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Ap Rin, contracted into Prin; Ap Howel, mation, at the close, for who could decide into Powel

, &c. In many parts of England between them, or say to whom the victory and Wales a distinction has been made be- belonged ? tween the names of the father and son by The fifth class of sirnames is derived from simply adding s, and sometimes es, to that natural objects or productions, chiefly aniof the former; as Evans, Roberts, Hughes, mals, fruit

, vegetables, flowers, &c. These Williams, &c.

were doubtless originally conferred from some The third class of British sirnames may supposed analogy between the individual and be said to consist of those derived from trades the object which supplied the designation ; or occupations, and in a country like this, it and if this be admitted, we must suppose may be supposed that this tree spreads far that the first possessors of the names of Lion, and wide; as its branches may be considered Panther, Bull

, and Bear, would be avoided all such appellatives as Smith, Baker, Brewer, for their ferocity; while we must confess that Tailor. The more useful and common the with the original family of the Sharks, (now calling expressed, the more ancient, in all mostly written Stark,) we would rather have probability, was its appropriation. Thus we left a P.P.C. card than have sent one of may observe that the Fletchers, or makers of invitation. Then what opinion must be arrows; the Websters, the Weavers, the formed of the first Lizards, Foxes, Weazles, Masons, and some others, though common Badgers, Tadpoles, and Cats ? The primitive amongst us, are not of such constant occur- Lambs, Hares, Coneys, Harts, Partridges, rence as those of the more simple trades. Doves, Goldfinches, Pointers, and Beagles,

It is a remarkable fact, but a fact never- were, on the contrary, no doubt distinguished theless, that the names of arts or trades in- for their gentleness and other agreeable or troduced in later times have not been adopted serviceable qualities. All social intercourse as family appellatives; we never hear of Mr. with the first Snows and Frosts we must Jeweller, Mr. Engraver, Mr. Architect, &c. imagine to have been of a most repelling “ It has also been remarked that though we nature: while that with the original Springs, have Clerk and Leech to designate two of Summerfields, Honeymen, and Goodales, the learned professions, we have none to ex- must have been equally agreeable and inpress lawyer. But the word Clerk was abun- viting. The name of Rose, now so common, dantly employed, especially in the north, to we can only imagine to have been first be express lawyer as well as priest, and this may stowed on some fair maiden of surpassing account for the extreme frequency of this beauty; and our ancestors were surely too sirname.”

gallant to attach such appellations as those We will next consider those names given of Lily, Hyacinth, Primrose, Hawthorn, or to their owners originally for some quality or Roseberry, to any other but the fair sex. For supposed attribute; a feeling of respect seems the same reason we may conjecture that the sometimes to have dictated these, as bestow. first Peaches, Melons, Pines, Gages, and ing a merited distinction; such are those of Plumtrees were females. The names of Hawk, Bright, Good, Wise, Fair, Hardy, Worthy, Leopard, and some others, inspire us with no and many more. Sometimes derision appears agreeable ideas of their original possessors; to have pointed her finger at certain indivi- while we naturally suppose pertness or insigduals by attaching to them such

appellations nificance to have marked the first Sparrows, as Cruickshanks, Longbottom, Clodpole, &c. Starlings, Flounders, Whitings, and Smelts. Others seem to indicate a certain disposition There are some English sirnames that canof mind or character ; as Gotobed (a desirable not be comprised in either of the above classes.

to be called at the close of a dull These are mostly monosyllabic, of which it is November day,) Younghusband, Wellbeloved, difficult to trace the etymology, partly from Scattergood, Goodenough, Cleverley, and the change which orthography has under. some other odd compounds, that cause us to gone since the days of early civilization, and smile when they occur in the daily intercourse partly from the words having become so obof life. Dr. Murray, who has gone deeper solete as to elude the efforts of the most in. into the subject of proper names than most dustrious research. If they could be sucother writers, decidedly thinks that those of cessfully investigated, it is generally supposed this class are more ancient than any other, as that they could be referred to one of the five the evident qualities of mind or body would classes enumerated in this paper. furnish the first distinctive epithets among Names derived from dignified titles, such all early tribes or nations. The veil of mys- as King, Prince, Duke, Bishop, Earl

, &c., tery hangs over the origin of all things; but have been the subject of some contention. certainly, a controversy on the antiquity of Camden thinks that many names of this English proper names would be most amusing, kind were taken from the device in the arand would besides possess the valuable pro- morial bearings of particular families, and perty of lasting out the lives of the contro- were borne by their servants and dependents ; versialists, and of leaving each party crowned and this seems probable, for it is not likely with the wreath of conquest, in his own esti. that dignitaries themselves would be thus

nam

THE WHIP SNAKE.

