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INDEX

Abrado, Marchioness, bride of to cross Sierras, 271; leads
Ulloa, 240

colony to San Francisco,
Ácoma, Alvarado reaches, 94; 272-76

Castañeda's description of, Apache Indians, Estevanico
94; Espejo goes to, 168; crosses present reservation
Oñate captures, 174

of, 83; and Coronado, 99;
Aguayo, Marquis de, Texas part in Pueblo Revolt (1680),
expedition, 227

179; Spanish policy regard-
Alabama, De Soto in, 51, 59 ing, 190; Kino and, 200;
60

depredations in Sonora, 201;
Alamo (San Antonio), mission block trade with New Mex-
started, 226

ico, 230; Mézières's cam-
Alaniz, companion of Vaca, 30; paign of extermination, 252;
death, 31

steal horses of Anza's colo-
Alarcón coöperates with Coro nists, 275
nado, 89, 107

Appalachee Bay, Narváez
Albuquerque, 183; textiles reaches, 23
manufactured at, 185

Appalachen, Indian town in
Alva, Duke of, on Spanish northern Florida, 21, 22

subjection of Louisiana, Aquixo (Arkansas) cacique
242-43

visits De Soto, 65-66
Alvarado, Hernando de, mem- | Aranda, Count of, on Spanish

ber of Coronado's expedi acquisition of Louisiana, 242
tion, 94-95, 96

Arbadaos Indians, Vaca
Alvarado, Pedro de, conqueror among, 39-40

of Guatemala, death (1541), Arellano, Tristán de Luna y,
107

with Coronado's expedition,
Amazons, legend of California, 89, 92, 100, 102; Florida
105, 106

expedition, 131-32; replaced
Amichel, Spanish name for as leader by Villafañe, 132
Texas coast, 10

Arikara Indians, fur traders
Anian, Strait of, quest of among, 255

fabled, 108, 117, 174, 208; Arizona, settlement, 188; mis-
Drake and, 113, 114, 169; sions in, 191; Kino's mission-
leads to discovery of Bering ary enterprise, 192, 193–96,
Strait, 118, 258

198–201; Jesuit missionary
Anza, Juan Bautista, Califor revival (1782), 201; silver
“nia expedition, 269–72; first I discovered201-02; origin

75

Arizona-Continued

Belén, mission settlement at,
of name, 201; added to 185
United States, 257

Beltrán, Father, Franciscan,
Arkansas, De Soto traverses, accompanies Espejo, 168
51, 65; Moscoso crosses, Benavides, Father, account of

Queres mission, 178
Ascensión, Father, accompan Bent, Charles, American pio-

ies Vizcaíno's expedition, neer, 187
115, 267

Bercerillo, dog belonging to
Asinai (Texas) Indians, Massa-

Ponce de León, 5
net goes to, 216; welcome Bering, Vitus, expedition, 258
Spaniards, 225

Beteta, Gregorio de, Domini-
Aubry, commands French can monk, accompanies

army at New Orleans, 238, Fray Luís Cancer, 123, 125,
239, 244; and Ulloa, 241; 126, 127; with Villafañe, 133
and O'Reilly, 245, 246; sails| Bienville, J. B. le Moyne,
for France, 249; drowned, Sieur de, brother of Iber-
249

ville, Governor of Louisiana,
Austin, Moses, Spanish grants 220; founds New Orleans,
to, 256, 257 ,

220; captures Pensacola,
Avavares Indians, Vaca among 226; protests transfer of
the, 38-39

Louisiana to Spain, 237
Avilés, Pedro Menéndez de, see Biloxi, French fort built at, 219
Menéndez

Bimini, Island of, Ponce de
Axacan, mission founded at, Leon seeks, 6
159

Biscayne Bay, Spanish fort on,
Ayllón, Lucas Vásquez de,

154
expedition into Florida, 12 Boisblanc, leader in Louisiana
13; obtains patent to Chi revolt, 248
cora, 15; settlement, 16-18; Bolton, H. E., ed., Kino's
death (1526), 18

Historical Memoir, quoted,
Aztecs, conquest by Cortés, 12; 198-99, 203-04

worth trouble of conquering, | Boneo, Governor, and St.
190

Denis, 229, 230

Boone, Daniel, 256
Bacallaos River (St. Lawrence), Bormé, fur trader, 251

150; see also St. Lawrence Boscana, Padre, preserves In-
River

dian song, 289
Baez, Brother, Jesuit, compiles Boyano, Sergeant, with Me

first grammar in United néndez, 153, 158
States, 159

Braud, arrested after Louisi-
Bahama Channel, Ponce de ana revolt, 246; released,
León discovers, 9

247
Balboa, Vasco Nuñez de, De British East India Company,
Soto brother-in law to, 46

115
Barrientos, historian of Me- | Bua, Governor of San Juan
néndez, quoted, 149

|_pueblo, Popé slays, 179
Beaujeu, naval commander Bucarely, Viceroy, Anza and,
with La Salle, 209-10

272

55

Burr, Aaron, plans filibustering | Caliquen, De Soto at, 53, 54-
raid, 257

Canada settled by French,
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez, 129
see Vaca

Cañaveral, Cape, Ponce de
Cabrillo, Juan Rodríguez, com León at, 8

mands sea expedition of Cancer, Luís, Dominican friar,
Mendoza, 108–11; death Florida expedition, 121-28,
(1543), 111

