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Zultepeque. It contains 107 families of Indians, 22 oiMustees and Mulattoes; and is five leagues n. e. of its head settlement.
PRABARI, Cape of, on the coast of the province and government of Guayana, and part of the same possessed by the Dutch.
PRADO, S. Francisco De, a settlement of the province and country of Guayana, in the part possessed by the Portuguese; on the shore of the river of Las Amazonas, and between those of Surubia and Curupatuba.
[PRAIRIE DE ROCHER, La, or The Rock Meadows, a settlement in the N.W. Territory, on the e. side of the Mississippi; situate on the e. side of a stream which empties into the Mississippi, 12 miles to the s. It is 15 miles n. w. of Kaskaskias Village, and five n. e. by e. of Fort Chartres. About 20 years ago it contained 100 white inhabitants and 80 Negroes.]
[prairie, La, a populous little village, with narrow dirty streets, on the river St. Lawrence in Canada. Eighteen miles n. of St. John, and nine s. w. of Montreal.]
[PRASLIN Port, is on the n. side of Solomon's Islands, in lat. 7° 33' s. long. 157°30/e. discovered and entered by M. de Survilie, on Oct. 12, 1769. The islands which form this port are covered with trees, and at high water are partly overflowed. The artful natives entrapped some of Surville's men in an ambuscade, in consequence of which 30 or 40 of the savages were killed. The inhabitants of these islands are in general of the Negro kind, with black woolly hair, flat noses, and thick lips.]
PRAYA, a settlement of the province and
Fivernment of Darien, and kingdom of Tierra irme; near the n. coast, and on the shore of the river Tarena.
PRECHEUR, a settlement of the island Martinique, one of the Antilles; situate on the w. coast. It was a curacy of the Jesuits.
Precheur, a small isle near the coast of the island Martinique; between the former settlement and the chapel of Santa Cruz.
PREGONERO, a small settlement of the government of Maracaibo, in the jurisdiction of the city of La Grita, of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada; annexed to the curacy of the settlement of Guaraque.
PRESA, a settlement of the Nuevo Reyno de Leon in N. America. Twenty-two leagues n. w. of its capital.
[PRESCOTT, a small plantation in Lincoln County, district of Maine; which, together with Carr's plantation, has 159 inhabitants.]
PRESENTACION, Nuestra Senora De La, a settlement of the mission and conversion of the Chichimecas Indians, of the religious of San Francisco, in the jurisdiction and alcaldia mayor of San Luis de Potosi in the province and bishopric of Mechoacan.
[PRESQUE Isle, a small peninsula on the s. e. shore of Lake Erie, almost due 5. of Long Point on the opposite side of the lake; 23 miles n. from Fort Buford, and 60 n. by Zl\ of Venango, on Allegany River. The garrison about to be erected by the United States at Presque Isle, will be upon a very commanding spot, just opposite the entrance of the bay. The town commences 30 yards w. of the old British fort, leaving a vacancy of 600 yards for a military parade and public walk. The town, which is now building, will extend nearly three miles along the lake and one mile back. It lies in about lat. 42° 20'n.]
PRESTO, a settlement of the province and correepmiento of Tomina in Peru.
[PRESTON, a town in New London County, Connecticut; six or eight miles e. of Norwich, from which it is divided by Shetucket River. The township was incorporated in 1687, and contains 3435 inhabitants, who are chiefly farmers. Here are two Congregational churches, and a society of SeparatistsJ
[PRESUMSCUT, a small river of Cumberland County, district of Maine, which is fed by Sebacook Lake, and empties into Casco Bay, e. of Portland. See Casco Bay.]
PRETO, a river of the kingdom of Brazil, called also De la Palma. It runs many leagues, making a curve to the w. and then to the s. s. w. and enters the Tocantines, between the rivers Custodio and the San Luis.
Preto, another river, of the same kingdom, which rises in the interior of the mountains, runs s. e. and enters the Iruquia.
PRICKLY, one of the small islands, called, or the Virgin; situate near the n. coast of the Virgen Gorda, on which it depends, in lat. 18° 20' w. long. 63° 10' w.
PRIETA, SiERnA, a cordillera of mountains of the island of St. Domingo, in the part possessed by the French. It runs *. J. e. as far as the s. coast.
PRIETO, a river of the territory of Matogroso, in the province and country of Las Amazonas. It is that which is formed by the union of those of San Francisco and Santa Ana to enter the Paraguay.
