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Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of paying the expenses of cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics and the necessary printing and distribution of information in connection with the same, the sum of $300,000 annually. The sums appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be allotted by the Secretary of Agriculture to the several States in such amounts as he may deem necessary, and shall be paid to the several States in the same manner and subject to the same conditions and limitations as the initial payments of $10,000 to each State appropriated under the Act of May 8, 1914. The sums appropriated pursuant to this Act shall be in addition to and not in substitution for sums appropriated under such Act of May 8, 1914, as amended and supplemented, and sums otherwise appropriated for agricultural extension work. (Apr. 24, 1939, 53 Stat. 589; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343c-1.)
482–2. Extension to Alaska of Adams, Purnell, and Capper-Ketcham Acts.—That the following Acts, to wit, an Act entitled “An Act to provide for an increased annual appropriation for agriculture* experiment stations and regulating the expenditure thereof," approved March 16, 1906, and known as the Adams Act; an Act entitled "An Act to authorize the more complete endowment of agricultural experiment stations, and for other purposes”, approved February 24, 1925, and known as the Purnell Act; and an Act entitled "An Act to provide for the further development of agricultural extension work between the agricultural colleges in the several States receiving the benefit of the Act entitled 'An Act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts', approved July 2, 1862, and all Acts supplementary thereto, and the United States Department of Agriculture”, approved May 22, 1928, and known as the Capper-Ketcham Act, be, and the same are hereby, extended to the Territory of Alaska. (June 20, 1936, sec. 1, 49 Stat. 1553; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343e.)
482-3. Same; appropriation authorized under Capper-Ketcham Act.To carry into effect the above provisions for extending to the Territory of Alaska, to the extent herein provided, the benefits of the said Capper-Ketcham Act the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1937, $2,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, $5,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1939, $7,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and annually thereafter, $10,000: Provided, That no appropriations shall be made under this Act until annually estimated as to funds and amounts by the Secretary of Agriculture, the estimates to be based upon his determination of the ability of the Territory of Alaska to make effective use of the funds: And provided further, That whereas the said Capper-Ketcham Act provides that at least 80 per centum of all appropriations under this Act shall be utilized for the payment of salaries of extension agents in counties of the several States to further develop the cooperative extension system in agriculture and home economics with men, women, boys, and girls”, the several established judicial divisions of the Territory of Alaska, as the same shall exist from time to time, shall be considered as counties for the purpose of complying with the provisions of this Act until a subdivision of the Territory of Alaska into counties is effected. (June 20, 1936, sec. 3, 49 Stat. 1554; 7 U.S. C., sec. 343e.)
.8o in original.
AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS 509-1. Extension of benefits of Adams and Purnell Acts to Alaska Experimental Stations.—To carry into effect the above provisions for extending to the Territory of Alaska to the extent herein provided, the benefits of the said Adams Act and the said Purnell Act the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1937, $5,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, $7,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1939, $10,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, $12,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941, $15,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1942, $17,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, $20,000; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1944, $22,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, $27,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1946, $32,500; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, $37,500; and thereafter a sum equal to one-half of that provided for each State and Territory under the said Adams Act and the said Purnell Act: Provided, That no appropriations shall be made under this Act until annually estimated as to funds and amounts by the Secretary of Agriculture, the estimates to be based upon his determination of the ability of the Territory of Alaska to make effective use of the funds in maintaining agricultural experiment stations. (June 20, 1936, sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1554; 7 U. S. C., sec. 369a.)
