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NURSERY STOCK AND OTHER PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS
390a. Terminal inspection by States; forwarding by postmasters of packages for inspection and disposition thereof; violations; punishment; regulations.—That hereafter when any State shall provide for terminal inspection of plants and plant products, and shall establish and maintain, at the sole expense of the State, such inspection at one or more places therein, the proper officials of said State may submit to the Secretary of Agriculture a list of plants and plant products, and the plant pests transmitted thereby, that in the opinion of said officials should be subject to terminal inspection in order to prevent the introduction or dissemination in said State of pests injurious to agricul. ture. Upon his approval of said list, in whole or in part, the Secretary of Agriculture shall transmit the same to the Postmaster General, and thereafter all packages containing any plants or plant products named in said approved lists shall, upon payment of postage therefor, be forwarded by the postmaster at the destination of said package to the proper State official at the nearest place where inspection is maintained. If the plants or plant products (including seed) are found upon inspection to be free from injurious pests and not in violation of a plant-quarantine law or plant-quarantine regulation of the United States Department of Agriculture or of the State of destination pertaining to such injurious pests, or if infected shall be disinfected by said official, they shall upon payment of postage therefor be returned to the postmaster at the place of inspection to be forward : to the person to whom they are addressed; but if found to be infected with injurious pests and incapable of satisfactory disinfection or in violation of a plant-quarantine law or plant-quarantine regulation of the United States Department of Agriculture or of the State of destination pertaining to such injurious pests, the State inspector shall so notify the postmaster at the place of inspection who shall promptly notify the sender of said plants or plant products that they will be returned to him upon his request and at his expense, or in default of such request that they will be turned over to the State authorities for destruction.
On and after the passage and approval of this Act it shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to deposit in the United States mails any package containing any plant or plant product ad. dressed to any place within a State maintaining inspection thereof, as herein defined, without plainly marking the package so that its contents may be readily ascertained by an inspection of the outside thereof. "Whoever shall fail to so mark said packages shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100. The Postmaster General is hereby authorized and directed to make all need ful rules and regulations for carrying out the purposes hereof. (Mar. 4, 1915, 38 Stat. 1113; June 4, 1936, 49 Stat. 1461; 7 U. S. C., sec. 166.)
PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS
408a. Rates, charges, and practices; orders. Whenever after full hearing upon a complaint made as provided in section 309, or after full hearing under an order for investigation and hearing made by
: So in original.
the Secretary on his own initiative, either in extension of any pending complaint or without any complaint whatever, the Secretary is of the opinion that any rate, charge, regulation, or practice of a stockyard owner or market agency, for or in connection with the furnishing of stockyard services, is or will be unjust, unreasonable, or discriminatory, the Secretary
(a) May determine and prescribe what will be the just and reasonable rate or charge, or rates or charges, to be thereafter in such case observed as both the maximum and minimum to be charged, and what regulation or practice is or will be just, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory to be thereafter followed; and
(b) May make an order that such owner or operator (1) shall cease and desist from such violation to the extent to which the Secretary finds that it does or will exist; (2) shall not thereafter publish, demand, or collect any rate or charge for the furnishing of stockyard services more or less than the rate or charge so prescribed; and (3) shall conform to and observe the regulation or practice so prescribed. (Aug. 15, 1921, sec. 310; 42 Stat. 166; Aug. 10, 1939, 53 Stat. 1351; 7 U. S. C., sec. 211.)
AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGES
477a. To extend benefits of section 21 of the Bankhead-Jones Act to Puerto Rico.—That the provisions of section 21 of the Act entitled “An Act to provide for research into basic laws and principles relating to agriculture and to provide for the further development of cooperative agricultural extension work and the more complete endowment and support of land-grant colleges”, approved June 29, 1935, and known as the Bankhead-Jones Act, be, and the same are hereby, extended to Puerto Rico in such amounts as are hereinafter authorized without diminution of the amounts authorized for payment to the States and the Territory of Hawaii, as provided in section 21 of that Act. (Aug. 28, 1937, sec. 1, 50 Stat. 881; 7 U.S.C., sec. 343f.)
