« VorigeDoorgaan »
BY THOMAS HAYNES BAYLY.
regularly–he subscribes to six public cha- taken from the water, on which it was floatrities, he goes to church with all his family ing, about one-third of it above the surface. on a Sunday—he is in bed at twelve o'clock. Numerous accounts have been given of its Well, well, all that's very proper ; but is Mr. nature and origin. It has been said that it Warm a good father, a good friend, an active grows in the intestines of the spermaceti citizen? or is he not avaricious, does he not whale. It is true, that it is often found in love scandal, is not his heart cold, is he not the whale, but generally in those that are vindictive, is he not unjust, is he not unfeel. poor and unhealthy. The whalers, I find, ing? Lord, sir, I believe he may be all have a general impression that it originates that? but what then? every body allows there from the feeding of the whale on cerMr. Warm is a most respectable man.- tain fish, called squids. The Orientals, howBulwer.
ever, had no such idea of its origin; they considered it as a sea mushroom, which, growing on the bottom of the sea, was by
time or accident rooted up, and, coming to The Month of October is Bad !
the surface, grew harder by partial exposure The month of October is bad
to the sun. Others say that it grows on the As the month of September can be;
rocks, and is washed off in storms and driven " Oh, there's not in the wide world a beau to be had;''
near the islands, where it is picked up by the Some are shooting, and some are at sea ! A lonely life woman endures,
natives. Some suppose it is wax, or a honeyDeserted for pointers or yachts;
comb, which, by dropping into the sea, unWith some at their moorings, and some at the moors, dergoes a chemical change ; while some conMad for cruises or gunpowder plots!
tend that it is a bituminous matter, that comes Sir Charles leaves his mate Hymeneal,
from the bottom of the sea. There are not a To sail with the mate of his yawl! Of an amateur sailor the true beau ideal,
few who think that it is the excrement of Blue shirt, jacket, backy, and all !
certain fish; but the poets of the East say, Of quicksands hid under the tide
that it is a gum from the tears of certain He dreams as he lies in his berth; Oace he thought of no quicksands save those wont to
consecrated sea-birds. glide
“Around thee shall glisten the loveliest amber Through Time's glass in a season of mirth !
That ever the sorrowing sea-bird hath wept, His cab for a cabin neglected
And many a shell in whose hollow-wreathed chamber (The gig that he has is a boat!)
We Peris of ocean by moonlight have slept.” The nobleman seaman would blush if detected
Whatever may be its origin or creation, it In wearing a gentleman's coat! His books, lest his lingo should fail, are
certainly has for many centuries been held in The maritime novels alone;
high estimation as a perfume and for ornaChamier's clever “Life of a Sailor,"
ments, and its use has generally been conOr Marriott's matchless “ King's Own.”
fined to the rich and powerful. Large pieces For no prima donna he cares,
of it have lately been found, and when we He gives up his box and his stall; And all recollection of Malibran's airs
consider the purposes for which it has been Is very soon lost in a squall!
used-particularly as a perfume—the price of Oh, her form is divine !" he may cry,
it is astonishing. My husband, who has But the form that he means is a ship's ! And e'eu Taglioni unnoticed trips by,
been much in these seas, and often made it a Superseded by nautical trips !
matter of traffic, is of opinion that the natives When snug in Cowes' harbour he's brave,
of these islands have a correct idea of the And he sings as he paces the deck,
substance; viz. that it is made by an insect And feeling a mere Lilliputiau wave,
at the bottom of the sea, and accumulates for He recklessly laughs at a wreck. But at Cherbourg, wheu tempests assail,
years; and that sea-birds devour it when He wishes he never had sail'1;
within their reach, which accounts for their And if he should happen to weather the gale, bills being found in it. The birds, being atHe'll take care he is never re-galed. New Munthly Magazine.
tracted by its glutinous qualities, strike their beaks too deep to extricate themselves, and their bodies decay, while the bony parts of
their beaks remain. The sperm-whale is a AMBER. [In the Narrative of a Voyage, published at swallow it; and this, perhaps, is one mode
ravenous animal, and he may root it up and New York, we find the following interesting by which the God of nature intended that account of amber, written by the wife of the
the leviathan of the ocean should be destroyed. Voyager, at New Guinea.]