Prieto, another river, in the province and captainship of Porto-Seguro in Brazil. It rises in the mountains of Esmeralda in the 'ft., runs to this rhumb, and enters the river Verde.
Prieto, a sierra or Cordillera of mountains of the province and government of Sonora in N. America.
PRIMERO, a river of the province and government of Tucuman in Peru. It rises in a fertile valley, runs s.e., passes across the royal road between the settlements of Sincasati and Coroya y Jesus Maria; it then turns n. e. and loses itself near the settlement of Tororal. From this place, it is thought to have a subterraneous communication with the river Dulce.
[PRINCE EDWARD, a county of Virginia, between the Blue Ridge and the TideWaters. It contains 8100 inhabitants, including 3986 slaves. The academy in this county has been erected into a college, by the name of " Hampden Sydney College." The court-house, at which a postoffice is kept, is 28 miles from Cumberland courthouse, and 48 from Petersburg.]
[prince Edward's Isles. See WashingTon's Isles.]
[prince Frederick, a parish in Georgetown district, S.Carolina; containing 8135 inhabitants, of whom 3418 are whites, and 4685 slaves. It sends four representatives and one senator to the state legislature.]
[prince Frederick, the chief town of Calvert County, Maryland: three miles s. of Hunt ingtown, and six n. e. of Benedict, by the road to Mackall's Ferry.]
[prince George, a parish of Georgetown district, S.Carolina; containing 11,762 inhabitants, of whom 5031 are whites, and 6651 slaves. It sends five representatives and one senator to the state legislature.]
[prince George, a county of Virginia; bounded n. by James River, which washes it about 35 miles. The medium breadth is 16 miles. It contains 8173 inhabitants, including 4519 slaves; of this number 1200 are residents in Blandford. There are five Episcopal churches in the county, one meeting for Friends, and several Methodist meetings. The Bapists have occasional meetings, and to this sect the Negroes seem particularly attached. It is a fruitful country, and abounds with wheat, corn, flax, cotton, and tobacco. Cotton here is an annual plant; and, in summer, most of the inhabitants appear in outer garments of their own manufacture. The timber consists of oaks of various kinds, and of a good quality, sufficient to build a formidable navy, and within a convenient distance of navi
gation. It has all the different species known in the e. states, and others which do not grow there. Here is also abundance of wild grapes, flowering shrubs, sarsaparilla, snake-root, and ginseng. Apples are inferior in spirit and taste to those in the e. states; but peaches have a flavour unknown in those states. The almond and fig will grow here in the open air, if attended to. Immense quantities of pork and bacon are cured here, and indeed form the principal food of the inhabitants. Veal is excellent, mutton indifferent, poultry of every kind in perfection and in abundance. The winters are short and generally pleasant; and the country cannot be considered as unhealthy.]
[prince George, a county of Maryland, on the w. shore of Chesapeake Bay; situate between Patowmac and Patuxent rivers, and is watered by numerous creeks which empty into those rivers. The e. corner of the territory of Columbia borders upon the w. part of this county. It contains 21,344 inhabitants, of whom 11,176 are slaves.]
[prince Of Wales, Cape, is remarkable for being the most w. point of the continent of N. America, and the e. limit of Behring's Straits, between Asia and America; the two continents being here only about 39 miles apart. The mid channel has 28 fathoms water. Lat. 65° 46' n. long. 168° 15' w.l
[prince Of Wales, Fort, in New N.Wales, N. America; a factory belonging to the British Hudson's Bay Company, on Churchill River. The mean heat here is 18° 7'; least heat 45°; greatest heat Mo. It lies in lat. 58° 47' 30" n. and long. 94° V 30" a>.]
[prince Of Wales Island, in the S. Pacific Ocean, is about 17| British miles long, and 12| wide. Lat. 5° 2^ n. and long. 100° 19' c. The variation of the needle in 1800 was 0° 20' o>.]
[prince Rupert's Bay, on the n. w. coast of the island of Dominica, one of the Caribbee Islands, where there is excellent shelter from the winds. It is deep, capacious, and sandy, and is the principal bay in the island. It is of great advantage in time of a war with France, as a fleet may here intercept all their W. India trade. On this bay is situate the new town of Portsmouth, n. of which is a cape, called Prince Rupert's Head.]
[prince William, a county of Virginia; bounded w. by Faquier, and c. by Patowmac River, which divides it from Maryland. It contains 11,615 inhabitants, of whom 4704 are slaves.] »
[prince William, a parish in Beaufort district, S. Carolina.]
