and it is not worn out now that I have fin. Noble, and the other was the property of . ished." This circumstance was spread about, clergyman, who, on proceeding to his duties and the merits of this pen were esteemed so on Sunday, hung it up in the church porch, highly, that a celebrated countess begged where it attracted the gaze, admiration, and the Doctor to make her a present of it; he wonder of the whole congregation.--T. Gilla did so, and her ladyship had a gold case Natural Law.-Among the ancients, there made, with a short history of the pen engraved was a law, whereby children were obliged to upon it, and these were placed in her cabinet furnish necessaries to their aged parents. of curiosities.


Some authors have called this the lex ciconia, Sterne's Tombstone.-Sterne lies in the or the stork's law; that bird being famous St. George's burial-ground, on the Uxbridge for the care it takes of its parents when

they Road, where the following inscription can, grow old.

P. T. W. with difficulty, be traced.

W. G.

John Wesley,-in disposition was kind Near to this place

placable, and affectionate. He practised a Lyes the Body of

strict economy, not with any sordid mutives the Reverend Laurence Sterne, A. M. Dyed September 16, 1768.

but for the purpose of administering exten Aged 63 years.

sively to the wants of the poor. His integrity If a sound head, warm heart, and breast humane was unimpeachable; and money would have Unsully'd worth, and soul without a stain,

been of no value in his estimation, but, that If mental powers could ever justly claim

it afforded him the means of increasing bis The well won tribute of immortal fame, STERNE was THE MAN who with gigantic stride utility. He passed six months in Georgia Mow'd down luxuriant follies fir and wide.

without possessing

single shilling; and Yet what the keenest knowledge of mankind

when, as it has been surmised, from his own Uuseal'd to him the springs that move the miad ; What did it boot him, ridicul'd, abus'd,

account of a young man at Oxford, his illBy fools insulted, and by prudes accus'd;

come was 301. per annum, he gave away two; In his, mild reader, view thy future fate,

“ next year, receiving sixty, he still lived on Like him despise what 'twere a sin to hate.

twenty-eight, and gave away thirty-two; the This monumental stone was erected to the memory third year he received ninety, and gave away of the deceased by two Brother Masons, for although he did not live to be a member of their society, yet sixty-iwu; the fourth year he received one all his incomparable performances evidently prove hundred and twenty; still he lived as before, him to have acted by Rule and Square. They re- on twenty.eight, and gave away ninety-two." joice in this opportunity of perpetuating his high and irreproachable character to after ages.

Rival Ministers. - Walpole and Town. Fox.-Lady Holland happening one day, in shend were favourite ministers of George I. Fox's presence, to make a remark on Roman Though of congenial opinions they often history, which Fox knew to be erroneous, he quarrelled, when in office together. On one asked her, with great contempt, what she of these occasions, Walpole, in the presence knew about the Romans; and, with more

of several public men, said, in answer to some knowledge and force of argument, than filial

remark of Townshend's, to which he pledged reverence, proceeded to demonstrate her his honour, “ My lord, for once, there is no error.—Georgian Era.

man whose sincerity I doubt so much as Lucky Omen.- Tamerlane was very atten. much as when you are pleased to make such

your lordship's; and I never doubt it so tive to lucky and unlucky days; and he strong professions.” Townshend retired from seldom put his army in motion, and never

office in disgust. When pressed, several engaged in battle, till the astrologers had fixed the fortunate hour: an idiot having

years afterwards, by an intimate friend, to thrown a breast of mutton at him, while he

reveal the reason why they had differed, after was planning the conquest of Kharezme, length said, " It is difficult to trace the

several attempts to evade the question, he at sometimes called the breast of the world,) he interpreted it before all his army as an infal. I will give you the history in a few words :

causes of a dispute between statesmen; but sible omen of his success.

(There are many in England, who would think it a very lucky

as long as the firm of the house was Towoomen "to have a breast of mutton thrown at prevailed; but it no sooner became Walpole

shend and Walpole, the utmost harmony thein.)

P. T. W.

and Townshend, than things went wrong, Leicester Burnt. In the 20th of the

and a separation ensued." King's reign (Henry II.) the city of Leicester was burnt, by the King's command, the Owing to the space occupied by the first walls and castle razed, and the inhabitants Engraving and its accompanying particulars in the dispersed into other cities, for their disobe- present sheet, the conclusion of the sketch, entitled

The Death," is defered till our next Number. dience to the King.

