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will probably have been carried into ef- some of the members. The names and fect, the one entirely, the other in part, sentiments given from the Chair were before the next Anniversary. The first of much the same as on former years. “Peace these is a mission into Cornwall and the with all the world,” was received, we are West of England, during the present sum- happy to say, with an instantaneous burst mer and autumn ; the second is a mission of applause. In the course of the evening into Ireland, in the ensuing spring. Mr. many gentlemen addressed the MeetingWright has cheerfully consented to these Mr. Madge, The Treasurer, Dr. Toulmin, laborious undertakings; but has expressed Mr. Rutt, Mr. Hardy, Mr. G. Wood, Mr. a wish that in his longer journeys, espe- Wright, Mr. Vidler, Mr. Bennett, Mr. cially in places not visited before, he should Winder, Mr. Broadbent, &c.—but we posbe attended by a missionary companion.sess minutes only of Dr. Toulmia's address, This wish appears to the Committee rea- delivered on his health being given as “The sonable; and they are happy to add, that First Preacher before the Society :" it was they have received an offer from Mr. Tho- as follows :mas Cooper, who is about to quit the Uni- “ Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen. tarian Academy, his terin being expired, “Excuse me if I address you, on this flatto accompany Mr. Wright, wherever the tering motion, with some hints committed Committee may judge expedient. They to paper, in order to prevent a confusion of have already determined to accept. Mr. spirits, on an intimation that such an exCooper's offer with regard to the mission pression of respect was intended me, as, notinto Cornwall. May the blessing of hea- withstanding the protracted period of my ven attend this new effort to hold forth the public character, I have not been accusword of life! With this wish, and with tomed to speak under such circumstances the further prayer that the blessing of Al as the present without preparation. Inighty God may descend upon the So- “ Accept my warm thanks for these testiciety, and all its officers and missionaries monies of great regard with which you and subscribers and friends, the Commit- have this day honoured me. I estimate tee conclude their Report."

them highly. I should be chargeable, As we shall probably insert the Resolu- either with apathy or a supercilious disretions of the meeting in our next Number, gard of your good opinion, did I not feel we think it necessary only to state the sub- gratified, though humbled, by these markstance of a very few of them. The Report ed expressions of the account you make of was agreed to be received and to be pub- my endeavours, through a life which Prolished in any mode, in whole or in part, vidence bas lengthened out beyond the age at the discretion of the Committee. The of man, to advance that cause of divine thanks of the Society were unanimously truth, to which your Association is conseand cordially voted to Mr. Madge for his crated. But I wish, under a persuasion "able, animated and eloquent serinon," that you do not mean to feed my vanity which he was requested to allow the So- with delusive professions of regard, to enciety to print. It was also resolved to re- tertain a modest sense of my deficiencies quest Mr. Turner and Mr. Broadbent to and failings, a grateful and devout conallow the prayers used in the service to be viction, that " a man can receive nothing printed also. To these requests the above except it be given him from heaven," and, gentlemen acceded. The following per- from the experience of life and the occursons were chosen into office for the year rences of this moment, a lively and encouensuing :

raging confidence in the truth of that John CHRISTIE, Esq. Treasurer. animating and gracious promise, “ Him Rev. R. ASPLAND, Secretary. that honoureth ine, I will honour :" which MR. BAILEY,

I conceive is particularly to be understood D. EATON,

of the approbation of God, but not excluT. FREEMAN,

sively of the approbation with men that

Committee. his providence may secure to us: a proJ. TAYLOR,

mise which I hope will have its full power W. TITFORD,

on the minds of my brethren and of every Rev. W. VIDLER.

member of this Society. Mr. G. ABBOTT,

Auditors,

“ I look back with pious pleasure the S. BARTON.

day when, by your choice and request, it The business of the Society was conclud- was my privilege and felicity to address ed about 3 o'Clock, when the Chair was you on the first General Meeting which taken for the business of the Unitarian you held, after you bad digested and maAcademy, which occupied the Subscribers tured your pious and benevolent Institutill the time of the Fund Dinner.

tion. I congratulate you on the progress of The Dinner was as usual at the London it through succeeding years to the present Tavern. Two Hundred and Eighty Per- day. The number of your associates in the sons were present. James Young, Esq. good design has been increasing - every in the Chair. On the removal of the cloth, year. The influence of it has been very Non nobis was sung with good effect by widely, and in many instances successfully

