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C17800 1893

PREFACE.

IBLICAL Study was greatly stimulated among English-speaking people

by the appearance of the Revised Version. Much attention has of late years been directed to the examination of the original Text of the Bible, and to the investigation of the literary character of the various books. Explorations and discoveries in the East are constantly furnishing new matter for Biblical illustration.

The present Volume is intended to supply such information on the Structure and Text of the Bible, and the way in which its composite material was gathered together, as may enable the English reader to understand questions now largely discussed. The papers which deal with these matters are supplemented by an account, written by the Bishop of Durham, of the Sacred Books of Præ-christian religions, and by a history the English Bible.

A large space has been devoted to a description of the contents of the several books of both Testaments and of the Apocrypha. In the New Testament special attention is bestowed on the Arguments of the separate Epistles and on, a subject now much discussed, the relations of the Gospels to one another.

The external history of Israel has been drawn into a continuous narrative, and the religious history of the nation is sketched in the development of the Messianic hope. To the history of the Apostolic Age is appended an account of the condition of the Jews Greeks and Romans at that time.

Biblical Chronology has been presented in the traditional form, which appears in the margins of our Bibles, but throughout the History of the Kingdoms, where the Inscriptions furnish trustworthy grounds for modification, such changes as appear warranted have been introduced into the Tables in a separate column.

The Antiquities of the Bible, and the Geology, Climate, Geography, and Natural History of the Holy Land, are treated of in separate articles.

Much care has been bestowed on the Index of Proper Names, in which all the changes made in the Revised Version are recorded. The volume is made complete by a Glossary of Bible Words, an Index of Subjects, and a Concordance of considerable fulness.

An entirely new set of maps has been provided, and in that which illustrates the Travels of St Paul account has been taken of the latest investigations concerning the roads in Asia Minor.

CAMBRIDGE,

December, 1892.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

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PAGE

GENERAL INDEX

viii-xii

I. THE STRUCTURE OF THE BIBLE

1-4

1. The Bible and its names.- Old and New Testaments

1

2. Groups of Books of the Old Testament (Pentateuch, Historical Books, Poetical

Books, Prophets)

Note on Hebrew and other groupings

3. Groups of Books of the New Testament (Gospels, Acts, Pauline Epistles, Catholic

Epistles, Revelation)

Note on other groupings

4

By the Rev. H. E. RYLE, B.D.,

Hulsean Professor of Divinity.

II. THE LIMITS AND GROWTH OF THE BIBLE

4-15

1. History of the Canon of the Old Testament

The Apocrypha and other apocryphal books

2. History of the Canon of the New Testament

Note on secondary and apocryphal books

14

By the Rev. Professor RYLE, B.D.
Appendix on Sacred Books of other faiths .

15—21

By the Right Rev. B. F. WESTCOTT, D.D.,

Lord Bishop of Durham.

III. THE PRESERVATION AND TRANSLATION OF THE BIBLE

21-35

A. Preservation of the Text of the Bible.

1. The Text of the Old Testament

21

a. History and Present State of the Hebrew Text.

22

b. Textual Evidence for the Old Testament.

Hebrew Manuscripts

24

B. Ancient Versions (Samaritan Pentateuch, Targums, Septuagint and deri-

vative Versions, other Greek Versions, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and others) 24

Quotations in Talmud, Midrashim, &c. .

24

By the Rev. Dr SINKER,

Librarian of Trinity College, Cambridge.

2. The Text of the New Testament, History and Present State

25

ar Materials for Criticism

25

Greek Manuscripts, New Testament and Lectionaries

25

B. Ancient Versions (Latin, Syriac, Egyptian, Ethiopic, Armenian, Gothic)

25

y. Quotations in the Fathers

26

6. Methods of Criticism:

27

Note on the Text of secondary and apocryphal books

28

By the Rev. J. O. F. MURRAY, M.A.,

Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

B. Translations of the Bible.

1. Ancient Translations

29

Samaritan Pentateuch and the Targums (Old Testament)

29

b. Septuagint and other Greek Versions of the Old Testament

29

C. Syriac.

Latin.

Gothic

29

f. Other Ancient Translations

30

By the Rev. Dr SINKER.

2. History of the lish Bible

30

By the Rev. Dr Moulton,

Head Master of the Leys School, Cambridge.

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