That it is formed in the whale, seems unnaWhile here, my husband purchased several tural in many respects ; the places, too, where pieces of ambergris of the natives. I examined it is found in the most abundance, do not this wonderful substance very attentively. Its
abound colour is a darkish yellow, resembling very read that it was found in any other kind of
I have never closely a mass of bees' wax. It had insects and
whales. beaks of birds in it, and burned very clear, as much so as bees' wax. When rubbed, it emits a perfume generally much admired.
for the expedition at Montreal, it was necesBy a noticeable coincidence, intelligence has sary for me to come to this post to complete appeared in the same journal, (the Herald of their number. We are obliged to pay very Thursday,) of the return of Captain Ross, high wages ; besides which, I have lost full and of the Expedition in search of that enter- 300 miles by this delay. prising navigator, by Captain Back.
“ It is the opinion of the senior gentlemen The substance of the intelligence of Cap- here, then, that the only method we can adopt tain Ross is in a note from the master of the to get my two large heavy boats to a wintering whaler, Clarendon, of Leith, which arrived ground is for me to go in a light canoe myself, off Peterhead, from Davis's Straits, on Octu- and find out the exact situation and the best ber 12. It states that “ Captain Ross and route to the Thloo-ee-cho, which I hope to his crew are on board of the Isabella ; they do by the time the boats arrive at the Athaare all well, excepting three seamen who basca, where there shall be a guide to condied. Had a boat's crew of men on board duct them to me. Now, though I must do ou the 18th September.”
this to insure my operations next year, yet it A subsequent letter from Leith, dated will swell our expenses to more than I conOctober 14th, states the arrival of the Cla- templated, and you cannot conceive how rendon in the Leith Roads, and that the feverish I am at the thought of getting bearrival of Captain Ross and his party may be yond the 7,0001., for it is certain this sum looked for daily; adding:
will scarcely carry us to the three years, “ Captain Lyle, of the Clarendon, has not whereas an additional 1,0001. would be been on shore yet, but we learn that Captain amply sufficient.” “ GEORGE Back." Ross had got to the wreck of the Fury, and had fitted up her boats, in which he had pro
The Gatherer. ceeded in search of the whale ships, and had fortunately fallen in with the Isabella.” We understand that the Discovery was imbedded A Saw-mill was erected near London in eleven months in the ice.
the year 1633, but afterwards demolished, The intelligence of the expedition in search that it might not deprive the labouring poor of Captain Ross is in a letter from Captain of employment. Back, being the first since he left Montreal,
Turkish Confidence.-- The Grand Seignior where he may be said to have commenced
never suffers any of his officers to enter the his undertaking. We do not quote the letter apartments where his money is kept, with entire, but its substance. It is dated Norway clothes that have pockets in them. house, Jack River, June 19, 1833, and reports the Captain's progress frożn Montreal English black and French white.—The to have been unimpeded by accident. headland on the French coast near Calais,
“On arriving at the Sault St. Marie (says called by English seamen Blackness, is in Captain Back,) which we effected ten days France called Blanc Nez, or the white headearlier than the light canoe of the last season, land. we were informed that there was such a defi
A delicate Poet.-Charles Faucon de Vey, ciency of provisions in the Indian country, Lord of Charléval, was a celebrated poet, that it would be necessary to take a supply born in the year 1613, and, notwithstanding at once as far as Lake Winnipeg. This the feebleness of a peculiarly delicate constiobliged me to purchase another canoe, to get tution, lived to the advanced age of eighty across Lake Superior, and from that esta. years. Of his conversation and writings, it blishment I received the two north canoes
is said, they were characterized by sweetness prepared for the expedition by the Company. and refinement; and Scarron said of him,
* We arrived at Fort Alexander on the that “the Muses fed him only with blanc6th of June, which, for heavy canoes is con- mange and chicken-water.” sidered as being remarkably quick. The letters that I saw at the Hudson's Bay House
“ Nobody knows what," or Somebody in December last, together with others of knows what.” — Captain Cook discovered mine to Governor Simpson, were in that Dusky Bay, on the coast of New Zealand, canoe, and consequently but a short time the extremity of which he called “ Nobody before me. I had thus to apprehend that knows what." Captain Vancouver, who the arrangements relating to the expedition examined it and found two inlets, or at least could not have been completed from the
a large branch, divided by a ridge of land want of the necessary information; and through its whole length, called it “ Sometherefore the importance of seeing the Gover- body knows what.” nor myself was evident, and on the 10th of June I had that pleasure at Fort 'Alexander. Printed and published by J. LIMBIRD, 143, Strand, I then heard that the supplies were nearly (neur Somerset House, London ; sold by G. G. all at Cumberland House; but as we could
BENNIS, 55, Rue Neuve St. Augustin, Paris ;
CHARLES JUGEL, Francfort; and by all Newsnot by any exertion procure the men required men and Booksellers."
