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4th, when the Rev. Mr. Awbrey, of wich, for the benefit of the Unitarian Swansea, conducted the devotional Fund, £20 Ss. was collected. After part of the service in English, and the stating this circumstance, the Report Rev. J. H. Bransby, of Dudley, preach- continues_“It is much to be wished ed from Mat. vii. 11, and the Rev. that the attention of our churches was John James, of Cardiganshire, preach- more seriously turned towards the ed in Welch, from i John v. 20. utility of annual collections in behalf
The writings of the Bishop of St. of those objects which interest the David's, have excited the public at- Unitarian body. A two-fold good is tention to the subject of Unitarianism effected by such regular and public in Wales, and done no inconsiderable appeals. 1. They bring the different service to the New Unitarian Society, institutions connected with Unitarianat Carmarthen, who are now happy ism under the notice of our congregain the settled services of the Rev. tions at stated intervals: inquiry is Thomas Davis, whose health they in- thus excited and kept up as to their dividually hope will enable him to con- plans and their exigencies, and a pertinue to discharge his duties as their manent interest established in their regular minister. It was resolved, that welfare. 2. A very large sum is thus the next annual meeting be held at raised, which must otherwise be whol. Gellionen, Glamorgan, and also, that ly lost to our institutions ; for there the Society take six pounds' worth of are hundreds who for various reasons Wright's Essay ou the Supremacy of cannot appear among the regular subthe Father, translated into Welch, by scribers, yet are not only willing but Mr. Morgan, Schoolmaster at Merthyr anxious to contribute according to Tydfil.
their ability to the promotion of UniJuly 17th, 1815.
tarianism." The Report concluded
with briefly reviewing the progress Eastern Unitarian Society. of the Society since its commenceThe Annual Meeting of this Society ment, wliich appeared very encourwas held at Bury St. Edmunds, on aging. The following resolutions Wednesday and Thursday the 12th then passed unanimously. That the and 13th of July. On Wednesday thanks of this Society be given to the evening the Rev. John Tremlett con- Rev. James Gilchrist and the Rev. ducted the devotional part of the ser- Robert Aspland, for their acquies. vice, and the Rev. Robert Asplaud cence in the wishes of the Society, preached from Revelations, xiv. 6, 7. and for their valuable services at the ** And I saw another angel fly in the present meeting. 2. That the thanks midst of heaven, having the everlast- of this Society be given to Mr. Wining gospel to preach unto them that der for bis many and important serdwell on the earth, and to every na- vices to the Unitarian cause, particution and kindred and tongue and peo- larly for his labours in the General ple, saying with a loud voice, Fear Baptist Church at Norwich, and for God, and give glory to him, for the luis ready and constant desire to furhour of his judgment is come; and ther the plans of this Society. That worship him that made heaven and J. L. Marsh, Esq. be continued in earth, and the sea, and the fountains the office of Treasurer, and Mr. Edof waters." On Thursday morning ward Taylor in that of Secretary for the Rev. R. Aspland read the scrip- the year ensuing. tures and prayed, and the Rev. James The friends of the Society afterGilchrist preached from Galatians iv. wards dined together at the Angel 18. “ It is good to be zealously af- Inn, to the number of forty-six; fected always in a good thing.” After Thomas Robinson, Esq. in the Chair, service the business of the Society The toasts and sentiments which were was transacted. The Secretary read giyen called forth many observations the report of the Committee, which connected with the interests of the first stated the number of tracts eir- Society and the state of Unitarianism culated in the past year, and then in general from Mr. Aspland, Mr. mentioned the missionary labours of Gilchrist, Mr. Geo. Watson, Mr. Mr. Winder in the Eastern district of Scargill, Mr. Toms, Mr. Perry and the kingdom. The Committee having Mr. E. Taylor.—The ministers prerequested Mr. Madge to preach a ser- sent were Messrs. Aspland and Gilmon at the Unitarian Chapel, Nor. christ, Toms of Framlingham, Perry of Ipswich, Tremlett of Hap- natural Philosophy, were then severally ton, Scargill of Bury, Cundill of So- examined, and the whole concluded with ham, and Madge and Winder of Nor- two sermons, by Mr. Jevons, on Luke xii. wich. The next Annual Meeting is 55, and by Mr. Wallace, on Rom. x. 2. fixed for the last Wednesday and visitor addressed the students in the fol
At the close of the examination, the Thursday in June, to be held at Ips- lowing words. wich, and Mr. Toms is expected to prcach.