T. GILL. Umbrellas.There is at present a lady Printed and published by J. LIMBIRD, 143, Srand, residing in Taunton, who recollects the time (near Somerset House, London; sold by G. G. when there were but two umbrellas in that

BENNIS, 55, Rue Neuve St. Augustin, Paris ; town. One belonged to a gentleman named

CHARLES JUGEL, Francfort; and by all Newsmen and Booksellers.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][graphic][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small]

THE ROYAL PAVILION, BRIGHTON. tween four minarets, which are of Bath stone, It is now about half a century since George as are also the central pinnacles, which are the Fourth, then Prince of Wales, purchased still more elevated than the former. The a villa on the north western side of the Steine, south wing contains the banqueting room ; and nearly in the centre of Brighton; which and the north wing is the music room. Adwas transformed into a “ Marine Pavilion,” joining the latter is a smaller building of a under the superintendence of Henry Holland, square form, surmounted by a dome and miEsq., the architect of Carlton House. It con- narets, similar to those described. All the sisted of a circular temple-like edifice, with a

domes have vertical divisions, and are otherdome roof: attached to it were two wings, of wise ornamented; and the fronts of the wings two stories each, with verandas; the south and central part are screened hy projecting wing having been the villa purchased by the arcades of lattice work. Near the south wing Prince. The centre, as well as the building is a large building of red brick, formerly the adjoining the north wing was surrounded by Castle Tavern, which was purchased by the an Ionic colonnade and entablature, support- late King; and the ball room, which forms a ing statues. Since the above period, however, rectangle of 80 by 40 feet, with recesses, has the Pavilion has progressively undergone an

been converted into a chapel, as an appenentire change: the altered structure has given dage to the palace. place to the buildings which now form the The opposite or western front of the PaRoyal Palace; and which have been erected vilion, is nearly similar to the garden-front; from the designs of John Nash, Esq. With but has a centre projecting rather more, with the exception of the minarets, nearly the whole a neat square portico, supported by pillars. of the edifice is of brick, stuccoed.

This side contains the vestibule, hall, Chinese In its external architecture, the Pavilion gallery, and various drawing, reading, breakassumes the characteristics of the Oriental fast, and other rooms. style, and domes, and cones, and minarets,

The entrance gates are north and south. spring from its roofs to a considerable height. The southern entrance was erected in 1831, Its pretensions to Orientalism are, however, and opens into Castle-square and East-street. set aside by Mr. Daniell, a very competent It is divided by minarets into three divisions, authority, who observes that “if the architect the centre being a handsome archway; but aimed at an imitation of Oriental architecture, the flanks are sadly frittered in appearance. it is to be lamented that he trusted so impli

The northern entrance, finished in 1832, citly to conjecture, for there is not a feature, and represented in the annexed page, is, comgreat or small, which at all accords with the paratively, of faultless proportions. It is purity, grandeur, and magnificence, that cha- crowned with a dome in the style of the cenracterize the genuine Oriental style."

tral one of the Pavilion, and rises from The principal front of the Pavilion is to a tower having at each angle a substantial the east, but the main entrance is westward. turret crowned with a smaller dome: the The former, usually termed the garden-front, wings are finished with light fluted minaand facing the Steine, is represented in the rets. The form of the arch, with the lion annexed page. It consists, in effect, of three and regal crown at its point, is graceful and pavilions, connected by two ranges of build- pleasing, and throughout the structure the ing: The central part projects semicircularly, embellishments in a chaste style. We have and is surmounted by a vast dome, presenting not seen this entrance since its completion ; the appearance of an inverted balloon par. but, from our recollection of the dwarfish tially filled, and tapering upwards into a high character of the Pavilion front, we fear the pinnacle; its extreme height being 130 feet:

new northern entrance is disproportionately on each side is a lofty minaret. This part in- important to the main building. closes the rotunda, or saloon, the longest

Before the erection of these entrances, there diameter of which is about 55 feet. On the were mere park-like gates to the grounds of north and south, the saloon opens into apart- the Pavilion. The late King projected more ments measuring about 50 feet in length, and suitable entrances, which, from various causes, 20 feet in breadth; their exterior projecting were never executed. in two bows on each side, crowned by domes

The interior of the Pavilion is a succession of similar shape, but_smaller dimensions, of almost indescribable magnificence; but, to that in the centre. These unite with the by aid of the elaborate illustrative work on wings, which are of a square form, and are

the subject by Mr. Nash, the architect, we each surmounted by a lofty cone, rising be- may, at some early opportunity, introduce the

reader to this region of splendour. Mean• Picturesque Voyage round Great Britain, vol. vii

. while we cheerfully acknowledge our present p. 50. We quote Mr. Daniell as a competent autho. rity, since he has resided twelve yea in the East; obligation for the originals of the subjoined aud his taste and judgment in Oriental scenery and views to the handsome volume descriptive of architecture have been displayed in a work of consi. derable extent and splendour, He has likewise just J. D. Parry, M. A., and “ dedicated, by per

the Coast of Sussex, recently published by illustrated an Oriental Annual, which is to grace the lists of the ensuing year.

mission, to the King and Queen.”


