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and literary and scientific publication, and at page 281-3 of the present volume of the Mirror, it is not requisite to reprint it. We prefer quoting an outline of the memoir of Captain Ross' discoveries, read by him to the Geographical Society, at the first meeting of the present session :
“The Victory encountered severe weather, and had to sail across the Atlantic to Davis's Straits under a jury-mast. At Holstenberg, a port belonging to the Danish government, the vessel was rigged anew and repaired from the wreck of a whaler; the adventurous party then set sail again, and had open sea to Fury Beach. Here, four years previously, Commodore Ross (the captain's nephew) had assisted in preserving the provisions saved from the wreck of the Fury, little dreaming that these provisions would be the means of prolonging and saving his life, and the lives of others, so long afterwards. The winter was passed by the officers in scientific inquiry-by the men in amusement. The spring was enlivened by a friendly visit from some Esquimaux, with whom our party went on an excursion, travelling on sledges, drawn by hand and dogs: a skin-boat, in which the adventurers crossed rivers in their route, served also as a roof to the snowy burrows in which they passed their nights. Nothing remarkable attracting their notice, they turned to the southern shore, which appeared to be of granitic formation-bold and high, possessing numerous islands and inlets. Here Captain Ross, by a fall, broke two of his ribs; which terminated inquiry for 1830). The winter was severe, the thermometer sinking to 92 below the freezing point of Fahr. It was then that the true magnetic pole of the earth was ascertained—the perpendicularity of the needle could not be doubted. The party continued to suffer much from cold. So intense was the frost, that water froze within a short distance of the fire kept constantly burning at either end of the tent. The weather becoming milder, Captain Ross and his companions ultimately left Fury Beach, three of the number being sick and requiring to be occasionally carried. In lat. 72° 30° they fell in with the Isabella, and were immediately taken on board, after having been four years lost to the civilised world."
It is reasonable to suppose that the adventures of Captain Ross and his enterprising party, during their absence of four years and a half, will form a most interesting narrative; though it has been surmised that the dangerous experiment will add but little to our knowledge. Commander James Koss is stated to have made some interesting magnetic, meteorological, and other observations; but geography can be little benefited by the journey. This will be seen on the publication of Captain Ross' Journal, which, with the accompanying maps, are in course of preparation under the able editorship of Mr. Barrow, who is understood to have been the originator of the expedition, which led Captain Ross to undertake his recent voyage.
The liberal and judicious conduct already shown by our Government towards Captain Ross and his crew should not, however, be passed over.
Although the crew were actually privately engaged for this expedition, and had consequently no claim on the national purse, the Admiralty has caused them to be paid as if they had been in his Majesty's service; and double pay has been issued to every man for the time out, as was done to the sailors who accompanied Sir Edward Parry. The extent of pay thus issued will amount, we see it estimated, to between four and five thousand pounds; which will give to each man about the net sum of two hundred pounds.
Among the honorary tributes already paid to the intrepidity of Captain Ross, are the following. The Gottenburg Society of Science and Literature has enrolled the Captain among its members; and the freedoms of the City of London, and of Liverpool, have been voted to him. The Council of the Geographical Society have also awarded him their annual geographical premium.
At the conclusion of the year 1832, the Duke of Sussex, as President of the Royal Society, in his Anniversary address, had to allude to the probable loss of Captain Ross and his brave companions. At a similar meeting in the present year, on Nov. 30, his Royal Highness feelingly observed : “ With sincere pleasure he had now to announce, that the lost had been found; the importance of the discoveries made by the bold adventurer, was of little moment compared with the fact of his unexpected restoration to his family and friends.”+
* Literary Gazette. + Athenæum.
HUNGERFORD (NEW) MARKET, The new embankment was commenced in STRAND.
