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settlement of the head settlement of the district of Uruapan, an&alcaldia mayor of Valladolid, iuthe province and bishopric of Mechoacan. It contains 62 families of Indians, and is 10 leagues e. of its head settlement and 18 from the capital, and in it is a beautiful convent of the monks of San Agustin.
TARANOS, a barbarous nation of Indians, who inhabit the woods of the province and government of Nainas, between the river Blanco to the s. and the Curaray to the ». and bounded w. by the nation of the lquitoe.
PARAPAMENA, a large and abundant river of the province and captainship of San Pablo in Brazil. It rises w. of the capital, and running w. n. w. enters the Parana. Don Juan de la Cruz wrongly calls it Paranapane.
PARAPlTI, a river of the province and
government of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Peru, t rises in a large lake in the territory of the Pampas de Huanacos, and shortly after loses itself in another lake, where the river Ubay heads. Some call it the A pure; on its shores are seen the ruins of the antient capital of the province which was destroyed by the infidel Indians.
PARAPITINGA, A lake of the province and captainship of Portoseguro in Brazil. It is formed from a waste water of the river Paracatus, to the e. of the town of Minas Generates.
PARAPU, a small river of the province and government of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia, which rises n. of the lake in which the river Macaoza. beads, runs e. and enters the Maranon.
PARAPURA, a settlement of the province and government of Venezuela in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada; situate on the shore of the river Guarico, and s. s. e. of the lake Tacarigua.
PARAQUARO, a settlement of the head settlement of the district and alcaldia mayor of Tanzitaro in Nueva Espana. It is of an hot temperature, situate in a beautiful and spacious valley; abounding in salubrious waters, and affords fine crops of rice, with which the various provinces of the kingdom are supplied, and in the traffic of which this place is always filled with traders, 11 leagues s. of the capital;
Para.quaro, another settlement, with the dedicatory title of San Agustin, in the province of Cinagua of the same kingdom. It is of an hot temperature, contains 27 families of Indians, and is annexed to the curacy of Turicato; abounds in maize, fruits, and larger cattle. But it is subject to the epidemic disorder of garrapatas (ticks), which the Indians call luricotas, and which are extremely noxious; 37 leagues s. e. of its capital.
PARARCA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Parinacochas in Peru. r PARARE, a river of the province and government of San Juan de Los Llanos in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada. It runs nearly due e. and enters the Cazanare close to the settlement of the reduction of San Salvadar.
PARARIN, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Guailas in Peru.
PARA RUM A, a very lofty rock of a pyramidical form on the shore of the river Orinoco, the base of it being more than half a league in circumference; it is all of one piece, and can only be ascended on two sides with great difficulty. 'The top, which at a distance appears like a spear, is a plain of an oval figure, surrounded by a border or breast-work of the same stone; but the soil is very fertile. The Indians of the Saliva nation have here a beautiful garden, always irrigated by an hidden stream of water which flows in the same rock. Here are plantains, pines, and various fruits in abundance; but the greatest attraction of this spot is a certain bower, whither the Indians come to shelter themselves from the heat, and occasionally to amuse themselves, observing, from that eminence, the vessels passing along the river, and which are discernible at an immense distance.
PARAS, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Vilcas Huaman in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Totos, celebrated for the first quicksilver mine, having been discovered there by Pedro Contreras, native of San Lucar de Barrameda in 1560, in company with Enrique Garces, a Portuguese, the viceroy of Peru at the time being Don Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, Marquis of Cafiete; but this mine was abandoned after three years, the profit not equalling the expciiccs. ."
PARASIS, a nation of barbarous Indians, who inhabit the n. w. shore of the river Paraguay, and the w. of the lake of Los Xarayes; bounded on this part by the Moxos, amis, by some tribes of the Chiquitos.
PARATAPA, a small river of the province and government of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia, which runs e. in a serpentine course, and enters the Arui by this rhumb.
Paratjari, a. small river of the province and. country of Las Amazonas, in the territory possessed by the Portuguese. An arm of this river returning into its native bed, forms a small island.
PARATECA, a village and settlement of the Portuguese, of the province and captainship of Todos Santos in Brazil: situate on the u\ shore of the Grande de San Francisco, and at the mouth where this enters the Rans.
