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by those who know him; and sur- timony of scripture, by the forced inter. prising in a day, when the principles pretation of a few passages, wrested from of religious liberty are so justly apo rity is liable to dispute. It is in vain, my
their context, or by others whose authopreciated, widely disseminated, and avowed from the episcopal bench. lord, that you
decry the authority of rea
son in these matters; the fact is no less His lordship is, however, a dissenter clearly against you in the same scripfrom bis brethren, and laments the tures, which teach us there is only one God, measure which they supported and the sole creator and ruler of the universe, no advocated. This he has done in “ A distinct traces of your three omnipresent Brief Memorial on the Repeal of the persons can be found.” gth and 10th William NII. &c.," and
'In a subsequent paragraph, the in “ A Charge to his Clergy," to author appeals to the bishop on the which the title of the above tract nature of tenets maintained by those refers. His lordship's “ Memorial" against whom the severe penalties has received a most aniple and able of those statutes have been hitherto review from the pen of Mr. Belsham. in force. “ Let us consider, my lord, 'The Lay Seceder, who, we under. what are the opinions which, under stand has separated from the Estab, the name of blasphemy, you arraign so lishment on Unitarian principles, and vehemently; and who are the suphas gained deserved praise as a bio- posed enthusiasts and levellers, so long graphical writer, here animadverts amenable to the penal law. The exwith candour on the “ Charge to the istence of one God, by whom all Clergy," in which Dr. Burgess la. things were created; the divine misments the repeal of those penal sta- sion, death, and resurrection of Christ; tutes as “ the loss of guards intended the divine authority of his precepts, for the protection of our common revealed in the gospel; and the hope Christianity."
of immortality in the resurrection of “ The repeal of such laws, enacted the dead, are the leading tenets mainto stop the progress of free inquiry, tained by Unitarians; the essential and to silence those enlightened advo- doctrines which they deduce from cates for the sole deity and supremacy scripture, as clearly and explicitly reof Jehovah, whose arguments it was vealed. Such was the avowed faith not otherwise found easy to refute, if of Lardner, the more than suspected not called for by any recent instances creed of Newton and Locke; such of persecution, was surely," says our were the strictly-scriptural conclusions author, “no less demanded by the for which Lindsey, Jebb and Disney improving spirit of the age. It was resigned their preferment in the time, that, in pursuing the path of Church of England ; and which were free inquiry into the language and embraced among Dissenters, by Simpmeaning of scripture, our country- son, by Priestley, and by Cappe. men should be released, not only And such, my lord, if any additional from the actual dread of persecution, authorities should still be wanting, but even from the stigma which such were the doctrines openly espoused statutes were intended to affix."
by the late Duke of Grafton, Sir On these principles the piece be- George Saville, and Attorney-Genefore us is a candid, respectful and for- ral Lee. In these opinions where cible remonstrance with the Bishop does your lordship find any appeare' of St. David's, on the strong, not ance of blasphemy; among such men to say illiberal disapprobation with where would you have selected a pro.. whicli he expresses himself; and on per subject for the penal law? Away, the fears and alarm which he testifies then, with all idle lamentation about on the repcal of those statutes. the repeal of statutes, so totally inap-.
“ Admitting,” says the author, " that plicable and absurd : which, although the truth of Christianity consists in its es. at times, they might give sanction to sential doctrines ; and the belief of it in an unjust, illiberal stigma, affording the admission of all that are founded on the authority of scripture, let us consider have conferred neither credit nor se
• no proof of the tolerant spirit,' could what may be fairly deemed essential doctrines, and what proof you have adduced curity on the Established Church. in their support
. The existence and di. Your lordship may declaim against vinity of three persons in one God,' which what you deem the insidious arts of you contend for, being no where explicitly Socinian and Infidel innovation;' but. revealed, I suspect can only be sapported the progress of free inquiry can no in opposition to the clear and decisive tes- longer be impeded in this country;
the sacred rights of conscience can no your chief attention to encourage the longer be openly infringed. It is in practice of virtue, to check the provain you invoke the aid of penal laws, gress of corruption, and to discounteto check the necessary consequence nance every description of profigacy of those principles, on which you and vice.” vindicate your own secession from the In a short Postscript, the author Church of Rome. Your first prin- notices the Bishop of St. David's ciple, that the Bible, and the Bible “ Brief Memorial,” published after only, is the religion of Protestants,' the Charge: which be considers as a has been too extensively diffused, to renewal of his lordship's very singular allow a co-ordinate authority to any attack on the Unitarians, with even human articles or creeds. Our an- greater violence: and as completely cestors, at the Reformation, accom- failing, in every other respect, than in plished a great, though necessarily an rescuing himself from any claim to imperfect work : but the importance the approbation bestowed on his episof their services must be estimated, copal brethren, for withholding their rather by the example set us, than by opposition to the Unitarian Bill:" unany of the dogmas which they rashly less it was his real purpose, by proventured to prescribe.”
