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senter :" but in order to keep Unita. errors which I was little prepared to
rian youths in the principles which discover in the conduct of " A Friend
they have received from their parents to the permanence of Unitarian Dis-
and dissenting schools, is it necessary sent ;" and which I expected would
that their education should be com- long before this have been noticed by
pleted at some Dissenting Academy? some of your correspondents. I was
I heartily agree with your correspone not aware that all sense of obligation
dent in saying, “ that a young man to our venerable Alma Mater would
who has been led through such a cease with the revolution of one or
course," as that pursued at York Dis- two years. I have eagerly perused
senting Academy," with proper at- every number of your Repository
tention on his own part, will have since May, with the expectation of
acquired an extent and variety of finding “ A tribute of Gratitude in
knowledge, and a general enlarge. Defence of Glasgow College," from
ment of mind, of which he will cou- some of those gentlemen whom we
tinue to reap the fruits as long as he are proud to class amongst the bright-
lives :" but I cannot say the same of est ornaments of our cause.
the account he has given of the ad. wait no longer; and with your per-
vantages of an education at the Uni- mission shall lay before your readers
versity of Glasgow. In fact he has some account of the Advantages of.
overlooked all the advantages, and an Education at the University of
only wundered to the defects of this Glasgow, in reply to a letter entitled
justly celebrated seminary. He has the “ Necessity of a Dissenting Edu-
attempted to recommend the Dissent- cation for Lay Dissenters."
ing Academy at the expense of an in- At Glasgow, a Student has an op-
stitution, which it seems he has yet portunity of acquiring a most exten-
to learn, stands pre-eminent for its sive knowledge on all subjects; for
spirit of independence, and respect to there are Professors of every impor-
the principles of dissent. These are tant branch of science.
JOHN WALKER,

Humanity.
JOHN YOUNG,

Greek.
GEORGE JARDINE, Logic and Rhetoric.
JAMES MILLAR,

Mathematics and Geography,
ROBERT CLEGHORN,* Chemistry.
JAMES MYLNE,

Moral Philosophy and Political
WILLIAM MEIKLEHAM, Natural Philosophy. (Economy
JAMES COUPER,

Practical Astronomy.
STEVENSON M'GILL, Divinity.
PATRICK CUMIN, Oriental Languages.
WILLIAM MACTURK, Ecclesiastical History,
LOCKHART MUIRHEAD, Natural Histury.
JAMES JEFFRAY,

Anatomy aud Botany,
JOHN BURNS,

Surgery
JAMES TOWERS,

Midwifery.
RICHARD MILLER,

Materia Medica.
ROBERT FREER,

Medicine. ROBERT DAVIDSON, Civil Law. It is unnecessary to add, that particular, without acquiring a degree through the care and abilities of the of knowledge “ of which he will conprofessors, no young man, except he tinue to reap the fruits as long as he be singularly idle, can attend any of lives." these classes ---the gowned classes in The Professors of Humanity and

Greek, divide their pupils into two

classes ; viz. Seniores and Juniores. * Lecturer.

The Greek classes, and the junior + Professor Cumin has long been pre- atin mcet twice a day : the senior vented by indisposition from discharging Latin three times. The junior Latin the duties of a teacher. Dr. Gavin Gibb, students are engaged in reading Vir, (Dean of Faculty,) who has been appointed his successor, now officiates in his stead.

and of the tbree Philosophy classes, went 1 The Students of Latin and Greek, Gowno.

gil, Cæsar's Commentaries, Livy, day, on Grammar properly so called, &c.—in translating English into Latin Moor's Elenients being the textprose, and in writing nonsense verses. book; aud the rest of the week is The junior Greek commence the ses- employed in reading and explaining sion with the Grammar and conclude the works of the higher poets and with Anacreon and the Greek Testa. orators. Homer and the dramatists ment. The two first meetings of the engage particular attention, and the senior Latin Students are spent in Essay of Longinus on the Sublime reading the higher Roman Classics, makes a very interesting part of the such as Cicero, Livy, Tacitus, Virgil, general course of reading and disserHorace, Terence, Plautus, &c.-in tation ; which course, to suit the peexaminations on Roman Autiquities, riod of attendance in the gowned and in perusing and correcting such classes, extends to four or five years. Latin exercises in verse or iu prose, In the arrangement of the hours of as have formerly been prescribed by study, care has been taken that these the professor, aud executed by the private classes shall not interfere with students at home. At the commence- one another or with the philosophiment of the session, the first meeting cal lectures, so that the young genof the senior Greek Students is spent tlemen attending logic, ethics and in reading easy Greek authors, and natural philosophy, have it in their in revising Moor's Grammar: but the power to keep up and improve their greater part of this course is taken up acquaintance with the ancient laniu reading some part of Xenophon, guages without any additional expense Homer, Pindar, and a Greek play.

