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and corregimiento of Vilcas Huaman in Peru; TIRREL, a settlement of the island of Barannexed to the curacy of Hualla.•
bardoes ; s. of the parish Santa Lucia. TIQUILLACHA, a settlement of the pro TIRUHA, a river or the district of Tolten vince and corregimiento of Paucarcolla in Peru. Baxo in the kingdom of Chile: it runs with a
TIQUILIGÅSTI, a settlement of the pro- serpentine course to w. and enters the sea near vince and government of Tucumán in Peru; the point of its name. on the shore of the river Salado.
TIRUMENCOS. See PATAGONES. TIQUINA, a settlement of the province and TISALEO, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Omasuyos in Peru; annexed to corregimiento of Riobamba in the kingdom of the curacy of the settlement of Copacavana; on Quito. the s. shore of the lake Titicaca.
[TISBURY, a small fishing town on the s. TIQUIPAYA, a settlement of the province side of the island of Martha's Vineyard, nine and corregimiento of Cochabamba in Peru. miles from Chilmark, and 64 from Boston. The
TIQUIRI, a settlement of the island of township was incorporated in 1671, and contains Cuba; on the s. coast, close to the point of Pe. 1142 inhabitants. It is in Duke's County, Mas. dernales.
sachusetts, and in 1796 the e. part was incorpo-
TIRAMUTO, a very lofty mountain of the tion. The marks of this dreadful convulsion of
TISCO, a settlement of the province and
TITACO, a settlement of the province and TIRANO, a port of the island of Margarita; corregimiento of Arica in Peru, annexed to the on the n. coast on the w. side of N. Cape. curacy of the settlement of Tarata.
TIRINIDARO, Santos Reyes de, a head TITANES, a barbarous nation of Indians of settlement of the district of the alcaldía mayor the province and government of Santa Cruz de la of Valladolid in the province and bishopric of Sierra in Peru, in the e. s. e. part. Their country Mechoacán; situate in a plain of mild tempera- is fertile, and in their mountains are found mines ture, on the side of a swamp; so that its waters are of copper, lead, and iron, and some of silver. thick and unwholesome. It contains 100 fami
contains 100 fami- These Indians are ferocious, and live constantly lies of Indians, and is 10 leagues n. of its ca retired in the woods. pital.
TITICACA. See Chucuito. TIRIPITIO, a head settlement of the dis TITICACA, a large island of the lake of its trict of the same alcaldía mayor as the former. name, and the largest of any in the same; belong. It is of a cold temperature, and contains a conventing to the province and corregimiento of Omaof the religious of San Agustin, four families of suyos in Peru : it is three leagues long, one wide, Spaniards, and 32 of Indians. . In this settle- and five in circumference, and one mile from the ment Alonso de Veracruz, a religious Augustin, shore. This island was mountainous and uncultifounded the royal university, which was after vated, but the Incas did much for it, bringing earth wards translated to Mexico. Six leagues e. of from other parts : it was naturally irrigated the capital Pasquaro.
by 13 streams, is very fertile, the temperature TIRIRICO, a very lofty mountain of the pro- being altogether milder here than in the province. vince and country of the Chiquitos Indians in Thus it is that in the many estates here, they Peru: it is on the shore of the river Ubay, and gather in abundance seeds, flowers, and fruits, and n. n.w. of the settlement of San Francisco Xa- bread much cattle; and in the woods are found vier.
wild rabbits and pigeons.
The Indians assert that the first Inca of Peru Atliacán,
San Marcos Huacacame from this island, his name being Manco San Francisco Apan zingo, Capac ; and with him his sister and wife Mama
Tetelzingo, Ollo Huacu, making the Indians believe that they Totolzintla,
A hualicán, were born of the Sun, and that they were sent to Tlostotipan,
Huiziltepeque, them to instruct them in the manners of civilized Ozomatlán,
Zumpango del Rio, life; and here, as in a sacred place, did they San Miguel Tequi Chipalzingo, build the celebrated Temple to the Sun, covered ziapan,
Petaquillas, all over with gold, and certainly the most magni
Nochitlan. ficent of any temple in that kingdom. At this Tixtlan, the capital of the same name, is temple the lords and vassals of the whole king situate 30 leagues from the coast of the S. Sea; dom met annually with their presents to acknow. is of a mild temperature, has a very good parishe ledge this feigned deity.
