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little doubt on which side is the superiority done to them, in taking away their indeof talent.

pendence, and subjecting them to the king Buonaparte has availed himself of every of Sardinia. His pretended holiness has oircumstance to give solidity lo his cause, taken refuge with his cardinals in Floand to depress that of the Bourbons. Be. rence; and whatever may be the case in sides his decree on the abolition of the other quarters, we canuot but still hope slave trade, he bas openly declared for the that this will be a severe blow on his imfreedom of the press, and the Moniteur has pious pretensions. The revival of the oropened its pages for every paper of the al- der of Jesuits has shewn the little hopes of lied Sovereigns, which they may think fit reformation to be entertained in that quarto issue. He has re-assured the proprietors ter, and this with the establishment of the of land of the security of their purchases Inquisition of Spain has done no small in- he has declared the freedom of religion jury in every thinking mind to the cause to be irrevocable-be has restored the Le. of the allied sovereigns. gion of Honour to its former state. In sbort, The state of Europe has produced the he has done every thing to inspire confi- worst consequences in our own country. dence, if any can be placed in his promises, All agreed in the propriety of being preand France after all its conflicts will, if it pared for self-defence, and in taking preis in this successful, and these promises are cautionary measures : but as the acts of kept, be the freest nation in Europe. Congress were gradually developed, the

Belgium, occupied by British troops, greater were the doubts of the policy of acknowledges with Holland the Prince of the steps that had been taken by the ad Orange its king, and his coronation is on ministration. The revival of the Income the point of taking place. But, if we are Tax increased the general gloom, and as to believe the French, the hearts of the it seemed likely to pass the legislature Belgians do not accord with this arrange- without much opposition, the City of Lonment. Italy occasions no small disquiet. don is prepared to declare its sentiments Murat is in arms, and has taken possession on this most odious tax, and also on the of the Pope's territory. He seems to have occasion of its revival. A meeting of the had sufficient grounds to be apprehensive, Common Hall has been summoned, and that the allied sovereigns would 104 long the war and the tax will be both jointly permit lim to be seated on the Neapolitan discussed. This may probably lead to sithrone. Whether he was in the plot with milar meetings over the country, and yet Buonaparte is not known, but his interest there is a hope left, that the horrors of seems to be so clearly involved in that of war may be averted. May God inspire the the French independence, that the Aus- minds of princes and people with more trians will find so much employment in that Christian principles, than they at present quarter, as not to allow them to co-operate possess, and lead them to entertain juster with their allies in the attack on France. views of the purposes for which man was The Italians also in general are not pleased sent into the world—not to butcher his with the Austrian yoke, and the Genoese species, but to love his enemies, and to feel with the utmost resentment the injury render good for evil.

CORRESPONDENCE. We are desired by Mr. Campbell, of Newcastle, to " inform Tandem (See the last page of the wrapper of the number for January) that the place built for the Unitarian

apt in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, for a place of worship, is now occupied as a manufactory, but that a more eligible place is rented for that purpose, and the funds faithfully applied to the cause for which they were originally intended, as may be seen by any one who has a right to examine them.”

We are still some articles of Review behind, which we hope to bring up, in another number or two.

A Portrait of the Unitarian Martyr, Serretus, is preparing for the number for June, to be published on the Ist of July. Such of our readers as wish to preserve proof prints of our Series of Heads, are again informed that the head of Dr. Priestley, 4to size, may be had (price 2s.6d.) of the Printers and Publishers.

ERRATA. Page 111. 2d. col. line 15 from the top, for “hendyades” read hendyadys. 173. 2d col. 1. 20 from the bottom, after gc. place a note of interrogetion. 174. 1st col. 1. 16 from the bottom, after " objections” place a period. Ib. Note * for Medæa” read Medea. 177. Ist col. 1. 25 from the top, after the word “aid" place a colon. Ib. I. 16 from the bottom, for “ Tingshadius" read Tingstadius.

&c.

No. CXIII.]

MAY, 1815.

[Vol. X.

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY.