1830, and the first stone of the building was The revival of Hungerford Market was first laid by Lord Dover, on the 18th of June, agitated about nine years since. The old 1831, so that little more than two years have market had almost become a nuisance to its been occupied in the erection of this great neighbourhood; and its removal, and the work. The whole area of the Company's substitution of premises of greater extent estate comprises about three acres and a suggested itself to a public-spirited Company, quarter; of which the Market buildings upon whose responsibility the handsome new occupy upwards of 60,000 square feet, or Market, in part represented on the annexed nearly one-half-the remainder being taken page, has just been completed.
up in the wharf, approaches, and accessories; The site of the new Market has been in which are included New Hungerfordsimilarly occupied for upwards of a century street, Hungerford Arcade, forming the and a half. Here originally stood Hunger. eastern entrance from the Adelphi ; and ford Inn, the town residence of the Hun- part of Charles-court, which has been pulled gerford family, one of the stately mansions down, and at present remains vacant. which formerly embellished the northern The buildings may be divided into two bank of the Thames, and to whose appended quadrangles; a large hall; the front facing gardens we referred in our recent paper on the river; and the land, or Strand front. the London Walks and Gardens. Hunger. The buildings are of fine brick, the columns, ford Inn must have stood between York (of the Tuscan order,) stairs, pavement, and House, and Suffolk, or the present Northum- parts of the frontages being throughout of berland, Hous
granite ; and the cost of the market-buildings We are not informed of the motives which is stated at 53,0001., a moderate sum, consiled the Hungerfords to convert their mansion dering the great extent and solidity of the and gardens into a market, though conjecture work. attributes it to their waning fortunes. Malcolm The wharf, represented in the first Engratells us that Sir Edward Hungerford, “in- ving, has a frontage of more than 220 feet. fluenced by the same motives that prompted Spacious and easy granite stairs project from his illustrious eastern neighbours, determined its centre, with a causeway extending 150 to sacrifice the honours of his ancestors, at feet into the river. This front consists of a the shrine of Plutus; and obtained an act central colonnade (with a commodious balus. in the reign of Charles II. to make leases of traded roofor terrace) flanked by two handsome the site of his mansion and grounds, where a buildings, which have flat roofs, or terraces at market was soon afterwards erected."* This the top, formed of tiles and cement upon iron privilege was granted in 1679, but, with the bearers. These buildings are fitted up as restriction of malt, meal, and grain, from taverns, and their terraced roofs will form being offered for sale in the Market. In the pleasant prospect galleries, whence the deyear 1685, however, the Market rights were lightful scenery of the Thames, its southern fully established, with license to sell the bank, and the verdant Surrey hills, may be above articles, granted to Sir Stephen Fox, enjoyed with the social festivities of " mine and Sir Christopher Wren, the then pro- inn;" and from the balconied windows, the prietors of the Market estate. Of the old ardour of a boat-race on the river may be premises there were few remains when the closely witnessed. These taverns, moreover, new Market was decided on.
These were a have distinct entrances from the galleries range of stalls or shops beneath a colonnade, over the Market-buildings. on the west side, and a lofty hall in the The lower quadrangle is devoted exclusively centre of the Market-place; but this building to the Fish Market, and is 120 by 70 feet had long been divided into stables. In a within the colonnades. There are 24 comniche over its entrance was a bust of Sirpartments or shops at the sides, besides a Edward Hungerford, with an inscription to considerable space for stalls and benches the purport that Sir Edward erected the under the colonnades; the whole of this Market-place “ utilitati publicæ," or for space, including the open court and the public utility.
vaults underneath, forming an extensive To perfect the buildings and to purchase range of cellarage. the Hungerford estate and some adjoining From the Fish Market the ascent is by ground, on which they have been erected, a spacious flight of steps leading to the Hall, was estimated at upwards of 200,0001.; the dimensions of which are 188 by 123 which amount has been raised in shares of feet. It consists of a nave and two aisles, 1001. each. The general plan of the Market besides ranges of shops against the side was to extend the buildings from the Strand walls, with galleries over, the latter being to the front of the river, from the design of approached by four staircases at the extreMr. Fowler, the architect of the new Market, mities. The whole building is lighted and Covent Garden.
ventilated from above, the centre part or * Londinium Redivivum, vol. iv. p. 308.