477b. Same; appropriation. To carry into effect the above provisions for extending to Puerto Rico, to the extent herein provided, the benefits of the said Bankhead-Jones Act, the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, $88,000; for the fiscal year following the first fiscal year for which an appropriation is made in pursuance of the foregoing authorization, the additional sum of $40,000; and for each succeeding fiscal year thereafter an additional sum of $40,000 until the total appropriations authorized by this section shall amount to $408,000 annually, the authorization to continue in that amount for each succeeding fiscal year. (Aug. 28, 1937, sec. 2, 50 Stat. 881; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343g.)
482-1. Extension work; additional appropriation. That in order to further develop the cooperative extension system as inaugurated under the Act entitled “An Act to provide for cooperative agricultural extension work between the agricultural colleges in the several States receiving the benefits of the Act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, and all Acts supplementary thereto, and the United States Department of Agriculture”, approved May 8, 1914 (U. S. C., title 7, secs. 341-348), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of paying the expenses of cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics and the necessary printing and distribution of information in connection with the same, the sum of $300,000 annually. The sums appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be allotted by the Secretary of Agriculture to the several States in such amounts as he may deem necessary, and shall be paid to the several States in the same manner and subject to the same conditions and limitations as the initial payments of $10,000 to each State appropriated under the Act of May 8, 1914. The sums appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be in addition to and not in substitution for sums appropriated under such Act of May 8, 1914, as amended and supplemented, and sums otherwise appropriated for agricultural extension work. (Apr. 24, 1939, 53 Stat. 589; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343c-1.)
482-2. Extension to Alaska of Adams, Purnell, and Capper-Ketcham Acts. That the following Acts, to wit, an Act entitled “An Act to provide for an increased annual appropriation for agriculture* experiment stations and regulating the expenditure thereof," approved March 16, 1906, and known as the Adams Act; an Act entitled "An Act to authorize the more complete endowment of agricultural experiment stations, and for other purposes", approved February 24, 1925, and known as the Purnell Act; and an Act entitled "An Act to provide for the further development of agricultural extension work between the agricultural colleges in the several States receiving the benefit of the Act entitled 'An Act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts, approved July 2, 1862, and all Acts supplementary thereto, and the United States Department of Agriculture", approved May 22, 1928, and known as the Capper-Ketcham Act, be, and the same are hereby, extended to the Territory of Alaska. (June 20, 1936, sec. 1, 49 Stat. 1553; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343e.)
482-3. Same; appropriation authorized under Capper-Ketcham Act.To carry into effect the above provisions for extending to the Territory of Alaska, to the extent herein provided, the benefits of the said Capper-Ketcham Act the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1937, $2,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, $5,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1939, $7,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and annually thereafter, $10,000: Provided, That no appropriations shall be made under this Act until annually estimated as to funds and amounts by the Secretary of Agriculture, the estimates to be based upon his determination of the ability of the Territory of Alaska to make effective use of the funds: And provided further, That whereas the said Capper-Ketcham Act provides that at least 80 per centum of all appropriations under this Act shall be utilized for the payment of salaries of extension agents in counties of the several States to further develop the cooperative extension system in agriculture and home economics with men, women, boys, and girls”, the several established judicial divisions of the Territory of Alaska, as the same shall exist from time to time, shall be considered as counties for the purpose of complying with the provisions of this Act until a subdivision of the Territory of Alaska into counties is effected. (June 20, 1936, sec. 3, 49 Stat. 1554; 7 U.S.C., sec. 343e.)
.So in original.
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS 509-1. Extension of benefits of Adams and Purnell Acts to Alaska Experimental Stations.—To carry into effect the above provisions for extending to the Territory of Alaska to the extent herein provided, the benefits of the said Adams Act and the said Purnell Act the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1937, $5,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, $7,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1939, $10,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, $12,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941, $15,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1942, $17,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, $20,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1944, $22,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, $27,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1946, $32,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, $37,500; and thereafter a sum equal to one-half of that provided for each State and Territory under the said Adams Act and the said Purnell Act: Provided, That no appropriations shall be made under this Act until annually estimated as to funds and amounts by the Secretary of Agriculture, the estimates to be based upon his determination of the ability of the Territory of Alaska to make effective use of the funds in maintaining agricultural experiment stations. (June 20, 1936, sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1554; 7 U. S. C., sec. 369a.)