church belonging to the bishopric of La Puebla It was also said that the Inca's palace was de los Angeles, and has a population of 146 fahere ; but this is a false assertion ; since, through- milies of Spaniards, Mustees, and Mulattoes, out the whole island, no vestiges have been seen and 404 of Indians; including those of the of that grandeur which are found in Tiahuanaco wards of its district. It is the residence of a and other parts, although, upon the arrival of the lieutenant-governor of Acapulco, who is equally Spaniards, those elegant edifices were said to be the alcaldía mayor of this jurisdiction. razed to the ground, and with their very founda TIXTLANZINCO, a settlement of the head tion stones and the other riches and valuables of settlement of the district of Coyuca and
governthe Inca, to have been thrown into the lake. In ment of Acapulco in Nueva España: six leagues this island is the grand settlement of Copacavana, n. n. e. of its capital, and containing 67 families celebrated for the sanctuary of Nuestra Señora, of Indians. which is in it of this title.
TIZAPAN, a settlement of the head settleTITUMATI, a river of the province and ment of the district and alcaldía mayor of Tlajogovernment of Darien and kingdom of Tierra mulco in Nueva España, in which there is a Firmé. It has its origin in the mountains of the convent of San Francisco. n. coast, runsw. and enters the Chugunaqui. TIZAPAN, another, in the head settlement of
TITUMATI, another river in the same province the district of Amaqueca and alcaldía mayor of and kingdom; which rises in the e. part, and Zayula in the same kingdom. It has in its vienters the sea in the bay and gulf of Tucumari, cinity a lake, affording water to the great numnear the mouth of the Tarena.
ber of cattle bred in its neighbourhood. Its [TIVERTON, a township of Rhode Island, population consists of 78 families of Indians. in Newport County, having the Eastern Passage Six leagues n. of its head settlement. and part of Mount Hope Bay on the w. and n.w. TIZAPAN, another, in the same alcaldía mayor the State of Massachusetts on the n. and e. and and kingdom, of the head settlement of the disLittle Compton township on the s. It contains trict of Tecocuitlán, with the surname of Alto. 2453 inhabitants, including 25 slaves. It is It contains 30 families of Indians, all weavers about 13 miles n. N. e. of Newport.]
by trade; and is 12 leagues n. of its capital. TIVILLO, a settlement of the province and TIZNADOS, a river of the province and corregimiento of Ica in Peru, annexed to the cu- government of Venezuela in the Nuevo Reyno racy of the settlement of Palpa.
de Granada; which rises from a lake of its TIXTLAN, a jurisdiction and alcaldía mayor name s. of the town of S. Sebastian, runs s. and of Nueva España ; bounded by the jurisdiction enters an arm of the river Portugueza, which of Chilapan by the e. by that of Azuchitlan by forms the Saco de Santa Maria. the w. by that of Acapulco by the s. and by that [TIZON, a river in the n. w. part of S. Ameof Iguala by the n. It is for the most part of a rica, 600 miles from Nueva España. In a jourmild temperature, although, in some of the set ney made thus far, in 1606, the Spaniards found tlements, hotter. It has many breeds of large some large edifices, and met with some Indians cattle, and produces in abundance maize, French who spoke the Mexican language, and who told beans, and sugar-cane, of which they make loaf- them, that a few days' journey from that river, sugar in its mills, and in these articles carry on towards the n. was the kingdom of Tollan, and a trade. Its population, which is considerable, many other inhabited places whence the Mexicans is contained in the following settlements : migrated. It is, indeed, confirmed by Mr. Stewart
in his late travels, that there are civilized Indians a mild temperature, and contains 262 families in the interior parts of America. Beyond the of Indians. In its church is venerated, with Missouri, he met with powerful nations, who particular devotion, the image of Christ cruciwere courteous and hospitable, and appeared to fied, of exquisite sculpture, although no one be a polished and civilized people, having regu can determine of what substance it is composed. larly built towns, and enjoying a state of society The Indians here have a tradition, that whilst a not far removed from the European; and in certain number of them were standing assembled, deed to be perfectly equal wanted only iron and there appeared amongst them two handsome steel.]
