Socinus. Whereduce, as they speak, but immediately of he sent to the two Professors in created by God." He, however, thus Cambridge, for their judgment herein, proceeds to surmount the difficulties who proved and subscribed the place, which appear to have puzzled Dr. ad Rom. vii. to be understood of Donne. “ Who can imagine how the regenerate man, according to St. Ausoul, which is spiritual and immate- gustine, his latter opinion in his Rerial, should be defiled, by being joined tractations; and the preacher was to a body, which though full of na- enjoined a public recantation before tural imperfections is not sinful, and the king; which was performed acif it were sinful could not communi- cordingly." cate its sinfulness to the soul that in It excites indignation to read of forms it. But now holding original such a man as King James, whose sin to be a privation, in an active sub- moral character was worse than equiject, we do avoid all these inconve- vocal, affecting to have his mind inniences by saying, that Adam, by his terested upon theological niceties. first transgression, did sin away, the There's such divinity doth hedge a King, image of God from himself and his otherwise the learned and, I dare say, posterity, who were in him, not only as a natural, but as a federal head also, the Common Version could never have
generally conscientious translators of and so God createth the souls of men void of this image, and yet justiy looks dedication to that “ most high and
disgraced themselves by their fulsome upon them as sinners, for wanting this image, because they ought to have mighty Prince," whose “ appearance" it, and by their own folly deprived in England they compare to the sun themselves of it." Or to describe this
in its strength."
R. B. scheme, wbich I believe has been lately called rational Calvinism, in
Sir, language horribly correct, God pro
Portsea, Sept. 1815. vides for every human body a soul as THE Rev. Rowland Hill has been good as he can now make it, since here several weeks preachirg, the sin of Adam, and then subjects to the amusement of many, and the that soul to eternal damnation for not satisfaction of some. He had a numhaving been made better. So is the ber of stories and anecdotes to enter. Father of Mercies misrepresented in tain the public with : but it seemed the vagaries of his erring children. as if they were a set, for when he The notion of sin as a privation has I was here before he retailed many of think been warily discussed amovg the
There was one now introlearned Calvinists in our times. I duced, amongst others, to sport with add the following passage on another what he termed Rational Christians. subject, from Mr. Hickman's Preface “ That Dr. Priestley never made but as a curious morsel of royal Church one convert, and that was a person history, and serving to 'shew how given to drunkenness; and being askCheynel (p. 497) might readily charge ed, how long he continued a better the Arminians with holding Socinian man, he said, 0, not long, he betenets.
lieved."--Now, Sir, as many of your
readers were friends of the Doctor, "1805, 10 Mo. 31. This day I came they may perhaps know whether to Hudson Meeting, in company with there be any truth in this tale, or whe- as many of H. M—'s family as could ride ther it be hawked about to serve a in their coachee, a handsomne carriage purpose. It is known that he made drawn by two horses. After Meeting many converts from Calvinism, and I dined at the house of a worthy elder. in that view it cannot be true. In conversation he gave me a little
AMICUS. history of H. B. [Hannah Barnard)
whose near neighbour and friend he Bromley, Oct. 10, 1815. had been for many years; even for Sir,
some time before she appeared as a THE following extract from a minister. Her first appearances, he
work entitled, “ Travels in some observed, were very acceptable, and in parts of North America in the years a good degree of humility: About 1804, 1805 and 1806, by Robert Sut- that time he accompanied 1. T. on a cliff," seems to me to contain a curious visit to her, who expressed his belief and genuine specimen of the danger- that she was rightly called, and enous manner in which those who ima- couraged her in the exercise of her gine they have the gift of " discerning gift. This circumstance tended to spirits," are apt to deceive themselves open her way more fully in the minds and to impose upon their brethren, of friends, and her communications to the manifest encouragement of fa- became more frequent and were ennaticism and pharisaic uncharitable. larged. Notwithstanding this the
The first edition was printed in 1811, for William Alexander, of a The person here described as "a worYork, the editor, and an elder in the thy elder” was John Alsop, whose conSociety of Friends, that is, one of duct towards Hannah Barnard, as a Disthose appointed to have the oversight which disowned her, is recorded in a Nar
ciplinarian of Hudson Monthly Meeting, of their ministers. A second edition rative of the Proceedings in America of has been lately published for the same the Society called Quakers, in her case, person, and it is said in the preface, at pp. 26—29, 33, 34, 39, 41–46, 62 “ with improvements;" I presume by -64, 68, 69, 73–75, and in the preface the editor, as the author had been p. vii. He sent a detailed account in MS. some time deceaserl. Whether these of those proceedings to the late Joseph improvements consist entirely of omis. Gurney Bevan, which I happened to see, sions I have not examined, but I find and soon after, in 1804, invited him to the whole of the following extract publish, which it is no wonder he declined, from p. 122 of the 1st edition omitted for it confirms the accuracy of the abovein the 2nd. Had some suitable apol- terial circumstances," and gave such a re
mentioned narrative " in all the most maogy for its insertion in the 1st been presentation of that Meeting's proceedings, made, and the reasons which induced as J. G. Bevan confessed « he could not the editor to omit it in the last edi. venture to defend." tion been candidly stated, I should Jobn Alsop was not, as here stated, not have troubled you with this com near neighbour" of Hannah Barnard's munication. The editor's testimonial “ for some time before she [first] appeared in favour of the “strict veracity" and as a minister,” which was, she informs “ judicious” character of the narrative me, “ before the settlement of Hudson," in the preface to both editions is pe- spot, and he at Maroneck, sixty miles
when she resided fifty miles south of that culiarly strong, and his obligation to south of that ;” and if he knew any thing correct any injurious impression, it about her “ first appearances” as a minismay be calculated to make, propor- ter, it must have been “ by hear-say,” as tionably powerful. He will, I trust, she only koew bim “personally at that feel the obligation of doing this, time.” He was, however, rightly informthrough the medium of your pages, ed that her ministry was then“ very acin justice to Hannah Barnard, to the ceptable." For his own testimony conauthor of the “ Jittle history" of her, cerning it, in concert with that of his and the other elders of Hudson Meet- brethren, after having ample opportunities ing. I beg leave to annex a few ex
of estimating its value, see Note e planatory notes to the text, and re
c The person who thus expressed his main very respectfully yours,
approval of Hannah Barnard as a minister, THOMAS FOSTER.
and “encouraged her in the exercise of her gift," and to whose judgment by this