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Christ is the dispenser or minister of ing, retorting style of worldly men, the free grace of God to all those who Verbum sat. I am, believe in him, i. e. receive him in
Yours, &c. that character: and they, generally
J. speaking at least, made a conscience of avowing their principles, with a Newport, Isle of Wight, Sept. 4, 1815. view to enlighten that world by SIR, which they were so grossly calum- E discussion which has taken niated.
place in the Repository relative I am aware that it has been found to the term Unitarian, I have viewed difficult to designate us by an uvob- with considerable interest. I conceive jectionable term: a term appropriate, that it is a matter of no trivial impor. without implying reproach against tance to ascertain to whom the term ourselves or our opponents. Shall of right belongs. I have evinced this we call ourselves, rational Christians to be my opinion, by having address-liberal Christians ? This is invid- ed publicly a Letter to Dr. Gregory of ious. Shall we simply call ourselves Woolwich Academy, on the subject. Presbyterians ? This is no proper And while I feel regret to differ from distinction. Shall we call ourselves such writers and theologians as Mr. Socinians ? This is meant as a re
Belsham, Drs. Lardner, Priestley, proach to us, and at the sanie time &c. &c.; I am clearly of opinion that does not properly designate us, who, the term includes and of right be. as Mr. Frend has very truly observed, longs to Arians,-I would say, even of bow to uo human authority. What the highest description. The term apunobjectionable title then be pears to me both from pristine usage found ? I have no childish affection and grammatical propriety, to mean for Unitarian any more than for other the believer in One God as ONE PER. terms; but I believe it will not be son in contradistinction to One God easy to find one more appropriate ; in THREE PERSONs. This being my nor can I see what right any have to persuasion, strengthened by what has adopt this denomination who do not been advanced by Mr. Yates, I should hold and avow the leading principles not have troubled you with a line which have always distinguished the upon the subject, did I not greatly avowed Unitarians in this country.
differ from the latter gentleman, as to Mr. Belsham, on his side, has been the propriety, or rather innocence, of sufficiently explicit in explaining his calling Unitarians Socinians. We call sense of the term Unitarian ; I think our opponents Calvinists because geMr. Frend has not beeu equally so, nerally speaking, they admit and own and therefore, I for one, would wish the title. Some Trinitarians are strictly him to explain himself more fully. Calvinistic : and others who either do And there is another subject on which not accurately know what they bemany desire in common with me that lieve, or wherein they differ from he would propose his sentiments Calvin, style themselves moderate Cal. plainly and explicitly-in what he dif- vinists. The case is different with fers concerning the salvation by Christ Unitarians, using the term in the most from those who are generally denom- lax sense of the word—they do not inated Unitarians or Socinians. He agree with Socinus, as I have, I think says (if I remember right) “ I receive in the pamphlet alluded to clearly Christ as a whole Saviour.” The ques- shewn; of course to call them Socini. tion surely is not, whether he is a ans must indicate either an ignorance whole Saviour, or a part of a Saviour; of ecclesiastical history, or an evident but in what sense and in what man intention to detract--for the term is ner he is a Saviour, and in what sense generally used as a word of reproach. and in what particulars some Unita. I am perfectly aware there are perrians, from whom Mr. Frend wishes sons, among whom is my friend Dr. · to be distinguished, despoil him of Gregory above alluded to, who say his real character of Saviour. And they do not so use it: to such perfor the sake of truth and Christianity sons I would remark; that as from --why not add Unitarianism too? its being frequently so used, the term Let our discussions be carried on in ais objectionable, they would be stu. friendly manner and with godly sim- dying the avoidance of the appearplicity, and not in the hostile, irritat- ance of evil, more, to give the terra
up. But while their mental obliquity Essex Street, Sept. 6, 1815. is so great that they pretend to see no SIR, difference between him who believes REQUEST that it may be unGod to be one person and him who derstood that I have no controverbelieves him to be three persons, or sy at issue with any of your respectain other words, that believers and dis- ble correspondents concerning the believers in the Trinity are equally meaning of the term Unitarian). Out Unitarians, we can searcely expect of the various significations which it them to be so rational, as the above is known to bear, I have selected hint requires