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spreading, Your hands have been strength. enabled to search them, 16 see whether ened, and your efforts have not been in the things' which your worthy, active vain. Yours has been a growing cause. and zealous missionaries advance and

“ It will be enlivening to contrast its pro- teach, are so or not. You are thus in. gress with the past efforts of former times. vited and assisted to create and multiply, Look back and recal to your recollection noble Bereans, who will do lonour to the testimony borne to what you deem pure your design and be trophies of its efficacy. Christianity, by the excellent Biddle, that “Let my fervent congratulations on these pious confessor and advocate for it in the propitious circumstances, express my graseventeenth century; patronized by the titude for the honour you have done me.' philanthropic Firmin, aided by the youth During the evening a considerable acand vigour of a pious Stackey, and assist- cession of subscriptions was announced, ed by the publication of numerous Unita- both to the Unitarian Fund and the Unirian tracts, written with peculiar clearness, tarian Academy. Amongst the new subcloseness of argument and energy: yet the scriptions to the former, was a two pound congregation raised under such favourable Bank of England note from a sailor at auspices soon became extinct, and failed Portsmouth, and a one pound from an of kindling the like zeal in other breasts. unknown friend, who lamented, in a letter Go further back, pass through the Conti- inclosing the subscription, the hard necesnent of Europe and traverse the spacious sity that forced him to remain a silent conregions of Poland: where are now the tributor. The meeting was throughout Polish brethren, who then ranked in judg- spirited, decorous and pleasant, and at the ment, and learning and talent, as the first close of it, cordial thanks were given to the of scriptural critics? Where are the re Stewards, who by their foresight and acinains of the labours of those many distin. tivity had added so much to the comfort of guished characters whose names, memoirs, the numerous company:--in an earlier and lists of their publications, fill the pages stage of the evening, the same expression of Sandius' small and Bock's large and of esteem was made to the Chairman, by bulky Bibliotheca ? Where are now any

whose exertions the assembly was kept as traces of the numerous churches formed one heart, one soul. upon Unitarian principles, and instructed N, B. As the new List of Subscribers and enlightened by those great men whose will be speedily printed, it is earnestly names adorn the pages of these volumes ? requested that the Receivers for the SoAlas! alas! they are almost perished. ciety and the Corresponding Members,

“ It is to us, however, a subject of great having additions or corrections to report, joy and sacred gratitude, that at the dis will communicate them to the Secretary tance of almost two centuries, the light of without delay. divine truth, which so far back shone upon those regions, has of late burst forth with

Unitarian Academy. a resplendent glory on this country, and The General Meeting of the Governors, your Society has risen up under its invi- Subscribers and Friends to this Institutioni, gorating intinence to give its beams a new was held on Wednesday, the 17th inst., in and extensive direction.

the chapel at Parliament-Court, Bishops" It has, I recollect, been objected to the gate-Street, after the meeting of the UniPolish brethren, that they paid court to tarian Fund, Mr. Thomas Hardy, of Walthe great men, to the unbles and the worth, in the Chair. Reports were made learned, to the politicians of the day, and by the Treasurer and Committee, and vatoo much, if not entirely passed by the rious resolutions adopted, all which will mass of mankind. You, my friends, have be speedily given to the public. It was acted on another principle, on the prin- resolved that the number of students on ciple upon which Christianity was first the foundation for the next year, should do planted, that the gospel should be be less than four, exclusive of one partly preached to the poor;' -- the principle supported by an exhibition from another which has been applied, illustrated and quarter; and that the Committee should enforced this morning, with singular pro be empowered to enlarge the number, if the priety, animation and eloquence. It is a liberality of the public (individuals or conprinciple which arçurs well for your design: gregations) should render such a measure you have witnessed the good effects of it. prudent. Letters of acknowledgment were

“ I congratulate you, also, on the cir- read from the several students, and one, cumstances of the times, which promise, reporting the state of the Institntion, as unintentionally indeed, to prepare the way far as comes within his province, from the for your missionaries, and to secure suc theological tutor. - It was understood that cess to their useful labours. I refer to the the Academy will close for the present sesvarious societies formed through the king- sion, on Saturday, the 24th of June, and that dom for circulating the scriptures, and for the next will commence on Monday, the teaching to read. The lower classes of the 4th of September. Applications for the people are thus furnished with the Bible, admission of divinity students must be to which is your appeal; and they will be made before the 12th of June.