This picturesque Castle is situated on a level sculptured by no unskilful hand, where war. plain on the east side of the debouche of the rior wassailers lingered of yore, and the river Nith, about eight miles from Dumfries, highest of the land heard the trumpet soundthe capital of the south-western Province of ed in war, and the dulcimer in peace; behind Scotland. It is considered the finest speci- stood the great banqueting-hall, flanked by men of castellated architecture to be found two superb towers, extending 90 feet along. in that country; and though in ruins, it is, the base of the triangle. Around, fosse after in parts, wonderfully entire. Mr. Macdiarmid fosse, stretched their lines of circumvallation, tells us that “it formed the favourite resi. fed by a marsh, itself a protection in times of dence of the lords of the marches, and the danger; the Wardlaw Hill, at no great dis-, key to the whole vale of Nith, excepting tance, overlooked alike the land and the sea, when the enemy, at the risk of rousing the keeping the garrison on the alert, and the warders of meaner towers, deviated far from apparatus of death in constant view. the beaten tract, and swept round the base of The situation is beautiful, and commands the Tinwald Hills, where a forest covered the a varied and extensive prospect. Opposite is sunniest slopes in the district, (now waving the coast of merry England, bulwarked by to their tops with the staff of life,) and the the lofty Cumberland mountains, which may whole antlered tribe cropped the sward around be numbered and named when the sky is oaks that during a century and more had tem- clear; to the left stretches a broad and fertile pered the summer's heat and the winter's vale, watered by the Solway to within a short cold.”
distance of the walls of Carlisle ; to the right, The form of Caerlaveroc is triangular ; the shores of Galloway, including New Abbey the outer front wall is massive; the inner and Criffel ; and beyond, a lengthened section court rising to three stories of 120 feet on of iron-bound coast, which, as Mr. Skene reeach side, containing a suite of apartments, marks, “presents a succession of rugged S
cliffs, rising at times to a fearful height, and walls of Caerlaveroc, — which, nevertheless, again sinking into small, sandy bays, or nar. for two days, sustained and repelled incessant row creeks, through which some brook makes attacks with the aid of battering machines, its way to the shore; while from the sea may of successive divisions of that army, which be seen the dark throats of caverns, by which relieved each other in the fatigues and danthe rocks are perforated, and of which some gers of the assault; and, when finally forced only are accessible to man, either from above to surrender, the Castle, to the surprise of the or below."