that which appears to me to be the I very much deprecate the idea most appropriate. I have defined my of the Unitarians forming them- term : to sliew that I have not arbiselves into different parties. They trarily annexed a new signification to are too much like a rope of sand the word, I have appealed to grave already; every thing of difference authorities : I have pointed out what should be as much as possible avoided, appear to me to be the inconveniences It will be quite time enough for them of using the word in a more extended to split upon the question whether sense : and finally, I trust that I have Jesus was simply a human being, or correctly adhered to the definition the logos, or something else, when with which I set out, so that no perthey have by union cleared the world son who reads the book can mistake of the Trinitarian doctrine. For which the meaning of the author. To all reason I much admire the broad base this I presume that as a writer intendupon which most of our Unitarian ing to be understood I had an indeSocieties stand ; and I greatly approve feasible claim. I never pretended and have extensively circulated a de. that my definition was the only one cisive Unitarian sermon from the pen which had ever been given of the of Mr. Hughes, published by the word Unitarian. I never authoritaSouthern Society, but which has tively imposed it upon others. I never been condemned by some persons, was angry with any one for using the though I am happy to say these per. word in a different sense. And though sons are comparatively few, because after all that has been said, I still re. the author avows in it, his attach- main decidedly of opinion that if truth ment to the opinion that Jesus pre- and distinctness of ideas be the object existed. But whether he did or did in view the more restricted definition not, it has nothing to do, in my esti. is the most convenient, yet if others mation at least, with Unitarianism; think differently they are at full li. and I sincerely hope, that by the berty to act according to their judgformation of local societies for popular ment, only adhering strictly to the preaching, or by some other means, definition with which they set out in which, now the attention of Unita- order to avoid quibbling and verbal rians appears to be turned to the sub- controversy. Upon this subject, Sir, ject, may be adopted, those who can. I shall trouble you no further. not receive the doctrine of the Trini. With Arianism I make no comproty will become a more compact, uni- mise any more than with Trinitarianted, and energetic body, maintaining ism : from which, in its highest state their right, and their exclusive right as held by Dr. Clarke, I think with to the honourable name of Unitarian, the Bishop of St. David's, 'its practi. charitably waving the discussion of cal difference is very trifling. Nor those points which are not immedi- indeed is the difference very considerately involved in the designation and able as it was held by Dr. Price and which can only serve to give pleasure those who are called lower Arians : or triumph to their adversaries. only that they contend for what apI remain, Sir,
pears to me to be a great inconsisteniYours respectfully, cy, namely, that the Son is not to be JOHN FULLAGAR. worshiped, though he is the Lord
our Maker, Preserver, Governor and + The title of this Discourse is, “ The Judge. But though I shall ever proTitles and Attributes of God, no proof of test in the strongest terms against 218 Divinity to whom they are ascribed," this enormous corruption of the Chris. Eaton.
tian doctrine, I should be sorry to be suspected of entertaining the slightest
ill-will against any individual for the that of rendering the discourse of the conscientious profession either of_ A. speaker intelligible to hearers who rianism, or the doctrine of the Tri were of different nations and lannity. My desire is to enlighten, not guages, is a supposition which ap. to infiame.
pears to me inconsistent with the nar. I do not know whether I exactly rative. That it was the gift of differunderstand the purport of the ques- ent tones is a solution which could tion proposed by your correspondent only be suggested by one who meant from Lynn, (p. 186) but to afford him to turn the whole into ridicule. the best satisfaction I am able, I will If the hints suggested which are give a brief abstract of my ideas upon quite satisfactory to my own mind, the subject of the gift of tongues in should contribute to alleviate the difthe following propositions :
ficulty which occurs to your corres1. The gift of tongues was, I be- pondent, or to any other of your lieve, a power miraculously commu- readers, it will be a sincere gratificanicated to the apostles, and to many tion to, Sir, of the first converts, of speaking va
Yours, &c. rious languages which they had never
T. BELSHAM. learned. See Acts ii. 2. This gift once communicated
SIR, was permanent: and was liable to S Mr. Aspland's reply in your last be grossly perverted and abused.
