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REVIEW. “ Still pleas'd to praise, yet not afraid to blame."-.-Pope. Art. I.-Sermons on various impor- sermon-writers that excel Mr. Harri

tant Subjects, by the late Rev. son; none that may be read with Ralph Harrison : to which is pre- more profit by young persons and in fixed a Biographical Memoir of the families. In this view, also, his Dis Author. With a Discourse on oc- courses are recommended by their casion of his Death ; by the Rev. brevity, a property of sermons which John Holland. Svo. pp. 367 and all preachers agree to extol, but which, xvi. Longman and Co. and John- judging by our experience, all find son and Co. 10s. 1813.

it difficult to maintain. R. HARRISON, whose post- The in number, sented to the public by his son, Mr. Domestic Union. The Duties of PaWilliam Harrison, is well known by reuts. The Duties of Children. The his Sacred Harmony. He was for ma- Duties of Masters and Servants. Dis. ny years joint-minister with the late cretion. History of Joseph. Review Dr. Barnes, of the respectable dis- of Divine Mercies. Contentment. senting congregation, meeting in Compassion. Praise. Forgiveness. Cross Street, Manchester; but, as we Faith. Persecution. Beneficial Efhave already given some account of fects of Christianity. Human Life a him (v. 601, 602. ix. 264), we shall Pilgrimage. The Love of God. The observe only with regard to his life, necessity of Watchfulness. Charity. that it appears to have been such as Mutability of Life. The Christian to create a natural desire in his sur- Life. , God the only proper Object viving friends of possessing a volume of Glory. Danger of bad Company. of his discourses.

History of Caiu and Abel. • There is at the same time sufficient In the following passage the prinmerit in these sermons to recommend ciples of Protestant Dissenters are them, independently of the conside- well and boldly stated: the extract is rations of friendship. The reader soon from the first sermon, entitled, “Wisperceives that they are the produc- dom," delivered“ on occasion of the tions of no ordinary mind; they uni- establishment of the Manchester Acaformly display an enlightened under. demy, in the year 1786," and now standing, a sound judgment, a cor- re-printed. rect taste, and, which is of more im- “ That Christ is the only king in his portance, clear views of scriptural church, and permits no one to share in his truth, and pure moral discernment, authority-That he has left behind him no In the distribution of his subjects, the successor, to act as his vicegerent or repreacher is remarkably simple and un. presentative upon earth, with power to affected; but perhaps the plans of his alter, to add to, or to iuterpret the laws of

his kingdom-That no profession, rank, sermons are rather too uniform. He

or number of men has dominion over the is often peculiarly happy in his defi- conscience—That the scripture is a comnitions and descriptions. The style plete rule of faith, and that the applicais perspicuous and neat, and some- tion of this rule belongs to every private times elegant:

Christian-That to substitute creeds and Throughout all the discourses there confessions, drawn up by fallible men, for prevails calm good sense ; often united the words of Christ and his apostles, is an with a glow of affection that touches unwarrantable and dangerous imposition the heart, but never interrupted by That to inflict penalties of any kind those bursts of eloquence which arouse

whatever for nonconformity to human systhe imagination and seize the passions. nion, because they do not receive our

tems, or to exclude others from commuOn some of the subjects we expected standard of orthodoxy, is a violation of more fervour than we have found.

men's natural and Christian privileges." None of the sermons are doctrinal, Pp. 31, 32. but the opinions of the author now The reader will be pleased with an and then appear, and we may, we expostulation on the subject of filial presume, rank him under the general duty, from Sermon iv. denomination of Unitarian.