assailants, was found to contain not more than In a wood, at the distance of a few hun- sixty defendants." dred yards, Mr. Macdiarmid has traced the The modern history of Caerlaveroc, (like site of an old castle, a structure said to have that of most castles,) is comparatively uninbeen every way inferior to the ruin in the teresting. At one period, the building was annexed Engraving. The original Castle, completely open ; but it is now inclosed by according to some authorities, was known in an iron gate, and preserved with great care. the reign of Malcolm Canmore, and founded Ivy growing from stems of the girth of trees, so early as the sixth century. It was fre- which have perforated walls of amazing quently besieged, taken, and as often repair- thickness, covers one side of the building, ed, until the edifice in the Cut was built, at rooks inhabit the turrets above; and the a heavy expense, sometime in the beginning fosse, which is still deep and wide, in place of the fifteenth century. All authorities agree of reflecting the armour of mailed warriors, in stating that its situation and importance affords a safe retreat to generation after geneas a stronghold exposed it to many a for- ration of geese, which have become so fami. midable attack, until finally reduced by Oliver liar from usage, that they scarcely cackle on Cromwell—the last and greatest achievement the appearance of strangers. In the year of the kind he effected. About two years ago, 1827, when the present proprietor, William a farmer discovered a ball, weighing 4lbs., Constable Maxwell, Esq., attained majority, that had been unearthed by the plough, near the tenant of Caerlaveroc, and other friends, a clump of trees ; this remained for a consi- with the Rev. Dr. M‘Morine at their head, derable time in Mr. Macdiarmid's possession, dined in the ancient hall, overcanopied by the and was given to Mr. Monteath of Closeburn, clear, blue sky, and tastefully fitted up for the by whom it was presented to the Antiquarian occasion. Many impressive speeches were Society of Scotland. This ball appears to delivered, pointing to “the dark postern of have been formed of malleable iron-before, things long elapsed;” and no one who beMr. Macdiarmid presumes, cast metal was held the venerable chairman, and reflected on known—and to preserve its rotundity, had the cause—the bond of love, not the tocsin of been cased with lead, to the thickness of war—that had drawn, in place of serfs, so more than half an inch. Probability favours many independenț yeomen together, could the idea that it formed part of the imperfect avoid contrasting past with present times, ordnance wielded by Oliver Cromwell, while and rejoicing in the diffusion of feelings, senthe uneven and jagged surface leaves little timents, and principles, which have brought doubt as to the use of the lead. The Castle, every mind, like every acre, under cultivation, on this occasion, was gallantly defended by enabling the meanest peasant to sit under the its loyal proprietor, the Earl of Nithisdale, shadow of his own roof-tree, none daring to (to whose descendants, by the female side, make him afraid ; and rendering a sheeling, it still belongs,) and was at last reluctantly ramparted by law and morality alone, more surrendered in compliance with the com- impregnable than the Castle of Caerlaveroc. mands of Charles I. Of the“ plenishing” of We have abridged these graphic details the building, a curious inventory is preserved from A Picture of Dumfries and its Envi. in Grose's Antiquities. Eighty-six beds in all rons, published during the last year, from are enumerated; five of them were so sump- the very competent pen of John Macdiarmid, tuous, that they were valued at 1101. sterling Esq., author of Sketches of Nature. each, with forty carpets and a library of books, The original of the annexed Engraving is estimated as worth more than 2001. sterling. one of Mr. Turner's splendid illustrations of
The most formidable siege the old castle the handsome edition of the poetical works of Caerlaveroc ever sustained, was that con- of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. which is now in ducted under the personal inspection of Ed. course of publication, uniformly with the ward I. of England. The particulars are economical edition of the Waverley, Novels, preserved in a metrical romance in the French issued in monthly volumes.
The volume language, to which Grose repeatedly refers, to which the engraving is prefixed, is the and which, Mr. Skene informs us, was lately fourth of the Poetical Works, containing the edited by a learned English antiquary. “Å third part of the Minstrelsy of the Scottish most formidable enumeration is given of the Border, and the ballad illustrated by the whole warlike array, not only of England, but view of the Castle is “ The Murder of Caerof the French dominions then dependent on laveroc. Never before published. By Charles the English Crown, as mustered under the Kirkpatrick Sharpe, Esq.” The Engraving
can, therefore, scarcely with propriety, be
For Genius hovers o'er thee, termed an illustration of Scott's poetry,
Her sceptre awes the proud;
Aud spirits bow before thee, though we must remember that Sir Walter
As once the nations bow'd. not only collected the ballads of the Border Of all thy lost dominion, Minstrelsy, from recitation and otherwise,
This yet remains to thee;
Thou of the eagle-pinion, but wrote also the prose introductions to most
Thou once proud Italy ! of the pieces. In one of these, the story of
The ploughshare hath gone through thee! “the Murder of Caerlaveroc” is thus told :
The children of thy soil,
Or with their tears bedew thee
Or court a tyrant's smile.gave rise to, the successful insurrection of Robert
Or absent they deplore thee, Bruce against the tyranny of Edward I., is well And from afar-like me; known. In the year 1304, Bruce abruptly left the
Pour forth their spirits o'er thee, court of England, and held an interview, in the
My own lov'd Italy ! Dominical Church of Dumfries, with John, surnamed, from the colour of his hair, the Red Cuming, a puwer.