3. For the shameful perversion of in the preceding one, is extremely unthis gift the apostle severely reproves satisfactory, and contains some posithe Corinthians, and gives many ju- tions which require animadversion, I dicious directions for its proper em- beg leave to trouble you once more ployment i Cor. xii. xiv.
on the subject.-At the close of a long 4. This abuse of miraculous gifts and (for the most part) irrelevant and powers, which made it necessary quotation from his “ Plea,” that genfor the apostle to animadvert so se tleman observes, “ Now it is for Pasverely upon the Corinthians, and to tor to say whether the term Socinian give so many particular directions for as commonly used be not inapprothe proper employment of them, af- priate and invidious." I beg Mr. fords the strongest possible historical A's pardon, but it is not for me to evidence of their existence, and con- say any thing about it. I have made sequently, of the truth of the Chris- no allusion to that term; nor do I tian religion.
wish to apply it to any person who The argument stands thus : Either disowns it. What I have censured the first epistle to the Corinthians is the adoption of another term as dewas not written by Paul—or, the scriptive of a certain party, when it apostle must have been insane—or, is known to be equally descriptive of these powers existed, and therefore others who are not of that party. In Christianity is of divine original. reply to this Mr. A. remarks, that the
5. Upon this hypothesis the wisdom term Protestant includes more sects of God is vindicated in communicating than one, and also the term Christian; powers which were liable to be per- and then most strangely asks, “ Whe verted and abused.
would therefore lay either aside ?" 6. Qu. Why did not the apostles Methinks the question ought to have write better Greek ?
been, “What gect therefore would Answ. Greek was not one of the think of appropriating either of these languages with which the apostles terms to itselja" Suppose, for inwere inspired. It was probably as stance, a particular class of Christians well known in Judea, as Euglish is to have a “ fund" for its own peculiar in Wales. Every one who could use purposes ; what should we think of a pen could write in Greek. Nor is their calling it The Christian Fund, it necessary to suppose that if a lan or the Protestant Fund? When we guage is divinely inspired it must be speak of Christians or of Protestants, ivspired in its purest and most classi we include them all generally, and do cal form. It would rather be commu not intend one class in particular. nicated in that form in which it would Now Mr. A, admits that the term be most universally intelligible. Unitarian, like those two, “ embraces
9. That the miracle wrought, was more sects than one." The inference
then, on his own shewing, is obvious pellation, because I wish to avoid the and irresistible. Nothing more is use of words which are not approved necessary to shew the impropriety of by those most concerned. But if a the practice which he wishes to de- more correct one be not chosen by fond.
themselves than either Unitarian or But Mr. Aspland (speaking of his Socinian, I believe the rest of the own sect, which Mr. Norris thought world will in general continue to use ought to be called Socinians) ventures the latter. With regard to myself, I
“ We approve of the name shall in future feel less reluctance to (Unitarian) because it is purely and designate them as Socinians, because justly descriptive of our faith.” I am since I began writiog these remarks, really surprised that a man of “frank. I have read the following judicious ness and discernment” should hazard observations of Mr. Yates, one of the such an assertion. But since it is best writers and ablest champions of made, and repeated by quotation, I their cause. After stating that the appeal to the writer's honour and objections to this appellative appear candour, and ask him, How is it pos- to him groundless, he adds, “ for as, sible that this name should be consi- when we call our orthodox brethren dered as descriptive of the faith of Calvinists, we never mean to insinuthose commouly called Socinians, ate that they make Calvin their maswhen it is known to refer to only one ter instead of Christ, or that they appoint in which they agree with several prove of the murder of Servetus, so other classes of Christians, without the we need not fear that, by, allowing most distant allusion to their peculiar ourselves to be called Socinians, we faith, or that which distinguishes them shall be charged with looking up to from all other Christians. I venture Socinus as our spiritual guide, or with to assert that it is as purely and justly adopting the sentiments favourable to descriptive of the faith of other sects persecution, which have been extractas it is of that to which Mr. A. be- ed from his letters." longs; and of those too, who differ I never understood, Sir, that this from him in very momentous articles. sect were ever in danger of being Some of the writers belonging to those “ called upon to map out and give sects have been among the first lumi- names to the various sections of the naries of the Christian church, and Christian world.” Mr. Aspland, howhave most ably argued in defence of ever, seems to deprecate this hard doctrines which Mr. A. spends his treatment, and I can assure him with life to oppose.
Therefore reason, the most perfect good humour, I truth, propriety, common sense, all shall, for one, entirely exonerate them concur in prohibiting that appropria- from such labour. But I'do call upon tion of the name against which I re- them, as just and reasonable inen, monstrate. It ought not to be so ap- not to “ map out" any thing for thempropriated any more than the names selves which equally belongs to their Christian and Protestant, to which neighbours, Mr. A. very justly compares it.
