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or schools, from which no profit was made, against dissenting preachers, some of were not rateable property, but that when whom, no doubt, might depart froin their profits were derived from them, they were professions, as others were liable to do. like all other profitable property, to be Mr. W. Smith thought the character of rated to the parochial burdens. As far as this Bill had been materially overstated, the Bill related to chapels, from which no for it did not appear a matter of much conprofit was derived, it was unnecessary; in sequence to the generality of the Dissenters so far as it related to profitable chapels, it ---whatever pecuniary interest might be was unjust, because these buildings were · felt in its adoption by the speculating proerected on speculation, and were often a prietors who built chapels with a view to very advantageous species of property. profit by letting out the seats. But the fact What reason was there for exempting was, that many of these speculators, who them? None could be alleged, but that it were generally carpenters, bricklayers aud would conciliate some persons; but this plumbers, were members of the Churcb of was no reason why Parliament should give England, who erected chapels from a mo a premium to separation and dissent from tive which certainly did not entitle them to the church. As to the argument that pa- the proposed exemption. The supplemenrish churches did not pay, it was the same tary chapels, bowever, which served as as to say that the parish did not pay to the chapels of ease for the Established Church, parish.
ought to enjoy the benefit of this exempMr. Wetherell observed, that if these tion, as should those dissenting chapels chapels were exempted from parochial which were constructed solely with a view rates, they should also be exempted from to the public worship of God, and it was all taxes and contributions, The Bill impossible that the liberal part of the Prowould not be a Bill of toleration to the testant community would feel any jealousy minister or congregation, but a Bill to against such exemption. But the princisave an expence to the carpenters and ple of such exemptiou was already recogbricklayers who built those places on spe- nized by the Legislature, which released culation. It was notorious that these places dissenting Clergymen from serving in the were subjects of bargaiu or sale, and even Militia. Whatever the fate of the Bill of late the Court of Chancery had been might be, it was impossible to mistake the obliged to put in a receiver to collect the tolerant spirit of the Right Hon. Gentleman pew-rents in one of these chapels. (the Chancellor of the Exchequer) with
Mr. Protheroe was surprised that the whom it originated, while the “toleration Hon. and Right Hon. Gentlemen who now under certain limits,” truly of the Gentleopposed the Bill, had not before come for- men by whom it was opposed, was pretty ward, but bad left the Honourable General much the same as that which might he pro (General Tbornton) to oppose it in the fessed by Ferdinand 7th.
With respect other stages propria marte. The Bill was to the apprehension of the Learned Gennot to repeal the ancient law, but to dis- tleman (Mr. Serjeant Best), that the adopapprove of a modern interpretation, which tion of this Bill might create irritation, he opened the door to dissatisfaction, and bore (Mr. S.) rather thought that its rejection the appearance of intolerance.
would not produce conciliation.
It was Mr. Wetherell explained.
notorious that Dissenters liberally contriMr. Serjeant Best vindicated the opposers buted to the maintainance of the Lecturers of the Bill from having taken the friends of of the Established Church---contributed the Bill by surprise. He had given notice indeed, an hundredfold, more than the that he should oppose it. If the Bill, as it amount of pecuniary exemption which this at present stood, passed into a law, the Bill was calculated to produce, and would parish church, where profits were derived it then be wise to offend a body so liberal ? from the pews, would be chargeable; that Bit the tone in which this measure bad is to say, the pews would be chargeable, been discussed by gentlemen on the other while Meeting Houses would not pay any side, and especially by the Right Hon. and rates. Many livings in the Metropolis did Learned Gentleman who commenced the not produce 2001. a year, an income much debate (Sir William Scott), that Learned less than many dissenting Ministers re- Gentleman indeed dealt out his censures in ceived. How could the House refuse to a very unsparing and indiscriminate man. exempt the Ministers of these livings from ner against all dissenters. (Sir William all taxation, if the present Bill was car Scott nodded dissent.] Then, said Mr. ried.
Smith, I am happy to find that the Learned The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Gentleman did not mean to confound all Mr. Butterworth explained.