509–2. To aid the States and Territories in making provisions for the retirement of employees of the land-grant colleges. That, pursuant to the recognized obligations of governments to guarantee the social security of their employees and in order to provide for the retirement on an annuity, or otherwise, of all persons being paid salaries in whole or in part from grants of Federal funds to the several States and Territories pursuant to the terms of the Act approved July 2, 1862, for the endowment and support of colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts, and Acts supplementary thereto providing for instruction in agriculture and mechanic arts, for the establishment of agricultural experiment stations, and for cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics, all States and Territories are hereafter authorized, notwithstanding any contrary provisions in said Act, to withhold from expenditure, from Federal funds advanced under the terms of said Acts, amounts designated as employer contributions to be made by the States or Territories to retirement systems established in accordance with the laws of such States or Territories, or established by the governing boards of colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts in accordance with the authority vested in them, and to deposit such amounts to the credit of such retirement systems for subsequent disbursement in accordance with the terms of the retirement systems in effect in the respective States and Territories: Provided, That there shall not be deducted from Federal funds and deposited to the credit of retirement accounts as employer contributions, amounts in excess of 5 per centum of that portion of the salaries of employees paid from such Federal funds: Provided further, That, for the purpose of making deposits and contributions in retirement systems in favor of any employee, in no event shall the deductions from any Federal fund advanced pursuant to the foregoing Acts be in greater proportion to the total deductions for such employee than the salary received under such Federal funds bears to the total salary from Federal sources: Pro vided further, That the deposits and contributions from funds of Federal origin to any retirement system established by a State or a land-grant college must be at least equaled by the total contributions thereto on the part of the individuals concerned, the State, and the counties: And provided further, That no deductions for the fore. going purposes shall be made from Federal funds in support of employees appointed pursuant to the terms of the foregoing Acts, whose salaries are paid wholly by the States or Territories: Provided further, That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to any employee paid in whole or in part from Federal funds who may be subject to the United States Civil Service Retirement Act, as amended. (July 2, 1862, 12 Stat. 503; March 4, 1940, 54 Stat. 39; 7 U. S. C., sec. 301.)
542. Predatory and other wild animals; eradication and control; investigations, experiments, and tests by Secretary of Agriculture; cooperation with other agencies.- [The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture relating to conservation of wildlife, game, and migratory birds were transferred to the Secretary of the Interior by Reorganization Plan No. II, sec. 4 (f), effective July 1, 1939.] (Mar. 2, 1931, sec. 1, 46 Stat. 1468; 7 U. S. C., sec. 426, 426a, 426b.)
549–1. All Government motor vehicles subject to annual inspection in District of Columbia.--All motor vehicles owned and officially used by the Government of the United States or by the government of the District of Columbia or by the representatives of foreign governments, shall be subject to annual inspection, such inspections to be furnished without charge. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 4, 52 Stat. 78.)
549–2. District of Columbia Commissioners may refuse to register unin. spected motor vehicles.—The Commissioners of the District of Columbia or their designated agent may refuse to register any motor vehicle or trailer which has not been inspected as required, or which is unsafe or improperly equipped, or otherwise unfit to be operated, and for like reason they may revoke or suspend any registration already made: Provided, That the provisions of section 13 (a) of the Traffic Acts, District of Columbia, shall be applicable in all cases where registration is refused, revoked, or suspended under the terms of this Act. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 5, 52 Stat. 78.)
549–3. Penalty for using unregistered vehicle.—Any individual, partnership, firm, or corporation found guilty of using or permitting the use of any unregistered motor vehicle or trailer, or who is found guilty of using or permitting the use of the same during the period for which any such vehicle's registration is revoked or suspended under the terms of this Act shall, for each such offense, be fined not more than $300. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 6. 52 Stat. 78.)
549-4. District of Columbia Commissioners empowered to issue rules and regulations.—The Commissioners of the District of Columbia shall make such regulations as in their judgment are necessary for the administration of this Act, and may affix thereto such reasonable fines and penalties as in their judgment are necessary to enforce such regulations. (Feb. 18, 1938, sec. 7, 52 Stat. 78.)
561-1. Jurisdiction of Arlington Farm transferred to War Department. That the control and jurisdiction of the lands, buildings, and improvements constituting the Arlington Farm, as created by the Act of Congress, approved April 18, 1900 (31 Stat. 135), are hereby transferred from the Secretary of Agriculture to the Secretary of War, to take effect progressively as each area of said farm is turned over by the Secretary of Agriculture to the Secretary of War: Provided, That the authority to remove such buildings, improvements, trees, and plants as shall be deemed necessary in order to promote the work of the Department of Agriculture shall remain in the Secretary of Agriculture until the transfer of the area involved is effected. (Nov. 29, 1940, sec. 1, 54 Stat. 1219.)
561–2. Same; Secretary of Agriculture authorized to secure new land and equipment. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated a sum not to exceed $3,200,000 to be expended by the Secretary of Agriculture for the acquisition by purchase, condemnation, or donation, of lands to provide a suitable site for the development and reestablishment thereon of the functions and activities of the Arlington Farm, and the construction and installation of such buildings, equipment, and utilities and appurtenances thereto, including the employment of persons and means in the city of Washington and elsewhere, as in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture may be necessary. (Nov. 29, 1940; sec. 2, 54 Stat. 1219.)