19
14
9

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turies;

SEASONABLE DITTY.

called, as they were always distinguished by

The dearest is deaf to my summons

As off on his pony he jogs; their proper titles. They might sometimes,

A doleful condition is wonian's : however, have been given in derision to indi- The men are all gone to the dogs! viduals who were ostentatious or assuming.

New Monthly Magazine. On taking promiscuously a hundred names from a General Directory, Mr. Merritt found the proportion of the different classes to be

(From Tom Cringle's Log.) as follows:

As the wind was veering about rather capriNames of countries, towns, or villages 48

ciously, I was casting my eye anxiously Attributes, qualities, or nicknames Trades or professions

along the warp, to see how it bore the strain, Patronymics

when, to my surprise, it appeared to my eye Natural objects or productions

to thicken at the end next the tree, and preNot comprised iu any of the above

sently something like a screw, about a foot 100

long, that occasionally shone like glass in No trace can be found in this country of the moonlight, began to move along the the time when the appropriation of sirnames taught line, with a spiral motion. All this ceased, or went out of fashion. Those who time one of the boys was fast asleep, resting have given most attention to the subject, on his folded arms on the gunwale, his head think the practice has not existed, except in having dropped down on the stem of the a few instances, for the last two or three cen

boat. But one of the Spanish boatmen in and it is the opinion of some, that the canoe that was anchored close to us, from the great increase of population it will seeing me gazing at something, had cast his be found necessary, ere long, in order to avoid eyes in the same direction. The instant he confusion, to revive the custom ; to issue a caught the object, he thumped with his new coinage, and by giving individuals bear- palms on the side of the canoe, exclaiming, ing the commonest names, the privilege of in a loud, alarmed tone, culebra ! culebra ?" assuming others on their marriage, to ensure

a snake! a snake !"- -on which the repto posterity more distinctive appellations than tile made a sudden and rapid slide down the those enjoyed by the families of the present line towards the bow of the boat, where the day.— United Service Journal: (abridged.) poor lad was resting his head, and imme.

diately afterwards dropped into the sea.

The sailor rose and walked aft, as if nothing had happened, amongst his mess

mates, who had been alarmed by the cries of Don't talk of September !

the Spanish canoeman; and I was thinking Don't talk of September !-a lady

little of the matter, when I heard some anxMust think it of all months the worst; The men are preparing already

ious whispering amongst them. To take themselves off on the first:

“Fred," said one of the men, “what is I try to arrange a small party,

you breathe so hard ?” The girls dance together,-how tame!

“Why, boy, what ails you ?” said another. I'd get up my game of ecarte, But they go to bring down their game !

Something has stung me," at length said

the poor little fellow, speaking thick, as if he Last month, their attention to quicken,

had laboured under sore throat. The truth A supper I knew was the thing; But now from my turkey and chicken

flashed on me—a candle was lit-and, on They're tempted by birds on the wing! looking at him, he appeared stunned, comThey shoulder their terrible rifles,

plained of cold, and suddenly assumed a (It's really too much for my nerves !) And slighting my sweets and my trifles,

wild, startled look. Prefer my Lord Harry's preserves !

He evinced great anxiety and restlessness, Miss Lovemore, with great consternation,

accompanied by a sudden and severe prostraNow hears of the horrible plan,

tion of strength-still continuing to complain And fears that her little flirtation

of great and increasing cold and chilliness, Was only a flash in the pan !

but he did not shiver. As yet no part of his Oh! marriage is hard of digestion, The men are all sparing of words ;

body was swollen, except very slightly about And now 'stead of popping the question,

the wound;-however, there was a rapidly They set off to pop at the birds.

increasing rigidity of the muscles of the neck Go, false ones, your aim is so horrid,

and throat, and within half an hour after he That love at the sight of you dies :

was bit, he was utterly unable to swallow You care not for locks on the forehead, The locks made by Manton you prize!

even liquids. The small whip - snake, the All thoughts sentimental exploding,

most deadly asp in the whole list of noxious Like flints I behuld you depart;

reptiles, peculiar to South America, was not You heed not, when priming and loading,

above fourteen inches long: it had made The load you have left on my heart.

four small punctures with its fangs right over They talk about patent percussions,

the left jugular vein, about an inch below And all preparations for sport ;

the chin. There was no blood oozing from And these double barrel discussions Exhaust double bottles of port!

but a circle, about the size of a crown.

