gantic designs ;--that with philanthropy ever in its mouth, and malice and vengeance in its heart, talks of honour, and practises perjury & ;--of liberty, and exercises the most intolerant tyranny :-that harangues on the rights of man, while it makes property a crime, robbery a virtue, and not only perpetrates, but justifies murder". This execrable power, which alone


* André Dumont inveighed, Dec. 7, 1794. against the Jacobins,“ who, he said, with matchless impudence, were still talking of the rights of man, which in the most audacious manner they violated, by all kinds of cruelties and murders.” See the representation of their conduct as given in Fayette's Letter. Moore's Journal, vol. i. p. 114.

& The second or Legislative Assembly took the oath Oet. 4, 1791. to observe the law. The National Affembly was perjured in respect to the oath of fidelity which they swore to the King, as well as in respect to that which they swore to their constituents, &c. See the Manifesto of the Emperor of Germany, and King of Prussia, Ann. Register, 1792, p. 291. Every country they have visited bears witness to their systematic breach of the most solemn treaties, whenever it suits their convenience.

+ See the speech of Tallien in the Convention after the massacre of the second of September. Moore's Journal, vol. i. p. 376. “ The National Assembly of France was the only body of men that I ever heard of, who openly and systematically proposed to employ affaffi



can steel the hearts of its votaries against every feeling of nature', has dared to fanction treason", parricide!, lust“, and mas

nation, and to infitute a band of patriots, who should exercise this profession, either by sword, pistol, or poifon; and though the proposal wąs not carried into execution, it might be considered as the sentiment of the meeting ; for it was only delayed till it should be confidered how far it might not be imprudent, because they might expect reprisals.” Robison, p. 41).

i« I Ay far off from the cries of that execrable tribunal, which murders not only the victim, but which murders also the mercy of the people.” The poet Klopstock to the National Convention, An. Reg. 1792, p. 128. Il faut du sạng à ce peuple infortuné, dont on a detruit la morale, et corrompu l'instinct ; on se fert de tout, excepté la justice, pour lui en donner.” La Citoyenne Roland, tom. i. p. 195.

► Decree of fraternity and affiftance by the National Convention, Nov. 19, 1792. and answer of the Prefident, Nov. 21. decreed to be translated into all languages as the manifesto of all nations against kings. Decree for extending the French system to all countries occupied by their armies, Dec, 15, 1792.--Report from the diplomatic Committee, in which was founded the decree of the fifteenth of December, 1793:

It was no uncommon thing for the Assembly to decree honourable mention to fons who had denounced their parents, wives their husbands, and mothers their fons. Sept. 18, 1791. Philips of the Jacobin Club presented to the Legislative Assembly the heads of his father and mother, whom his patriotism had just sacri, ficed,

facre i


sacre"; and to infuse into the breasts of his subject multitudes, a new passion, which has funk them beneath the level of the brute creation—a passion for the fight of their fellow creatures in the agonies of death, and a literal thirst for human blood.

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This is the power that first enthroning seven hundred tyrants in the place of one king (deliberately murdered only because he was a king), ruled twenty-four millions of flaves with the iron fceptre of terror P, and


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* By a decree of the Convention, June 6, 1794. it is declared that “there is nothing criminal in the promiscuous commerce of the sexes.”

* See the Account of the massacres of the first, fecond, and third of September, 1792. and Danton's juftification of those massacres in a letter to the municipalities of France immediately after. Annual Register, p. 115-119.

• « If the despotism of a single individual is dangerous to liberty, how much more odious must be that of seven hundred men, many of whom are void of principles, without morals, and who have been able to reach that supremacy by cabals or crimes alone.” Gen. Dumourier to the French Nation. Annual Reg. 1793.

p. 154.

p « Ne vous y trompez pas (the tyrants of France in 1793.) c'est peut-être la destruction de la Royauté,


for five years made France a slaughter-houfe 9. -That formed the web of its laws, of the most complex and intricate texture', and changed them at the fancy of the moment, or for the express purpose of ensnaring the innocents; and, absolute in all things else, disdained to preserve the prerogative of mercy ::--That “ calling evil good, and good evil, putting darkness for light, and light for darkness,” has “ thought to change times and laws,” for the express purpose of destroying every vestige of true religion, and has deified Human Reason", after having degraded it to madness ;—That has fettered its vassals in the chains of requisition—a tyranny before unheard of,—that changed the artizans and peasants into a mass of banditti, deluged the country with torrents of their blood, and marked the frontiers with the vast piles of their bodies *. - That, throwing away the sword of justice, made the guillotine keep pace with the slaughter of the field of battle, and crowded the prisons with numbers greater than the captives of war Y—That, mingling

des ordres privilégiés, qui irrite contre vous la plậpart des gouvernemens de l'Europe ; mais ce qui fouleve les nations, c'est la barbarie de la nature de votre gouvernement; vous la retrouvez dans la terreur, et là où . il existoit un trône, vous avez élévé un échafaud.” Reflexions sur le Procés de la Reine, par une Femme.

9 See Hist. Epochs, and the list of the moft confiderable fufferers at the end.

July 19, 1793. Not less than 6800 decrees had been passed by the different Legislatures. Historical Epochs.

• The Emigrant Laws in particular.

? At the time when the most fanguinary laws were passed in France, laws which it was well known were executed with the most unfeeling severity by the remorseless Robespierre; there did not exist a forgiving power in any part of the executive government. Persons whose names were inserted in lifts of proscription were condemned after a mock trial by jury; and every application for mercy was rejected with the declaration, that they had no power to pardon or to fave.


* Paris, Nov. 12, 1793. A grand festival dedicated to Reason and Truth was yesterday celebrated in the ci-devant cathedral of Paris. In the middle of this church was erected a mount, and on it a very plain temple, the façade of which bore the following inscription : A la Philosophie.--Before the gate of this temple were. placed the busts of the moft celebrated Philosophers. The torch of Truth was in the summit of the mount upon the altar of Reason, spreading light. The Convention and all the constituted authorities affifted at the ceremony.” Sun Paper. Robison, p. 252.

* See the account of the successive slaughters made by the allies in Hift. Epochs, p. 78.

y All the goals of Paris had been found infufficient for the increased number of prisoners under the new

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