When a man begins to love money for ADELA.

money's sake, and not for what it will proA DELICATE and snow-white rose, Whose first, pale, tender leaves inclose

cure, it is no longer a desire for independence, With morning's dew bestrown

but the provision of avarice. A star upon the dark blue sky, Ere twilight dies, when night is nigh,

It is impossible to ascertain how far virtue Pale, tranqnil, and alone.

will predominate until opposed by temptation. These are most beautiful, and yet

The infliction of an undeserved punishThey kindle sad, and soft regret

ment is not more distressing, than to escape Within the gazer's heart; Regret, that things so pure, and fair,

the pain and brave the rancour of conscious Should aught akin to sadness wear,

guilt. Less beautiful apart.

We never feel so conscious of our virtue Like these fair things, sweet maiden, thou Hast on thy placid cheek, and brow,

as when we are suffering under a false accuA tranquil sadness thrown!

sation. And thy pure downcast eyes appear, To bear full oft the pitying tear,

Such is the prejudice of taste, that the For evils not thine own.

affections are often devoted even before we Thy form of grace, thy pensive eye,

see the favoured object, when the intimacy is Thy smiles, most sweet serenity,

frequently insufficient to lay aside an undeWould love, and reverence win,

finable antipathy. Did not surpassing loveliness Of life, in word, and deed express

None are more apparently valiant than the How pure thy heart within.

coward when freed from danger. What is No passion e'er in frowns has wrought

lost in reality finds a supply in assumption. Thy brow, nor on thy cheek a thought, Ere called the blush of shame;

A man to be happy must be friends with Nor has the sting of fell remorse

himself. Thrust in thy gentle heart its force Of bitter, maddening blame!

Such is the superstructure of vanity that Go, pure and happy, on thy way,

turret after turret is added to adorn the stuA star, with mild, benignant ray

pendous fabric, till at last the foundation Of bright unclouded worth:

totters beneath its gaudy superfluities. The richest gifts of heaven are thine; Thy mental graces calmly shine

Nothing increases the love of life so much Too good, too pure, for earth!

as living well. Beyond the star-bespaugled skies,

Cruelty will never inculcate a voluntary Whose glow so oft attracts thine eyes In even's tranquil time,

subservience. Soon, soou thy heritage must be,

To laugh at roguery makes the action Where kindred angels watch for thee To share their joys sublime.


doubly dishonest.

To determine on a point is half a conquest. BREVITIES.


W. H. PRUDERY is often the mantle chosen to conceal triumphant vice. Where inward re

Spirit of Discovery. morse prevails, there will always be a corresponding absurdity in affecting genuine virtue.

Many look rather to outward appearance than domestic quietude : we often demolish [Our thanks are due to“ A Constant Reader," the substance by too scrupulously polishing who has forwarded to us an outline of Mr. the exterior.

J. O. N. Rutter's New Process for GeneNever pronounce a man to be a wilful rating Heat. He states that he has seen the niggard until you have seen the contents of patent in operation, and nothing can be more his purse. The distribution should be in beautiful in its effects. From a stream of accordance with the receipts.

tar and of water, each hardly thicker than a Artifice will for a time conceal the most common packthread, an intense heat is proglaring errors. Superficial adornments are duced, quite sufficient for the making of gas, rarely tangible.

or for the working of a steam-engine; and If industry will banish poverty, no man during a fortnight that our Correspondent should complain of adverse circumstances.

saw it at work, there was no appearance Gratitude is the most dignified return you works were in full operation.]

of smoke from the chimney, although the can lavish on your benefactors.