It now becomes my most agreeable of.
fice, an office which I assure you I conExamination at the York Academy.
tinue to discharge with annually encre
pleasure, to present you in the name of On Tuesday, Wednesday and Thurs- ibis assembly, our thanks for the very day, the 27th, 28th and 29th of June, was satisfactory result of the examination which held the annual examination of the students we have witnessed, and which clearly educated in the Manchester College York, proves that you have corresponded, by your in the presence of Samuel Shure, Esq. attention and diligence, to the extraorPresident, Messrs. Bell, Brodhurst, dinary attention and care of your tutors. Crompton, Fawcett, D. Gaskell, R. Hey. And I do this with still greater pleasure, wood, Jevons, Jones, Kendall, Malkin, because, in adition to what we have ourA. Philips, S. Shore, jun. W. Shore, selves witnessed in regard to your proficiJ. D. Strutt, R. Taylor, M.D. J. Thom- ency in knowledge, we hare the further som, M. D. Tottie, J. A. Yates, T.H. Ro- satisfaction of being assured by your tutors binson Secretary, and G. W. Wood Trea- of your uniform regularity and propriety tary, and the Rev. Dr. Phillips, Messrs. of conduct, during the whole of the session Ashton, Brettell, Goodier, Heinekin, which is now concluded. This is a cirJohnstone, Kentish, G. Kenrick, Lee, cumstance of much more importance than Piper, J. Smethurst, Tayler, H. Turner, any literary attainments. I will not say Willims, P. Wright, J. G. Robberds Secre- to the credit of this institutinu, which is tary and Turner Visitor ; with a few others an object of secondary concern, though whose names cannot be recollected. On I persuade myself not undervalued or overTuesday afternoon the junior Latin Class, looked by you; but to your own honour and and those in Hebrew Poetry, Logic and and happiness, whose progress and estabMetaphysics, were severally examined. lishment in every thing that is excellent Wednesday morning the examination pro- and praiseworthy, it is the first wish of all ceeded of the junior Hebrew and Greek who are interested in its support, to pro. Classes, and the senior Mathematics, after mote and effectually secure. This testiwhich Mr. Haslam delivered an oration on mony of our satisfaction, you will be the influence of the reformation on Liter- pleased, Gentlemen, all of you to accept: the ature, and Mr. Cannon a discourse on the prizes annually distributed among the stuquestion, “Is the moral sense instinctive, dents of the first three years, for extraordi. or the result of education ?” The senior nary diligence, proficiency and regularity, Class in Hebrew and Syriac, in modern are awarded to Mr. John James Tayler, of bistory, the introductory branches of the Nottingham, Mr. Patrick Cannon, of SherMathematics, the evidences of vatural and field, and Mr. James Taylor, of Manchesrevealed religion, and in ancient history; ter; who I doubt not will make it the and the business of this day concluded object of their ambition in future years to with discourses by Mr. Morris, on the di. maintain their eminence of distinction vine original of the Mosaic institutions, among the distinguished ; although one of and by Mr. Mardon on the resurrection of them can no longer receive any other reChrist. — Thursday the students of the ward than that which is indeed the most fourth year underwent a long examination substantial, the consciousness of good on the several books of the Old Testament, conduct, and its natural and ordinary and those of the fifth, on the New, on the consequences. The prize for elocution is plan described in former years. Mr. Peene awarded to Mr. Bakewell; to whom I am, read an essay on Criminal Legislation, and on various accounts, particularly happy Mr. Bakewell delivered a sermon, on Rom. to deliver it. i. 16. Previous to the examination of the I am directed by the annual meeting for senior Latin Class, Mr. Peene read a business, held yesterday evening, to ancritical dissertation in Latin, on the Ars nounce that it is intended that the students Poctica of Horace, and Mr. Stratton an in the fourth and fifth years, shall in fuessay in the same language on the causes ture continue their classical studies of the reduction of the Grecian states, under through those years : an arrangement the Macedonian power; and after it Mr. wbich I ain persuaded they will find highStratton read an English oration on the ly conducive to their advantage. Love of our country. The classes in I hope Mr. Stratton will not for a moEthics, the higher Greek Classes and ment suppose, that I have the slightest disposition to undervalue his excellent tion, by which the ancient orators appear discourse, on a subject of the highest im- to have wrought so wonderful an effect portance; and which he has treated in a on the minds of their anditories For manner highly creditable to his head and myself, I have often witnessed a sort of his heart. I hope that he will in future unpleasant surprise upon the countenancès life-I wish that all young men of his of all around me, when a public speaker rank and station would-be careful to has sat down without the slighest notice of perform his duty to his country and man- an approach towards a close; while the kind, on such enlarged and liberal pria- audience are roused from their state of si. ciples. But since the rest of our young lent and fixed attention by the voice of friends who have favoured us with speci- the orator being suddenly lost from mens of their composition, are students for their hearing, and his person from their the ministry, I trust that he will excuse my sight. He may say perhaps, that his proconfining, what I have further to say to cess of reasoning was completed, and his them.