BY THOMAS HAYNES BAYLEY

wrong, that

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them;

rom

piece, of dark-red, surrounded them, which as well as of the generality of the Indians gradually melted into blue at the outer rim, themselves. The only instance in which an which again became fainter, until it dis- Englishman is known to have seen the inside appeared in the natural colour of the skin. of oue of them, is related by the historian By the advice of the Spanish boatman, we Beverly as having happened to himself and applied an embrocation of the leaves of the a party of his friends, who were one day palnia Christi, or castor oil nut, as hot as ranging the woods round about an Indian the lad could bear it; but we had neither oil village, when the inhabitants were mostly nor hot milk to give internally, both of absent from the place. Finding themselves which they informed us often proved speci- masters of so fair an opportunity, and resolved fics. Rather than lie at anchor, until morn- to make good use of it, they proceeded to ing, under these melancholy circumstances, search the woods far and wide for the 'QuiocI shoved out into the rough water, but we cason' Having found it, they removed more made little of it, and when the day broke, I than a dozen large logs with which the ensaw that the poor fellow's fate was sealed: trance was barricadoed, and went in. At first his voice had become inarticulate, the cold- nothing could be seen but naked walls, with a ness had increased, all motion in the extrem wide fire-place in the centre of the floor, and mities had ceased, the legs and arms became a hole in the middle of the roof as a vent for quite stiff, the respiration slow and difficult, the smoke. The building was about eighteen as if the blood had coagulated, and could no feet wide, and thirty long, built like a comlonger circulate through the heart, or as if, mon Virginian cabin, but larger. Some posts

some unaccountable effect of the poison were before long discovered, set up round the on the nerves, the action of the former had walls, with faces carved on them and painted, been impeded ; -still the poor little fellow -no doubt used in religious dances. In the was perfectly sensible, and his eye bright third mat they found the various limbs of an and restless. His breathing became still image,—including a board three and a half more interrupted—he could no longer be said feet long, with an indenture at the upper end, to breathe, but gasped—and in half an hour, like a fork, to fasten the head upon,-halflike a steam-engine when the fire is with- hoops, nailed to the edges, to assist in stuf. drawn, the strokes or contractions and expan- fing out the body-pieces of cloth, rolls made sions of his heart became slower and slower, up for arms and legs, and various other matuntil they ceased altogether.

ters of the kind. The whole, being put togeFrom the very moment of his death, the ther, made a figure like this :body began rapidly to swell and become discoloured—the face and neck, especially, were nearly as black as ink, within half an hour of it, when blood began to flow from the mouth, and other symptoms of rapid decomposition succeeded each other so fast, that by nine in the morning we had to sew him up in a boatsail, with a large stone, and launch the body into the sea.

Manners and Customs.

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INDIAN TRAITS. We resume our illustrated extracts from these entertaining volumes, introduced to the reader at page 119.

In the chapter on Religion are some curious particulars of the Idols :—"The ancient Virginians had an idol set up in every town, regarded as sacred, and kept in a house erected and taken care of by the priests for the purpose. This represented, not the Supreme Good Spirit,-in whom however these

(Idol.) tribes fully believed,—but usually the evil " The imposing aspect of this image, one, whose favour they thought it more ne- whenever it was set up, seems to have been cessary to propitiate by adoration and sacri- much heightened by the artful management fices on account of his supposed malignity. of the priest, in casting light, or rather darkIn other cases it was considered simply the ness, upon it, by aid of the mat curtains,-SO Guardian or Tutelar Spirit of the tribe or that it glared out upon the gazing multitude, town. These buildings were commonly by a grim and ghastly spectre. The spectators the priests kept closed, and barred up very were kept at a distance sufficient to prevent a strongly, to prevent the intrusion of the whites, narrow inspection; and a conjurer might

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easily lend his ingenuity to complete the im- otherwise, to be borne back to their own position, by concealing himself in the dark land. Frequently, in cases of this kind,-and cavity behind, and there moving the machi. among some Northern tribes regularly in all nery of the image. Idols of this description cases,-a scaffold, such as the adjoining are not used in modern times. Images, a sketch represents, is erected, to be the temfew inches in length, are frequently carried porary resting-place; and this is perhaps by hunters, and others, as a medicine.ornamented with the verdure of a growing

From the chapter on Funeral Ceremonies wild vine, carefully planted for the purpose. is the following :-" The dead, when inclosed One object of this practice is to protect the in a grave, are generally buried in a sitting dead from wolves and other wild animals. posture, and in this situation the remains of Another, as the Indians themselves somethose apparently deceased a century ago, are times say, is to keep the remains of their now and then found, at the present day, along friends, as a consolation, within sight of the the Atlantic coast. In many cases the grave survivors. The Chippewas have, in some was lined with stout birch-bark, or fortified sections, a practice of placing a fire on the with a wooden framework within, so as to grave, for several nights after the interment serve the purpose of a coffin. If persons die of a person. This is lit in the evening, on a hunting-excursion, remote from home, (commonly by a near relative,) and supplied their remains are preserved by burning or with sticks of dry wood, to keep up a small

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but lively blaze for several hours. It is renewed four successive nights, and some. times longer.