youths with the said image, and proffering it for TIŽONAZO, a settlement of the missions sale; that the youths, being asked for how much, which were held by the Jesuits in the province answered that theirs was an eminent Town, and of Tepeguana and Kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya; that the image should go for 30 reals: it is added, 45 leagues from the capital, Guadiana.
that the Indians going away to fetch the sum, TLĂCAMA, a settlement of the head settle on their return, found nothing but the image ment of the district of Pinotepa and alcaldía left in the room, and with it a scroll, on which mayor of Xicayán in Nueva España : it con was written, “ This is the Lord God of Battles." . tains 45 families of Indians, employed in the culti: Two leagues e. by s. of its capital. vation of cochineal and cotton, and is 10 leagues TLACOLULA, another, a head settlement of the w. of its head settlement.
district of the alcaldía mayor of Huamelula ; TLACATELCO, San Juan de, a settlement situate in a plain surrounded by the river which of the alcaldía mayor of Teotiguacan in Nueva flows down from the snowy sierra ; and on the España. It is a ward united to the settlement shores of which are various fruit trees and two of Tequiszitlan.
estates of large cattle. It contains 116 families TLACAXLILLA, a settlement of the alcaldía of Indians, who occupy themselves in the cultivamayor of San Luis de Potosí in the same kingdom, tion of cochineal : 12 leagues from the capital. and of the bishopric of Mechoacán : it contains TLACOLULA, another, a head settlement of 107 families of Indians, and a convent of San the district of the alcaldía mayor of Xalapa ; Francisco; and near it are many orchards situate in a rough and craggy territory, between crowded with fruit-trees : n. n. e. and very two very lofty mountains. It is of a cold and dry near to its capital.
temperature, the natives speak the Totonaque TLACHICHILCO, a settlement of the alcaldía idiom; and its name signifies the place of writing; mayor of Otupan in Nueva España.
inasmuch as it was here that the Indians were ÍLACHICHILPA, SAN MATEO DE, a head accustomed to write their histories in the different settlement of the district of the alcaldía mayor characters and figures in use amongst them. Its of Metepec in the same kingdom : it contains population is composed of 22 families of Indians, 1140 families of Indians.
who trade in maize, tobacco, and some purgative TLACOAZAPAN, a settlement of the head roots. In its district are gathered annually fine settlement and district of Mizquiahuala and crops of the root called medicinal, in great esteem alcaldía mayor of Tepetango : it contains 300 both within and without the jurisdiction, and in families of Indians, and some of Spaniards, which a considerable traffic is carried on: five Mustees, and Mulattoes.
leagues n. w. of its capital. TLACOCHAGUAYA, SAN GERONIMO DE, TLACOLULA, another, of the head settlea head settlement of the district of the alcaldía ment of the district of Tepehuacan and alcaldía mayor of Antequera in the province and bishopric mayor of Meztitlan : it has a convent of the of Oaxaca: it contains a convent of the religious religious of San Agustin, and contains 270 Inof St. Domingo, and 370 families of Indians dian families. given to the cultivation of different seeds, and TLACOMALTEPEC, a settlement of the of magueyes for making pulque : three leagues head settlement of the district and alcaldía mayor e, of its capital.
of Teutila. It is of a cold temperature, inhaTLACOLTEPEC, a head settlement of the bited by 100 families of Indians, who cultivate district of the alcaldía mayor of Juxtlahuaca in maize, the only fruit it yields, and is seven the same kingdom: it contains 148 families of leagues w. of its capital. Indians.
TLACOMILCO, San AntoNIO DE, a settleTLACOLULA, a head settlement of the dis- ment of the head settlement of the district of trict of the alcaldía mayor of Teutitlan ; it is of Nopaluca and alcaldía mayor of Tepeaca : it
contains 66 families of Indians, and is one league tlement of the district of San Luis de la Costa, from its head settlement.
of the alcaldía mayor of Tlapa : it contains 11 TLACOTALPAN, SAN CHRISTOVAL de, a families of Indians employed in the cultivation head settlement of the district of the alcaldía of cotton : of which they make very beautiful mayor of Cozamaloapan : it is of a hot and woven stuffs. Two leagues s. of the capital. moist temperature, situate on the shore of the [TLACOTLALPAN. See TlacotALPAN.] river Alvarado; contains 81 Indian families, and TLACUILOTEPEC, a settlement of the is seven leagues e. of its capital.