[PARATEE, a bay on the s. w. side of the island of Jamaica. It is $. e. of Banister bay; its s. e. point is also called Paratee.~\
PARATI, or Angra De Los Reyes, a small town of the province and captainship of Rio Janeyro in Brazil; situate near the coast, and opposite the Isla Grande.
PARATINGA, a large river of the kingdom of Brazil, which rises in.lat. 8°, runs many leagues to j. s. w. and enters the Tocantines, opposite the Real of La Asuncion.
PARATININGA. See Xingu.
PARATINI, a river of the province and captainship of Rey in Brazil, which runs s. and turning e. enters the grand lake of Los Patos.
i'ARATIPANA, a small river of the province and captainship of Para in Brazil, which runs w. n. n\ and enters the Xingu.
PARAVARI, a large river of Peru, which rises in the province and corregimiento of Carabava, afterwards unites itself with the Beni, and thus forms the Castela. On its shores are many Indian nations, ofwhom nothing is known.
PARAUPASA, a river of the kingdom of Brazil, which rises in the mountains of theCariaputangas Indians, runs e. and enters the Piloens near the town of Boa.
PARAUTE, a settlement of the province and
Government of Maracaibo in the Nuevo Reyno e Granada; situate on the e. shore of the lake of Marcaibo, and of the river of its name.
This river, which is small, rises in the country of Giraharas Indians, runs w. and enters the lake.
[PARAYBA. See Paraiba.]
PARAZU, a small river of the province and captainship of Seara in Brazil, which runs n. and enters the sea between the Iguarazu and the Paranamerin.
PARCEL A, Baxo De, a shoal on the coast of the province and captainship of Rio Janeyro in Brazil, close to cape Santo Tome.
PARCO, a settlement of the province and corrcgimiento of Chilques and Masques in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Acchaamansaya.
PARCOS, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Angaraez, in the same kingdom as the former; 16 leagues from Guamanga,and 13 from Guancavelica.
PARCU, an ancient and small province of Peru, belonging at present to Cuzco. It was conquered and united to the empire by the Inca Viracocha, eighth emperor.
PARDO, a river of the province and government of Paraguay, which runs s. and enters the great river of the Portuguese. It is also called Afiemby.
Pardo, another, a small river in the territory of Cuyaba of the kingdom of Brazil, which run* s. s. w. and enters the Parana.
Pardo, another, called also Colorado, which runs nearly s. and turning n. n. w. enters the Parana by the *. side in a very large stream.
PARDORA, a settlement of the province and captainship ofPernambuco in Brazil; situate w of the city of San Augustin, near the coast.
[PARDUBA, a bay on the coast of Brazil, 10 leagues w. n. w. of Brandihi bay.]
PARE, the settlement of the corrcgimiento of the jurisdiction of Velez in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, of a hot but healthy temperature; and having a soil abounding in wheat and maize, of which it gathers two crops annually, in yucas, plantains, and sugar canes, which are worked in a great number of sugar engines which it has, and which render it a settlement of as considerable commerce as any in that kingdom. It contains 600 housekeepers, and is seven leagues from the city of Velez.
Pare, a small river of the province and government of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia, which rises n. of the settlement of San Joseph de Mapoyes, runs e. and then turning s. enters the Manapiari.
PAREDONES, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Maule in the kingdom of Chile, annexed to the curacy of Vichuquen.
Paredones, another settlement, in the island of Cuba; on the n. coast, opposite the isle of Guinchos.
Paredones, some shoals or rocks, near the coast of the province and government of Cartagena and Nuevo Reyno de Granada.
[PAREN, a lake of Chile, S. America.]
[PARHAM, town and harbour, on the n. side of the island of Antigua, in the W. Indies. The harbour is defended by By ram fort, at Barnacle
S)oint, on the w. side, and farther up by another brt on the e. side. The town is regularly built, and lies at the head of the harbour, and in St. Peter's parish.]
Parham, a city of the island of Antigua, one of the Antilles; on the n. coast, with a good port.
PARI, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Canta in Peru.