It was during the winter of 1832-3, whilst If mankind are unhappy, it is of little occupied in the management of the gas-works consequence what occasions the disquietude. at Lymington in Hampshire, recently erected Real and imaginary evils are synonymous. there by Messrs. John Barlow and Co., that

True zeal will always inculcate moderation the patentee had an opportunity of making without diminishing a conspicuous intre- daily observations on the process of heating pidity.

thus briefly described. As is the practice in

[ocr errors]



[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

most of the coal gas-works in the kingdom, The heat generated by the combustion of
the tar made on the station, for which a tar and water, although much more intense
ready sale could not be found, was consumed, than that arising from ordinary fuel, may
in conjunction with coal or coke, as fuel. nevertheless be regulated at pleasure. It is,
Experience taught him that, whilst on the moreover, uniform in its effects,-a point
one hand it was a measure of economy thus which can only be appreciated by the prac-
to get rid of an article, the accumulation of tical gas-maker.
which might prove both offensive and dan- Let it not be infered that the exalted tem-
gerous, yet, on the other, its employment as perature exhibited in this process depends
fuel, by the means hitherto adopted, was a simply on the entire combustion of the tar.
most wasteful process; since two-thirds, and Water, by its decomposition, affording mate-
in many cases three-fourths, of the tar sent rials whose heating properties are incon.
into the furnace, was evidently not consumed. ceivably more energetic than the ordinary
Reasoning on the results of various experi- kinds of fuel, and its elements combining
ments, and assured by them that the imper- readily with carbon, it is easy to comprehend
fect combustion of so inflammable a body as how these materials mutually aid each other.
coal tar was entirely due to an excess of car-


quantity or intensity of heat generated bon, it occurred to him, that since water by by a comparatively small quantity of fuel, is its decomposition, yields hydrogen and oxy- due, therefore, to the presence of water. gen, that fluid, if decomposed in contact with Another condition of the process should the tar, would render its combustion com- not be overlooked. It has already been hinted plete.

that oxygen constitutes only one-fifth of the The first experiment was successful. By air admitted to a furnace, the remaining fourdelivering into a furnace in which was a clear fifths taking no part in the ignition of the fire made with coal or coke, coal tar in a very fuel. In the process here described, oxygen, fine stream, accompanied by an equal quantity instead of being admitted in any great quanof water, it was found that the whole of the tity from without, is generated within the tar might be decomposed.

furnace; and instead of its being accompanied From the experiments and observations of by azote, which retards combustion and exthe patentee, and from the communications tinguishes flame, it is accompanied by hymade to him by others on whose testimony drogen, one of the most inflammable of the he can rely, he believes that, under the old gases. system of burning tar as fuel, from forty to The importance of this process in gas opefifty gallons may be assumed as a minimum rations has been first mentioned, because to supply for one furnace during twenty-four that department of science it owes its origin, hours. In some cases the consumption, or and, up to the present time, the greater part rather the waste, has been at the rate of of the proofs illustrative of its utility. There seventy gallons during the same tiine. By a is, perhaps, no purpose for which heat is reseries of comparative experiments, it has been quired in an inclosed furnace to which this demonstrated that from eight to twelve gal process is not applicable. Steam-engines

, lons of tar, in conjunction with water, (varying whether stationary or locomotive, breweries, in their respective proportions according to distilleries, glass-houses, the cabouse of the circumstances,) are sufficient for twenty-four merchant-ship, and the galley of the man-ofhours; the latter quantity enabling the re- war, are favourable situations for its employtorts to be worked at four-hours' charges. ment. The absence of smoke, also, gives to

At Lymington the patentee has made, it additional importance in cases where the during successive eeks, with one twenty-two ordinary process is considered a nuisance. inch York D retort, 3,800 cubic feet of gas Time and experience will doubtless unfold from eight bushels of Newcastle coal (eighty many valuable suggestions. All the patentee's pounds per bushel,) in twenty hours ; which experiments have been conducted in furnaces is at the rate of 13,300 feet per ton, and 17,100 of the ordinary description. In the construcfeet

per chaldron. A greater quantity of gas tion of furnaces much yet remains to be done. obtained from 'a giveti quantity of coal, as In the place of such a widely-extended stracompared with the usual products in gas tum of fuel as is now required under steam. blishments, is not the only advantage conse- boilers, &c., a surface just sufficient to effect quent on these workings. The gas made the decomposition of the materials will-anunder these circumstances is of superior den- swer every purpose. sity. In many instances its specific gravity A condition peculiar to a furnace for heating has averaged 550. At Salisbury nearly si- gas-retorts is the great extent of heated surmilar results have been obtained.' With three face to which the fuel is exposed. Under twelve-inch D retorts, 7,800 feet of gas have such circumstances, it is found that tar, both been made from eighteen bushels of New. mineral and vegetable, will take considerably castle coal in twenty-four hours ; averaging more than its bulk of water in its combustion. 12,124 feet per ton, and 15,600 feet per In a furnace over which is set a boiler, the chaldron.

only decomposing surface is that formed by

[ocr errors]


« VorigeDoorgaan »