or the sacrifice of any other study." The professors of these classes de- Next in order stands the Logic dicate one hour a day to the instruc- class; but I shall not enter into a tion of the students in the advanced particular account of this or any other classes," as well as the senior students class, lest I should occupy too great of their own classes. “ At this hour a portion of your valuable Repository; (the private hour) all the pupils are and because the chief objection to the mere auditors, while the professor University of Glasgow appears to be either reads and explains one of the founded on some supposed defects in higher classics of bis respective lan- the language classes. guage, or lectures upon Grammar, The Logic Students meet two Antiquities, and the principles of hours a-day. They have nothing to Taste.

do the first hour but to attend to the “ In the Humanity Class, the hour lecture of their professor. The other is nearly equally divided between read- hour is set apart for the reading of ing and lecturing; and even in the exercises, and examination upon the choice of an author to be read, regard subjects stated in the lectures. All is paid not so much to the compara- the students of this class compose three tive difficulty of translating his works, or four exercises a-week, at least, at as to the scope which he affords for the beginning of the session; they are dissertation on the various properties often called upon to give an account of language, for remarks on ancient viva voce, or in writing, of the lectures manners and usages, and for the elu- delivered to them, and seldom fail to cidation of historical references and be examined less than once or twice poetical allusions. The lectures in a-week; and are oceasionally required the former half of the sessiou turn on to give an account of the books they Roman Antiquities ; in the course of are reading at home, and to state the which the customs and ceremonies subject and sentiments of their auof that people are illustrated with full thors. Very few fines are taken for and apposite quotations from the poets bad attendance; the professor is never and ritualists. The latter half is satisfied unless he be acquainted with usually devoted to lectures on the the cause of the absence of his pupils, Belles Lettres, and the rules of com: and frequently requires to be informed position and criticism ; the whole be in the hearing of the whole class. ing conducted with a constant refer- The plan of teaching in the Moral ence to the practice of the best wri- Philosophy class, is very like that ters in ancient and modern times. pursued in the Lógic. The professor

“ In the Greek class, there is a re- delivers a lecture at an early hour in gular and formal lecture every Mon- the morning, and the students mect again in the forenoon for the purpose sel, whom I have before quoted, that of reading the philosophical works of I shall take the liberty of presenting Cicero, Lucretius, and the Novum it to your readers in his words. Organum of Lord Bacon; or their Early in the month of December, own compositions on subjects pre- the public, or Blackstone, examinascribed to them once a-week. The tion, is begun in the literary and phiprofessor is often engaged this hour losophical college, and continues about in examining his pupils, or in reading three weeks; during which time their voluntary exercises on topics se- every pupil is particularly and strictly lected by themselves from the lec- examined on the studies of the pretures.

ceding year. It commences with the It would be pleasing to dwell upon students of the physic class ; who are the advantages of the students of this examined on ethics and jurisprudence class, but I proceed to the last gowned by the professor of moral philosophy, class ; viz. the Natural Philosophy. in the presence of the principal, the