object therefore accomplished : but the From the very satisfactory result of this moral and religious teacher should considay's examination, more particularly, we der his audience not merely as reasoning trust we have good reason to indulge the machines, but as like their great master, hope, that we shall continue to send out capable of being actuated by the hope scribes well instructed as to the kingdom set before them,” an animated practical of heaven, and capable of bringing out of application of their doctrine, is therefore, their treasure things new and old. The surely a most desirable constituent of stores of biblical criticism which you have every public address of ministers to their here laid up, will not we trust, be board- people. ed, but brought out into daily use. You But when the orator has prepared the will not only shew yourselves capable, as most eloquent discourse, it will be producseveral of your predecessors have done, tive of little effect, if it be not set off by of ably illustrating the doctrines of scrip- a natural and forcible delivery. The ture, and with firmness and ability, but foundation of this is laid in distinctness of yet with a spirit and temper becoming enunciation. We have great pleasure in your christian profession, defending the witnessing from year to year, a considerparticular views which you have formed able and very pleasing improvement: and of scripture-truth; but you will manifest yet I must not forbear to observe, that your familiar acquaintance with scripture there is still a very evident defect, parin the course of your ordinary services : in ticularly among the junior students, and your addresses to your people, you will nore epecially in their extemporaneous shew yourselves not mere philosophical replies, in this matter of distinct enunciaessayists, but scriptural preachers; you tion. And I do this the rather, because will preach the truth in scripture-lan- I am permitted by my friend Dr. guage, “expressing spiritual things in Thomson, to interweave some of his obspiritual words” (1 Cor. ii. 13), and observations on this very important subwill enforce the truths and duties of the ject; which, as his professional acquaintgospel by the awful authority of its sanc. ance with the organs of the human voice, tions.
qualifies him to offer them with peculiar Let me, however, offer you one caution. effect, so I persuade myself they will be You here bare properly exhibited the so- received with a correspondent attention by lidity of your critical attainments ; but, I my young friends. "This defect,” he trust you will shew in the general course observes, “ arises principally from keepof your preaching that your acquaintance ing the teeth so closed, that it is quite with the scri ptares in a much more impor- impossible to issue that volume of voice, tant respect, has not been neglected by which it is the office of the tongue and your readiness to call them into your ser lips to modulate into a clear and distinct vice, as occasions may require, for the enunciation. This fault, vulgarly but purpose of practical application. What a strongly called eating the words, or mum. venerable person once said to myself, allow bling, is only to be corrected by opening me to repeat to you, “study the scriptures the teeth more widely, so as to send forth scientifically, study them critically, but a larger body of voice. An attention to above all things study them practically." observe an erect posture, so as to keep the
With respect to the conposition of your chest open, and free for the exercise of the discourses, I have little need to add any lungs and diaphragm, which are both thing to the excellent instructions you essential to full and powerful enunciation, bare received from your tutors, and by would also contribute to correct this im. which you seem to have effectually profits portant deficiency:". ed. One question only I would venture I might bave extended this address to to propose to your consideration ; whether some other particulars of importance, but the modern fashion of abrupt conclusion I am aware that I should thus trespass not is to be considered as any improvement vuly upon your patience, but upon that of upon the use of recapitulation and perora- this numerous assembly, who have wituess
ed this long, though satisfactory examina- expenses both of board and tuition detion. And indeed it is the less necessary frayed by the fund; no student however, on the present occasion, as you are also can be so admitted, but on the recommenthis day to become the objects of a most dation of three ministers residing in the affectionate and impressive address, which neighbourhood where he lives, who shall will presently be delivered to you in ano- certify, " that at the commencement of his ther form * by one of the most excellent course he will have attained the full age of your friends, to whom you and all your of sixteen; that on their personal examinapredecessors are most deeply indebted, not tion and knowledge, his moral character, only for the great advantage of her inesti- natural endowments and classical profimable notice and friendship, but for the ciency, are such as to qualify him for important public testimony which she is becoming a student for the ministry; and now about to bear to your excellent con- that the profession is the object of his own duct during your residence in this place voluntary choice. His ability to read of education” a testimony which you Homer and Horace will be considered as will know how duly to appreciate, and essential.” Such certificates are regularwhich you will, I trust be solicitous, ly presented at the annual meeting