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Memoir of the Rev. Thomas Pyle, M.A. appears to have been on terms of

particular friendship with some of the (From Richards's History of Lynn,

greatest and best men in the Church pp. 1012–1023.)

of England, such as Dr. Sam. Clarke, F the birth-place and the early Mr. Jackson, of Leicester, Dr. Sykes,

part of the life of the Rev. Tho- Bp. Hoadly, Dr. Herring, afterwards mas Byle, whose name is still men- Archbishop of Canterbury; and tioned with veneration by the few equally so with some eminent dissentwlo remember him as a preacher, ing ministers, particularly Dr. Sam. we have not been able to obtain any Chandler and Mr. Rastrick, of Lynn. account. *0 rapid is the neglect or Many years after his death his youngthe forgetfulness of oral tradition ! est son, the Rev. Philip Pyle, pubFrom his epitaph we learn indeed that lished several volumes of his “ 'Serhe was born in 1674. About the mons on plain and practical Subjects.” year 1698, he was examined for or- His writings are characterized by a dination, at Norwich, by the cele perspicuity and manly sense, rather brated and truly honest William Whis- than by any elevation of style, or by ton, at that time chaplain to Bishop a graceful negligence; and yet in the Moore, who has stated in the inte- delivery of his sermons, so impressive resting Memoirs of his Life, that Dr. was his elocution, that both in the Sydal and Mr. Pyle were the best metropolis and in the country; he was scholars among the many candidates one of the most admired preachers of whom it was his office to examine. his time. The following lines were It is probable that he was ordained sent to him on his sermon preached upon the title of one of the curacies at Lincoln's Inn, May 4th, 1735, on of St. Margaret's parish, as he mar. Gen. iii. 19. ried, in 1701, a Mis. Mary Rolfe, of "What sounds are these! What energy an affluent and respectable family in divine ! Lynn, and in the same year he was What master-strokes in every precept shine! appointed by the corporation to be While from thy lips the warm expression minister or preacher of St. Nicholas breaks, Chapel. He published some political What heart but melteth as the preacher sermons in the years 1706, 1707, and speaks! especially in the year 1715. In these Thy voice is nature, and thy diction clear, discourses he vindicated and enforced It strikes like music on the listening ear.

_Vain foolish man to murmur at thy those principles to which we are in

fate, debted for the expulsion of the Stuarts, The bounteous hand of heaven still leaves and for the elevation of the Bruns

thee great ; wick family to the throne. About Still -makes thee first of beings here below, the same period he became generally Still gives thee inore of happiness than known as the author of a very useful Paraphrase on the Historical Books To lazy indolence this world may seem of the Old Testament, and another A barren wilderness; an idle dream; on the Acts, the Epistles and the Thistles and brambles to the slothful eye, Revelation of the New Testament. But roses to the hand of industry. Soon afterwards he enlisted himself 'Tis sordid av’rice, with ber speaking as a writer in the Ban gorian Con. Ambition, who torments herself in vain, troversy, and was a strenuous and Th' unnumber'd lusts that prey upon the able advocate of thc civil and reli

mind, gious principles of Bp. Hoadly. He Fix the primeval curse on human kind. vCL. x.

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By their brow's sweat their bread the la- which yet, perhaps, is in some mea. bourers earn,

sure owing to himself; for that very But then no passions in their bosoms burn: impetuosity of spirit, which, under Soon as the evening shades the day-light proper government, renders him the

close, Unbroken slumbers crown their soft re

agreeable creature he is, has, in some

circumstances of life, got the better pose ; And when the morning dawn salutes their of him, and hurt his views.". From eyes,

whatever cause, with the exception Antens-like, with double vigour rise. of a Prebend of Salisbury, which he No stings of conscience ! no reinorse from received from Bp. Hoadly, he was sin!

only in succession lecturer and minisThey feel the noblest paradise within ; ter of Lynn, St. Margaret, and vicar Content serene, that sunshine of the soul, of Lynn, All-saints all truly but a With her warm beam invigorates the whole; poor and paltry pittance for such a Her blossoin, health! ber fruit, untainted man, and from a church which had joy!

such immense abundance of good
Nor pain nor death her relish can destroy ;
In unpolluted streams her pleasures flow, things to bestow ; most of which
No weedy passions in her bosom grow.'

too were actually bestowed on far -Thus faintly have I sketch'd ihy glo. unworthier objects. The following

rious plan, Which fills, improves, adorns the inward * It must not here be concealed, that

his reputed heterodoxy, especially in reStill urge thy gen'rous task, to cleanse the gard to the Athanasian Trinity, might also mind,

be among the causes, if it was not indeed Till from the dregs of passion ’tis refin'd; the very chief cause of his failure in the To pritne each vice, each folly of thé point of ecclesiastical preferment. That he age,

was decidedly averse to Athanasianism, Each wild excrescence of this earthly and made no secret of that aversion, is stágc.

very well known; a remarkable instance Tho'old in goodness, to the world resign'd, of which was related by his son, Dr. EdStill want thy heaven to give it to man: mund Pyle, in a letter to one of his female kind.

friends, dated August 4, 1747; a copy Religion's friend! and virtue's strongest of which has fallen into the hands of the guard!

