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Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must
be just, ruling in the fear of God: and he shall be as the
light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning
without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the
V.-Preached at the Temple Church, Nov. 20, 1715.
ACTS VII. 25.-For he supposed his brethren would
have understood how that God by his hand would deliver
them; but they understood not.
VI.-Preached before the Incorporated Society for the Pro-
pagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, at St. Mary-le-
MATTHEW IV. 17.-From that time Jesus began to
preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is
VII.-Preached before the House of Commons at St. Marga-
ret's, Westminster, June 7, 1716; being the day of public
thanksgiving to Almighty God for suppressing the unna-
· ACTS xx. 35.-I have showed you all things, how that
so laboring ye ought to support the weak; and to remember
the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed
X.-Preached before the House of Lords at Westminster
MARK III. 24.-If a kingdom be divided against itself,
them, considered.-Preached before the Lord Mayor, &c.
at St. Bride's, on Monday in Easter week, April 22, 1728.
MATTHEW XVIII. 29. 30.-And his fellow-servant fell
down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience
with me, and I will pay thee all. And he would not; but
went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt. 394
XI.—The nature and extent of charity.-Preached at St. Mar-
garet's, Westminster, before the Trustees of the Infirmary
in James Street, April 26, 1735.
LUKE X. 36. 37.-Which now of these three, thinkest
thou, was neighbor unto him that fell among thieves? And
he said, He that showed mercy on him. Then said Jesus
XII.-Preached before the Society, corresponding with the
Incorporated Society in Dublin, for promoting English
Protestant Schools in Ireland, at St. Mary-le-Bow, March
DEUTERONOMY XXXII. 45. 46.-And Moses made an
end of speaking all these words to all Israel: And he said
unto them, Set your hearts unto all the words which I tes-
tify among you this day, which ye shall command your
children to observe to do, all the words of this law
XIII.-Preached at St. Sepulchre's, May 21, 1719, at the an-
niversary meeting of the children educated in the charity
2 CORINTHIANS IX. 12.-For the administration of thi
service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but i
SUMMARY OF DISCOURSE LI.
TITUS, CHAP. II.-VERSE 14.
THE expression here used, Who gave himself for us, is so familiar to the ears of Christians, and its reference to the death of our Saviour is so well known, that there is no need to illustrate it by parallel passages. The expressions in 1 Tim. ii. 61. and Gal. i. 4. are somewhat fuller, but their import is the same. This doctrine of the gospel, viz. man's salvation purchased by Christ's death, is that great mystery hid from ages, but now manifested by the preaching of the Apostles and Prophets. Yet, though it be made known and manifest to us, that we may not suppose ourselves intitled to call for the reasons on which it is founded, it is necessary to observe that the gospel is a revelation of the will and purpose of God: the reasons of his so acting are not revealed to us, nor have we authority to say they ever will be. Under the law, God's purpose to save mankind is intimated; under the gospel it is proclaimed to all the world; but neither of them instructs us in the reasons of this proceeding: but having life and immortality set before us in God's own way, we are left to embrace them through faith, The gospel then being offered as a matter of faith,
confirmed by signs and wonders as security for its promises, he acts without commission, who proposes it as a matter of science and knowlege, and as the result of mere reason, or who pretends to account for the inscrutable methods of God's wisdom. To a person inquiring why God required such a sacrifice for sins, when he might have forgiven them, we may answer, God has not admitted us to his secret counsels, or openly declared them. We preach Christ's death, a sacrifice for sin, himself the resurrection and the life, and the judge of the world: if you ask for our evidence, we answer with St. Peter, To him give all the prophets witness, &c. (Acts x. 43.), with our Saviour (John x. 25.), with St. Paul (Acts xvii. 31.) On this evidence the faith of the gospel stands; the Christian's hope rests not on curious speculations, but on this, that all the promises of God in Christ are yea, and amen, that is, sure, certain, and irrevocable. The death of Christ, according to the Scripture, was ordained before the foundation of the world; and since, through faith in his death, God intended to offer salvation to the world, it is reasonable to suppose that the sacrifices before and under the law were introduced in order to prepare and dispose men to receive the tender of God's mercies, in virtue of the one sacrifice to be offered for the sins of the whole world. Sacrifices in the heathen world, though corrupt, and applied to corrupt purposes, yet appear in the religious worship of the best men in the earliest times, and were established in the church of God's own founding among the Israelites. Had they originally been matter of superstition or human invention, though we may suppose God's gracious acceptance of the free-will offering of a weak mind, yet we cannot suppose that he would adopt the superstition, and make it a necessary part of a religion of his own establishment. To avoid this absurdity, it must be said that the use of sacrifices was divinely introduced for the atonement of sins; if so, they had such virtue as God thought fit to annex to the perform