The latter alike. disclained the intention imputed to him by Mr. Baring supported the Bill, observthe Learned Gentleman (Mr. Serjeant Best) ing, that as it provided that no chapel of casting any reflection upon the Clergy should be entitled to the proposed exempof the Established Church. On the con. tion which did not afford one-fifth of its trary, what he stated was merely in reply pews gratis, it followed, that no mercenary to an unfounded, indiscriminate charge speculator could avail himself of it, be
5 5 5 1 0 0
0 0 0
cause he must lose more in establishing his Mr. Thomas Bell, Newcastle 0 5 6 title than he could gain by the exemption S.
0 0 from poors' rates, therefore such specula- Mr. Joseph Millie
3 0 tors could not be profited by the measure, W.G. do.
0 while its enactment would serve not only Mr. Joseph Armour, do. to recognize the great principle of tolera- Mr. James Reeder, do. tion, but to prevent parochial animosities Mr. J. & H. Lawrence, do.
0 and bickering in those places where dis- Mr. Thompson, do. senting meeting-houses were established, Mr. William Walker, Rochdale 2 and the number of such establishments was Mr. John Crook, do. one of the best signs of the times, for it Mr. William Mann, Sbaw-house, proved the progressive advancement of Rochdale religious worship
Rev. G. W. Elliott, do. Upon a division the numbers were, for Mr. Robinson, do. the amendment 41, against it 22, majority Mr. Edmund Ogden, do. 19 against the Bill, which of course was Mr. Daniel Walker, do.
0 0 lost for the sessions.
Mr. John Butterworth, do.
Mr. Joseph Butterworth, do. 1 0 0 Unitarian Chapel, at New Church in Mr. Benjamin Heape, dó. 1 0 0 Rossendale, (see Monthly Repository, Mr. James Gibson, dó.
1 0 0 Pp. 313-392.)
Mr. Alexander Milns, do. 1 0 0 Subscriptions towards liquidating the Mr. Thomas J. Wood, Bury 1 debt(£350) upon the above chapel, will be Mr. John Kay Brookshaw, do. 1 received by Rev. Robert Aspland, Hack. A Friend at Hand, near Man. ney Road; Rev. R. Astley, Halifax ; Rev. chester
2 0 William Johns, Manchester; Mr. William Mr. Edmund Grunds, Pilmore, Walker, Rochdale; Dr. Thomsou, Halifax. near Bury
1. 30 1. s. d. William Shore, Esq. Tapton Amount reported in the Monthly
2 0 Repository
11 5 0 Rev. H. H. Piper, Norton 1 1 Saimuel Shore, Esq. Sheersbrook
Rev. Peter Wright, Stannington ! 1 (second donation)
1 0 James Kirkley, Esq. Sheffield'11 Daniel Gaskell, Esq. Lupset 1 1 0 Rev. Nathaniel Philipps, D.D. Thomas Henry Robinson, Esq.
1 1 0 Manchester 2 2 0 Mr. R. Naylor, do.
1 1 0 Rev. James Taylor, Nottingham 1 0 O Mr. James Hall, do.
1 1 0 Rev, Charles Wellbeloved, York 1 0 0 Mr. Joseph Swallow, do. 1 1 0 Rev. Mr. Ashton, Duckinfield 0 10 0 Mr. John Fox, do.
1 1 0 Rev. Jacob Brettell, Cockey
Mr. Luke Palfrey, do.
1 1 0 Moor 0 10 0 Mr. James Wild, do.
1 1 0 Rev. J. W. 0 10 6 FK; CEM; JS; do.
0 16 0 Rev. William Turner, York 1 0 0
By Mr. Aspland. William Broadhurst, Esq. Mans
1 1 0 field 2 2 0 S. S. P.
1 A Friend, from Mansfield 1 1 0 A Friend, H. R. John Rhodes, Esq. Halifax 3 0 0 Mr. Crowe, Stockton
1 0 Mr. William Robson, Dent's
Rev. B. Evans, Stockton Hill, Newcastle 1 1 0 A Friend to Free Inquiry
0 0 A parcel of Tracts from the same
Mr. Todhunter, Homerton Mr. Thomas Joplin, Newcastle 110 Mr. Hancock, Nottingham 3 0 0 Mr. Michael Watson, do. 0 5 6 Mr. Robert Wainewright E. C.