Can I forget thee? Never ! ful chieftain, who had formerly held the regency of
Land of my earliest days, Scotland. A dispute ensued, which soon waxed high
When virtue pleas'd, and ever betwixt two fierce and independent barons.
Its best reward was praise. length, standing before the high altar of the church,
Or her whose vows were plighted Cuming gave Bruce the lie, and Bruce retaliated by
Beneath the myrtle tree; a stroke of his poniard. Full of confusion and re.
When eve thy skies had lighted morse for a homicide committed in a sanctuary, the
My own bright Italy ! future monarch of Scotland rushed out of the church, And still amidst thine ashes with the bloody poniard in his hand. Kirkpatrick Lie hid the slumb'ring fires ; and Lindsay, two barons who faithfully adhered to As breaking forth in flashes, him, were waiting at the gate. To their earnest and They emulate our sires. anxious inquiries into the cause of his emotion, Love shall again restore thee ! Bruce answered, " I doubt I have slain 'the Red
Again thou shalt be free! Cuming."_" Doubtest thou ?” exclaimed Kirkpa- And we with joy adore thee trick; “ I make sure !"'* Accordingly, with Lindsay My own lov'd Italy!
J. G. B. P. and a few followers, he rushed into the church, and despatched the wounded Cuming.
Accordingly, Bowmaker inforins us, that the body AN EXCURSION ROUND AMSTERof the slaughtered baron was watched, during the night, by the Dominicans, with the usual rites of the
DAM. church. But, at midnight, the whole assistants fell
(To the Editor.) into a dead sleep, with the exception of one
aged. Since you inserted my few remarks, suggested like that of a wailing infant, exclaim, " How long, by your eneral account of Rotterdam, I am O Lord, shall vengeance be deferred ?" It was an. swered in an awful tone, “ Endure with patience, similar article on Amsterdam, in No. 623 of
induced also to offer a sort of appendix to the until the anuiversary of this day shall return for the fifty-second time.” In the year 1357, fifty-two years The Mirror, descriptive of some objects in the after Cuming's death, James of Lindsay was hospi- neighbourhood of the latter city, as seen tably feasted in the castle of Caerlaveroc, in Drum- during an afternoon's excursion. fries-shire, belonging to Roger Kirkpatrick. They were the sons of the murderers of the Regent. In
We were a party of three at luncheon in the dead of the night, for some uuknown cause, one of the hotels, discussing with a guide, Lindsay arose, and poniarded in his bed his uusus- who offered his services to show the lions, pecting host. He then mounted his horse to fly; the best plan of seeing as much as possible of but guilt and fear lad so bewildered his senses, that, after riding all night, he was taken, at break of day, the city, and of visiting Brock and Saardam not three miles from the castle, and was afterwards besides, during the remainder of the same executed by order of King David II.
day. The said guide (a Frenchman, I believe,
by birth, who once had money which he spent SONG OF THE WANDERING ITALIAN. like a gentleman.) was of a different species My heart shall be poured forth over thee; and from the usual mercenary characters a trabreak!
veller is apt to meet with, and entered into I LOVE thy ruin'd fountains,
the spirit of our views with such enthusiasm, I love thy fertile vales : 1 Where o'er thy snow-capp'd mountains,
that, on a doubt being expressed as to the The eagle proudly sails.
practicability of a proposed plan, he struck Though tyrant hordes oppress thee
the table with his hand, exclaiming in the I turn in heart to thee;
few words of English he knew, “ You shall In ev'ry sorrow bless thee, My own bright Italy !
see all that, by !” This vehemence of I view thine ancient story
gesture and speech was so contrasted with Deep in the front of Time ;
his ordinary unobtrusive mildness, that farther When Fame had spread thy glory
hesitation was out of the question, and we O’er every land and clime. Yet in thy desolations
could only hope that here was another case Thou'rt dearer far to me,
for Sterne's recording angel" as he wrote Than when thou led'st the nations,
down the oath, to drop a tear upon the word, My own lov'd Italy !
and blot it out for ever!" • Hence the crest of Kirkpatrick is a hand, grasp of this communication, I may briefly allude
Before entering upon the immediate object ing a dagger, distilling gouts of blood, proper; motto, mack sieker.'
to a few of the prominent curiosities in the