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INDEX

Abrado, Marchioness, bride of to cross Sierras, 271; leads
Ulloa, 240

colony to San Francisco,
Ácoma, Alvarado reaches, 94; 272-76

Castañeda's description of, Apache Indians, Estevanico
94; Espejo goes to, 168; crosses present reservation
Oñate captures, 174

of, 83; and Coronado, 99;
Aguayo, Marquis de, Texas part in Pueblo Revolt (1680),
expedition, 227

179; Spanish policy regard-
Alabama, De Soto in, 51, 59 ing, 190; Kino and, 200;
60

depredations in Sonora, 201;
Alamo (San Antonio), mission block trade with New Mex-
started, 226

ico, 230; Mézières's cam-
Alaniz, companion of Vaca, 30; paign of extermination, 252;
death, 31

steal horses of Anza's colo-
Alarcón coöperates with Coro nists, 275
nado, 89, 107

Appalachee Bay, Narváez
Albuquerque, 183; textiles reaches, 23
manufactured at, 185

Appalachen, Indian town in
Alva, Duke of, on Spanish northern Florida, 21, 22

subjection of Louisiana, Aquixo (Arkansas) cacique
242-43

visits De Soto, 65-66
Alvarado, Hernando de, mem Aranda, Count of, on Spanish

ber of Coronado's expedi acquisition of Louisiana, 242
tion, 94-95, 96

Arbadaos Indians, Vaca
Alvarado, Pedro de, conqueror

among, 39-40
of Guatemala, death (1541), Arellano, Tristán de Luna y,
107

with Coronado's expedition,
Amazons, legend of California, 89, 92, 100, 102; Florida
.105, 106

expedition, 131-32; replaced
Amichel, Spanish name for as leader by Villafañe, 132
Texas coast, 10

Arikara Indians, fur traders
Anian, Strait of, quest of

among, 255
fabled, 108, 117, 174, 208; Arizona, settlement, 188; mis-
Drake and, 113, 114, 169; sions in, 191; Kino's mission-
leads to discovery of Bering ary enterprise, 192, 193–96,
Strait, 118, 258

198–201; Jesuit missionary
Anza, Juan Bautista, Califor revival (1732), 201; silver
nia expedition, 269-72; first discovered, 201-02; origin

can

Belén, mission settlement at,

185
Beltrán, Father, Franciscan,

accompanies Espejo, 168
Benavides, Father, account of

Queres mission, 178
Bent, Charles, American pio

neer, 187
Bercerillo, dog belonging to

Ponce de León, 5
Bering, Vitus, expedition, 258
Beteta, Gregorio de, Domini-

monk, accompanies
Fray Luís Cancer, 123, 125,

126, 127; with Villafañe, 133
Bienville, J. B. le Moyne,

Sieur de, brother of Iber-
ville, Governor of Louisiana,
220; founds New Orleans,
220; captures Pensacola,
226; protests transfer of

Louisiana to Spain, 237
Biloxi, French fort built at, 219
Bimini, Island of, Ponce de

Leon seeks, 6
Biscayne Bay, Spanish fort on,

154
Boisblanc, leader in Louisiana

revolt, 248
Bolton, H. E., ed., Kino's

Historical Memoir, quoted,

198-99, 203-04
Boneo, Governor, and St.

Denis, 229, 230
Boone, Daniel, 256
Bormé, fur trader, 251
Boscana, Padre, preserves In-

dian song, 289
Boyano, Sergeant, with Me

néndez, 153, 158
Braud, arrested after Louisi-

ana revolt, 246; released,

247
British East India Company,

115
Bua, Governor of San Juan

pueblo, Popé slays, 179
Bucarely, Viceroy, Anza and,

272

Arizona-Continued

of name, 201; added to

United States, 257
Arkansas, De Soto traverses,

51, 65; Moscoso crosses,

75
Ascensión, Father, accompan-
ies Vizcaíno's expedition,

115, 267
Asinai (Texas) Indians, Massa-

net goes to, 216; welcome

Spaniards, 225
Aubry,
commands

French
army at New Orleans, 238,
239, 244; and Ulloa, 241;
and O'Reilly, 245, 246; sails
for France, 249; drowned,

249
Austin, Moses, Spanish grants

to, 256, 257
Avavares Indians, Vaca among

the, 58-39
Avilés, Pedro Menéndez de, see

Menéndez

Atacant, maission founded at, Bi

159
Ayllón, Lucas Vásquez de,
expedition into Florida, 12-
13; obtains patent to Chi-
cora, 15; settlement, 16-18;

death (1526), 18
Aztecs, conquest by Cortés, 12;

worth trouble of conquering,
190

Bacallaos River (St. Lawrence),

150; see also St. Lawrence

River
Baez, Brother, Jesuit, compiles

first grammar in United

States, 159
Bahama Channel, Ponce de

León discovers, 9
Balboa, Vasco Nuñez de, De

Soto brother-in law to, 46
Barrientos, historian of Me-

néndez, quoted, 149
Beaujeu, naval commander

with La Salle, 209-10

Burr, Aaron, plans filibustering

raid, 257

Caliquen, De Soto at, 53, 54-

55

Cabeza de Vacan Alvar Nuñez,

see Vaca
Cabrillo, Juan Rodríguez, com-

mands sea expedition of
Mendoza, 108–11; death

(1543), 111
Cadillac, Governor of Louisi-

ana, 220

Cale, De Soto at, 52, 53
California, Montalvo's legend

of island of, 105; Cortés
names, 107; Cabrillo's ex-
pedition to, 108–12; Urda-
neta reaches, 112-13; Drake
on coast of, 113; Cermeño
seeks port on coast of, 114;
Vizcaíno's expedition, 114-
119; Viceroy urges efforts be
concentrated on, 177; Fran-
ciscans in, 206; missions,
206, 279-87; added to
United States, 257; settle-
ment, 258 et seq.; Portola's
expedition, 259-68; Anza's
expedition, 269-72; colony
led by Anza to San Francisco,
272–76; other settlements,
277; Serra's work in, 277-
279, 281; Government policy
regarding missions, 282-84;
secularization of missions,
283-84; colonization, 289;
primitive life in, 290–95;