nave being raised by open arches, and the roofs of the aisles carried up in the centre commodity is enhanced to the consumers, with open intervals. The floor of the Hall especially to those resident at the west end contains twenty-three shops; the eastern of the town.* Next, the Company are desiside being for the sale of fruit and vegeta- rous of encouraging the sale of country-killed bles, and the western side for poultry, but. meat, (acknowledged to be of superior wholechers' meai, &c. The galleries contain someness,) so as to abate the nuisance of ranges of counters for the display of orna. driving cattle through the crowded streets, mental wares, as in a bazaar. Uuder the and slaughtering them in the very nucleus whole of this building is a double tier of of the pent-up city. Thirdly, many of the cellars and warehouses, covered with brick Essex farmers have turned their attention to vaulting, and having entrances from various market-gardening, and, it is supposed they points, so as to be independent of uses con- will gladly avail themselves of this opportunected with the shops above them.
nity of sending their produce to market The upper quadrangle is 140 feet by 70 direct by water carriage ; though, this is a feet in the clear of the colonnades, and is minor advantage of the new Market, consioccupied by shops with dwellings, which are dering the almost equal proximity of Covent appropriated to range
with those in the Hall, Garden to the river. Astogether, the great keeping the two sides quite distinct. The extent of the Market premises, as countingprincipal approach is from the Strand, (see houses, warehouses, vaults, independently of the second Engraving,) through the New the accommodations for retail dealers, is well Hungerford-street, which is 163 feet in adapted for various and important business length and 30 feet wide. The east entrance in provisions, malt, hops, corn, seed, Aour, &c. from Duke-street, Adelphi, is formed by an The New Market was formally opened to arcade 12 feet wide, lighted from above, and the public on the 2nd inst. by what our Aanked by shops on each side; over the neighbours would call a féte bourgeoise. Many eastern end of which are erected the court thousand persons were present, on the river, room and offices of the Company, forming a and in all parts of the Market. The galleconspicuous and lofty elevation towards the ries of the lower quadrangle were filled with Adelphi. The western entrance is by a court gay company admitted by tickets. Cannon from Craven-street.
announced the commencement of the cereMr. Fowler will be remembered as the monies, and pealed its joyous thunder at architect of the new Covent Garden Market, intervals throughout the eventful day. The which has been described as a structure of formal business was by a procession formed great architectural beauty and elegance of the Market beadle, workmen, contractors, but he is considered to have surpassed his and architect of the Market, with the Direcformer undertakings in the design and exe- tors and other officers of the Company, and cution of the New Hungerford Market; and the parochial authorities, through the bounds
a writer in the Morning Chronicle asserts of the premises; and by the Chairman of the that “there is not to be witnessed, in this or Company delivering an appropriate address, any other country, a building so light and followed by a band of music playing “ God elegant, at the same time so substantial and save the King.” The sports then commenced roomy, or so well suited for its purposes.” with a regatta: next, a balloon was filled in We are not prepared to accord with every the lower quadrange, and at four o'clock, word of this high encomium; though we Mr. Graham, and two companions,t ascended cheerfully allow the architectural merit of magnificently. The taverns, their roofs, and the New Hungerford buildings to be of a the river terrace, with the steps and causesuperior order. They partake highly of that way, were crowded throughout the day; and classic character which, in this country, has many were the Johnsonian" thrones of human but of late years distinguished structures felicity” set up on this festal occasion in the intended for commercial purposes; for, the taverní rooms and roofs; their occupants verimarket-places of old England were indeed fying the great moralist's definition of a unsightly and unpretending piles.
tavern chair. Flags streamed in every direcBut, there remain other and more impor- tion, and music lent its stirring charms to the tant advantages to be considered in connexion more substantial fare. with this new Market. The principal of In the evening, the terrace was prettily lit these result from its situation on the bank with many-hued" lamps, which threw their of the Thames, the life-stream of this vast variegated fires on the river. Fireworks metropolis. On this account much must be followed; then a ball on the terrace, and the conceded on the scores of convenience, clean. 'festivities were loud long after the witching liness, and salubrity. The Fish Market de- and piping time of midnight. serves first mention; for the supply of fish * Probably the female dealers in this portion of will be entirely conveyed by the river, a plan the new Market may be of gentler manners than which threatens an alleged monopoly in the
" the ladies of the British fishery," as Goldsmith, with old market at Billingsgate-by which close elegant humour, terms the fishwomen of Billingsgate.
