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THE HALL AT CARTER'S GROVE, VIRGINIA

Photograph by H. P. Cook, Richmond, Va.

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Liverpool, and other ports in England and Scot\land was also for sale. Stone coal or anthracite was familiar to Pennsylvania settlers as early as 1763, but until just before the Revolution was not burned as fuel except locally and on a small scale. Wood was consumed in enormous quantities and we are told that at Nomini Hall there were kept burning twenty-eight fires which required four loads of wood a day."

There were few professional architects, for colonial planters and carpenters did their own planning and building. What is sometimes called the “carpenters' colonial style” was often designed on the spot or taken from Batty Langley's Sure Guide, the Builders' Jewel, or the British Palladio. Smibert, the painter and paint-shop man of Boston, designed Faneuil Hall and succeeded in creating a very unsuccessful building architecturally. The first professional architect in America was Peter Harrison, who drew the plans for King's Chapel, the Redwood Library, the Jewish Synagogue, and Brick Market at Newport, yet even he combined designing with other avocations. In truth there was no great need of architects in colonial days. Styles did not vary much, certainly not in New · Fithien, Diary, 17671774.

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