NOTICES.

be favoured with a numerons attendance of The General Annual Mecting of the their friends on this occasion. Western Unitarian Society, will be holden Tho. HENRY ROBINSON, ?

Secretaries. at Bristol, on the 21st of June. The Rev. J. G. ROBBERDS. W.J. Fox, of Chichester, is appointed to Manchester, May 12, 1815. preach on the occasion.

The Southern Unitarian Society will hold Jarwickshire Unitarian Tract Society. their Annual Meeting, at Salisbury, on

The Members of tbc · Unitarian Tract Wednesday, June the 28th. There will Society, established in Birmingham, for be service in the morning and evening at Warwickshire and the neighbouring coun- the meeting-house in Balt-Lane. The ties, will hold their next Annual Meeting morning sermon will be preached by the at Kidderminster, on Wednesday, June Rev. B. Treleaven, of Dorchester. 21, 1815. The Rev. Charles Berry, of Leicester, has engaged to preach on the The Annnal Meeting of the Eastern occasion. There will be religious service Unitarian Society will be held at Bury St. in the evening

Edmunds, on the 2nd Wednesday and

Thursday in July. The Rev. J. Gilchrist, The Lincolnshire, &c. Unitarian Asso- of London, and the Rev. John Tremlett, of ciation will be held at Lincoln, on Thurs- Hapton, are expected to preach. day, the 22nd of June : the Rev. George Kenrick, of Hull, to preach in the moru- On Wednesday, the 5th of July, the Asing

sociation of Unitarians of Devon and Corn

wall will meet at Tavistock. It is exManchester College, York. pected that the devotional part of the serThe annnal examination of Students in rice will be conducted by Mr. Butcher, of this Institution will take place as usual in Sidmouth, and that Mr. Lewis, of Credithe College Library at York, on Wednes. ton, will preach. Service at Eleren day, the 28th, and Thursday, the 29th of o'Clock. June. A few of the junior classes will be examined on the evening of the 26th, to shorten the business of the following days. The Annual Meeting of the Welsh Uni

The York Annual Meeting of Trustees tarian Society will be held on Thursday, will be held at Ettridge's Hotel in the the Sixth of July, (instead of the usual evening of the 27th of June, and the Trus- day) at Llangundeirn, near Carmarthen. tees and Friends of the Institution will The Rev. Dr. Estlin of Bristol, is expect. dine together at that place each day, as ed to preach in English, and the Rev. D. usnal, at five o'clock.

Davis, of Neath, in Welsh, on the oceaThe managing Trustees hope they may sion.

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS ;

OR,

The Christian's Survey of the Political World.

THE Duke of Wellington was struck see how it can be construed in any other

with horror, as his brother announc- manner. The sentiments last expressed ed in the House of Commons, on bearing by the Duke were bailed with unithe interpretation given in England to the versal satisfaction by the house ; but the declaration at Vienna, to which bis signa- paper remains the same; and they, who ture had been affixed. His noble mind have signed it, will do well to disavow as revolted at the idea, that he could in any openly the imputation, which is generally respect whatever countenance so base a cast upon them. However it may derogate criine as assassination. Little could be en- from the wisdom of their heads, mankind ter into the feelings of those writers in will then be willing to give credit to a England, who in the daily papers are con- better feeling in their hearts. The dejuring up every epithet, hy which the ma- claration was evidently drawn up hastily, lignity of their own hearts rather than an and signed without due attention to the honest indignation at criminal acts is de- plain and obvious meaning of the words : veloped. We rejoice that the Duke has and it little became those, who were wilthus vindicated himself from those asper- ling to represent themselves as vindicators sions, which might have been cast upon of humanity, to patrouise crimes, which his character, if the paper alluded to was must be held in horror by every one, who construed in the manner, in wbich it is has not entirely cast of the principles of Ypressed: and indeed we can scarcely Christianity.

