received information, that on Sunday the spectful, and with every attention to the 26th March, Mr. James Mylne, Professor feelings and convenience of those who of Moral Philosophy in the University of were examined. Glasgow, and Chaplain thereof, did, in The incidents which occurred in the the course of divine service, introduce cer- College Chapel on the 26th March, and tain allusions relative to the very recent which appear to have occasioned the peti. overthrow of the legitimat, government of tion and precognition, were certainly of an France, with which the government of unfortunate nature, although originating this country is at present in a state of ami. in no improper motive. The account of ty; and as the opinions and allusions them I take from Professor Myine's dewhich are said to have been so made, tend claration. On the morning of that Sunday to create impressions upon the public, or before he went into Chapel, he had heard individuals prejudical to the prosperity and the news which had arrived from France, interests of ihe government and inhabitants namely, the entry of Buonaparte iuto Paof this country, the petitioner has thought ris, and the flight of the legitimate sove. it his duty to make the present applica- reign of that country from his capital; he tion for an inquiry into the circumstances alluded in his prayer, as appears, to those above-mentioned, and therefore praying recent events, and in the conrse of that to grant warrant to cite and precognosce part of his prayer he prayed that the gosuch witnesses as he may condescend on. vernments of Europe, by the wisdom and The prayer of the petition was granted by justice of their adıninistration, might every the Sheriff, by a deliverance in the usual where engage the attachment and tidelity form, on the 30th of March, and on the of their subjects, and that the subjects 30th and 31st of that month several per- every where inight distinguish theinselves sons, who had atteuded divine service in by the corresponding virtues of loyalty the College Chapel on the 26th, were ex- and patriotism. Prior to the prayer the amined, besides Professor Mylne, who, as service began with some verses at the bethe Sheriff

' informed me, was examined in ginning of the 107th psalm, read to the his own house, the place selected by him. congregation in the usual manner by the self, and was permitted to dictate his de- clergyman, which appear descriptive of claration. The other individuals were ex- satisfaction at the fate of those who had amined in places most suitable for their been in a desert place, and who had come accommodation ; no person was appre- from north, south, east, and west, and bended or brought into court by a sum- gone to a city to abide therein. The ser. mons given by officers of court; but in vice was closed by Professor Mylne readorder to act in a respectful and delicate ing the 5th and other verses of the 26th manner no publicity that could be avoided scriptural translation, beginning with the was given to the investigation. The pre- words, cognition was afterwards Jaid before his 66 Behold he comes, your Leader comes, Majesty's Advocate, who had previously “ With might and hononr crown'd.” received a communication from the Faculty That there was no allusion meant by the of Glasgow College, which set forth that assemblage of these incidental occurrences, Professur Mylne bad been suspected, pro- to what had just passed in France, I am bably accused, of the crime of sedition, if convinced, but the coincidence was unfos. not of high treason, of a blasphemous per- tunate. There was no necessity for the version of fioly Scripture, and of having 107th psalm being read or sang on that implicitly applied to Buonaparte, language day, either by selecting it or by not passsolely appropriated by Revelation to the ing over it, and I must here observe, with Saviour of the World. The representation a reference to the communication froin the of the Faculty also complained of the She- Faculty of Glasgow College, that psalms, riff, as having conducted bis official pro- the words or impressions of which may be ceedings in an indecorous and improper applied to events, which are the subject of manner, and so as to give to them unne- national or public fasts, or thanksgivings, cessary publicity and scandal.

