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Where he paused to listen and look down
6 Beneath, in the church-yard, lay the dead
In their night-encampment on the hill,
7 Meanwhile, impatient to mount and ride,
Booted and spurred, with a heavy stride,
8 And lo! as he looks, on the belfry's height,
A glimmer, and then a gleam of light!
9 A hurry of hoofs in a village-street,
A shape in the moonlight, a bulk in the dark,
It was twelve by the village-clock,
It was one by the village-clock,
12 It was two by the village-clock,
When he came to the bridge in Concord town.
13 You know the rest. In the books
14 So through the night rode Paul Revere ;
And so through the night went his cry of alarm
WASHINGTON AT MOUNT VERNON.
[This sketch of Washington's manner of life, from the close of the old French war to the beginning of the revolution, is from the first volume of Irving's “Life of Washington.”]
Mount VERNON was beautifully situated on a swelling height, crowned with wood, and commanding a magnificent view up and down the Potomac. The grounds immedi
ately about it were laid out somewhat in the English 5 taste. The estate was apportioned into separate farms,
devoted to different kinds of culture, cach having its allot.
ted laborers ; much, however, was still covered with wild woods, seamed with deep dells and runs of water, and indented with inlets-haunts of deer and lurking-places of
foxes. The whole woody region along the Potomac from 5 Mount Vernon to Belvoir, and far beyond, with its range
of forests, and hills, and picturesque promontories, afforded sport of various kinds, and was a noble hunting-ground. Washington had hunted through it with old Lord Fairfax
in his stripling days; we do not wonder that his feelings 10 throughout life incessantly reverted to it.
"No estate in United America,” observes he in one of his letters, " is more pleasantly situated — in a high and healthy country; in a latitude between the extremes of
heat and cold ; on one of the finest rivers in the world, a 15 river well stocked with various kinds of fish at all seasons
of the year, and in the spring with shad, herring, bass, carp, sturgeon, &c., in great abundance. The borders of the estate are washed by more than ten miles of tide.
water; several valuable fisheries appertain to it; the whole 20 shore, in fact, is one entire fishery.”
These were as yet the aristocratical days of Virginia. The estates were large, and continued in the same families by entail. Many of the wealthy planters were connected
with old families in England. The young men, especially 25 the elder sons, were often sent to finish their education
there, and on their return brought out the tastes and habits of the mother country. The governors of Vir. ginia were from the higher ranks of society, and main
tained a corresponding state. The established" or 30 Episcopal church predominated throughout the ancient
dominion,” as it was termed; each county was divided into parishes, as in England — each with its parochial church, its parsonage, and glebe.
A style of living prevailed among the opulent Virginia 35 families in those days that has long since faded away.
The houses were spacious, commodious, liberal in all their
appointments, and fitted to cope with the free-handed, open-hearted hospitality of the owners. Nothing was more common than to see handsome services of plate, ele
gant equipages, and superb carriage horses — all imported 5 from England.
The Virginia planters were prone to leave the care of their estates too much to their overseers, and to think personal labor a degradation. Washington carried into
his rural affairs the same method, activity, and circum10 spection that had distinguished him in military life. He
kept his own accounts, posted up his books, and balanced them with mercantile exactness. We have examined them, as well as his diaries recording his daily occupations, and
his letter-books, containing entries of shipments of tobacco, 15 and correspondence with his London agents. They are
monuments of his business habits. The products of his estate also became so noted for the faithfulness, as to quantity and quality, with which they were put up, that
it is said any barrel of flour that bore the brand of 20 George Washington, Mount Vernon, was exempted from
the customary inspection in the West India ports. He rose early, often before daybreak in the winter when the nights were long. On such occasions he lighted his own
fire, and wrote or read by candlelight. He breakfasted 25 at seven in summer, at eight in winter. Two small cups
of tea, and three or four cakes of Indian meal, (called hoe-cakes,) formed his frugal repast. Immediately after breakfast he mounted his horse, and visited those parts of
the estate where any work was going on, seeing to every30 thing with his own eyes, and often aiding with his own hand.
Washington delighted in the chase. In the hunting season, when he rode out early in the morning to visit
distant parts of the estate, he often took some of the dogs 35 with him, for the chance of starting a fox, which he occasionally did, though he was not always successful in kill