Pari, an abundant river of the above province and kingdom, which rises in the lake Chinchaicocha of the province of Tarma, laves the provinces of Canta, Xauja, and Huanta, runs s. till it reaches the province of Guarochiri, where it forms an elbow, and turning e. after collecting the waters of various other rivers, enters the Maranon, with which some have wrongly identified it.
Pari, another, a small river of the province and government of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia, one of those which enters the Orinoco by the e. side.
PARIA, a province and corregimiento of the kingdom of Peru, in the archbishopric of Char cas; bounded n. by the provinces of Pacages, n. e. by the jurisdiction of the town of Oruro, e. and s. e. by that of Porco, s. w. by that of Lipes, and w. by that of Carangas. It is of a cold temperature, and the vegetable productions are those peculiar to the sierra; such as papas, bark, barley, &c. It has large breeds of smaller cattle, some also of larger, and of llamas, vicunas, and huanacos. Here are salt mines, and a lake from which much is extracted; also various streams of warm water.
The corregidors of Oruro being alcaldes mayores of the mines of the district of Veinte Leguas and Paria, the capital of this province, and the settlement of Sepulturas, being included in the same limits; they appropriated to themselves, some years since, some silver mines of the cordillera of Condocondo, and some gold mines, of which many have filled with water, and others are not worked from the great expence. In this province runs a large river from the province of Pacages, which is called the Desaguadero, taking its source in the great lake Titicaca or Chucuito; and which being passed in various parts in rafts made of tortora or reed, runs s. e. and forms a lake of three to four leagues long and two wide, in which breeds a fish, called by some suches, and by others bagres.
This river, as being very abundant, and the lake continuing always at one height, it caused a suspicion that its waters had a subterraneous vent; and in fact it is found to have a whirlpool, over which some old rafts being permitted to float, where, after giving two or three turns, sucked down. The water is thought to find itself a passage into the sea under the cordillera, and through the shore, close to the port of Iqueique. In 1748 its waters increased to an immense height, and it was concluded that some raft had blocked up its subterraneous passage; a circumstance most likely, since, after a time, they subsided to their ordinary state. One part of this province is inundated in the rainy seasons for many leagues.
The inhabitants, who amount to 10,000, make cheeses of sheep's milk, much esteemed in other provinces for their delicacy. Its corregidor used to have a repartimiento of 50,200 dollars, and paid an alcatala of 401 dollars yearly: the capital is the town of the same name.
g'he natives of this province, as well as those uayana and Debaiba, were originally very zealous in their worship of the devil and idols, to whom they sacrificed men, and then eat them; when their gods were angry, they punished themselves with fasting. Their priests were stoned or burned, if they married against their vow of chastity. They believed in rewards and punishments after this life. The spot in the moon they held to be a man imprisoned there for incest with his sister. They fed yearly the departed souls with maize and wine. They held the souls of great men only, and such as were buried with them, immortal. Their great men's funeral pomps were celebrated yearly with much lamentations, drinking, and bestial ceremonies, both men and women casting aside all modesty. These subjects are further treated off by the authors, P. Martyr, Gomara, Linschoten, Cieza, &c/]
Pa Ri A, the lake of which we have above spoken, which receives the waters of the river by a channel of 80 fathoms. These waters are of very bad quality, but abound in excellent fish, and are thought, with great reason, to have a subterraneous vent.
Paria, a province. See Andalucia. Paria, a gulf, between the coast of the province of Cumana to the s. s. w. and w. n. w. and the island Trinidad to the n. e. and s. e. terminating by the n. at the cape of Las Salinas and that of San Joseph, and by the e. at the cape or point of Blanquizales; its entrance at the former part being by the mouth of the Drago or Dragon, at the latter by the point of Galera. Its extent from e. to w. is 88 miles, and from n. to s. 50, and off the coast of the island of Trinidad is very good anchorage.
[This gulf is called by the Spaniards Triste (Sad), but as the whole of the coast of Tiera Firme which surrounds the gulf goes by the name of Paria, the English and the French geographers have given that name to the gulf itself. What these two latter nations mean by the gulf Sad, is a gulf which lies between cape Coderaa and point Hicacos.
From the two lands to the n. of this gulf, jut out two points, between which are three islands, which are nearly e. and w. of each other, and consequently close the gulf to the n. excepting four channels left between the islands called Dra