Our respected Correspondent, P. T. W. and his attention to self-interest, the price of the
THE NEW CREATION.
his mechanical genius, and particularly for (From the German.)
his skill as an amateur at the lathe. A NOBLEMAN, who inherited from a rich uncle Upon a minute examination of the note a large tract of land, that was marshy, un.
in question, it forcibly occurred to him, fruitful, and desert, had the waters and fens that every stroke of the engraving was prodrained, and all sorts of trees and vegetables duced by the geometrical lathe ; and, conplanted therein: so that it became a pleasant versing on the subject with a brother garden, with a shady, little wood, which ex-l ameteur of the wheel, he was confirmed tended itself to the village. Some years in this opinion by the full concurrence of after, the teacher of his youth visited the the latter therein.
With this impression nobleman, who showed him how he had they went together to the Bank of England; drained the lazy moor-ground, and converted and being introduced to one of the chief it into a beautiful garden. The old teacher clerks, requested to see one of the new notes ; beheld all with joy, and extolled the single which being handed to them, a conversation as the whole. The possessor, however, re- ensued, in which the clerk expressed his counted how much more yet he intended to entire conviction that it would prove a cetcultivate it, and inclose in the plantations all tain preventive to forgery. The result of the sorts of game, and what enjoyment the little interview was the following proposal on the creation assured to him. “Thou deservest part of the gentlemen : viz. that they would such,” answered the old man,“ since thou, in attempt an imitation of the note ; and should godlike mar, hast created anew the deadly they be unsuccessful, would take the expense fen into a habitation of life and joy; but upon themselves; but, if they succeeded, then there is wanting one thing to complete this the expense should be defrayed by the Bank, creation.” “And what may that be?” asked
or the clerk on their behalf. This disintethe nobleman. “Knowest thou not,” said rested proposal was instantly acceded to; the old man, “ that when God the Lord had and, like gentlemen, the proposers required created the garden of Eden, he placed the
no other than a verbal guruntee. man therein ?” The rich inan, however, was
Having made this arrangement, they went silent, and took these words to heart; and to an old turner, well known in the trade for when in the next spring, the faithful old his great skill; and one of the notes being teacher visited him again, he led him round submitted to his inspection, he undertook to about, even to the end of the little wood. produce a fac-simile of it in a month. Ac. Here stood two friendly buildings. Then cordingly, at the expiration of that period, smiled the old man, squeezed the nobleman's when they again waited on him, he produced hand, and said, " I knew well that thy heart
a note taken from his engraving, which fully would understand me. Now has love the justified their previous opinion as to the mode work completed.” The buildings were, the
in which the original note was produced. one an orphan house, the other a school. The engraving itself was on steel of the
W. G. C.
hardest temper-so much so as to resist, and even spoil, every tool of the same metal the
workman applied to it, and he was at length THE “INIMITABLE” BANK NOTE. obliged to have recourse to diamond, with It is, we believe, 'generally known to the which he effected the object. mercantile interest in London, that, a few Perfectly satisfied with the execution of years since, an engraving for a Bank of Eng. the work, the gentlemen paid the cost, land note was produced by a celebrated ma. (which exceeded a hundred pounds ;) and rechinist, which was pronounced to be inimi- pairing to the Bank of England, handed to table; and that it was about to be adopted the same gentleman with whom the agreeby that establishment as a certain panacea ment was made, half-a-dozen notes, among against forgery; the inventer having assured which was the “inimitable” one, and rethe principals that the machinery requisite to quested him to select his own.
So close, produce an imitation would require a capital however, was the resemblance of the copy to of, at least, twenty thousand pounds. It is the original, that he confessed himself unnot, however, so well known what circum. able to do so. It will, then, be scarcely stances induced the Bank to relinquish its believed, that he refused to pay adoption. The public expectation was ex. incurred, unless he was allowed to take the cited at the time; but it gradually died away, whole merit of the discovery as his own! and the subject has long since been forgotten. Indignant at this conduct, they demanded The following account may be relied on, as to be introduced to the chief cashier. This containing an authentic explanation of this gentleman, who comprehended in a moment now obsolete affair.
the importance of the discovery, treated them One of these alleged "inimitable” notes with all the attention their disinterested conhappened to fall into the hands of a gen- duct entitled them to, and without hesitation tleman residing in Cambridgeshire, who paid the account; and they subsequently rewas well known in the neighbourhood for ceived from him a letter, on behalf of the