present writer. The passage alluded to is That heaven alone such merit can reward, as follows : " My F--r has been excesIts joys approach no tongue but thine can sive hoarse and stuffed and oppressed on

the lungs, and after physic had in vain Doubt not to taste what thou describ'st so attempted his relief, he went abroad, the well."

weather being fine, to view his new ch--ch,t

where they are putting up a wagnificent With such talents, and with such connexions, it cannot easily be ac- the sight of

the Tr-ty in Un-ty emble

p-p-t, as the finishing stroke. There counted for, that Mr. Pyle should re- matically displayed in the front pannel of main during so long a life in a situa- the said pip-t put him into such a pastion of comparative obscurity. Sir sion, that you would have sworn, that with Robert Walpole was the member for distemper and indignation he must have Lynn; and both the political and re- been suffocated : but G—d be praised naligious opinions of Mr. Pyle were cal- ture got the better both of the m-stculated to recommend him to Queen and the disease, and the conflict produced, Caroline, who then impartially dis- what medicines could not, a free and large pensed the dignities of the church. expectoration, which was succeeded by a Perhaps the spirit of the mau was not fit of as clear and audible raving, as a

man would wish to hear from a sound thonght suthiciently accommodating Protestant divine, on so provoking an ocfor an introduction to a court;,or, casione” This letter-writer to be sure was like the late Dr. Ogden, of Cambridge, an arch and wicked dog; but there can from some deficiency of external po- be no doubt of his statement being founded lish, he might be deemed not pro- on fact : and when it is considered how ducible. A passage in Archbishop their reputed heterodoxy affected Clarke, Herring's Correspondence with Mf. Whiston, and others of Pyle's eminent Duncombe seems to be decisive on contemporaries, it will not appear very this point.

Tom Pyle is a learned strange that his rewards were not equa? and worthy, as well as a lively and en- few and inconsiderable.

to his merits, or that his preferments were tertaining man. To be sure his success has not been equal to bis merit, † This was St. Margaret's, then rebuilt,

tell;

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letters which passed between Mr. From the part which Mr. P. took Pyle and Archbishop Herring are in the Bangorian Controversy, and highly characteristic and interesting. the terms of particular friendship on “ MY LORD,

which he was known to live with « In the universal acclamation of Bishop Hoadly, we may be very sure joy for your Grace's promotion to the that there subsisted between them a Primacy of all England, may the frequent correspondence. Copies of feeble voice of an old man be heard, two of the letters that passed between the short remainder of whose life, will them are now in the hands of the prepass off with a pleasure that nothing sent writer. He has no reason to could have given, but seeing at the suppose that they ever have been pubhead of the church, a prelate so af- favour of your Grace's kind and good letfectionately attached to the interests ter than I wrote to the person intimated of truth, virtue and liberty.

therein, and deferred my dutiful answer I am, my Lord, your grace's most to it no longer than till I was enabled to dutifu) Servant,

acquaint you with his truly filial reply, Thos. PYLE." that he should never find greater pleasure « DEAR SIR,

than that of complying with every desire “ Your kind wishes for me give me that father. -Meantime I am sorry for the

of a father, and the honourable friends of spirit, and make my heart glad, for ill state of my friend C-st-, which gives in good faith, I have been teazed and occasion to this affair. I loved the man : terrified with this exaltation; and my sons honoured him much. I thank thus much I will venture to say for your grace for your very good rememmyself, it sha'nt make me proud, it brance of me and my son. Age, my Lord, sha'nt make me covetous, it sha'nt confines me at home, when yet good promake me ungrateful or unmindful of vidence blesses me with eyes and faculties, my friends, but it frights me, and I still enabling me to read, and even to fear has robbed me of the most pre- thing and make use of the glorious pre

preach once a day generally. I read every cious thing in life, which is liberty, rogative of private judgment, the birth. but I will assert as much of it as I right of Protestants. I pass free sentiment can, and not be for ever bound to the upon Mddltn, and on all his opponents trammels of a long tail and ceremony, stronger or weaker. So I shall upon what which my soul abhors.

he is going to say on the only piece of that “ I saw S- Ch-r the other day. great man of that ever gave me pleaI really affect and honour the man, sure. I read Disquisitions, and when and wish with all my soul that the I've done fall to my prayers and wishes, Church of England had him, for his that the good thing desired may be put

into the hands of the able, knowing, and spirit and learning are certainly of the first class; and I regard him the suffered to mend some few holes and leave

impartial, that no church-tinkers may be more because he resembles you and others open, at which some vital part of your manner. You talk of age and the noble Christian scheme may run out all that, but if I may judge from your and be lost. But no wish of mine is so letter, your eyes are good, your hand ardent as that your Grace may live with is steady, and I am sure your heart that excellent (mind+] of Tiitsn, which is warm for your friends, and those is in you, to preside in, to direct this same good things you mention, truth, and good thing, and bring it to perfection,” virtue, and liberty, but that sort of