Permit me to close by relating a What then are they to be called ? fact. Some time ago a new chapel I really do not know. It is for them, was erected, hard by an old one, in if they please, to assume a proper ap- which an excellent and valuable minpellation, which they have never yet ister officiated, who was well known dove. And until they do, I appre- to be an Unitarian; a believer in “one hend they will continue to be called God, in one person;" just such an by most people, Socinians ;, not be- Unitarian as Mr. Aspland describes. cause it is correct, but because it is This doctrine he preached and demore so than their favourite appella- fended. But in most other points he tive. For let it be remembered that differed from those who built the new the difference between them and So- chapel. They were not separated by cinus, is far less than that which sub- any differences respecting the Divine sists between them and most other Uni- Unity, but solely by other points ; tarians ! A fact this, which demol- which, however, both sides justly ishes a great part of Mr. A's. long considered as very material ones. Yet quotation from his “ Plea." I confess the worshipers in the new chapel liowever that I have not hitherto been chose to give it, and themselves, the forward to describe them by that ap- name of Unitarian ! Thus perversely
distinguishing their society by that see clearly to cast out the mote out of very appellation which marked their thy brother's eye." Could the bishop agreement with their neighbours, in- be longer seriously angry, and could stead of one that contained any appro. he wish to have the former reading priate description of themselves! This, restored ? We have too good an Sir, is a case in point. I leave your opinion of his understanding and tem. readers to judge whether it be possi- per to believe either. While the ofble to justify such a misapplication of ficiating clergy man was reading as the words.
true word of God, what his lordship PASTOR has pronounced not to be so, he
would be treasuriog up most imporRemarks on the Bp. of Lincoln's tant and evangelical directions for
Charge. (See p. 382.) the composition of his next episcopal
Norfolk, June 30, 1915. charge. May I be further indulged RESUMING upon the accuracy with a remark or two on the very
of this statement, and conceiv- laudable employment of the three ing it possible, that the Bishop of bishops, of London, Lincoln and PeLincoln, as one of the appointed and terborough, to “ consolidate into one zealous guardians of the sacred inter- clear, perspicuous act the laws respect. ests of orthodoxy may keep a vigilant ing the residence of the clergy and eye upon the most notorious vehicles the stipends of curates”? I their of heresy and schism, the following lordships proceed with perfect harquestions and observations are written: mony and good understanding and a -Are we to understand, that his corresponding expedition in rendering lordship's holy ire is excited against this important service to the church, the learned and worthy Bishops of may it not with great propriety be N— and St. Da for contributing said, that in the whole business they more extensively to circulate the au were one? No person of reflection thorized version of the New Testa- would draw a wrong or ludicrous in. ment? And is his indignation roused ference from such language.-Far be because this version contains a verse from the author of these observations which he and a large majority of any personal antipathy to the Bishop scriptural critics have pronounced an of Lincoln, but their plain and obinterpolation, and of course no part vious design is to check intolerance, of the genuine word of God ? Even to discountenance bigotry and to conthen we are in meekness to rebuke tribute to put to shame and confusion those, who countenance what we all illiberality, which dishonours the deem to be error, and especially church of the living God. should this temper be shewn by those
CLERICUS. who, upon an accurate scrutiny of their own conduct, must be compelled to Address to his Excellency the Earl of acknowledge some little inconsistency in themselves. To illustrate my mean
Moira, Governor General of the ing, I will suppose a case, the appli
British Empire in India. cation of which not only the bishop, [From the Joint Boards of Ma gers and but your readers will be at no loss to
Visitors of the Belfast Academical Inmake.-Suppose one of his episcopal
stitution.] brethren, whom he severely con My Lord, demns, should, on the eve of Trinity Astitution in the North of Ire
a Sunday, for the sake of the retort courteous, enter one of the venerable land, to the Governor-General of Incathedrals, where the Bishop of Lin. dia, might justly be deemed irregular coln has a stall; conceive of him, and intrusive, had not the directors as opening his lordship's Prayer Book, of that institution previously reflected, and where the 8th verse of the vth that one of our earliest, yet most inchapter of the 1st epistle of John now effaceable impressions, is, the love of stands, with a scriptural pen inserting native land : that, most particularly these words of our heavenly Master, in the greatest and best minds, vo acknowledged by all his followers of eminence of station, nor distance of undisputed authority and solemn ob- place, can expel or alienate this sweetligation, “ First cast the beam out of est of remembrances : and, therefore, thine own eye, and then shalt thou that the wish now to be expressed,