189
Cadillac, Governor of Louisi Canoes, Town of, Cabrillo at,
ana, 220

110
Cale, De Soto at, 52, 53 Cape Fear River, Ayllón calls
California, Montalvo's legend Jordan, 17

of island of, 105; Cortés Cárdenas, López de, views
names, 107; Cabrillo's ex Grand Canyon, 92, 93
pedition to, 108-12; Urda Caresse, leader in Louisiana
neta reaches, 112-13; Drake revolt, 248
on coast of, 113; Cermeno Carlos, cacique in Florida, 8,
seeks port on coast of, 114; 11
Vizcaíno's expedition, 114 Carlos III of Spain, accession,
119; Viceroy urges efforts be 232; reforms, 233, 234
concentrated on, 177; Fran Carolina, De Soto in, 51; see
ciscans in, 206; missions, also North Carolina, South
206, 279-87; added to Carolina
United States, 257; settle Caroline, Fort, French settle-
ment, 258 et seq.; Portola's ment, 136, 137; menace to
expedition, 259-68; Anza's New Spain, 138; Ribaut at,
expedition, 269-72; colony 140, 144; Menéndez mas-
led by Anza to San Francisco, sacres French at, 145; re-
272-76; other settlements, christened Fort San Mateo,
277; Serra's work in, 277 146; French reprisal at,
279, 281; Government policy 157-58
regarding missions, 282-84; Carson, Kit, 187
secularization of missions, Cartagena, sacked by English,
283-84; colonization, 289; 162
primitive life in, 290-95; Cartier, Jacques, discovers St.
bibliography, 301-02

Lawrence River, 128, 150
California, Gulf of, Oñate Castañeda, historian of Coro-
explores, 176

nado's expedition, 90, 165;
California, Lower, discovered, describes Grand Canyon,

106; Vizcaíno commissioned 92-93; on Acoma, 94; de
to colonize, 114; Jesuits in, scription of Texas country,
188, 191, 196, 197, 202-05, 99-100
206; Kino's missionary en Castillo, Vaca and, 28, 36, 38,
terprise, 192, 196; Salvatierra 39
in, 196, 197, 202-05; Kino's Catherine de' Medici, Philip II
theory of geography of, 197; marries daughter of, 185;
Dominicans in, 206; bibliog Philip and, 139; and mas-
raphy, 300

sacre of Ribaut's colony, 155
Catholics, with Laudonnière's Marcos seeks, 82-83; origin

colony, 136; in France, 139; of name, 82 (note); Estevan-
see also names of orders

ico seized at, 83, 85; Fray
Cavelier, Abbé Jean, brother of Marcos tells of, 87-88; Cor-
La Salle, 211

onado seeks, 89, 90; Ribaut
Cavendish, burns the Santa learns of, 136; further search
Ana, 113

for, 166; see also Seven Cities
Celis, Rubín de, hacienda of, Clamorgan, fur trader, 252, 254
185

Clark, G. R., 253
Cermeño, commander of Coahuila, French menace, 213;
Philippine galleon, 114

León Governor of, 214;
Chamuscado, Francisco, leads French plan to conquer, 226

soldiers in New Mexico ex Coligny, Admiral of France,

pedition, 166; death, 168 sends out colony under Lau-
Charles II of Spain, death, donnière, 135-36; and mas-
219

sacre of colony, 155; and
Charles V and Ponce de León, Gourgues' expedition, 156

6, 10; Ayllón obtains patent Colorado added to United
from, 15; De Soto and, 47; States, 257
bans fiction from Indies, Colorado River, Kino explores,

105; master of Europe, 128 197
Charleston founded (1670), Columbia River, myth of
163, 208

River of the West leads to
Charlotte Bay, Spanish fort discovery of, 118
on, 154

Columbus, Diego, Governor of
Charlotte Harbor, Ponce de Española, 5; sets Indians
León lands near, 11

free, 13
Cherokee Indians, De Soto Comanche Indians, block trade
among, 59

with New Mexico, 230; Vial
Chesapeake Bay, Menéndez in country of, 254

projects settlement on, 154; “Company of Explorers of the
Father Segura founds mis Missouri,” 255
sion, 159; see also Santa | Cook, Captain James, 277
Maria, Bay of

Coosa, De Soto at, 59-60;
Chickasaw Indians, De Soto Arellano wishes to go to,
among, 63-64

132; Menéndez at, 150-
Chicora, 18; Gordillo lands in, 151

13; mythical tales of, 14 Coronado, Francisco Vásques
15; Ayllón obtains patent to, de, heads expedition, 80;

15; colony taken to, 16-17 at Culiacán, 81; expedition,
Chicorana, Francisco, Indian 88–103, 106, 108, 165; treach-

taken captive by Gordilla, ery towards Indians, 97
13; tells myths of Chicora, | Cortés, Francisco, nephew of
14-15; deserts Ayllón, 17

Hernando, 106
Chouteaus, fur traders, 252 Cortés, Hernando, conquest of
Chozas, Pedro, Franciscan, Aztecs, 3, 12; Ponce emu-
160

lates, 10–11; and Narváez,
Cibola, Estevanico learns of 19; and Amazon legend,

the Seven Cities, 82; Fray | 106, 107

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