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by law or regulation. (May 22, 1920, sec. 2, 41 Stat. 614; July 3, 1926, sec. 4, 44 Stat. 907; May 29, 1930, sec. 4, 46 Stat. 471; August 4, 1939, sec. 2, 53 Stat. 1201; 5 U.S.C., secs. 698, 698 notes.)

235a. Civil Service Retirement Act; computation of accredited service.Subject to the provisions of section 9 hereof, the aggregate period of service which forms the basis for calculating the amount of any benefit provided in this Act shall be computed from the date of original employment, whether as a classified or an unclassified employee in the civil service of the United States, or in the service of the District of Columbia, including periods of service at different times and in one or more departments, branches, or independent offices, or the legislative branch of the Government, and also periods of service performed overseas under authority of the United States, and periods of honorable service in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard of the United States; in the case of an employee, however, who is eligible for and receives retired pay on account of military or naval service, the period of service upon which such retired pay is based shall not be included; in the case of an employee who is eligible for and receives a pension on account of non-service-connected disability under laws administered by the Veterans' Administration the minimum period of service necessary to entitle him to pension shall not be included; but in the case of an employee who is eligible for and receives pension or compensation under laws administered by the Veterans' Administration on account of service-connected disability, all honorable military or naval service shall be included; and nothing in this Act shall be construed as to affect in any manner an employee's right to retired pay, pension, or compensation in addition to the annuity herein provided. (May 22, 1920, sec. 3, 41 Stat. 615; July 3, 1926, sec. 5, 44 Śtat. 907; May 29, 1930, sec. 5, 46 Stat. 472; Oct. 14, 1940, sec. 1, 54 Stat. 1116; 5 U.S.C., sec. 707.) *

236a. Disability retirement; medical examinations required. --Any employee to whom this Act applies who shall have served for a total period of not less than five years, and who, before becoming eligible for retirement under the conditions defined in the preceding sections hereof, becomes totally disabled for useful and efficient service in the grade or class of position occupied by the employee, by reason of disease or injury not due to vicious habits, intemperance, or wilfull misconduct on the part of the employee, shall upon his own application or upon the request or order of the head of the department, branch, or independent office concerned, be retired on an annuity computed in accordance with the provisions of section 4 hereof: Provided, That proof of freedom from vicious habits, intemperance, or wilfull misconduct for a period of more than five years next prior to becoming so disabled for useful and efficient service, shall not be required in any case. No claim shall be allowed under the provisions of this section unless the application for retirement shall have been executed prior to the applicant's separation from the service or within six months thereafter: Provided, That any employee who heretofore has failed to file an ap

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• This section of the Civil Service Retirement Act, as indicated, was amended October 14, 1940, by Section 1, Public, No. 846, 76th Congress. Section 5 of Public, No. 846, reads as follows: This Act shall take effect the 1st day of the month next succeeding the date

Any, person separated from the service prior to such effective date may, apon request, have his claim for retirement adjudicated under the terms of this Act; but no increase in annuity shall be allowed prior to such effective date nor shall this Act be construed so as to reduce the annuity of any person separated prior to its effective date. (Oct. 14, 1940, Section 5, Public, No. 846, 76th Congress.)

of enactment.

plication for retirement within six months after separation from the service, may file such application within three months after the effective date of this Act. No employee shall be retired under the provisions of this section unless examined by a medical officer of the United States, or a duly qualified physician or surgeon, or board of physicians or surgeons, designated by the Civil Service Commission for that purpose, and found to be disabled in the degree and in the manner specified herein. The time limitation for execution of claims for retirement under the terms of this section may be waived by the Civil Service Commission in cases of employees who at the date of separation from service or within six months thereafter, are adjudged mentally incompetent, but the application in such cases must be filed with the Civil Service Commission within one year from the date of restoration of any such person to competency or the appointment of a fiduciary whichever is the earlier. In the case of any such person heretofore separated from service application may be filed within one year after the effective date of this Act.

Every annuitant retired under the provisions of this section, unless the disability for which retired be permanent in character, shall at the expiration of one year from the date of such retirement and annually thereafter, until reaching retirement age as defined in section 1 hereof be examined under the direction of the Civil Service Commission by a medical officer of the United States, or a duly qualified physician or surgeon, or board of physicians or surgeons designated by the Civil Service Commission for that purpose, in order to ascertain the nature and degree of the annuitant's disability, if any. If an annuitant shall recover before reaching retirement age and be restored to an earning capacity which would permit him to be appointed to some appropriate position fairly comparable in compensation to the position occupied at the time of retirement, payment of the annuity shall be continued temporarily to afford the annuitant opportunity to seek such available position, but not in any case exceeding one year from the date of the medical examination showing such recovery. Should the annuitant fail to appear for examination as required under this section, payment of the annuity shall be suspended until continuance of the disability shall have been satisfactorily established. The Civil Service Commission may order or direct at any time such medical or other examination as it shall deem necessary to determine the facts relative to the nature and degree of disability of any employee retired on an annuity under this section.