voking a full and fair discussion of the The author, through several pages, nature and objects of the Christian with pertinence and force of applica- Revelation, to stimulate the advocates tion, contrasts the sentiments and of free inquiry to new exertions, and spirit of Dr. Peckard, the Dean of eventually to promote the cause of Peterborough, of Bishop Lowth, of truth. " That this, at least, will be the Bishop of Carlisle, Dr. Edmund the effect of your recent publications," Law, and Dr. John Law, Bishop of addressing the bishop, he adds, “I Elphin, with those expressed by his cannot entertain a moment's doubt. Lordship of St. David's, on the sub- Your professional rank, your learning ject of religious liberty and free in- and reputation, must of course excite quiry.
attention, whilst your pretended deTowards the close he declares his monstrations are feeble and inconcluconfidence that “ the time is fast ap- sive, and your arguments far better proaching, when every remnant of adapted to the state of Christendom intolerance shall be expunged, not in the tenth century, or to the merionly from our penal, but our civil dian of Spain at the present moment, code: when the only competition than to the enlightened age and counbetween Protestants and Papists, be: try in which we live.” twcen Dissenters and Churchmen, The author waves enlarging in may be; who shall best inculcate the animadversions on the “ Brief Memogenuine benevolence of the gospel, rial," hecause it had already received and advance the welfare of the human a full and satisfactory Reply from Mr. race.” He then adds, “ In their zeal Belsham," of which we had prepared for the promotion of these essential a full account, which the growth of duties, Unitarians have not yielded our pages warns us that we must deto any of their Christian brethren: in lay till the next Number. virtue and knowledge they are Jeast equal : in candour and liberallity perhaps superior to the most.” Ant. IV.--The Dirinity of Christ and A free admonitory address to the
the Necessity of his Atonement, vin
dicated from the Cavils of Mr. Tho. bishop finishes this sensible and lib. eral tract. “ Be more just and gene
mas Prout and his Associates. By rous, then, my lord, in your conclu
Samuel Drew, St. Austell, Cornsions, and, tempering your zeal with
wall. 8vo. pp. 84. Cock, Pepryn.
1814. discretion, admit the benevolent spirit. of the gospel among the essentials of Art. V.-4 Sequel to the Unitarians' the Christian scheme. Ceasing to ar.
Serious Appeal to the Great Body raigu Unitarians as apostates and blas
of Christian Worshipers: contains phemers, endeavour to emulate their ing Observations on Mr. Samuel conduct in inculcating the moral pre
Drew's Pamphlet, entitled “ The cepts of religion, as the firmest bar
Divinity of Christ,” &c. By Tho. riers of the Church and state. And
mas Prout, Flushing, Cornwall. leaving their supposed errors to the
8vo. pp. 84. Bowring, Exeter ;
1815. mercy of the SUPREME BEING, direct
Eaton, High Holborn.
Art. VI.- Comparative View of professes (in bis Letter to the Emperor of
some of Mr. Drew's Scriptural and Rome) to have received bis information from Philosophical Arguments to prove
a set of infidels, who had recently abandoned the Divinity of Christ and the Ne- the Christian religion. We freely give you cessity of his Atonement; in a Letter dust in the balance. To the scriptures we
this Pagan; his testimony is lighter than to that Gentleman. 8vo. pp. 24. make our appeal, which is the only proper Gale and Co. 1815.
standard of decision in religious controE exbibited these two combat- versy.” Pp. 11, 12.
ants in our last volume, (ix. 497 -500.) and assigned the victory to Mr. the wise men · fell down and worshiped
“ In Matt. ii. 11, you say, we read tbat Prout. Our judgment is supported by him. The first clause of the verse reads Mr. Drew's present pamphlet; for he thus: - And when they were come into tlie writes with the soreness of one who house, they saw the young child with Mary is mightily discomfited. Not satisfied his mother, and fell down and worshiped with bis arguments, and herein we him.' I will not affirm that you intentiongive him credit for discernment and ally curtailed this passage to give it a Tri. taste, he falls into a strain of abuse, nitarian turn, but I am of opinion that if and iu reading his pamphlet it some.