But why should we introduce Chris, that act, and the conduct of the Bourbons tianity, when its precepts are set at was deservedly reprobated in endeavouring nought by those who profess the utmost to fix a Stuart upon the Euglish throne, regard to it. Love your enemies ; do good why are the French to be abused for treatto those who revile you and despitefullying the Bourbons in the same manner, as treat you, are the precepts of our holy the English did the Stuarts? Why are Master. We are not to return evil for they not to be allowed the right of settling evil, or railing for railing, but to overcome their internal government as they please; evil with good. These precepts a re lost and why are they to be dictated to in this sight of in too many of our English pa- respect by foreign nations ? pers, which sie with each other in railing These questions find sufficient employ." at the enemy. It is scarcely necessary to ment for the worldly politician, and in reprobate this practice in our Retrospect, the inean time the different powers are since we cannot imagine, that any of our employed in collecting together their forces readers will so far deviate from the prin- to cut the knot, which they cannot untie. ciples, which it is intended to inculcate : On one side they promise ihemselves inand indeed we see with considerable sa- evitable success. The forces, which they tisfaction, that it has become offensive are to bring into the field must overcome even to those who are guided only by the all resistance; but it requires time to common views of worldly politics. With bring them into action. On the other such persons ridicule has often a greater hand, as far as the arıny is concerned, offect than mure serious arguinent, and vigorous resistance is expected : but hopes An ingenious writer bas collected under are entertained of a division in the peothe title of Buonaparte-Phobia, or the Art ple. So contradictory and so uncertain of Cursing made Easy;* all the disgraceful are the accounts received of the interior terms and the foul language which is so of France, that no judgment can be formgratuitously and daily lavished upon the cd of the real state of the country. A enemy. Thus it is shewn how easily a grand assembly of the people has been person may become an adept in this low art, called, in which may be expected some and we lament to say, that the pen, most new measures to excite the attention of fertile in this disgraceful occupation, is Europe, and to develope at least the views guided by a person, who has had all the generally entertained at Paris of the neadvantages of a liberal education. Surely ture of this extraordinary contest. the cause of virtue, of religion, of social The royal exile is in the low conntries order, might be defended in a better man with a regular court formed around him, ner : and, if the enemy has all the rices increased it is said by a considerable force attributed to hiin, our indignation cannot of his adherents, who are hourly leaving be heightened by illiberal and unmanly France to join the standard of the Lilies. abuse.

He has published a strong manifesto on The foreign papers fall short of the the justice of his cause, which is declared English in this species of abuse, but they to be supported by the irresistible force use an argument which is litile suited to of his allies. His descent from $1. Louis our customs, and is very injurious to the is not forgotten, and io expatiating on the rights of the family upon our throne. With love of the Bourbons to their country, the them the approaching conflict is for the fatal night of St. Bartholomew, and the cause of kings and legitimate sovereignty. horrors of the revocation of the edict of The latter is entirely independent of the Nantz are passed over in total silence. people, and admits of the interference of In fact, in the sad story of the present foreign force. Of this the French avail days the events of former times, on which themselves, by drawing a comparison be- our ancestors used so much to expatiate, tween their present revolution, and that seem to be totaliy forgotten. Every one which took place in our country in the

must feel compassion for the unfortunate year 1688 ; between the march of William monarch, and the more so, if his way lo the Third from the coasts of Devonshire the throne must be made through the deto London, and that of Bnonaparte from solation of his country and the destruction the shores of the Mediterranean to Paris. of his subjects. They ask, if the new principles are to be

The English force in the low countries maintained, upon what ground will the is very considerable under the cominand of right of the Brunswick family to the throne the Duke of Wellington, and between of England be asserted ! It evidently rests them and the Rhine is the mixed body of upon the act of settlement, which set

Germans and Prussians under the Prince aside the claimants by hereditary right, Blucher. With the latter some aukward and selected the family, which appeared circumstances have occurred, which prove to the existing generation the best adapted that the measures of congress have by no ta support the liberties of the people. If means beeu satisfactory. A mutiny bas the English, they say, were justifiable in taken place in the Saxon troops, in that

part of them, which have by the late One folio-sheet, price One Shilling change been made subject to Prussia.