“ The honour due to parents is the On practical topics we know few batural expression of gratitude. It is the

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return which every ingenuous mind will exquisite than the jors of luxury, or the be prompted to make, for innumerable pursuit of ambition, but becomes, by reproofs of kindness and affection. And flection, a perpetual source of enjoyment here should we slightly review the scenes and happiness. Nor is it a slight conof parental care and tenderness, how pow. sideration, that the compassionate man, by erful are the obligations to filial respect securing the love and esteem of his fellowand esteem! From the first entrance of creatures, provides for himself a refuge in children into the world, ignorant of the the day of adversity. Such is the uncer. circumstances of their being, weak and tainty of human affairs, that we know not helpless, the protection of a father screened what time may bring forth. Providence them from danger, the fondness of a mo- may sink our condition, to that of the man ther supplied every want. They listened who now implores our bounty. It may to your infant cries, and sympathized with visit us with calamities, similar to those all your sorrows. They turned pale at which we overlook or despise; and render the apprehension of your danger, and us the objects of compassion and comfort. serupled no labour or expence to promote Yet how can we expect to receive that your comfort. When infancy was followed kindness from others, which we have failed by childhood, their care and affection still to exercise ourselves; or, if in the time continued. They set a guard upon your of prosperity we have been hard-hearted steps, and centred in your happiness their and unkind, what return can we expect in treasure and their joy. Nor did they at- the day of adversity? It is, therefore, a tead merely to your present exigency; maxim of prudence, cast thy bread upon they provided for your future welfare. the waters, for thou shalt find it after many They were anxious to bestow npon you a days. Give a portion to seven, and also competent share of worldly blessings, and unto eigbt, for thou knowest not what evil te introduce you with advantage upon the shall be upon the earth.' theatre of life. And their best expressions To these arguments, which reason sugof kindness appeared in restraining those gests, we may add the powerful manner in propensities that lead to disgrace and mi- which this virtue is enforced by the Chrissery; and in forming those virtues which tian dispensation. In almost every page of are the foundation of present and of ever- the New Testament it is enjoined or exemkasting bappiness.

plified. We are exhorted to be pitiful What then are the returns due to parental and courteous, having compassion one of love? What is the recompence that belongs another.' The man that wants this printo benefactors like these? Will you not with ciple, is represented as destitute of religion alacrity give honour to a father, and rejoice and incapable of goodness. Our Saviour the heart of a mother? Will you not stu- has taught is not to confine our bounty to diously avoid whatever may offend or dis- our wealthy friends and neighbours, but please, and by every token of respect and to regard • the poor, the maimed, tbe lame affection, pay a small share of that debt and the blind.'' He has instructed us not to which can never be wholly discharged ?" liinit our kindness to the narrow circle of Pp. 82, 83.

our countrymen, but to pity and relieve the The conclusion of Sermon x. on

distressed, of whatever nation or religion,

sect or party. He has pronounced "blessed “Compassion," has, besides other ex

are the merciful, for they shall obtain cellencies,a more evangelical complex- mercy;' and has declared that compassion ion than distinguislies some of the dis- to our fellow-creatures is a necessary concourses

dition of our acceptance with God. He “Compassion shines with peculiar lus- has taught us, that we cannot be the tre amoagst the social virtues. We de- children of the Most High, unless we reservedly esteem the generous and the semble him in goodness, and are kind bountiful; but still more, the merciful even to the unthankful and unjust.' And, man, whose kindness is directed to the by his own example, he has particularly friendless and forlorn, the poor and the af- illustrated and enforced this amiable virflicted. Is it thought that the exercise of tue. His compassion prompted him to uncompassion will subject us to uneasiness, paralleled labours and sufferings for our and add the misfortunes of others to our sakes. He sympathized with the children ona share of calamity? It is true, that it of sorrow and want.

He went about, necessarily supposes a sensibility of mind, doing good' to the souls and bodies of and that we participate in the distresses of men. His divine office was " to seek and others. But the satisfaction that results to save those that were lost'; and, prompsfrom it, will amply compensate for the ed by the most generous love, he gave uneasiness it creates. The sorrows of the himself up to death for our 'sakes, the compassionate heart are infinitely over- just for the unjust, that he might bring us balanced, by the inward approbation and unto God.' self-complacence, with which it is ac. • Let,' then, the same mind be in us, egupanied. And every act of humanity, which was also in Christ Jesus.'' As the not guly yields a present pleasure, far inorc clect of God, holy, and beloved, let us put