are occasionally given out to be sung in On considering the precognition and churches, by devout and pious clergyinen, whole proceedings, I am of opinion that without any idea being entertained that po crime has been committed by Professor there is a blasphemous perversion of them, Mylne, and that no criminal intention can although in their truc scriptural sense they justly be imputed to him, but while I am are applicable solely to very different events warranted by the circumstances appearing or persons. from the precognition, in exculpating that The prayer not only in the above pas. gentleman from crime or criminal inten- sage, but in the whole of it, in its general tion, I feel it my duty to state, that I do sentiments and in Mr. Mylue's view of it Dot acquiesce in the censure which has was free froin blame, but with reference been passed on the Sheriff of the county, to the investigation which has taken place, who, in so far as I have had access to the events at that moment fresh in the re' kuow, has discharged his duty to the pub. collection of the audience cannot be forlie in a manner perfectly decorous and re. gotten. It bad just been announced that

the mild Sovereign of France, who had would terminate otherwise, than in the distinguished his government by the wis- disgrace of those by whom these charges dom and equity of his adıninistration had had been preferred. And I must further been dethroned by that class of his sub- say, that my satisfaction would have been jects who had arms in their hands; and more complete, if your lordship's impresthat the armed subjects of France had only siongof what you are pleased to call, the exbibited attachment to Buona parte, whom unfortunate nature of the iscidents of the with professions of loyalty and patriotism 26th March, had been somewhat different they had again placed on that throne which froin that which your letter indicates. Britain and her allies had compelled him Even after carefully weighing your lordto abandon. When I say that some of the ship's observations, intended to show that expressions in the prayer were not hap- the interpretation put upon the paalms then pily chusen, I do not mean to impute sung, was not a very unnatural one, I can. blame, or evil intention to Professor Myine. not consider my choice of them as what I see no ground to presume that his allu. can properly be called an unfortunate insions in the pulpit to the political events sident. For I think that I could not be. of the day were culpable, or that he was forehand have imagined so absurd a misaware they could be liable to misconcep- construction of them to be possible, withtion or misconstruction; and I am also out calculating upon a greater degree of satisfied, that his selection of the psalm perversity or malignity in my bearers, and scriptural translation was no way con- than ordinary hearers conld be supposed to nected with the recent intelligence from possess. It was indeed an unfortunate inFrance. This testimony to the rectitude cident, that in the audience there bapof Professor Mylne's conduct on the 26th pened to be one or two individuals, whose March, I conceive it to be my duty to give fancy enabled them to see certain imagi. plainly and decidedly, and i regret that vary coincidences, between the psalms of the circumstances in which I have already the day and the afflicting intelligence of alluded, proceeding I believe from acci- the day-coincidences which had not endent merely, should have led to and ren- tered into the mind of any other of the dered a precognition necessary. I shall congregation; and which, it is imagined, oply add, that had a different state of mat- will not appear very palpable, even after ters existed, I would not have shrunk from your lordship's exposition of the most of. any responsibility on my part, and that fensive of the lines. The fact, I believe the circumstance of a violation of law have to be this, and I am persuaded the preing been committed within the walls of a cognition, if carefully and candidly excollege, in a place of public worship where amined, will show it to be the fact,) that the young and inexperienced form part of one of these individuals, in a moment of the audience, would only have operated thanghtless levity, and I am quite certain with me as an additional reason for mak- without the slightest feeling of evil intening it the subject of criminal prosecution. tion towards me, had suggested to the (Signed)

Ar. CoLQUHOUN. other the idea of such a coincidence. The On the 22nd I transmitted to his ancy thus taken up gradually swelled inlordship the following letter, with

to magnitude by the gossip to which it

gave rise; and at last, after a progress of which I shall at prescut close my com- how many steps I will not take upon me munications :

to deterinine, it came into the possession Glasgow College, 21st April, 1815. of some one, who, with incredible folly, To the Right Hon. Lord Advocate, &c. &c. it npon him to convey it to tốe law offi

if not with unpardonable malignity, took My Lorn,

cers of the country, with all the solemnity Your Lordship's opinion on the late pre; of a grave and serious charge against me. cognition here, bas just been put into my Your lordship must have found from the bands, and I have perused it with deep declarations, that besides those to wbom and respectful attention.