0 10 0 Mr. J. W.
Total £90 10 Mr. John Marshall, do. 05
0 Halifax, July 21, 1815. Mr. John Campbell, do. Mr. John Armstrong, do,
5 O Further Subscriptions to the Chapel at Mr. Andrew Batey, do.
Neath, Mr. Russell Blackbird, do, 1 0
By Mr. Aspland.
1 0 0
2 0 0 Mr. Joseph Slack, do. 10 O Rev. Jacob Isaac, Moreton Mr. G. A. Dickson, do.
1 0 Rev. William Turner, do. 1 0 0 Mr. Parsons, Upland House, Mr. J. R. do 1 0 0 near Bridgewater
0 0 Mr. T. G. do.
0 Mr. R. B. Drury, do. 0 10 0 Mr. Kenrick, Wrenham
1 1 0 Mr. William Falla, do.
0 Rev. E. Butcher, Sidmonth 1 0 Mr, Isaac Pollock, do.
6 Mr. Todhunter, Homerton 1 0 0 Mr. Roger Barrard, do. 0 5 0 Mr. Robert Wainewright
the Preacher was referred to the ComDr. Estlin is about to publish a Uni- mittee at Bristol.--A proposal was tarian Christian's Statement and Defence made to employ part of the funds of of his Principles, in reference chiefly to the Society, in the reprinting of the Charges of the Right Reverend the works which, if not peculiarly suited Lord Bishop of St. David's—a discourse to the immediate object of the Sodelivered at the Annual Meeting of the ciety, would be more likely to obtain Unitarian Society in South Wales, at Llangyndeirn, in Carmarthenshire, on general circulation than books directly Thursday, July 6, 1815, and published at Unitarian, and which might have their request.
great efficacy in weakening the influ
ence of religious bigotry, and at least Western Unitarian Society.
preparing for the diffusion of our The Annual Meeting of this Society priuciples; such, for instance, was held at Bristol, on Wednesday, Bishop Taylor's Liberty of Prophesythe 21st of June. The devotional ing, Whitby's Last Thoughts, &c. : services were conducted by the Rev. but the proposal was withdrawn on Dr. Estlin and the Rev. T. Howe, the representations of Mr. Rowe and and Rev. W. J. Fox, of Chichester, others, that it was undesirable to preached from Acts xxviii. 22. “ As burden the Society with a stock, concerning this sect, we know that which might prevent the employevery where it is spoken against.” ment of its funds in a method more The object of the preacher was to directly within its scope and object. display the fallacy and injustice of A gentleman present, however, sugseveral of the popular charges against gested that what could not be well Unitarianism,--charges which are in done by the Society, might by indivisome cases utterly inconsistent with duals; and he liberally offered the each other, and which are universally loan of 100l. towards accomplishing founded on very erroucous views either the object, if others could be found to of the doctrines of Unitarianism, or of unite in it.* the motives and reasonings of its ad
When the Society met last year at vocates. The discourse was alike Yeovil, the proceedings of the Comeloquent and argumentative; and the mittee led the General Meeting to powerful impressiveness of it was ob- consider by what means they might viously and strongly marked in the best mark their warm and grateful fixed attention with which it was sense of Mr. Rowe's unremitting and universally heard. Some passages very important exertions for the welcould not fail to excite a peculiar in- fare of the Society, from the period terest in the minds of those who re- of its removal to Bristol in 1804,-in collected that the preacher had known aiding in the duties belonging to the what it is to be involved in the gloomy Treasurer and the Secretary, in the thraldom of Calvinism, and had, from general objects of the Society, and in full conviction, embraced the grand the conduct of the Annual Meetings, doctrines of the unpurchased mercy which he had uniformly attended, and unrivalled supremacy of the God and to the interest and proper direcand Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. tion of which he had so essentially At the unanimous and earnest request contributed. It was finally determined of the Society, Mr. Fox consented to to present to him, in the name of the. the publication of the discourse; and Society, a copy of the Fac Simile of the perusal of it will, we feel assured, Beza's Manuscript, and (as soon as shew good reason for our hope that published,) of Mr. Wellbeloved's the zeal and abilities which it displays, Family Bible, each with an approwill be increasingly employed to pro- priate inscription. At the present mote the spread of the great truths meeting Mr. Rowe, wbile he expresswhich it advocated. In the evening ed his satisfaction at the approMr. Fox conducted the devotional ser- bation of his services to the Society vice and Dr. Carpenter preached.