head settlement of the district and alcaldía mayor TLACOTEPEC, a settlement of the head of Guauchinango : it contains 101 families of settlement of the district of Tetelzingo and Totonacos Indians, in which are included those alcaldía mayor of Coautla in Nueva España : it of the wards of its district. It yields some tocontains six families of Spaniards, eight of Mus- bacco, little prized, the inhabitants not knowing tees, and 60 of Indians, and has a convent of how to prepare it. Augustins. Through this settlement passes the TLACUILTEPEC, a settlement of the head abundant river Amazinaque, the waters of which settlement of the district of Olinals and alcaldía serve to fertilize many estates abounding in fruit mayor of Tlapa : it contains 15 families of Intrees : six leagues e. i n. e. of its head settle- dians, who maintain themselves by sowing maize, ment.
the only fruit it yields, and is three leagues w. Tlacotepec, another, in the head settlement of its head settlement. of the district of Totela and alcaldía mayor of TLAHUAC, a head settlement of the district Azuchitlan; s. of its head settlement, at the dis of the alcaldia mayor of Chalco; situate within tánce of 27 leagues, over a rugged road, con the lake: it contains 400 families of Indians, sisting entirely of serrania. In its vicinity is a dispersed in several small villages, and a confountain of very sweet water, and so abundant vent of Dominicans : five leagues w. of its caas to supply not only all the domestic purposes pital. of the settlement, but the agricultural of the TLAHUALPA, a small settlement or ward contiguous gardens and crops. It is inhabited of the alcaldía mayor of Guauchinango; annexed by 93 families of Indians, and eight of Spaniards to the curacy of the settlement of Chiconcuatla. and Mustees. By the w. and s. part it has some TLAHUILOTEPEC, a settlement of the large, unpeopled, desert tracts of barren serra head settlement of the district of Ayutla and nias, which could never be penetrated.
alcaldía mayor of Villalta : it contains 129 famiTLACOTEPEC, another, a head settlement of lies of Indians, and is 11 leagues from its cathe district of the alcaldía mayor of Metepec, pital. containing 265 families of Indians.
TLAJOMULCO, a jurisdiction and alcaldía TLACOTEPEC, another, with the dedicatory mayor of Nueva España, in the kingdom of title of Santa Cruz, the head settlement of the Nueva Galicia and bishopric of Guadalaxara : district of the alcaldía mayor of Tepeaca; situate it is much reduced, and produces a few fruits as at the foot of some stony and barren mountains. well in the valley in which it stands, as upon It is of a hot and dry temperature, suffers much the n. shore of the great lake, or Sea of Chapala. from drought, and profiting chiefly of the rain The settlements of which it is composed are: waters caught in a large cistern, and distributing
Tizapan, it with the utmost care to the inhabitants. Its Saqualco,
Santa Cruz, population is composed of 18 families of Spa Atotonilco,
Santa Ana. niards, 27 of Mustees and Mulattoes, and 162 Colula, of Indians, who speak the Chocan and Mexican TLAJOMULCO. The capital is the settlement of language, and maintain themselves by the breed- the same name; it contains a convent of the reliing of large and small cattle, and by raising gious of S. Francisco, and a population of some very considerable crops of grain. Seven leagues Spaniards, Mustees, and Mulattoes, and many e. s. e. of its capital.
Mexican Indians. Nine leagues s. of GuadaTLACOTEPEQUE, SAN MARTIN DE, a set- laxara. tlement of the head settlement of the district of TLAILOTLACAN, SANTA MARIA de, a Tlaxicoya and alcaldía mayor of Mizantla in head settlement of the district of the alcaldía Nueva España : it contains 46 families of In- mayor of Tezcoco : in its vicinity are two wards, dians.
containing 412 families of Indians : a quarter of TLACOTLA, a settlement of the head set
a league e. of its capital.