I refer, no others ever imagined improper It certainly gives me satisfaction to find, allusions in my psalms or improper lanthat after considering the evidence pre- guage in my prayers : and the Sheriff se uted to your lordship, you fully acquit cold have informed you, if he has not me of all crimne or criminal intention in done it, that when four days after the the matters to which the precognition re- 26th, on Thursday, the 30th of March, be fers. I may, however, be permitted to intimated to my colleague, Dr. Meikleham, say, that the satisfaction which I feel is that I was charged with such a glaring not that of relief from any anxiety about impropriety, the intimation was received the result of the investigation into my with an astonishment that plainly shewed conduct; as your lordship, in your letter the information then given, of my miscov. of the 11th, seems to hint. I was too duct, to be altogether new to him; and thoroughly convinced of the utter ground. consequently shewed that the impression Icssness of the charges against me, to en- had never been taken up by the congretertain any apprehension that the inquiry gation, and had even been abandoned by

the individuals who, for a moment, had their security in the cultivation of these made it the topic of a little idle conver- reciprocal virtues and duties. sation.

I trust that when. (with the consideraIn reference to the communication from tions which I have suggested before your the Faculty your lordship observes," that mipd) your lordship shall review your psalms applied to events which are the sub- opinion, you will not only see additional jects of national fasts or thanksgivings, reasons for not imputing to me blame, or are sometimes given out by devout and evil intention, but also grounds for enterpious clergymen, without any idea being taining a more full and unqualified convicentertained that there is a blasphemous tion of my guiltlessness than your lordperversion of them, though their scriptural ship has yet expressed. In all events, I applications be widely ditterent.” Certain- assure myself, that your lordship will be iy, my Lord, the practice you allude to induced to give every possible aid and fais very common; and, when conducted cility to myself and to the Faculty, in our with that delicacy which should be ob- endeavours to bring to the fullest light the served, but which is often miserably neg- author of the injurious calumnies that have lected, it is chargeable with no blame. been thus brought on myself and on the Yet let me take the liberty of asking your University; and therefore I beg leave to lordship this serious question. If I had repeat to your lordship my own and the really applied or directed my hearers to Faculty's request, that you would order apply, the solemn lines you have quoted, to be communicated 10 me, the informafrom the 26th scriptural translation-lines tion on which I have been accused by the expressive of the spiritual triumphs of the Procurator Fiscal in his petition to the Saviour--to Buonaparte,a man whose crimes Sherift, “ of having introduced into divine against his own and other nations against service, allusious tending to create imtheir peace, their prosperity, their free- pressions on the public, prejudicial to the dom--have hitherto rendered him odious prosperity and interests of the government in the estimation of all who wish well to and the country.I feel myself warranted the human race; would you, my Lord, to urge this request by many considerahave thought me guiltless of the crime al- tions : luded to in the Faculty's representation, 1st. The crime charged against me is shocking as that crime is! Would you not not one of a concealed kind, but was said have regarded me as chargeable with pro- to have been committed in a place of pub. fape and blasphemous perversion of the lic worship, and in the presence of a nusacred language of scripture ? And, let merous congregation. T'he informer beme further ask, wbat was the whole bear- trayed no confidence when he gave his ining of the precognition ? Was it not that forination, and consequently cannot be this had been my guilt?

subjected to odium on that account; nor I have attended carefully to your lord- indeed on any account, if he has not been ship's observations on the expressions in guilty of giving false information for mamy prayer ; and I readily acknowledge, lignant purposes ; and if he has been that if it had been my purpose to express guilty of this, I am sure your lordship those particular views, which seem alone will regard it as important both to the to bave presented themselves to your mind, cause of justice, and to the honour of his in contemplating the appalling intelligence Majesty's government, and its officers, that of that day the lauguage would indeed he should be exposed. have been inost“ unhappily chosen ;' but 2nd. It is surely fit that those who are the truth is, that these views of the event wholly unconuected with this information, iben announced, though doubtless very but who, from particular circumstances, important and interesting, were not at may have incurred the suspicion of having that moment in my mind. I regarded it in given it, should be relieved from a suspi. its more obvious, and to our country, aud cion so discreditable and degrading, by to others, its most forinidable aspects ; I the discovery of the real author of the misviewed it in its relation to their tranquillity, chief. This is the more requisite, betheir happiness, their independence; I cause the odium of which the unknown viewed it as threatening them with an im- informer has become the object, is very mediate renewal of all the crimes and ca- strongly felt, both here and in many other lamities that are attendant upon war, and parts of tbe kingdom. from which they had been so recently de- 3rd. Your compliance with this request livered. In these views of that event it is the more indispensible on this account, then appeared to me, and it still appears, that public suspicion does really attach to that the best protection of the different one individual; and what is peculiarly States of Europe from the threatening evils, unfortunate, that individual is a member will be found in the wisilom and justice of our University. Your lordship indeed of rulers, and in the loyalty and patriotism says, that the Sheriff