COOPERATIVE MARKETING ACT
561–3. Division of cooperative marketing; definitions.—That when used in this Act the term "agricultural products” means agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, livestock and the products thereof, the products of poultry and bee raising, the edible products of forestry, and any and all products raised or produced on farms and processed or manufactured products thereof, transported or intended to be transported in interstate and/or foreign commerce. (July 2, 1926, sec. 1, 44 Stat. 802; 7 U.S. C., sec. 451.)
561-4. Establishment of division. --The Secretary of Agriculture [Governor of the Farm Credit Administration]* is hereby authorized and directed to establish a division of cooperative marketing with suitable personnel in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agriculture or in such bureau in the Department of Agriculture as may hereafter be concerned with the marketing and distribution of farm products (now in the Farm Credit Administration]*. Such division shall be under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Agriculture [Governor of the Farm Credit Administration]*. (July 2, 1926, sec. 2, 44 Stat. 802; 7 U. S. C., sec.
561-5. Authority and duties of division.—(a) The division shall render service to associations of producers of agricultural products, and federations and subsidiaries thereof, engaged in the cooperative marketing of agricultural products, including processing, warehousing, manufacturing, storage, the cooperative purchasing of farm supplies, credit, financing, insurance, and other cooperative activities.
*See Ex. Or. 5200, p. 254, and Ex. Or. 6084, p. 254, this volume.
(b) The division is authorized
(1) To acquire, analyze, and disseminate economic, statistical, and historical information regarding the progress, organization, and business methods of cooperative associations in the United States and foreign countries.
(2) To conduct studies of the economic, legal, financial, social, and other phases of cooperation, and publish the results thereof. Such studies shall include the analyses of the organization, operation, financial, and merchandising problems of cooperative associations.
(3) To make surveys and analyses if deemed advisable of the accounts and business practices of representative cooperative associations upon their request; to report to the association so surveyed the results thereof; and with the consent of the association so surveyed to publish summaries of the results of such surveys, together with similar facts, for the guidance of cooperative associations and for the purpose of assisting cooperative associations in developing methods of business and market analysis.
(4) To confer and advise with committees or groups of producers, if deemed advisable, that may be desirous of forming a cooperative association and to make an economic survey and analysis of the facts surrounding the production and marketing of the agricultural product or products which the association, if formed, would handle or market.
(5) To acquire from all available sources information concerning crop prospects, supply, demand, current receipts, exports, imports, and prices of the agricultural products handled or marketed by cooperative associations, and to employ qualified commodity mar, keting specialists to summarize and analyze this information and disseminate the same among cooperative associations and others.
(6) To promote the knowledge of cooperative principles and practices and to cooperate, in promoting such knowledge, with educational and marketing agencies, cooperative associations, and others.
(7) To make such special studies, in the United States and foreign countries, and to acquire and disseminate such information and findings as may be useful in the development and practice of cooperation. (July 2, 1926, sec. 3, 44 Stat. 802; 7 U. S. C., sec. 453.)
561-6. Advisers to counsel with Governor of the Farm Credit Administration; expenses and subsistence.—The Secretary of Agriculture [Governor of the Farm Credit Administration]* is authorized, in his discretion, to call advisers to counsel with him and/or his representatives relative to specific problems of cooperative marketing of farm products or any other cooperative activity. Any person, other than an officer, agent, or employee of the United States, called into conference, as provided for in this section, may be paid actual transportation expenses and not to exceed $10 per diem to cover subsistence and other expenses while in conference and en route from and to his home. (July 2, 1926, sec. 4, 44 Stat. 803; 7 U. S. C., sec. 454.)
561-7. Dissemination of crop, market, etc., information by cooperative marketing associations. Persons engaged, as original producers of agricultural products, such as farmers, planters, ranchmen, dairymen, nut or fruit growers, acting together in associations, corporato or otherwise, in collectively processing, preparing for market, dling, and marketing in interstate and/or foreign commerce such
*See Ex. Or. 5200, p. 254, and Ex. Or. 6084, p. 254, this volume.