TLALANCALECA, SAN MATIAS DE, a set. that, although they might derive great profit tlement of the head settlement of the district and from the cultivation of maize and other grain, alcaldía mayor of Guejozingo, containing six fa- grow only just enough for their own consumpmilies of Indians.
tion. It contains 118 families of Indians, and is TLALOPA, a settlement of the head settle-' four leagues s. s. e. of its head settlement, and ment of the district and alcaldía mayor of Tlapa, one w. n. w. of the capital. containing 66 families of Indians dedicated to TLALNEPLANTA, a large settlement of agriculture : two leagues n. n. w. of its head the alcaldía mayor of Tacuba ; situate near the settlement.
river of its name, and just before this unites itTLACHICUAUTLA, a small settlement of self with the Guadalupe to enter the lake: it the jurisdiction and alcaldía mayor of Valles, contains 850 families of Indians, without countbetween two deep ravines which are covered ing those of Spaniards and Mustees, and a conwith fruit and other trees ; it is of a mild tem vent of Franciscans, and is two leagues n. i n.w. perature, produces maize, cotton, wax, and ho- of its capital. ney, these affording the branches of its trade; TLALPUJAGUA, a jurisdiction and alcaldía contains 22 families of Indians, and is annexed major of the province and bishopric of Mechoato the curacy of the settlement of Tamazunchale, cán. It is of a cold temperature; the greater from whence it is 10 leagues, and being 30 from part consisting of serrania, in which are many its capital.
mines of silver with a mixture of gold, and TLALCHICOMULA, San Andres de, a which are the principal sources of its commerce, head settlement of the district of the alcaldía although it has in its estates considerable breeds mayor of Tepeaca ; situate on a plain or out- of large and small cattle, and crops of wheat stretched skirt of the volcano of Orizava ; of a and maize, as also very good mills, both for cold and dry temperature, and well supplied grinding the corn and the metals. Its populawith water distilled from the volcano, and con tion consists of the following settlements : ducted by a strong aqueduct. In the e. front is Ucareo, Zinapequaro,
Taimeo. the parish church.
TLALPUJAGUA. The capital is the settleIts population consists of 248 families of Spa- ment and real of mines of the same name; of a niards, 74 of Mustees, 34 of Mulattoes, and 345 cold temperature ; situate between some rough of Indians, whose trade is in cutting wood which sierras, inhabited by 500 families of Spaniards, abounds on the mountains, whilst the trade of Mustees, and Mulattoes, with many families of the Spaniards is the fattening of pigs, which they Indians, who serve as labourers in the mines. sell to the other jurisdictions. In this are 61 It has, besides the parish church, an hospital of estates, and in some they grow wheat, though, San Francisco, and at the entrance, towards the in the most, barley, beans, and French beans : n. an hermitage of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, 10 leagues e. of its capital.
where, although the image be painted on the TLALIXCOYA, SANTA MARIA DE, a set wall, and the hermitage itself almost decayed, tlement of the head settlement of the district the painting is still fresh and uninjured : [77 and alcaldía mayor of Mizantla : it contains 65 miles w. of Mexico.] families of Indians in the ranchos' and estates of TLALQUIZALĀ, a settlement of the head its district, and 130 families of Spaniards and settlement of the district of Ixteapán and alcal. other casts.
dia mayor of Cholula : it contains 60 families of TLALMILILOPAN, SAN RAFAEL DE, a Indians, and is three quarters of a league n. of settlement of the head settlement of the district its capital. of Texmelucan and alcaldía mayor of Guejo TL ALQUIZALA, a settlement of the head set. zingo: it contains 28 families of Indians. tlement of the district of the alcaldía mayor of
TLALNEHUALOYON, SAN ANDRES DE, Colotlán: it has a tolerable population, though the a settlement of the head settlement of the dis- greater number is dispersed in 10 estates, situate trict of Tlacoluca and alcaldía mayor of Xalapa. in the w. part, where they breed cattle and cow It has this name, signifying, in the Mexican seeds, the soil being well irrigated by the river idiom, a place of many roots, from the abun San Pedro, which, in distinct arms, runs through dance of zarzaparilla, and of a certain purgative
a certain purgative the whole of the district : 34 leagues n. n. w. of root found here, for the which there is a ready Guadalaxara. sale, and particularly on the arrival of the fleets. TLALTEPEC, a settlement of the head setThe natives, however, are so lazy and indolent, tlement of the district and alcaldía mayor of Xi