which their vote had manifested, deAt the close of the morning service clared his determination to decline the usual business of the Society was the proposed testimonial of it. transacted, and several new members About sixty gentlemen afterwards admitted. It was resolved to hold the next Annual Meeting at Dorchester, posed to countenance this object, they are
* If any friends of free inquiry are disand, if possible, on the third Wed. requested to address a few lines on the nesday in June: the appointment of subject to the Rev. Dr. Carpenter, Exeter.
dined together. In the interval be- ently with the hope of uniting, on the tween dinner and the evening service, wider basis, with those who either
Dr. Estlin, and Messrs. Fox, Howe, doubted or denied that doctrine: and • Evans, Rowe, Gisburne, &c. addressed that whatever deficiency in number
the Meeting on topics relating to the might be experienced by the Parent chcering prospects of the diffusion of Society, through the establishment of Uuitarianism, and on the proper the Association, the general cause means of promoting it. When the would gain four-fold.* Adverting then attention of the Meeting was parti- to the conviction which had been excularly called to “ the prosperity of pressed by a preceding speaker, that the Western Unitarian Society," the Unitarianism was making a silent Rev. J. Evans, (a member of the Com- progress where it was not publicly mittee,) read an interesting report of embraced, and that it was spreading its state and progress. In the
course widely among the intelligent poor, of it, however, reference was made to Dr. C. called the attention of the the loss of members which had been meeting to the case of the Unitarian occasioned by the establishment of the Church at Rossendale, (a truly animaDevon and Cornwall Unitarian Associ. ting account of which had been given ation which has,in several respects simi- in the Monthly Repository for May lar objects; but the Committee expres- last ;) and expressed his earnest hope sed their hope that if the sphere of the that they would meet with aid among Western Unitarian Society were nar. their Unitarian brethren, to extinguish rowed, the interests of the grand cause their burdensome debt, and to supply would be promoted.
them with serviceable books for their Dr. Carpenter, having had a share own use and for distribution. Mr. in the formation of the Associatiou re- Rowe, with his usual impressive eloferred to, stated to the meeting that quence, entered into some details resits peculiar objects were to form a closer pecting the early history of the Sociunion, and to cause a more frequent ety, and the causes of its removal from intercourse among the professors (in Exeter to Bristol ; and after having Devon and Cornwall) of the funda- mentioned various Associations which, mental doctrines of Unitarianism, since its origin, had sprung up for the the
Absolute Unity, Exclusive Worship, diffusion of Unitarianism, he gave an and Unpurchased Mercy of God even encouraging representation of the the Father; that it afforded greater spread of those sentiments, which, facilities for the purchase of Unitarian while they afford the noblest views of books in that district; and that it re- the attributes and dispensations of the ceived subscriptions as low as five shil. God and Father of our Lord Jesus lings per annum. He said that it would Christ, lay the best foundation for have been decidedly his wish, and that christian obedience, and present the of others, to connect it with the Western justest and most extensive views of its Unitarian Society, as a Branch-Soci- nature and obligations. ety; but as the former was understood May the genuine practical influence to imply the admission of the doctrine of Unitarianism, on the heart and life, of Simple Humanity; this connectiou be experienced, wherever it is emcould not have been effected consist- braced as Christian truth! C.