Let us

on bowels of mercy.' Let us abound in the psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs; exercise of a virtue, which will contribute singing with grace in your hearts unto the so much to our present and future hap- Lord.' piness. Let us subdue that pride and ma- Nor does the propriety of this mode of lice, envy and resentinent, which oppose worship rest only on general custom, or the feelings of compassion. Let us banish mere authority. Divine song is undoubtthat indolence, let us extirpate that avarice, edly the language of Nature. It originates which prevent our compliance with its froin our frame and constitutiou. The dictates. Considering mankind as the wise author of nature has kindly added to children of one common rarent, let us our other powers and faculties, the sense of I love as brethren.' Let us not overlook harmony. He has ordained certain sounds the sorrows of others, nor the circumstances to excite sensations of delight; he has that aggravate their affliction.

made them the proper accompaniment and remember, that, many of the distresses expression of the passions and affections of which we witness, will, in all probability, the mind. Were we to observe with the fall to our own lot. Is thy fellow-creature Psalmist, that the duty is pleasant, that the in sickness, forget not that thou art exposed voice of melody tends to cheer and into similar sufferinz. Is he lamenting the vigorate the spirits, to still the tumultuous loss of friends, remember, that ere long passions, to fix thie wandering attention, thy own must be the house of inourning. Is and to prepare and compose the heart for he involved in sudden calamity, • Boast the exercises of public worship, it would not thyself of to-morrow, for thou knowest be no slight argument in its favour. But not what a day inay bring forth.' Let a we rather observe that it is comely, as sense of our own frailty and weakness, suitably expressing the sentiments of degive us a lively interest iu the distresses of votion, and the sublime joy which religion others. And, above all, conscious that our is litted to inspire. It is the manner in hope of divine mercy must rest upon our which the affections of the wind, when conduct towards our fellow-creatures, let elevated and enlarged, do naturally exus ó be kind one to another, teuder-beart- press themselves. It can accommodate ed, forgiving one another;' remembering itself to the varions modifications of love tható with what measure we mete, it shall and joy, the essence of a devotional tembe measured unto us again ;' and that he per. It hath lofty strains for the sublimity shall bave judgment without mercy, who of adoration, plaintive accents which behath shewn no mercy.' Pp. 162–166. come the tears of penitence and sorrow,

it can adopt the humble plea of suppliThere is not a finer passage in the cation, or swell in the bolder notes of volume than this on sucred musick, thanksgiving and triumph. Yet it has from Sermon xi. on “Praise," in which been properly remarked, that the influence the anthor appcars quite at home, and of song reaches only to the amiable and rivals the beauty of Bishop Atterbury's pleasing affections, and that it has no exSermon, preached on Cecilia's day pression for malignant and tormenting [Sermons, Vol. iv.

Pp.
235—263.]:

passions. The sorrow therefore to wbich

it is attuned, should be mingled with hope; 666 It is good,' says the Psalmist, to the penitence it expresses, cheered with sing praises upto our God; it is pleasant, the sense of pardon; and the mournful and praise is comely. So excellent, be- scenes on which it sometimes dwells, ir. coming and delightful, is the song of radiated with the glorious views and conpraise, that it has been authorized by the solations of the gospel. example of all nations, and universally re- We further add, ihat, by a syınpathetic ceived into the solemnities of religion. influence, the tones, which naturally exIt formed a conspicuous and important press, do also powerfully excite certain part of the Jewish worship; and gave passions of the mind; and that, under due beauty, dignity and animation, to the sa- regulation, the aid of music becomes facred services of the temple. Nor hath vourable to religious impression. She can Christianity abolished this expression of awake the dull and torpid powers, she can huinage as an empty form, or useless cere- introduce aud cherish the affections which mony. Its divine author was pleased to belong to thanksgiving and praise. Seconsecrate this act of worship by his own parale even from langnage and sentiment, example, under circumstances peculiarly she can influence the passions and moveaffecting. On the evening wbich pre- ments of the soul, can inspire with soceded bis sufferings, when he celebrated leinuity and awe, can animate with gladthe passover with his disciples, and in- ness, or dispose the heart to dexoni love stituted the memorial of his death, they and affectionate sorrow. But the full and concluded the solemnity by joining in a proper effect of music depends upon a psalm or hymn of praise. And St. Paul connexion with becoming sentiments and exhorts the Christian converts to the ob- expressions. When directed to a suitable servance of this duty : Let the word of object, and subservient to the heart and Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; voice, her energy is most conspicuous and praching and admonishing one another in delightful; and she displays her noblest return which every ingenuous mind will exquisite than the joys of luxury, or the be prompted to make, for innumerable pursuit of ambition, but becomes, by reproofs of kindness and affection. And flection, a perpetual source of enjoyment here should we slightly review the scenes and happiness. Nor is it a slight conof parental care and tenderness, how pow. sideration, that the compassionate man, by erful are the obligations to filial respect securing the love and esteem of his fellowand esteem! From the first entrance of creatures, provides for himself a refuge in children into the world, ignorant of the the day of adversity. Such is the uncercircumstances of their being, weak and tainty of human affairs, that we know not helpless, the protection of a father screened what time may bring forth. Providence them from danger, the fondness of a mo- may sink our condition, to that of the man ther supplied every want. They listened who now implores our bounty. It may to your infant cries, and sympathized with visit us with calamities, similar to those all your sorrows. They turned pale at which we overlook or despise; and render the apprehension of your danger, and us the objects of compassion and comfort. serupled no labour or expence to promote Yet how can we expect to receive that your comfort. When infancy was followed kindness from others, which we have failed by childhood, their care and affection still to exercise ourselves; or, if in the time continued. They set a guard upon your of prosperity we have been hard-hearted steps, and centred in your happiness their and unkind, what return can we expect in treasure and their joy. Nor did they at- the day of adversity? It is, therefore, a tend merely to your present exigency; maxim of prudence, cast thy bread upon they provided for your future welfare. the waters, for thou shalt find it after many They were anxious to bestow nipon you a days. Give a portion to seven, and also competent share of worldly blessings, and unto eight, for thou knowest not what evil to introduce you with advantage upon the shall be upon the earth:' theatre of life. And their best expressions

To these arguments, which reason sugof kindness appeared in restraining those gests, we may add the powerful manner in propensities that lead to disgrace and mi- which this virtue is enforced by the Chrissery; and in forming those virtues which tian dispensation. In almost every page of are the foundation of present and of ever- the New Testament it is enjoined or exemLasting bappiness.

plified. We are exhorted to be pitiful What then are the returns due to parental and courteons, having compassion one of love? What is the recompence that belongs another.' The man that wants this printo benefactors like these? Will you not with ciple, is represented as destitute of religion alacrity give honour to a father, and rejoice and incapable of goodness. Our Saviour the heart of a mother? Will you not stu- has taught us not to confine our bounty to diously avoid whatever may offend or dis- our wealthy friends and neighbours, but please, and by every token of respect and to regard • the poor, the maimed, the lame affection, pay a small share of that debt and the blind.' He has instructed us not to which can never be wholly discharged ?" linit our kindness to the narrow circle of Pp. 82, 83.

our countrymen, but to pity and relieve the The conclusion of Sermon x. on

distressed, of wbatever nation or religion,

sect or party. He has pronounced "blessed “Compassion," has, besides other ex- are the merciful, for they shall obtain cellencies,a more evangelical complex- mercy;' and has declared, that compassion ion than distinguishes some of the dis- to our fellow-creatures is a necessary concourses

dition of our acceptance with God. He “Compassion shines with peculiar lus- has taught us, that we cannot be the tre amongst the social virtues. We de- children of the Most High, unless we reservedly esteem the generous and the semble him in goodness, and are • kind bountiful; but still more, the merciful even to the unthankful and unjust.' And, man, whose kindness is directed to the by his own example, he has particularly friendless and forlorn, the poor and the af- illustrated and enforced this amiable virflicted. Is it thought that the exercise of tue. His compassion prompted him to uncompassion will subject us to uneasiness, paralleled labours and sufferings for our and add the misfortunes of others to our sakes. He sympathized with the children owo share of calamity? It is true, that it of sorrow and want.