Of the residue of this letter we know warmth will certainly go to the grave whereabout Mr. P. and the Primate stood

nothing : this part of it sufficiently shews with you and beyond it.

as to the points afterwards agitated in the I am, dear Sir, Your affectionate Friend,

Confessional, &c. This epistle is supposed

to have been written about 1753, three Tho. CANTUAR.'

years before the death of Mr. P. and four Kensington, 17 Dec. 1747.

years before that of the Archbishop, than whom it does not appear that a worthier

prelate ever occupied the Sea of Canter. * The correspondence between these two bury. eminent men did not close here. It is certain that some letters afterwards passed + There is a word wanting here in the between them, as appears from the frag- MS. Copy, which probably was mind or ment of Mr. Pyle's answer to one he had spirit ; alluding, it is supposed, to Tillotreceived from the primate, and which reads son's liberal-mindedness, and wish to get thus" no sooner received the great rid of the Athanasian Creed, &c.

lished, or are likely to be so, unless cerned with, and so highly obliged they appear on this occasion. Think- to, and to the heart of an old servant ing it highly probable that a sight of who has loved you all his life, and them cannot fail of gratifying many served you as well as he could (would of his readers, lie takes the liberty to God it had been better) and will without further ceremony to intro. love you till death and beyond it. duce them in this place; not at all I am, my Lord, yours, &c. apprehensive that their contents will

T. P. any way disparage the memory of ei.

“ Dear Sir, 6 Feb. 1752 ther of the memorable personages by “You cannot rejoice moresincerely whom they were originally written.

at any good that falls on any part of “ My Lord,

your family than I do : tho' you may “ You may remember that when by feel it more paternally In answer your kind aid the affair of M- -m to what you propose, I first say that was concluded in my son's favour, I I was 75 years old on the 14th of last presented my humble (and said it November. What may happen God should be my last) petition to you, only knows. But if it shd be both begging of you to be pleased to be- physically and morally in my power stow on him a living that might con- to serve your son, you may depend sist with M- -m, and that you were upon it, without the force of the strong 80 good as to promise to give him any expression you make use of. For my living you had not then engaged to own inclination will in such case do dispose of otherways.-An incident it. And the regard I have for the D. of has lately arisen of such a nature, as, N-ch (and his lady, tho' unknown, I ain sure will excuse my repeating ouly by report) and for Mr. Arrowthe above-named request to your smith, to whose faithful services and Jordship, with the utmost earnestness. exemplary behaviour I was long ago -My Lord, Mrs. Bllk, the D. of a witness at Stretham, will not at all N-ch's W. with her husband's good abate but increase the inclination. I liking, and out of the esteem she has cannot suppose that by what you say, Jong had for me and mine, and es- you can mean such a living as would pecially for my son Ph—, has been inake void N-Iksham which your pleased to propose him as a H. for son told me was worth £250 per ann, her niece, the only child of Mr. Ar- for that would be to * rowsmith : such a proposal from one tirely a valuable living very hardly who can and will make a considerable obtained; but one that would be an addition to the very good fortune that handsome addition to his income. And the young lady's father can give her, this must be one within the canonical is a great proof of her esteem for my distance. Nor do I suppose that the son, who has been much with her chapter of Salisbury will ever enter into from his childhood: and what she measures for an exchange of Mlkshm, requires on my part is that I use my &c. I wish you would tell me freely interest in your lordship, and men. what you understand by an handtion her as joining with me to beg some living, assuring, you of my sinof you to confer a handsome living cere dis tion to do any thing in my on my son. This will crown all the power agreeable to your own wishes. instances of your beneficence towards I have without doubt several good me. I want words to express the joy livings in my patronage. But you with which a happy success in this must remember that when you menaffair would carry me through the tioned your request for your sou Ph. small remainder of my life, and make first, I told you of engagements, and me yield it up to its bounteous Au. I now tell you that since that, I have thor ; or to describe the tearing not had one vacancy, as far as I can anxiety that would accompany a dis- recollect, of a living in Wilts of about appointment from your refusing what 1301. per annum. I think myself obI humbly ask.--Wherefore I beg of liged to speak plainly, that nothing your lordship to make me feel the be- may be expected from me that I canginning of that satisfaction I have als not pretend to perform. I have, and ready in view by such a reply to this petition as may be pleasing to the

* Something is here wanting : vacate excellent friends I am herein con- perhaps, or relinquish.

en

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