In all cases where the annuity is discontinued under the provisions of this section before the annuitant has received a sum equal to the amount credited to his individual account as provided in section 12 (a) hereof, together with interest at 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each year, the difference, unless he shall become reemployed in a position within the purview of this Act, shall be paid to the retired employee, as provided in section 12 (b) hereof, upon application therefor in such form and manner as the Civil Service Commission may direct. In case of reemployment in a position within the purview of this Act the amount so refunded shall be redeposited as provided in section 12 (b) hereof.

No person shall be entitled to receive an annuity under the provisions of this Act, and compensation under the provisions of the Act of Sep

tember 7, 1916, entitled "An Act to provide compensation for employees of the United States suffering injuries while in the performance of their duties, and for other purposes", covering the same period of time; but this provision shall not be so construed as to bar the right of any claimant to the greater benefit conferred by either Act for any part of the same period of time.

Fees for examinations made under the provisions of this section, by physicians or surgeons who are not medical officers of the United States, shall be fixed by the Civil Service Commission, and such fees, together with the employee's reasonable traveling and other expenses incurred in order to submit to such examinations, shall be paid out of the appropriations for the cost of administering this Act. (May 22,

, 1920, sec. 5, 41 Stat. 616; July 3, 1926, sec. 6, 44 Stat. 907; May 29, 1930, sec. 6, 46 Stat. 472; July 3, 1930, sec. 2, 46 Stat. 1016. Apr. 7, 1934, Executive Order 6670; Aug. 4, 1939, sec. 3a, sec. 3b, 53 Stat. 1202; 5 U. S. C., sec. 710, 711, 712, 713, 714.)

239a. Credit for past service.—Beginning with the effective date of this Act, all employees who may be brought then or thereafter within the purview of the Act by legislative enactment, or by appointment, or through classification, or by transfer, or reinstatement, or Executive order, or otherwise, shall be required to deposit with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the "civil-servico retirement and disability fund” a sum equal to 212 per centum of the employee's basic salary, pay, or compensation received for services rendered after July 31, 1920, and prior to July 1, 1926, and also 312 per centum of the basic salary, pay, or compensation for services rendered from and after July 1, 1926, together with interest computed at the rate of 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each fiscal year, but such interest shall not be included for any period during which the employee was separated from the service. All employees who may hereafter be brought within the purview of this Act may elect to make such deposits in installments during the continuance of their service in such amounts and under such conditions as may be determined in each instance by the Civil Service Commission. The amount so deposited, less $1 for each month, or major fraction thereof, of service after the effective date of this Act, shall be credited to the employee's individual account, as provided in section 12 (a) hereof: Provided, That failure to make such deposit shall not deprive the employee of credit for any past service rendered prior to August 1, 1920, to which he or she would otherwise be entitled: And provided further, That, notwithstanding the failure of an employee to make such deposit, credit shall be allowed for the service rendered, but the annuity of such employee shall be reduced by the amount such deposit would purchase if made, unless the employee shall elect to eliminate such service entirely from credit under this Act. (July 3, 1926, sec. 9, 44 Stat. 910; May 29, 1930, sec. 9, 46 Stat. 475; Apr. 7, 1934, Executive Order 6670; June 23, 1938, 52 Stat. 943; 5 U. S. C., sec. 736b.)

240a. Deductions and donations.—Beginning as of July 1, 1926, there shall be deducted and withheld from the basic salary, pay, or compensation of each employee to whom this Act applies a sum equal to 31/2 per centum of such employee's basic salary, pay, or compensation. The amounts so deducted and withheld from the basic salary, pay,

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or compensation of each employee shall, in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by the Comptroller General of the United States, be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of the “civil-service retirement and disability fund” created by the Act of May 22, 1920, and said fund is hereby appropriated for the payment of annuities, refunds, and allowances as provided in this Act.

Any employee may at his option and under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Civil Service Commission deposit additional sums in multiples of $25 but not to exceed 10 per centum per annum of his annual basic salary, pay, or compensation, for service rendered since August 1, 1920, which amount together with interest thereon at 3 per centum per annum compounded as of June 30 of each year, shall, at the date of his retirement, be available to purchase, as he shall elect and in accordance with such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Civil Service Commission with the approval of the Board of Actuaries, in addition to the annuity provided by this Act, an annuity according to the experience of the civil-service retirement and disability fund as may from time to time be set forth in tables of annuity values by the Board of Actuaries based on an interest rate of 4 per centum. In the event of death or separation from the service of such employee before becoming eligible for retirement on annuity, the total amount so deposited with interest at 3 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each year shall be refunded in accordance with the provisions of section 12 of this Act.