Samuel Whitbread, Esq. Mr. Whitbread in the British parlia(From the Morning Chronicle, Friday, ment is a loss to the civilized world; July 7, 1815.)
for, like the exalted model of his conYesterday morning, at his house duct as a senator, (Mr. Fox,) be was in Dover Street, died suddenly, Sa- the constant, able and disinterested MUEL WHITBREAD, Esq. He was advocate of justice, freedom and hufound dead in his dressing room about manity, wherever and by wbomsoten o'clock in the forenoon by his servant. The death of a patriot so
• The present number of Subscribers to steady, intrepid and zealous in the the Devon and Cornwall Association is cause of his country and of human about 180, at an average of 73. or 8s, per freedom, will be long, deeply and annum. universally deplored. The loss of + The writer of this article has received ever assailed. No man who had a worship, and therefore he was friend. claim on the virtuous for protection, ly to those institutions, the object ever applied to him in vain. He was of which is to instruct the young the earnest and indefatigable friend of mind in the precepts of Christianity, the oppressed; and in the prosecution according to the tenets which the of justice was dismayed by no combi. mature judgment or predelection of nation of power, clamour or calumny the parent might wish to imprint -wearied out by po difficulties and on the child. In his friendships, no exhausted by no fatigue. In all his man went greater lengths, or was more exertions, the only creature whose ready to sacrifice time, ease and cominterests he did not consult, were his fort, than himself. This was conspicuown; for of all public characters we ously shewn in the undertaking of the should point out Mr. Whitbread as re-establishment of Drury-Lane Thethe individual who had the least con- atre, which will ever remain a monusideration for himself, and who was ment of his disinterested labour and the least actuated by personal motives. perseverance, as well as of the high His heart and mind were wholly de- confidence which was reposed in his voted to the amelioration of the state power and integrity by the public; of society, to the maintenance of the for to his exertions, to his character, rights which our forefathers acquired, and to his invincible constancy alone, and to the communication of those are the public indebted for the restoblessings to others which we our ration of that edifice; and it is a meselves enjoy. His views were all morable trait in his character, that public. He could not be diverted having the whole patronage in his from the right path by any species hand, not one person, male, or feof influence, for he was inflexible male, employed in the establishment, alike to flattery and corruption. He owed their appointment to any perinvariably objected to that system by sonal dependence on himself, or conwhich the burthens of Great Britain nexion with his family, but in every have been so dreadfully accumulated, instance he selected the fittest objects because he believed that the object that presented themselves for the siof the league of sovereigns was more tuation that they gained. We fear to restrain the rising spirit of a just that to the daily and hourly fatigues, liberty, than to withstand the iusa- nay, we may say to the persecution tiate ambition of a single individual; that he endured in this great work, and his justification in this sentiment through the petulance, the cabals, was the proof, that they never ad- and the torrent of contrary interests, hered in success to the professions we must attribute the decline of his with which they set out in adversity. health, and the sudden termination of He was the warm, liberal and enthu- a life so dear to the public. The insiastic encourager of universal educa- cessant annoyance preyed on his mind, tion, from the pure feeling of bene- and strengthened the attacks of a volence that actuated alì his life. plethoric habit of body which threatHe was convinced, that to enlighten ened apoplexy. For some weeks past the rational mind and to make a peo- he had been afflicted, with incessant ple familiar with the holy scriptures, head-ache, and his physicians had adwas to make them strong, moral and vised him to abstain from all exertion, happy. He was no bigot to forms of even that of speaking in parliament.
No man was more temperate in his the following Sums for the Rossendale mode of living. He was happy in his Unitariads : viz.
domestic society ; surrounded by an John Mackintosh, Esq.of Exeter, 5 0 O amiable and accomplished family, and Collection at Tavistock, at the
in the possession of all that fortune, Meeting of the Devon and
with the consciousness of the honest Cornwall Unitarian Associa.
discharge of every duty, public and tion,
4 4 6 Do.
private, could bestow. No man will Do, at the Rev. Mr. Evans's Meeting on the fol
be more sensibly missed by the peolowing Lord's day, 4 0 6 ple as one of their representatives, for He earnestly hoped, that our Rossendale no man was more vigilant, more un
Brethren will keep up their discipline as daunted, more faithful in watching Methodists, as far as their peculiar cit. over their interests, nor more ardent cumstances and the principles of Unita- in asserting their rights. He had the rianism will permit
good old English character of open