you bad quoted the whole, ninety-nine out
of a hundred of your readers would have times appears doubtful whether his object be to prove the divinity of discovered that it was a child which they Christ, or to shew that Mr. Prout is, by some marks of civil respect. Can you
worshiped, and therefore it must have been if not the same person, yet, almost the really think, Sir, that those philosophers same writer 'as Thomas Paine. It is who saw the young child with his mother, quite amusing to perceive how the could conceive the idea that he was the Methodist preacher of St. Austell omnipotent Creator of the Universe, and tries to feel and shew contempt for consequently the proper object of religithe unpretending writer of Flushing; ons worship?. If yon did not think so, for but the most pleasant thing of all is,
what reason did you make the quotation ? that Mr. Drew ventures beyond his Mr. Juhn Wesley, the founder of Methoddepth, and flounders into gross lite ism, intimates in the Preface to his Notes
on the New Testament, that it was his rary errors: he is witty (p. 24) upon opinion that the Greek copies from which " the spectacles which Socinins has
our English Translation was made, are not mounted," attributing a singular spe- the most correct, and that it is capable of cies of handicraft to the noble Pole, being brought, in several places, nearer whom by a natural blunder, he pre to the original ; and if you refer to Malt. sents to the reader with two i's instead ii, 11, you will find that he has translated of one, and he makes free, even to it thus: "For we have seen his star in the calumny, with “ the editors of the East, and are come to do him homage;' Unitarian New Testament," if he and he explains it by saying, that they means the Improved Version, when he paid that respect by bowing to the earth says (p. 57) that they have « denied before him, which the eastern nations used the first chapter of St. John altoge- jection to adopt Mr. Wesley's translation
to pay to their monarchs. I have no obther!" Has Mr. Drew no friend in
in preference to the public version; to me his own connexion who reads the au
it appears more reasonable; and you are thors on whom he himself animad at liberty, Sir, to overthrow it, if you are verts without having read them, to able.” Pp. 47, 48. save him from these disgraceful errors? Mr. Prout, apparently feeling that
The third article is a short but comhe stands on safe ground, preserves plete refutation of Mr. Drew's main his good humour, and calmly meets arguments. From his own statements, his antagonist upon his own argu: View,"
by a successful example of the
the author of the “ Comparative ments. The following passages are a fair sample of the Sequel:
Reductio ad absurdum, proves that
the deity of Christ and the doctrine " In p. 6, you have introduced a quo
of atonement cannot both be true. tation from Pliny, in order to prove that it This author has considerable controwas the practice of the primitive Christians w render divine honour to Christ. Surely,
versial acuteness: should his pamphlet Sir, you must have discovered a very great
come to a second edition, we would scarcity of proof, or you would not have recommend him to ainplify the argubeen under the necessity of having recourse ment, and to give inore point to the ta the testimony of this Pagan writer, who application.
The Art of Preaching, 8c. in iinitation of But quickly check yourself—and with a
Floraces's Art of Poetry. By R. Dods. ley.
Of which this Honourable House is clear.
Great is the work, and worthy of the [From a copy, reprinted at Pl.iladelphia,
gown, by B. Franklin, 1739.]
To bring forth hidden truths and make SHOULD some strange poet, in his piece them known. affect
Yet in all new opinions have a care, Pope's nervous style, with Ward's low pune Truth is too strong for some weak minds to bedeck'd;
bear, Print Milton's true sublime, with Swift's And are new doctrines taught, or old retrue wit;
vivid, And Blackmore's Gravity with Gay's cou Let them from scripture plainly be deriv'd. ceit;
Barclay or Baxter, wherefore do we Would you out laugh? Trust me that blame priest's as bad,
For innovations, yet approve the same Who in a style now grave, now raving In Wickliffe and in Calvin? Why are these mad,
Callid wise Reformers? Those mad sectaDoth the wild whims of dreaming school ries? men vent,
'Tis most unjust. Men always had a Whilst drowsy congregations nod assent. righi, The priests 'tis true, have always been And ever will, to think, to speak, to write allow's
Their various minds; yet sacred ought to To teach religion, and 'tis fit they shou'd ; be But in that sacred name, when they dis- The public peace as private liberty: pense
Opinions are like leaves, which every Flat contradictions to all common sense ;
year Thu' fools and bigots wonder and believe, Now flourish green, now fall and disappear. The wise 'tis not so easy to deceive. Once the Pope's bulls could terrify his foes, Some take a text sublime and fraught And kneeling princes kiss'd his sacred toes; with sense,
Now he may damn, or curse, or what he But quickly fall into impertinence,
will, On trifles eloquent, with great delight There's not a prince in Christendom will They flourish out on some strange mystic
Reason now reigns, and by her aid we Clear up the darkness of some useless text, hope Or make some crabbed passage more per- Truth may revive and sickening Error plext;
droop : But to subdue the passions, or direct, She the sole Judge, the Rule, the gracious And all life's moral duties they neglect. Light Most preachers err (except the wiser Kind Heaven has lent to guide our minds few)
aright. Thinking establish'd doctrines, therefore States to embroil and Factiou to display, true :
In wild harangues, Sacheverell shew'd the Others too fond of novelty and schemes,
way. Amuse the world with airy idle dreams : The fun'ral sermon, when it first began, Thus too much faith, or loo presuming wit, Was us’d to weep the loss of some good Are rocks, where bigots, or free-thinkers split :
Now any wretch, for one small piece of The very meanest dabbler at Whitehall
gold, Can rail at Papists, or poor Quakers maul; Shall have fine praises from the pulpit sold: But when of some great truth he aims to But whence this custom rose, who can depreach,
cide ? Alas, he finds it far beyond his reach. From priestly ar’rice? or from human Young deacons try your strength, and
pride? strive to find
Truth, moral Virtue, Piety and Peace A subject suited to your turn of mind; Are noble subjects, and the pulpit's grace: Method and words are easily your owo, But zeal for trifies arm'd imperious Laud, Or should they fail you-steal from Tillot- His power and cruelty the nation awid.