The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and empowered in carrying out the provisions of this Act to supplement the individual contributions of employees with moneys received in the form of donations, gifts, legacies, or bequests, or otherwise, and to receive, deposit, and invest for the purposes of this Act all moneys which may be contributed by private individuals or corporations or organizations for the benefit of civil-service employees generally.

Every employee coming within the provisions of this Act shall be deemed to consent and agree to the deductions from salary, pay, or compensation as provided herein, and payment less such deductions shall be a full and complete discharge and acquittance of all claims and demands whatsoever for all regular services rendered by such employee during the period covered by such payment, except the right to the benefits to which he shall be entitled under the provisions of this Act, notwithstanding the provisions of sections 167, 168, and 169 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and of any other law, rule, or regulation affecting the salary, pay, or compensation of any person or persons employed

in the civil service to whom this Act applies. (May 22, 1920, secs. 8, 9, 41 Stat. 618; July 3, 1926, sec. 10, 44 Stat. 910; May 29, 1930, sec. 10, 46 Stat. 475; Aug. 4, 1939, sec. 4, 53 Stat. 1202; 5 U. S. C., sec. 719, sec. 719-1, sec. 721, sec. 722.)

250-1. Automatic separation; exceptions. The provisions of section 2 of such Act of May 29, 1930, and of section 204 of the Economy Act of June 30, 1932, and any Executive orders pursuant thereto, relating to automatic separation, shall not apply to any officer or employee to whom the provisions of such Act are extended by this Act, nor hereafter to employees of the office of the Architect of the Capitol. (July 13, 1937, sec. 3, 50 Stat. 513; 5 U. S. C., sec. 715d.)

250–2. Deposits by employees in legislative branch and of courts.—No such employee whose salary or any part thereof is paid by the disbursing officer of the Senate shall make any deposit required by section 9, or any redeposit required by subsection (b) of section 12, of such Act of May 29, 1930, and there shall not be deducted and withheld from the basic salary, pay, or compensation of any such employee the sum required to be deducted and withheld by section 10 of such Act of May 29, 1930, unless and until such employee shall have completed seven years of service: Provided, That before any such employee may derive any of the benefits provided by such Act of May 29, 1930, he shall be required to deposit an amount equal to the following sums: (1) The sum which would have been deducted and withheld from his basic salary, pay, or compensation but for the foregoing provisions of this paragraph, together with interest on such sum computed at the rate of 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each fiscal year; (2) any sum required to be deposited under the provisions of section 9 of such Act of May 29, 1930; and (3) any sum required to be redeposited under the provisions of subsection (b) of section 12 of such Act of May 29, 1930: Provided further, That should any such employee who shall have served for a total period of not less than five years become totally disabled for useful and efficient service, within the meaning of section 6 of such Act of May 29, 1930, before completing seven years of service, he shall be entitled to the benefits provided by such section 6, upon deposit of the amount required to be deposited under the preceding proviso. (July 13, 1937, sec. 2, 50 Stat. 513, as amended June 25, 1938, 52 Stat. 1197; 5 U. S. C., sec. 719a.)

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COMPENSATION FOR INJURIES TO EMPLOYEES OF UNITED STATES

256a. Monthly compensation for total and for partial disability; increase on basis of expectancy of earning capacity; decrease on account of old age.—That the monthly compensation for total disability shall not be more than $116.66, nor less than $58.33, unless the employee's monthly pay is less than $58.33, in which case his monthly compensation shall be the full amount of his monthly pay. The monthly compensation for partial disability shall not be more than $116.66. In the case of persons who at the time of the injury were minors or employed in a learner's capacity and who were not physically or mentally defective the commission shall, on any review after the time when the monthly wage-earning capacity of such persons would probably, but for the injury, have increased, award compensation based on such probable monthly wage-earning capacity. The commission may, on any review after the time when the monthly wage-earning capacity of the disabled employee would probably, irrespective of the injury, have decreased on account of old age, award compensation based on such probable monthly wage-earning capacity.

In addition to the monthly compensation the Employees' Compensation Commission may pay an injured employee awarded compensation for permanent total disability from injury an additional sum of not more than $50 a month, as the Commission may deem necessary, when the Commission shall find that the service of an attendant is necessary constantly to be used by reason of the employee being totally blind, or having lost both hands or both feet or the use

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