The Professor of Natural Philoso- professor of natural philosophy, and phy delivers a lecture every day, and of several hundred of the junior studevotes an hour to the examination dents.* The young men attending of his pupils; and a third hour, three the ethical class are examived by the times a week, for a course of experi- professor of logic ; those attending ments. Exercises are also written by the logic by the professor of Greek, the students of this class, and given and those of the Greek class by the up to the professor, who takes them professor of humanity, on their reto his own house, and after having spective departments of study.—That examined and corrected, reads the part of the examination on logic which majority of them before his class, and respects the ancient dialectics, is still then returns them to their respective conducted in Latin. authors. Besides these weekly essays, “ In philology the student is alLatin Orations are composed by the lowed to name the authors on which natural philosophy students, and de. he is prepared to be examined, and livered once a fortnight, in the Com-, before he takes his seat on the blackmon Hall, in the presence of all the stone, (which is an ancient oak chair professors and students. But as there decorated with laurel, a gift, I beare generally more than seventy or lieve, of James VI. to the university,) eighty young men in the class, it is he presents his card to the examiner, impossible for all to pronounce an containing the amount of his profesoration in the Common Hall: this sion. On this he is strictly and miexercise therefore falls upon a certain nutely examined; and as there is a number who rank at the beginning public prize bestowed upon that puor end of the catalogue; and the rest pil, both in the department of Greek of the class are exempted from the and Latin, who at once professes the task, unless they wish to compete for greatest quantity, and answers best the prize which is given to the best the varions questions which are put oration.

on the construction, the etymology, The students of Mathematics, Ori- and the prosody of the language in ental Languages, and Divinity, are which he is examined, there is a good like the gowned classes, examined by deal of competition on the part of the their respective professors, and ac- sindents, and of course a good deal customed to compose on subjects con

of labour and discrimination necesnected with their lectures : but the sary on the part of the professors. rest of the non togati, (those who do “ This examination, so well known not wear gowns) are in general mere and so formidable to every Glasgow auditors of the lectures of their pro. student, was originally instituted to fessors. They are neither examined ascertain whether the pupils who had nor engaged in composition, if it be attended one course, were qualified at all contrary to their inclinations. to proceed to that immediately fol

Besides these daily examinations, lowing; and the power of remandthere is a public and formal examina- ing to their studies such as are fonnd tion of all the gowned students soon after the commencement of every ses

The number present at the Blackstone sion. This annual examination has examination now seldom exceeds two busbeen so well described by Mr. Rus- dred.

4

VOL X.

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unqualified, is accordingly lodged in man might make greater advances in the jurisdictio ordinaria, and perhaps, knowledge at a Dissenting Academy. too, in the professors, who, with the - Well, then, let it be openly deprincipal, (supposed to be present) clared at once, that the system of conduct the business of the black- education pursued at the Dissentstone. This power is indeed rarely ing Academy, is more likely to make exercised ;-so rarely, that I have good classics, and proficients in liteheard of no instance;*--yet the assu- rature, than that which is pursued rance that it is possessed, and that it at Glasgow University; and let the may be exerted, together with the advantages of the latter be proved to natural desire to excel at an exami- be as trifling as they are imagined : nation so public, renders the black- for it is too soon to attempt to outstone at once somewhat alarming as vote an institution which has been ceåp ordeal of industry, and a very pow. lebrated for more than four hundred erful incitement to its exercise. In years, and which still continues to fact, the summer is spent in making send out tutors and professors, to preparation for this inevitable scruti- academies and colleges, by ridiculing ny; and it is only those who can bear its deficiencies, and sneering at obunmoved the frown of anger on the jections which do not exist. countenance of their teacher, and the It is alleged by your correspondent smile of contempt and derision on the that some “ care is taken to secure faces of their class-fellows, who will the regular attendance of the students think of it with indifference."

at the hours of lecture, though they In addition to the regular class ex- are" -“masters of the rest of their ercises, there is a Public Theme pre- time;" nor can sufficient attention be scribed about the twenty-third of paid by the professors to all their puDecember, and executed by all the pils, while they have so many under gowned students. The students of their care. “The classes of Greek Latin and Greek have a certain por- and Latin," says he, “ shew the evil tion of English composition given of excessive numbers most strikingly, them, which is to be rendered into both because the overflowing is the Latin; the logic students translate greatest in them, (a Scotch College the same piece of composition into being not only a College, but a gramGreek. The ethic and natural phi- mar school) and because it is far more losophy students compose a Latin difficult to teach a language accurately Theme, on some subject prescribed to such a multitude, than to lecture by the Faculty

with effect on chemistry or moral phiBelonging to the College, there is losophy.” There are the evils too of a large library, which every student

promiscuous society." The Glasmay reap the benefit of, by giving a gow students are not always " under small subscription. There are also the immediate observation of their libraries belonging to all the classes, teachers :" they are therefore in great which contain such books as are most danger of becoming idle and extravaintimately connected with the busi- gant. Therefore ye“ parents among Dess of their respective courses. us, who are tempted by the name of