Why was he honour'd with the name of Much of its beauty, nsefulness and force, priest, Depends on rightly timing a discourse. And greatest made, unworthy to be least, Before the Lds or C--m--ns far from Whose zeal was fury, whose devotion pride, nice,
Power his great God, and Interest his sole Say boldly-Bribery's a dirty vice
Guide ? VOL. X.
To touch the passions let your style beInsist alone on useful points or plain; plain;
And know, God cannot hate a virtuous The praise of Virtue asks a bigher strain : Man. Yet sometimes the pathetic may receive If yon expect or hope that we should The utmost force that eloquence can give; stay As sometimes, in eulogiums, 'tis the art, Your whole discourse, nor strive to slink With plain simplicity to win the heart.
away; 'Tis not enough that wbat you say is Some venial faults there are you must true,
avoid To make us feel it, you must feel it too. To every age and circumstance allied. Shew your self warm'd, and that will A pert young Student just from college warmth impart
brought, To every hearer's sympathizing heart. With many little pedantries is fraught: When honest Foster, Virtue does enforce, Reasons with syllogism, persuades with All give attention to the warm discourse; But who a cold, dull, lifeless drawling Quotes scraps of Greek instead of sacred keeps,
writ; One ball his audience laughs, the other Or deep immers’d in politic debate, sleeps.
Reforms the Church, and guides the totIn censuring Vice be earnest and severe, tering State. In stating dubious points concise and clear;
Those trifles with maturer age forget, Anger requires stern looks and threatning Now some good benefice employs his style,
thought; But paint the charms of Virtue with a He seeks a Patron, and will soon incline smile.
To all his notions civil or divine; These different changes common sense will Studies his principles both night and day, teach,
And as that scripture guides, must preach And we expect them from you, if you preach;
Av’rice and age creep on: his rer'rend For should your manner differ from your mind theme,
Begins to grow Right-reverendiy inclin'd; Or on quite different subjects be the same, Power and preferment still so sweetly Despis'd and laugh'd at, you must travel call, down,
The voice of Heaven is never heard at And hide such talents in some country town.
Set but a tempting bishopric in view, It much concerns a preacher first to He's strictly orthodox and loyal too; learn
With equal zeal defends the Church and The genius of his audience, and their turn. State, Amongst the citizens be grave and slow; And infidels and rebels share his hate. Before the nobles let fine periods flow; Some things are plain, we can't misunThe Temple Church asks Sherlock's sense derstand; and skill;
Some still obscure, ibo' thousands have ex. Beyond the Tow'r no matter what you plaind: will.
Those influence more which reason can In facts or notions fetch'd from sacred conceive, writ
Than such as we thro' faith alone believe: Be orthodox, nor cavil to shew wit: In those we judge, in these you may de_* Or if your daring genius is so bold
ceive : To teach new doctrines, or to censure old, But what too deep in mystery is thrown, With care proceed; you tread a dangerous The wisest preachers choose to let alone, path;
How Adam's fault affects all human kind; Error establish'd, grows establisb'd faith. How Three is One, and One is Three com"Tis easier much, and much the safer rule, To teach in pulpit what you learnt at How certain Prescience checks not future
school; With zeal defend whate'er the Church be- And why Almighty Goodness suffers ill; lieves,
Such points as these lie far too deep for If you expect to thrive, or wear lawn
Were never well explain'd nor ever can. Some loudly bluster, and consign to hell If pastors more than thrice five minutes All who dare doubt one word or syllable preach, Of what they call the faith ; and which ex- Their sleepy focks begin to yawn and tends
stretch. To whims and trifles without use or ends : Never presume the name of God to bring Sure 'lis much nobler, and more like divine, As sacred sanction to a trifling thing. T'enlarge the path to beaven, than to con- Before, or after sermon, hyinns of praise fine.
Exalt the soul, and true devotion raise,