• He went abont, necessarily supposes a sensibility of mind, doing good to the souls and bodies of and that we participate in the distresses of men. His divine office was " to seek and others. But the satisfaction that results to save those that were lost'; and, prompefrom it, will amply compensate for the ed by the most generons love, he gave uneasiness it creates. The sorrows of the himself up to death for our sakes, the compassionate heart are infinitely over- just for the unjust, that he might bring us balanced, by the inward approbation and unto God.' self-complacence, with which it is ac. • Let,' then, 'the same mind be in us, companied. And every act of humanity, which was also in Christ Jesus. As the not only yields a present pleasure, far more elect of God, holy, and beloved, let us put

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Review.Good's Translation of the Book of Job. and an enduring substance. They who say it occurs: and whenever it is emsuch things,' as the author of this epistle ployed negatively, it has the precise remarks, they who acknowledge human force of, and in its general range runs life to be a pilgrimage, and yet are per precisely parallel with, our own nor, suaded of the wisdom and goodness of and the Latin nec or neve: and hence God, declare plainly that they seek a

is only an imperfect or half negative, country.' Can it be supposed that we were endued with such noble powers and requiring a preceding negative, as capacities, only to futter about like the nor and nec require, to make the peinsect race, and then to disappear for ever; gatiou complete.” He adds, that we were introduced into this grand “ Now I venture to lay it down, as a and beautiful theatre, merely to glance at philological canon, applicable to all lanthe works of God, and then to be blotted guages whatever, that the imperfect nega. out from creation? Shall we suppose that tive may be employed alone in every senGod has made all men in vain? Does lence compounded of two opposite prothe breath of the Almighty, which animates positions, when it becomes the means of our frame, vanish into air? Will light connecting the one with the other : such never arise on the long night of the grave ? propositions being in a state of reciprocal Do the wise and the worthy, the pious and negation, and the former, of course, sup: the just, the great and the good, the ex- plying the place of an antecedent negative cellent ones of the earth, withdraw into to the subsequent and imperfect connecting annihilation, and set in darkness to rise no particle." more? If such were to be our state, would

Of this canon he gives some examnot man appear, of all creatures, the most unaccountable? Would not the world be ples from the English language, and a chaos without form and order, and one from the Latin; but we must human life a paradox beyond our power to confess ourselves greatly disappointed explain?" Pp. 284, 285.

that he has not produced a single in

controvertible illustration of it from The Volume closes with the Funeral Sermon for Mr. Harrison, 'by

the Hebrew tongue. Nor is it within Mr. John Holland, which breathes We have in vain had recourse to

our power to supply the deficiency. an affectionate respect for the de

Noldius, who assigns indeed to the ceased and contains an interesting particle in question the sense of necomparison between him and his col.

que,t yet immediately subjoins, post league, Dr. Barnes.

negationem : and the truth is that in

all his instances the foregoing clause Art. II. Good's Translation of the Book of Job, &c. &c.

expresses a negation. It would afford [Concluded from page 118.]

us considerable pleasure if Mr. G.

himself, or any of our readers, could on the book of Job, must doubt. At present, we cannot admit

establish his rule beyond the reach of be a happy man indeed, if he does not it as universal. If the particle which commit some errors." This was the is the subject of his criticism, have a remark of the learned Mr. Peters :* and both the fact and the principle follows a direct and unequivocal ne

negative signification only when it here implied, are sufficiently established by experience. We cannot

gation, the words “ may have sinned be astonished, therefore, at meeting

nor blessed God," must be pronounced with mistakes in the Nores of the glish than to that of Hebrew authors

more agreeable to the usage of En. author, whose Translation of the poem and it will still remain to be proved before us, and whose Introductory that they are a legitimate translation Preface to it, have come, of late, of the original. under our review. He has favoured us, nevertheless, observes, that “ the interrogation of

In his Dissertation (xv.) Mr. Good with many excellent observations the Almighty, Ch. i. 8. ii. 8, · Hast upon his rendering of a clause of the thou fixed thy view upon my servant fifth verse of the first chapter: “may Job, a perfect and upright man,' is have sioned, xor blessed God.” “The intended as a severe and most aporiginal particle," he says, “ is either affirmative or negative, according to

propriate sarcasm upon the fallen the nature of the proposition in which between the undeviating virtue of an

spirit.” It is a contrast, he thinks, Critical Dissertation, Sc. (2nd ed.) + Concordantiæ Particul. &c. (1734,) 172.

pp. 294, &c.

“WHOEWE Battcumpts to write

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