Now even from this rude sketch a university to send" your " children of the system of education pursued at to finish their education" at Glasgow Glasgow, it will be perceived that it College, “ consider with" yourselves. must necessarily be attended with in- “whether they have that decided turn calculable advantages. Like every for study, which can dispense with other similar institution, however, it all superintendance of the employment is liable to some objections. These of their time, and such a strength of have been hunted after ;-for what? good principle as will be in no danger -Not to prove that it is less friendly from the removal of old restraints, to the principles of dissent than any and the occurrence of untried tempother University in the Uuited King- tations." moms.-Where then is the “ Neces- "If after these solemn warnings, you sity of a Dissenting Education ?"- should still be charmed by the terms, Perhiaps it was supposed that a young Glasgow University; you should still

think it possible for your sons to be The history of later years refuses an come good classics and literary men, Asent to this pleasing statement,

though placed in a situation where

you are told it is probable that the some degree reduced, owing to the seeds of instruction sown by their establishment of a University in Belteachers will be “ lost or choaked, or fast. Crowded, however, as these at best get no depth of earth ;” and classes now are, it is not inipossible to retain good moral characters, for the Professors to secure the dilithough allowed to choose their so- gence and improvement of their puciety out of fourteen or fifteen hun- pils. Should a student appear un. dred students ; let ine state a few cir- prepared he incurs a fine; to which cumstances which you may urge as are always added a rebuke from the an excuse for your conduct; let me Professor, and a smile of contempt lay before you a few facts which will from the whole class. Now if there enable you to oppose with a consis- be a young man who can anticipate tent effrontery the reproaches of those such a chastisement without being whose friendly advice you have disre- stimulated to increasing exertion, or garded.

feel its force without being roused to 1. There is a catalogue of the stu- future diligence, he may justly be dents of cvery class, which is called deemed incurable ; not even the disover at every meeting, and an account cipline of an academy, or the arguis taken of ihose who come too late ment of force would move him. Such or who are absent. If a student neg- characters may perhaps be found; lect to attend punctually, he incurs there may be some individuals void of a fine; if he be very irregular, the feeling and the noble ambition of frown and censure of the Professor youth; there may be some who can are added to the penalty: but should bear to be rebuked by a Professor, he be often absent, the Professor has laughed at by their class-fellows, and power to cross his name out of the pointed at by the whole college, and catalogue, and thereby prevent his yet remain negligent of their duty. entering any higher class either in if you imagine your sons to be of this Glasgow College or any other Uni- description, their company will not versity in Scotland.

be acceptable on this side the Tweed. 2. The students are not only re- If nothing but perpetual threats can quired to attend their classes regularly stimulate them to exertion, I hope you but obliged to be diligent at home; will not be tempted by the name of they are not quite so much masters a University," to send them to Glasof their time as is imagined, though gow. But if they have the least dethey are not always watched by the sire of knowledge, if they are insuspicious eye of a teacher. The stu- Auenced by a sense of duty, if they dents of the language classes have a feel one spark of ambition, they will certain portion of Latin or Greek to not be lost in the ignorance of indoprepare, and exercises to write every lence, though they be occasionally evening : and though the majority are removed from “ the immediate obsernot examined, perhaps, more than vation of their teachers." once or twice a-week, they must al- I might also observe, that very few ways be prepared lest they should be Lay Students from England enter taken by surprise. I am also happy the language classes: they generally to inform you, that henceforth Glas- commence with the first philosophy gow College will not be such a gram- class. Now it is actually impossible mar school as it has been. When for a student of this class to be wil. there were only four classes in the fully idle, unless he assume the deteggrammar school, the scholars had no table character of a deceiver and a sooner begun the Greek Grammar liar. No excuse is received for nonthan they were sent to the College; attendance or the neglect of duty, but but as the grammar-school course is sickness or some such unavoidable now extended to five years, the pupils circumstance. The discipline in the of the fifth class will have acquired a more advanced classes is less strict; very considerablc kuowledge of the because it is expected that when Latin, and a tolerable acquaintance young men are old enough to attend with the Greek language, before they to the sublime doctrines of ethics, or enter the College. It is also probable the more abstruse science of natural that the number of students in the philosophy, they are also old enough Greek and Latin classes will be in to perceive and perform their duty..

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