[prince William's Sound, situate on the n. w. coast of N. America, lies e. of the mouth of Cook's River. At its mouth are three islands, Montague, Rose, and Kay. It was judged by Captain Cook to occupy 1 \° of lat. and 2° of long-, exclusive of its arms and branches, which were not explored. See Index to new matter respecting Mexico, Chap. II.]
[prince's Bay, on the s. side ofStaten Island, in New York State.]
[PRINCESS ANN, a maritime county of Virginia ; bounded e. by the Atlantic Ocean, and a), by Norfolk County. It contains 7793 inhabitants, of whom 3202 are slaves.]
[princess Ann, a post-town of Maryland, on the e. shore of Chesapeak Bay in Somerset County, on the c. side of Monokin River, nine miles 5. e. of Baltimore. It contains about 200 inhabitants.]
("PRINCETON, a township of Massachusetts, in Worcester County, 15 miles n. by w. of Worcester, and 44 re. by n. of Boston. The township contains 19,000 acres of elevated hilly, but strong and rich, land, adapted to grass and grain. Excellent beef, butter, and cheese, are its principal productions. The mansion-house and farm of his honour Lieutenant-governor Gill, one of the most elegant situations and finest farms in* the commonwealth, is in this town, and adds much to its ornament and wealth. I handsome Congregational church has lately been erected on a high hill, and commands a most extensive and rich prospect of the surrounding country. Wachusett Mountain, the most noted in the state, is in the n. part of the township. Here, as in many other towns, is a valuable social library. Princeton was incorporated in 1759, and contains 1016 inhabitan's.]
[princeton, a post-town of New Jersey; situate partly in Middlesex, and partly in Somerset counties. Nassau Hall College, an institution which has produced a great number of eminent scholars, is very pleasantly situate in the compact part of this town. Here are about 80 dwelling-houses, and a brick Presbyterian church.
The college edifice is a handsome stone building, of 180 feet by 54, four stories high, and stands on an elevated and healthful spot, and commands an extensive and delightful prospect. The establishment, in 1796, consisted of a president, who is also professor of moral philosophy, theology, natural and revealed; history, and elo
quence; a professor of mathematics, natural philosophy, and astronomy; a professor of chymistry, which subject is treated in~reference to agriculture and manufactures, as well as medicine: besides these, two tutors have the instruction of the two lowest classes. The choice of the classical books, and the arrangement of the several branches of education, of the lectures, and of other literary exercises, are such, as to give the students the best opportunity for improvement, in the whole encyclopedia of science. The number of students is from 70 to 90, besides the ?;grammar school. The annual income of the colege at present, by the fees of the students, and otherwise, is about £ 1000 currency a year. It has, besides, funds in possession, through the extraordinary liberality of Mr. James Leslie of New York, and Mrs. Esther Richards of Railway, to the amount of 10,000 dollars, for the education of poor and pious youth for the ministry of the gospel; and the reversion of an estate in Philadelphia for the same purpose, of between £200.and £300 per annum, a legacy of the late Mr. Hugh Hodge, a man of eminent piety, which is to come to the college at the death of a very worthy and aged widow.
The college library was almost wholly destroyed during the late war; but out of the remains of that, and by the liberal donations of several gentlemen, chiefly in Scotland, it has collected one of about 2300 volumes. There arc besides this, in the college, two libraries belonging to the two literary societies, into which the students have arranged themselves, of about 1000 volumes; and the library of the president, consisting of 1000 volumes more, is always open to the students. Before the war this college was furnished with a philosophical apparatus, worth £500, which (except the elegant orrery constructed by Mr. Rittenhouse) was almost entirely destroyed by the British army in the late war.
Princeton is nine miles n. e. of Trenton, 15 s. w. of Brunswick, 41 s. w. of New York, and 32 n. e. of Philadelphia. Lat. 40° 21' 12" «. Long. 74° 44' 45" w.]
[princeton, a small post-town of N. Carolina, three miles from Murfreeborough, and 26 from Halifax.]
PRINCIPE, Santa Maria Del Puerto Del, a town of the island of Cuba, on the «. coast, and with a good port; in an extensive plain where they breed much cattle. Twentyfive leagues n. e. of Santiago de Cuba, and aa many from Bayamo.
Principe, another town, in the kingdom of Brazil; situate at the foot of the mountain Frio, near the rivtpr San Francisco.
Principe, a cape or point of land on the coast, which lies between the river Plata and the Straits of Magellan, in lat. 47° s.; between capes Blanco and S. Jorge.