' proceeded on a peof subjects ; and, therefore, my prayer tition from the Procurator Fiscal. No was, that all of them might soek and find doubt, my lord; this, wbich is the regulas



and usual form of procedure, was followed quence to the steps I may be advised to in the present case ; but the information take for the vindication of my character on which the Procurator founded his pe- with the public. I hope your lordship tition he received from Edinburgh, and, will be so good as to inform me by a very as is generaliy believed, from the Sheriff early opportunity, whether these requests himself; and that information it is also un- are to be granted or refused, as the know: derstood, had been originally communi. ledge of this may be important for the cated from this place, and on the very day direction of my future proceedings. after I was alleged to have comınitted the I have only to add, that in my own apoffences, on Monday, the 27th March, was prehension, and I believe in that of my in the possession of the Sheriff, or of your colleagues, it still appears that the Sheriff lordship, in such a shape as to render the might have conducted himself otherwise attention of the law officers to it in their than he did; and that to have done so opinion altogether unavoidable. To the would have shewn a more becoming reProcurator Fiscal, to the Sheriff, or to his spect for the University, and might have Majesty's Advocate for Scotland, acting prevented part at least, of those injuries properly in their official character, no to its reputation as well as to mine, which blame can possibly fall; but surely both we consider as the consequences of his censure and punishment are justly due to proceedings, and of which we counplain. bim, who endeavours to employ these re- Had he previously taken, as a gentleman, spectable functionaries as the instruments that information which he urged as a ma. of his unworthy designs, and the agents of gistrate, and which would certainly have mischief and injury to the guiltless. been communicated to him, as fully in

I take the liberty of iequesting also, the one way as in the other, he would that your lordship will have the goodness have seen, what I am sure he has since to order the declarations that were made seen, that there was no manner of foundaby the persons examined, and the whole tion for the calumny laid upon me, and proceedings in the precognition, or copies consequently no occasion for the publicity of them, to be transmitted to ine. From and scandal of a precognition. the tenor of your lordship's opinion, it ap- I enclose for your lordship an extract pears manifestly that there is no intention from the minutes of the Faculty of Glasgow of any further legal procedure on the part College of the 19th inst. of the law officers. I cannot imagine,

I have the honour to be, &c. therefore, that there can be any impro

JAMBS MYLNE. priety in this request, your compliance (To be concluded in our next.) with which, may be of essential conse

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Charles James Fox.

with scarcely a deviation, animated IF I ROM the speeches of this dis- by an ardour which no disappoint

tinguished statesmenjand orator, ments could cool, and strengthened the publication of which [6 vols. 8vo.] by a resolution which no persecutions was announced in our last, (p. 530,) could break. we propose to extract a series of pas- Our extracts will be in chronologisages, illustrative of his mind and cha- cal order, and the date of the speeches racter, explanatory of the transac- from which they are taken will be tions of his day, and serviceable to specified.