This was quelled by the disbanding of the Buonaparte's creation must again merge offenders, and the execution of the ring- into a private station. Little favour could leaders. The forces of Russia are rapidly he expect from the confederate sovereigns, advancing, and if the war takes place, and when he forsook the cause of his maswe may expect to hear before our next of ter, he could scarcely expect that he should blogdy rencoutres.

be permitted to retain a crowo, for which Austria is however a great gainer in he was indebted solely to one rendered by this strange confusion, for she has now, himself incapable of preserving him in it. with the consent of the confederate sove-- Naples, it is said, is to be restored to a reigns, united to her territories two king- Bourbon, but whether in the person of the doms. The republic of Venice is com. former king or one of his sons, it is not pletely overthrown, and is changed into settled. The country has been so wretchà kingdom, and Lombardy is raised in the edly governed under thut race, that this same dignity. The fate of Venice will new revolution will not add, it is most proafford matter of regret to future historians, bable, to the welfare of its inhabitants. who recollecting the splendour of its in- By this change in the affairs of Italy, dependent state, and the duration of its the pretended Holy Father will be restored government will lament the instability of ta his estalos, and the Order of the Jesuits human affairs. Yet Venice with the name has another chance of being establisbed. of a republic was far frow enjoying go. Thus the political changes are far from veroinent favourable to liberty and virtne. being of the consequence that is attributed It is not the name of republic which 10 them. It is of little import whether a should lead us to infer that its govern- Bourbon or a Murat should reign in Nament is better than that of despotism; ples; but the restoration of a pope carries since tyrannical laws may emanate from with it consequences involving the greater aristocracy or democracy, as well as from part of Europe. Still the power of the pure monareby. It is to the laws that we triple crown is shaken; and we should should look, and according to them, not rather see it fall by the emancipation of according to the form under which they mankind from superstition and bigotry, are executed a country should be judged. than by the arm of force. Yet Venice may boast of the resistance it At home, these warlike preparations have inade to papal authority, and its annals produced a melancholy effect, the renewal contain a sufficiency of that false glory, of the Property Tax, of which a very: by which the pride of man is so much great proportion will be expended in subfostered. Its encouragement of licen- sidies, and the remainder will be swallowed tiousness to prevent the people from en- up in our own expenses. It appears that tering into the concerns of government an agreement has already been made for a will, however, be a dreadful blot in its subsidy of five millions ta the powers of history; it disappears from the theatre Russia, Austria and Prussia. Meetings of Europe with searcely a regret, and it have been holden, however, in opposition may be doubted, whether the people can to the war, and the Cities of London and be worse governed under the Austrian Westminster and the Borough of Southyoke, than they were by their uobles and wark, have sent petitions to Parliament, a state inquisition.

expressive of their disapprobation of the A futile attempt has been made to rear, present interference in the internal afairs of the standard of independence in Italy. Its Prauce. The petitions of London and Westpatron was the King of Naples, who pro- minster were not allowed to remain on the bably foreseeing that his own throne was table of the House, owing to expressions insecure, took this method of establishing which were construed into a disrespect of it, by the endeavour to elevate Italy into à that body. kingdom of which be was to be the sove- Before our next the dreadful pause will reign. The Italians, however, did not se- be at an end. The work of blood will most cond bis efforts. Whatever may be their probably have begun. Let bim not boast aversion to the name of Tudesco, wbich who putteth on the harness of war; the with them comprehends every thing that is event is uncertain. Yet there is every reabarbarous and odious, they did not see in son to conclude, that the confederates will Murat the deliverer they regarded. The attain their end, unless the French are anistate of France did not permit him to ex- mnated with a spirit which must amount pect succours from that quarter, and his almost to desperation. The issue of such conduct towards Buonaparte was little a spirit cannot be contemplated without likely to excite a zeal in his favour. The horror, and no one can tell what may be account of his adventures is very vague; its effects on the civilization of Europe. as far as can be collected, he has been de There is too much reason to dread that milifeated and compelled to make a precipitate tary governments will be universal, and the retreat, it being doubtful whether the part of the world which boasts the most of Austrians will not reach his capital before its proficiency in science, in literature, in him. Indeed, it is asserted that his queen religion, must confess, that it is far very far pe taken ber departure with all the trea- from being qualified to live under the mild

she could secure, and this king of influence of the gospel.

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