Principe, Puerto Del, another town, in the island of St. Domingo, in the part possessed by the French; situate at the w. head, on the shore of a river.
[PRO. See Point Le Pro.] PROBAVIE, or River Du Cuivre, a river of Canada in N. America. It runs n. and enters the lake Superior, between the rivers Neovisacovat and Atokas.
PROFOND, a river of the province and colony of N. Carolina, which runs s. then turns e. and enters the Saxapahaw.
Profond, another, a small river in this province, which runs *. e. and enters the Pedi.
PROPHET, a river in Canada. It rises from the lake of Los Sioux, runs s. w. and enters the lake Dp liOis
[PROSPECT. Franckfort, in the district of Maine, is now so called. It adjoins Buckston on Penobscot River, and is 16 miles below Orrington.J
[prospect Harbour, on the ». coast of Nova Scotia, has Cape Sambro and Island e. and is two leagues n. e. of St. Margaret's Bay.]
[PROTECTWORTH, a township in the n. part of Cheshire County, New Hampshire. It was incorporated in 1769, and contains 210 inhabitants.]
PROVIDENCE, an island of the N. Sea, one of the Lucayas or Bahamas, and the second after that of Lucayoneca, to the 5. of which it lies. It was discovered by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage, in 1494; is 25 miles long, and nine wide, and is the residence of the governor of these islands, his abode being in the city of Nassau. The Indians called it Abacoa; but Mr. Saile, who was twice thrown upon it by stress of weather, changed its name to Providence. It is in the midst of some hundred others, the greater part of which are nothing more than shoals or rocks rising above the surface of the water.
This island was at first an asylum for the pirates, who for a long time infested the navigation of those seas; the which obliged the court of England to appoint a governor and establish a company of commerce for this island, about the middle of the sixteenth century. Its principal branch of trade consists in oranges, with which
it abounds, and in victuals and provisions for ships, which are frequently wrecked upon its coast, and which, sailing for the continent of America, are forced to touch here for fresh supplies. The provisions are brought hither from Carolina; and for this purpose it has magazines or store-houses; since the island of itself produces hardly any thing but oranges, salt, a little brazil-wood, maize, and pease, the latter being gathered three months after their sowing, ana the former six weeks. The coast abounds in fish of various and exquisite kinds; and in some parts there are many trees and plants.
The principal port is very dangerous, from a bar which it has at its entrance, and where there is only 16 feet water. The whole coast is indubitably much exposed, and dangerous for vessels, not only from the violence and various direction of the currents, which are such as to confound the most expert pilots, but from the roughness of the sea, and the frequent and terrible tempests of thunder, lightning, and rain, when the whole world seems coming to an end. The multitude of rocks and shoals which surround this island are, some of them, covered with water, others standing out of, and others on a level with it, all of them presenting so many obstacles to vessels desiring to approach the island; and this therefore is only attempted in cases of great necessity. The Spaniards have, on three occasions, driven out the English from this island: the first time in 1670, eight years after its establishment; the second time in 1703, and the last in 1781.
[NewProvidence, soon after it came into the possession of the British government, was made the seat of government in the colony of the Bahamas. This island is situated in lat. 25° 3' n. and between long. 77° 10" and 77° 38' &>. It is about 25 miles long and nine miles broad, narrowing towards the e. and w. extremities of the island. It has a good harbour, formed by Hog Island on the n. and by the main land of New Providence on the s. There is an entrance at each end of the harbour. Ships drawing 13 or 14 feet water may go over the bar at the w. entrance. That at the other end can only admit vessels of a shallow draught of water. A small light-house was erected in 1804, upon Fort Fincastle (which is situate on an eminence overlooking the town of Nassau), and there is a port of entry at Nassau, with a regular custom-house, which may be clearly discerned from vessels four or five leagues to the n. of New Providence.
The Island of New Providence differs little in its appearance, soil, productions, &c. from the
longing to the Governor of Rhode Island, was founded by Roger Williams, curate of a church of Brownists, in the Bay of Massachusetts, but which was by the justice put down, from the new opinions and doctrines he was broaching. He was followed by a considerable number of people, and he established them here without the knowledge of the government, giving to his new settlement the name of Providence. Here he lived 40 years, with such prudence and able conduct, as to regain the favour of his compatriots, and was recommended to the government of Massachusetts by some Englishmen of the first nobility. He wrote a treatise upon the doctrine of the Quakers, applied himself with particular zeal