Ep.) the cause which lay so near his heart, 1. Motion (Sir Wm. Meredith's) for the cause of truth and liberty. The a Committee to consider of the Sub. speeches themselves are the history of scription to the Thirty-nine ArtiMr. Fox, and they constitute a better cles. (February 23, 1978.) culogium upon his public virtue than Mr. Fox said: I rejoice, Sir, to could be pronounced by any profes- find that we are at last got into a desiopal pleader, though versed in all bate from which I was afraid we were the common-places of panegyric. In altogether departing. As the matter reading them we trace the course of has been managed, the question bea great man, placed at first by acci- fore this House is simply, Whether dent on the wrong side, but presently it be at all expedient for the legislarighting himself by the force of his tive power to interpose in an affair of own mind and heart, and having got this kind ?-I was exceedingly young, into the path of truth and nature, Sir, when I went to the University; feeling all his strength and going on not, however, so young but that the matter of subscription struck me. the speech is an hypocritical one; and At the age of twelve, youth, when in truth, there is not a little hypocrisy matriculated are required to subscribe, in supposing, that a King-I except • Articuli fidei duntaxat,' but at six- his present Majesty, who really loves teen they are to subscribe the oaths liberty--but that a common king of allegiance and supremacy: now, should be solicitous to establish any Sir, whether it be supposed that their thing that depended on a popular as. political creed is of more importance sembly. Kings, Sir, govern by means than their religious one, I will not of popular assemblies, only because take upon me to determine, but it they cannot do without them ; to should seem that the institution sup- suppose a king fond of that mode of poses them not capable of understand. governing, is to suppose a chimera. ing the sublime mysteries of politics It cannot exist. It is contrary to the until sixteen, though at twelve it is nature of things ; and it is hypocrisy apprehended that they can both un- to advance it. derstand, relish, and swallow down 3. The virtue of Necessity. (Dec. 15, the sublimer mysteries of religion !

1779.) As to the distinction which has been The virtue of necessity, sure in its laid down by a right honourable gen- principle aud irresistible in its opetleman who spoke some time since, ration, is an effectual reformer. It that “ it is only subscribing to what awakens late ; but it calls up many they are to be hereafter instructed in, other virtues to its aid; and their and means no more than the repeti- joint exertions will infallibly bear tion of a creed," Sir, this subscrip- down the greatest force, and dissipate tion as well as repetition is a solemn the strongest combination that corthing : it is a serious attestation of the rupt men have ever formed or can truth of propositions, not a syllable ever form against them. of which, according to the right ho- 4. Whose Child Corruption is . (Feb. nourable gentleman's own confession,

8, 1780.) the youth who subscribes can under- I will put the controversy between stand. Why, therefore, attest the ministry and the gentlemen on this trath of what he is ignorant ? Is not side of the House, on the same issue this to teach our youth to prevari- on which the wisest of men, Solomon, cate? And will not a habit of pre- rested the determination of the disvarication lead to the destruction of pute between the two women, easba all that prompt, ingenuous frankness, of whom claimed the living child and which ought to be the glory and the disavowed the dead one. pride of youth ?- This house, Sir, is ministry, · You misapply the public accustomed to accept of the simple money ; nay, you do worse ; you apaffirmation of witnesses ; and is it not ply it to bad purposes' : ministry say a dangerous doctrine to teach, that to us, · You want our places ;' and because an oath is not administered, thus the charge of corruption is given a person may solemnly bear attesta- and retorted. Come now, let us see tion to the truth of what may, for whose child corruption is; Opposition aught he can tell, be entirely false ? are willing, are desirous, that it should 1, Sir, can relish no such doctrine; I be sacrificed; Ministry have often think it has a highly injurious ten- made similar professions ; the time dency; and I should therefore wish is come to prove the sincerity of both: that the speaker should leave the see who will now acknowledge, see chair, in order that we may discuss who will father this dear but denied the advantages which can redound to child, Corruption ! the state, as well as to individuals, 5. Repeal of the Bill for the Relief from our youth being trained solemn- of Roman Catholics. (June 20, ly to attest and subscribe to the truth 1780.) of a string of propositions, all of Mr. Fox said that his objection to which they are as entirely ignorant the house of Stuart, had he lived at of as they are of the face of the coun- the period of the Revolution, would try said to be in the moon.

have been not because that house had (On a division the numbers were, embraced popery, but because popery for the motion 67, against it 159.) had embraced the house of Stuart; 2. Predilections of Kings. (Oct. 31, that the latter was supported in its 1776.)

attempts on the liberties of the naSir, it has been very well said, that tion, by popery in general. But now

We say to

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