bibliography, 301-02
California, Gulf of, Oñate

explores, 176
California, Lower, discovered,

106; Vizcaíno commissioned
to colonize, 114; Jesuits in,
188, 191, 196, 197, 202-05,
206; Kino's missionary, en-
terprise, 192, 196; Salvatierra
in, 196, 197, 202-05; Kino's
theory of geography of, 197;
Dominicans in, 206; bibliog-
raphy, 300

Canada settled by French,

129
Cañaveral, Cape, Ponce de

León at, 8
Cancer, Luís, Dominican friar,

Florida expedition, 121–28,

189
Canoes, Town of, Cabrillo at,

110
Cape Fear River, Ayllón calls

Jordan, 17
Cárdenas, López de, views

Grand Canyon, 92, 93
Caresse, leader in Louisiana

revolt, 248
Carlos, cacique in Florida, 8,

11
Carlos III of Spain, accession,

232; reforms, 233, 234
Carolina, De Soto in, 51; see

also North Carolina, South

Carolina
Caroline, Fort, French settle-

ment, 136, 137; menace to
New Spain, 138; Ribaut at,
140, 144; Menéndez mas-
sacres French at, 145; re-
christened Fort San Mateo,
146; French reprisal at,

157-58
Carson, Kit, 187
Cartagena, sacked by English,

162
Cartier, Jacques, discovers St.

Lawrence River, 128, 150
Castañeda, historian of Coro-

nado's expedition, 90, 165;
describes Grand Canyon,
92-93; on Acoma, 94; de-
scription of Texas country,

99-100
Castillo, Vaca and, 28, 36, 38,

39
Catherine de' Medici, Philip II

marries daughter of, 135;
Philip and, 139; and mas-
sacre of Ribaut's colony, 155

Catholics, with Laudonnière's

colony, 136; in France, 139;

see also names of orders
Cavelier, Abbé Jean, brother of

La Salle, 211
Cavendish, burns the Santa

Ana, 113
Celis, Rubín de, hacienda of,

185
Cermeño, commander

of
Philippine galleon, 114
Chamuscado, Francisco, leads

soldiers in New Mexico ex-
pedition, 166; death, 168
Charles II of Spain, death,

219
Charles V and Ponce de León,

6, 10; Ayllón obtains patent
from, 15; De Soto and, 47;
bans fiction from Indies,
105; master of Europe, 128
Charleston founded (1670),

163, 208
Charlotte Bay, Spanish fort

on, 154
Charlotte Harbor, Ponce de

León lands near, 11
Cherokee Indians, De Soto

among, 59
Chesapeake Bay, Menéndez

projects settlement on, 154;
Father Segura founds mis-
sion, 159; see also Santa

Maria, Bay of
Chickasaw Indians, De Soto

among, 63-64
Chicora, 18; Gordillo lands in,

13; mythical tales of, 14-
15; Ayllón obtains patent to,
15; colony taken to, 16-17
Chicorana, Francisco, Indian

taken captive by Gordilla,
13; tells myths of Chicora,
14-15; deserts Ayllón, 17
Chouteaus, fur traders, 252
Chozas, Pedro, Franciscan,

160
Cibola, Estevanico learns of

the Seven Cities, 82; Fray

Marcos seeks, 82-83; origin
of name, 82 (note); Estevan.
ico seized at, 83, 85; Fray
Marcos tells of, 87-88; Cor.
onado seeks, 89, 90; Ribaut
learns of, 136; further search

for, 166; see also Seven Cities
Clamorgan, fur trader, 252, 254
Clark, G. R., 253
Coahuila, French menace, 213;

León Governor of, 214;

French plan to conquer, 226
Coligny, Admiral of France,

sends out colony under Lau-
donnière, 135-36; and mas-
sacre of colony, 155; and

Gourgues' expedition, 156
Colorado added to United

States, 257
Colorado River, Kino explores,

197
Columbia River, myth of

River of the West leads to

discovery of, 118
Columbus, Diego, Governor of

Española, 6; sets Indians

free, 13
Comanche Indians, block trade

with New Mexico, 230; Vial
in country of, 254
“Company of Explorers of the

Missouri,” 255
Cook, Captain James, 277
Coosa, De Soto at, 59-60;

Arellano wishes to go to,
132; Menéndez at, 150–

151
Coronado, Francisco Vásques

de, heads expedition, 80;
at Culiacán, 81; expedition,
88–103, 106, 108, 165; treach-

ery towards Indians, 97
Cortés, Francisco, nephew of

Hernando, 106
Cortés, Hernando, conquest of

Aztecs, 3, 12; Ponce emu-
lates, 10–11; and Narváez,
19; and Amazon legend,
106, 107

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