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AN

INTRODUCTION

TO THE

CRITICAL STUDY AND KNOWLEDGE

OF THE

HOLY SCRIPTURES.

BY

THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE, B.D.

OF SAINT JOHN'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE;

RECTOR OF THE UNITED PARISHES OF SAINT EDMUND THE KING AND MARTYR AND SAINT NICHOLAS ACONS,

LOMBARD STREET; PREBENDARY OF SAINT PAUL'S.

NEW EDITION,

FROM THE EIGHTH LONDON EDITION, CORRECTED AND ENLARGED.

ILLUSTRATED WITH NUMEROUS MAPS AND FAC-SIMILES OF BIBLICAL MANUSCRIPTS.

VOLUME II.

Philadelphia:
PUBLISHED BY JOSEPH WHETHAM, 144 CHESTNUT STREET.

STEREOTYPED BY L. JOHNSON.

1840.

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PART I.

SKETCH OF THE HISTORICAL AND PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

PART II.

OF THE HOLY LAND.

CHAPTER 1. Historical Geography of the Holy Land. PAGE

POLITICAL ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS.

CHAPTER I. Different Forms of Government, and

1. Names : : : : : : : : : 13, 14 Political State of the Hebrews, or Jews, from the

II. Boundaries

III. Inhabitants before the Conquest of Canaan by the

Patriarchal T'imes to the Babylonian Captivity.

Israelites

IV. Division by Joshua.--Allotments of the Twelve

Tribes

. . . 16, 17 II. Government under Moses,-a Theocracy; its Na-

V. The Kingdom under David and Solomon : :

ture and Design

VI. The K oms of Judah and Israel

1. Heads, or Princes of Tribes and Families

VTI. Divisions in the Time of Jesus Christ

2. Jethronian Prefects, or Judges appointed by

YIIL Account of the City of JERUSALEM -

Moses

1. Names.

3. The Senate, or Council of Seventy Assessors

2. Situation

4. Scribes

3. Fortifications and Walls

Ill. Government of the

4. State of the City before the fatal War of the

IV. Regal Government instituted

Jews with the Romans

1. Functions and Privileges of the Kings .

5. Remarkable Buildings .

2. Inauguration of the Kings .

6. Notice of the successive Captures of the City

3. Chief Distinctions of Majesty ..

7. Sketch of its present State. ..

4. Scriptural Allusions to the Courts of Sove-

IX. Later Divisions of Palestine -

reigns and Princes explained . .

1. Under the Romans

V. Revenues of the Kings of Israel . .

2. In the Time of the Crusades

VI. Magistrates under the Monarchy. . . .

3. Modern Divisions under the Turkish Govern-

VII. Officers of the Palace . . .

ibVIII. The Royal Harem .

ment· · · · · · ·

IX. Promulgation of Laws.

X. The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel founded

Chapter II. Physical Geography of the Holy Land.

Schism between the Twelve Tribes; its latent

Causes.

Section I. Climate, Seasons, and Physical Appear.

XI. Reasons why the Kingdom of Judah subsisted

ance of the Country.

longer than that of Israel .

XII. State of the Hebrews during the Babylonish Cap-

I. Climate

tivity . . . . .

II. Seasons

1. Seed-time ..

2. Winter

CHAPTER II. Political State of the Jews, from their

3. The Cold Season, or Winter Solstice :

Return from the Babylonish Captivity to the Sub-

4. Harvest . . .

version of their Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.

5. Summer

.

6. The Hot Season.-Heavy Dews

Section I. Political State of the Jews under the Mac-
ill. Rivers, Lakes, Wells, and Fountains.-Cisterns and

cabees, and the Sovereigns of the Herodian Family.
Pools of Solomon

IV Mountains

I. Brief Account of the Maccabees . . . .

V. Valleys .

II. Sovereigns of the Herodian Family :-

VI. Caverns . . . . . .

1. Herod the Great-St. Matthew's Narrative

VII. Plains

of his Murder of the Infants at Bethlehem

VIII. Deserts

confirmed .

Horrors and Dangers of Travelling in the Great

2. Archelaus .

Desert of Arabia

• . . 34, 35

3. Herod Antipas . .

4. Philip . . . .

Sectiox II. On the Fertility and Productions of the

5. Herod Agrippa .

Holy Land.

6. Agrippa, Junior

7. Bernice and Drusilla .

I. Fertility of the Holy Land . . . . . 35
II. Its Productions :-

SECTION II. Political State of the Jews under the

1. Vegetables . .

Roman Procurators, to the Subversion of their

2 Cattle · · · · · ·

3. Mines

· ·

Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.

. .
III. Testimonies of Ancient and Modern Authors to its

I. Powers and Functions of the Roman Procurators.
Fertility and Populousness

37, 38 II. Political and Civil State of the Jews under their
IV. Calamities with which this Country was visited :-

Administration .

1. The Plague . . . . . . .

III. Account of Pontius Pilate

2. Earthquakes . . . .

IV. And of the Procurators, Felix, Festus, and Gessius

3. Whirlwinds.

Florus . . . . . . . . .

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Section IV. On the Punishments mentioned in the

Scriptures.

Design of Punishments.-Classification of Jewish

Punishments

.

.

I. PUNISHMENTS, nor Capitu.

* 1. Sc

2. Retaliation

3. Restitution.-Pecuniary Fines . .
4. Offerings in the Nature of Punishment .
5. Imprisonment.-Oriental Mode of treating

Prisoners . . . . . . .
6. Banishment. .
7. Depriving them of Sight . . . .
8. Cutting or plucking off the Hair . .

9. Excommunication . .

II. CAPITAL PUNISHMENTS:

1. SI with the Sword

Office of the Goël . . . . . .

2. Stoning . . . . . . . . .

3. Burning to Death . . .

4. Decapitation

5. Precipitation . . . .

6. Drowning . . . . . .

7. Bruising in a Mortar . .

8. Dichotomy, or Cutting asander . .
9. TUJAA avitMas, or Beating to Death . . .
10. Exposing to Wild Beasts .

11. Crucifixion . . . . . .

.....

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V 1. Divisions of the Roman Army, and Roman Mili-

tary Officers, mentioned in the New Testament
II. Allusions to the Armour of the Romans
III. Allusions to their Military Discipline.-Strict Sub-

ordination.-Rewards of the Soldiers who dis-
tinguished themselves . .

. . .

IV. Allusions to the Roman Triamphis . . .

93, 94

94, 95

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