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AN INQUIRY INTO THE HERESIES, OF

THE APOSTOLIC AGE,

IN

EIGHT SERMONS

PREACHED BEFORE

THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD,

IN THE YEAR MDCCCXXIX.

AT THE

LECTURE

FOUNDED BY

THE REV. JOHN BAMPTON, M. A.

CANON OF SALISBURY.

BY

THE REV. EDWARD BURTON, D.D.

REGIUS PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY AND CANON OF CHRIST CHURCH.

P OXFORI

PRINTED BY SAMUEL COLLINGWOOD, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY,

FOR THE AUTHOR.

SOLD BY J. PARKER; AND BY C. AND J. RIVINGTON, LONDON,

MDCCCXXIX.

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CONTENTS.

LECTURE II.

Means of ascertaining the doctrines of the early heretics.

Necessity and utility of consulting the Fathers. The early here.

tics were Gnostics. Outline of the Gnostic philosophy. It has

been traced to three sources. Examination of two of them, the

Eastern doctrine of two Principles, and the Jewish Cabbala.

Col. ii. 8.

Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit,

after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and

not after Christ. -

29.

LECTURE III.

Examination of the third and principal source, the Platonic
philosophy. Effect of the foundation of Alexandria upon Gre-
cian philosophy. Jews in Alexandria. Essenes. Rise of the

eclectic philosophy and of Gnosticism. Peculiar use of the term
Knowledge. Allusions to this knowledge in the New Testament.

LECTURE IV.

Simon Magus the parent of Gnostic heresies. His history.
Doctrine of Æons. Passages in the New Testament concerning
Æons.

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LECTURE V.

Tertullian mistaken concerning Elements. Opinion of the
Gnostics concerning the Pleroma. Allusions to this opinion in
the New Testament. Gnostics denied the inspiration of the
prophets; and the Resurrection. Heretics mentioned by name
in the New Testament. Moral practice of the Gnostics of two
opposite kinds.

Fatal effect of their licentiousness upon Chris-
tianity. Nicolaitans.

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Gospel of St. John. That apostle accused of corrupting the
Gospel. Justin Martyr defended from the charge of introducing
Platonism. Peculiar use of the term Logos by St. John. The
term not so used in other parts of scripture, nor in the Targums.
Date of St. John's writings. The term itself was borrowed from
the Platonists or the Gnostics. St. John's intention in writing
his Gospel.

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