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must be given the credit of having laid a broad and stable foundation for the future United States of America, and their subsequent history has been the indisputable record of a growing national solidarity. Even the Civil War, which at first sight may seem conclusive contradiction, is to be regarded as in its essence the inevitable solution of hitherto discordant elements in the democracy which had their beginnings far back in the complex spiritual and social inheritance of the early colonial generations.

From the vantage point of the twentieth century, with its manifold legacy from the past and its ample promise for the future, it has been interesting to glance backward for a moment upon colonial times, to see once again the life of the people in all its energy, simplicity, and vivid coloring, with its crude and boisterous pleasures and its stern and uncompromising beliefs. Those forefathers of ours faced their gigantic tasks bravely and accomplished them sturdily, because they had within themselves the stuff of which a great nation is made. Differences among the colonists there indubitably were, but these, after all, were merely superficial distinctions of ancestral birth and training, beyond which shone the same common vision

and the same broad and permanent ideals of freedom, of life, opportunity, and worship. To the realization of these ideals the colonial folk dedicated themselves and so endured.


This volume has been based in part upon memoranda of the writer drawn from contemporary manuscripts and newspapers and in part upon the following printed sources:

S. E. Sewall, Diary, 1679–1729, in the Collections, Mass. Hist. Soc., ser. V, vols. V-VII (1878–1882); Journals of the Lives and Travels of Samuel Bownas and John Richardson (1759); Report of the Journey of Francis Louis Michel, 1701–1702, Va. Mag., vol. xxiv, (1916); T. Chalkley, Journal, 1703, Works (1790); The Journals of Madam Knight and Rev. Mr. Buckingham (Ed. Dwight, 1825); Esther Palmer and others, Journal, 17041705, Journal of Friends Hist. Soc., VI, 38—40, 63– 71, 133–139; Account of the Life and Travels of John Fothergill (1753); T. Nairne, Letter from South Carolina, 1710 (2d ed., 1732); A Brief Journal of the Life, Travels, and Labours of Love ... of Thomas Wilson (1784);J. Dickinson, Journal, 1714, Friends Library,XII; H. Jones, Present State of Virginia, 1724 (Sabin reprint, 1865); J. Hempstead, Diary, in the collections of the New London County Historical Society, 1 (1901); Diary of a Voyage from Rotterdam to Philadelphia in 1728, Pa. Germ. Soc. Publ., XVIII; J. Brickell, Natural History of North Carolina, 1737 (1911); Writings of Colonel William Byrd of Westover (Bassett ed., 1901); S. Checkley, Diary, 1735, Publ. Col. Soc. Mass., XII, 270-306; R. Chapman, Letters, 1739-1740, William and Mary Quarterly, XXI; Abstract of the Journal of E. Peckover's Travels, 1742– 1743; Friends Hist. Soc., I, 95-109; J. McSparran, A Letter Book and Abstract of our Services, 1743–1751 (1899); W. Logan, Journal, 1745, Pa. Mag., XXXVI, 1-16, 162–186; J. Emerson, Diary, 1748-1749, in Proceedings, Mass. Hist. Soc., XLIV, 263–282; G. Fisher, Narrative, 1750, William and Mary Quarterly, XVII, 147– 175; Extracts from Capt. Goelet's Journal, 1746-1750, New England Hist. and Gen. Reg., XXIV, 50-63, reprinted, with additions and notes by Albert H. Hoyt (1870); J. Birket, Some Cursory Remarks, 1750–1751 (1916); P. Kalm, Travels into North America, 1748–1751 (1772); Diary of a Journey of the Moravians, 1753, in Travels in the American Colonies (N. D. Mereness, ed., 1916); T. Thompson, An Account of Two Missionary Voyages (1758); A. Burnaby, Travels (Wilson ed., 1904); R. Wolcott, Memoir Relating to Connecticut, Collections, Conn. Hist. Soc., III, pp. 325–336; J. Boucher, Letters, 17591772, Md. Mag., VII; Lord A. Gordon, Journal, 1764–1765, in Travels in the American Colonies (1916); An Account of East Florida with a Journal, Kept by J. Bartram (1766); W. Eddis, Letters, 1769–1777 (1792); P. Webster, Journal, 1765, Publications, Southern History Association (1898); J. Quincy, Jr., Southern Journal, 1773, Proceedings, Mass. Hist. Soc., vol. XLIX, June, 1916; J. Harrower, Diary, 17731776, Amer. Hist. Rev., October, 1900; P. Fithian, Journal and Letters, 17671774 (1900); J. D. Schoepf, Travels in the Confederation, 1783–1784 (1911); J. F. D. Smyth, A Tour in the United States (1784); and various diaries in the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. In addition

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