at through the whole of your future lives, York; but they may still be sent to G. W. that none of you inay forfeit. I am sure Wood, Esq. the Treasurer, in Manchester, that you will highly value, as I persuade who will lay them before the comınittee. myself will also the public at large, this Much interesting conversation took “ lasting token of her sincere friendship place on the desirableness of a more intifor you," in furnishing you, and through mate knowledge and union of the members you the world, with another volume of the of the Unitarian body; and the Rer. Luvaluable discourses of that venerable Charles Wellbeloved, Dr. Thomson, Mr. person, who knew so well how to exhibit Tottie and the Visitor, were appointed a in all their beauty and force, the precepts committee, to consider whether a plan and motives of the gospel; that those of could be formed for accomplishing this you who shall be called to fill the honour- object, which might be free from several able station of preachers of the gospel, will objections proposed; particularly which make these excellent specimens of the might not interfere with the most perfect proper way of preaching it, the subjects of freedom of individual judgment and proyour daily study; and that all of you will be fession.
V. F. careful to learn from them, “to 'adorn N. B. The next Session commences on the gospel by a life of perfect conformity Thursday, September 21st; and all Stuto it awful sanetions, and to the glroious dents are expected to be at York on the 232 hopes which it assuredly inspires." at the latest, as the several classes regular
May the supreme Father and Governor of ly open for business on Monday 25th." the world direct and bless you in your future conduct through life; that you may On the 21st of June, was held at Chow. employ the knowledge which you have bent, what has been called from the time here respectively acquired, to his glory, when Presbyterian forms and discipline the good of mankind and the advanceinent were common, The Provincial Meeting of of the true gospel of his son Jesus Christ. the Dissenting Ministers residing in LancaAmen.
shire and Cheshire. Mr. Houghton of The company at dinner each day was Liverpool, conducted the devotional part mwre numerous than on any former occa- of the service, and read the scriptures besiou; and, under the direction of their fore the sermon with characteristic and venerable president, spent the evenings in unaffected simplicity. Mr. Grundy of a inamner highly satisfactory to all present. Manchester, then delivered an animated The report of the state of the funds was very and animating discourse on the advantages encouraging; several new names were and difficulties of Unitarian ministers, announced both as lay and divinity stu- considered as Christian watchmen. But dents, but there is still room to receive a since this discourse, agreeably to general further addition to both classes. Perhaps request, is to be printed, it is unnecessary it is not so generally known as it ought to to give any further account of it. be, that students for the ministry admitted The congregation was numerous and on the foundation, have the whole of their respectable, supposed to be more than
800 persons, many attending from the * Viz. That of a dedication of a volume neighbouring congregations. of sermons, by the late Rev. and learned After the services in the chapel, 87 Newcome Cappe, just published by Mrs. gentlemen, including 34 ministers, dined Cappe, and landressed by ber to the stu- together and spent the afternoon, in that dents in the Manchester College, York; social harmony and instructive conversato all of whom who are now exercising, tion, which tend to unite Christians in the or intended for the ministry, copies were bonds of affection, and produce co-operpresented by the excellent, but ino boun- ation in useful and laudable pursuits.' in cfal editor at the close of the examination, the course of the afternoon, several gentlemen were called upon to deliver their sen- chester, the Rev. Samuel Bourn of Birz timents on various subjects of interest and mingham, Messrs. Dawson of Rivington, utility. With feelings of peculiar pleasure, the Rev. Thomas Dixon of Bolton, the Rev was remembered and given as a toast, the Samuel Bonrn Jon., of Rivington, the wish of our afflicted sovereign in his better Rev. Dr. John Taylor of Norwich. On days, "that the time might speedily come, these, Mr. John Seddon, Messrs. Daw. when every child in the British empire son, Mr. Thomas Dixon and Mr. Samuel might be able to read the bible, and have Bourn of Rivington, were professed and a bible to read.” When the name of Mr. zealous Unitarians, and boldly supported John Valentine was mentioned, as the their opinions in Mr. Woods's pulpit. And venerable presbyter in the Unitarian socie- as he had all along left his hearers in a ty at Chowbent,* that gentleman read an great measure free to fix their own prininteresting paper, briefly detailing the ciples in matters of a speculative nature, history of the society and of its ministers, they were the more open to receive this in his memory, and establishing its early truth. The result was, the minds of claim to the name by which it is distin- many were enlarged and set free from guished. This paper was, by unanimous those prejudices they had formerly been request, desired to be communicated to subject to. As a farther means of prothe Monthly Repository, and with the moting free inquiry, there were two socieleave of the editor, may be here inserted, ties set on foot in Mr. Woods's time, a as closing the account of the meeting in Book Club and a Conversation Society, question.