509-2. To aid the States and Territories in making provisions for the retirement of employees of the land-grant colleges. That, pursuant to the recognized obligations of governments to guarantee the social security of their employees and in order to provide for the retirement on an annuity, or otherwise, of all persons being paid salaries in whole or in part from grants of Federal funds to the several States and Territories pursuant to the terms of the Act approved July 2, 1862, for the endowment and support of colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts, and Acts supplementary thereto providing for instruction in agriculture and mechanic arts, for the establishment of agricultural experiment stations, and for cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics, all States and Territories are hereafter authorized, notwithstanding any contrary provisions in said Act, to withhold from expenditure, from Federal funds advanced under the terms of said Acts, amounts designated as employer contributions to be made by the States or Territories to retirement systems established in accordance with the laws of such States or Territories, or established by the governing boards of colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts in accordance with the authority vested in them, and to deposit such amounts to the credit of such retirement systems for subsequent disbursement in accordance with the terms of the retirement systems in effect in the respective States and Territories: Provided, That there shall not be deducted from Federal funds and deposited to the credit of retirement accounts as employer contributions, amounts in excess of 5 per centum of that portion of the salaries of employees paid from such Federal funds: Provided further, That, for the purpose of making deposits and contributions in retirement systems in favor of any employee, in no event shall the deductions from any Federal fund advanced pursuant to the foregoing Acts be in greater proportion to the total deductions for such employee than the salary received under such Federal funds bears to the total salary from Federal sources: Provided further, That the deposits and contributions from funds of Federal origin to any retirement system established by a State or a land-grant college must be at least equaled by the total contributions thereto on the part of the individuals concerned, the State, and the counties : And provided further, That no deductions for the fore. going purposes shall be made from Federal funds in support of employees appointed pursuant to the terms of the foregoing Acts, whose salaries are paid wholly by the States or Territories: Provided further, That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to any employee paid in whole or in part from Federal funds who may be subject to the United States Civil Service Retirement Act, as amended. (July 2, 1862, 12 Stat. 503; March 4, 1940, 54 Stat. 39; 7 U. S. C., sec. 301.)
542. Predatory and other wild animals; eradication and control; investigations, experiments, and tests by Secretary of Agriculture; cooperation with other agencies.—[The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to conservation of wildlife, game, and migratory birds were transferred to the Secretary of the Interior by Reorganization Plan No. II, sec. 4 (f), effective July 1, 1939.) (Mar. 2, 1931, sec. 1, 46 Stat. 1468; 7 U.S. C., sec. 426, 426a, 426b.)
549–1. All Government motor vehicles subject to annual inspection in District of Columbia.—All motor vehicles owned and officially used by the Government of the United States or by the government of the District of Columbia or by the representatives of foreign governments, shall be subject to annual inspection, such inspections to be furnished without charge. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 4, 52 Stat. 78.)
549-2. District of Columbia Commissioners may refuse to register unin. spected motor vehicles.—The Commissioners of the District of Columbia or their designated agent may refuse to register any motor vehicle or trailer which has not been inspected as required, or which is unsafe or improperly equipped, or otherwise unfit to be operated, and for like reason they may revoke or suspend any registration already made: Provided, That the provisions of section 13 (a) of the Traffic Acts, District of Columbia, shall be applicable in all cases where registration is refused, revoked, or suspended under the terms of this Act. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 5, 52 Stat. 78.)
549–3. Penalty for using unregistered vehicle.—Any individual, partnership, firm, or corporation found guilty of using or permitting the use of any unregistered motor vehicle or trailer, or who is found guilty of using or permitting the use of the same during the period for which any such vehicle's registration is revoked or suspended under the terms of this Act shall, for each such offense, be fined not more than $300. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 6. 52 Stat. 78.)
549-4. District of Columbia Commissioners empowered to issue rules and regulations.—The Commissioners of the District of Columbia shall make such regulations as in their judgment are necessary for the administration of this Act, and may affix thereto such reasonable fines and penalties as in their judgment are necessary to enforce such regu. lations. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 7, 52 Stat. 78.)