W. J. both of which were warmly supported by June 24th, 1815.
the late Mr. John Mort of Alderfold; who Speech of Mr. Valentine having early in life, been convinced that Called upon in some measure by my age, the doctrines of Calvin were utterly inand at the reqnest of friends, I rise to consistent with the divine goodness, was. thank you, Sir, for your kind regard to our very active in his endeavours to open the congregation, as expressed in the toast minds of his friends, and be thereby better just given. And, as I have been a con- enabled to judge for themselves, what stant attendant for upwards of eighty were the pure and genuing doctrines of years, on public worship, in the new the Christian religion; the consequence chapel in Chowbent, I shall take this was, a considerable alteration in the sentiopportunity, of introducing a few facts, ments of numbers at the time of Mr. which (under God) have been the happy Woods's decease. The minister who sucmeans of promoting a spirit of free in- ceeded Mr. Woods, was the Rev. William quiry, and in consequence, of gaining Davenport, whose ministrations in general, more just notions of the true and genuine were calculated to promote pious and virdoctrines of Christianity. When I first tuous dispositions in the minds of his began to attend public worship, the Rev. hearers; and who, being himself liberal James Woods was the minister, whose in his sentiments, encouraged them to inministrations were more calculated to im- quire for themselves, and fix their own press the minds of his hearers, with the opinions. To Mr. Davenport, succeeded obligations of a religious and virtuous the Rev. Samuel Mercer, who was reconduct, than to acquire, what by some markably zealous in pleading the cause of persons is termed, a ture and saving faith; Unitarianism, and his manner of doing it and who, though educated in Calvinistical being attended with great good nature principles, and continuing in the same, and pleasantry, was crowned with conwas so far removed from bigotry, that he siderable success. To Mr, Mercer, sucfrequently and freely gave his people an ceeded the Rev. Henry Toulmin, whose opportunity of enjoying the occasional. zeal and ability in supporting the same services of a number of the most learned cause are well known; and whose strenuand liberal ministers of the times; among
ous exertions in defence of truth, unhapwhom were the Rev. Dr. John Leland of pily were the cause of his seeking for Dublin, the Rev. John Seddon of Man- liberty and safety in a foreign land. I
should be sorry to hurt the feelings of our This truly respectable old gentleman present worthy minister, the Rev. Benwill in a few days, have completed the jamin Davis, but be will allow me to say 88th year of his age. He still enjoys a that through his zeal and the indefatigable degree of health and activity, rarely ex- pains he has taken, the general opinions perienced at his time of life. He constant- of our society are so fixed as will justly ly attends divine service on the sabbath, entitle it, to be denominated an Unitarian twice a day, no kind of weather ever des society. And now my Christian brethren taining him at home. lle walks with ease and fellow-worshipers, as it cannot be and activity truly astonishing. He reads expected at my time of life, (being only common-size print without spectacles; and one month short of 88 years old) that I his faculties are little, if any, impaired by shall ever have it in my power to address age. The subjoined address is in his own you again on such an occasion, give me hand-writing.
leave to observe, that as we believe and