Among the Chippewas, when an infant dies, the mother carries about with her, for some months, an image of wood in the same cradle or frame. The widow has a more singular practice of making up a roll of her best apparel, wrapped in a piece of cloth and with the ornaments of the husband attached to it. This she carries constantly with her as a badge of her widowhood, until, the relatives of the husband choose to call upon her and take it away, when she is at liberty to marry again."

(Buffalo Hunting.) From one of the chapters on hunting : From the chapter of amusements is the

“The common way of killing the buffaloes following description of " a large pipe comis to attack them on horseback. The Indians, monly called by the whites the ' Pipe of mounted, and well armed with bows and Peace,'or the Calumet, which has always been a arrows, encircle the herd, and gradually drive favourite article in the negotiation of treaties, them into a situation favourable to the em- and the entertainment of travellers. The ployment of the horse. They then ride in meaning was the same in all cases. It was and single out one, generally a female, and an exchange and pledge of faith between following her as closely as possible, wound those parties who joined in smoking. When, her with arrows until the mortal blow is for example, a party of strangers came into given, when they go in pursuit of others until an Indian village, the pipe of peace was their quivers are exhausted."

brought out, filled with tobacco, and lit in

the presence of the strangers. The principal generally as an ingenious mode of cheating
man in the village then took two or three the unlucky patient out of his property in the
whiffs, and handed it to the chief of the
strangers. If the latter refused to smoke, it
was regarded as a sign of hostility. If he
wished, however, to be considered an ally or
friend, he took a whiff or two, and then pre-
sented it to the person who appeared to be
the second great man of the village. And
thus it was passed to and fro, until most of
the people of note on both sides had smoked
more or less. In all parts of the country the
calumet was made larger and much hand-
somer than the ordinary pipe. The head or
bowl, made of stone, was finely polished ; and
the quill or tube, in length about two and a
half feet, was made of a pretty strong reed or

(Indian Juggler.)
cane. It was adorned with feathers of various
brilliant colours, interlaced with locks of te way of fees, though no doubt sometimes
male hair; and sometimes two wings of a health by favourably affecting his imagina-

meant, and even well adapted, to benefit his rare bird attached to it in such a manner as to give it the appearance of what the ancient witchcraft and other evil influence, the jug.

tion. The Indians universally believing in Greeks and Romans in their mythology, glers have only to pretend that the disorder called ' Mercury's Wand.'

on account of which application is made to
them, is one that no common medicine will
heal, and to the treatment of which the talents
of common physicians are not competent.
Supernatural remedies, say they, must be ap-
plied, to defeat the designs of the malicious
enemy who has taken possession of the body
of the sick man. Having persuaded his feeble
patient of the truth of these preposterous
statements, the juggler next convinces him of

the necessity of making him very strong, "-
(Pipes.)

that is, giving him a large fee in advance for “ The French traveller, La Hontan, gives his great trouble and immense skill. Of course, a very similar description of the calumet the juggler very rarely fails, when applied to, which he saw used among several of the in the first instance, to represent the disorder Canadian tribes, with a draught of the in- as one of the witchcraft kind. He receives strument.

his fee-a rifle, perhaps, or a good horse“Beverly, who wrote the History of Virginia and is then ready to commence operations. about a century since, has also a draught of Attired in a frightful dress, he approaches the twisted calumet of that part of the coun- his patient, with a variety of contortions and try. The remotest Western tribes use one of gestures, and performs by his side and over which the handle is a yard long. M'Kenzie, tim all the antic tricks that his imagination speaking of the Knistenaux, says, that can suggest. He breathes on him, blows in smoking-rites of some kind precede, among his mouth, and squirts some medicines which that people, every matter of great importance. he has prepared, in his face, mouth and nose; Whatever contract is entered into and solem- he rattles his gourd filled with dry beans or nized by the ceremony of smoking, it never pebbles, and pulls out and handles about a fails of being faithfully fulfilled. If a person, variety of sticks and bundles, in which he previous to his going a journey, leaves the appears to be seeking for the proper remedy. sacred stem as a pledge of his return, no con- All this is accompanied with the most borrid sideration whatever will prevent him from gesticulations, by which he endeavours, as he executing his engagement."

says, to frighten the spirit or the disorder Anecdotes of Indian jugglers furnish an away; and he continues in this manner until amusing chapter :—“There are two classes of he is quite exhausted and out of breath, when Indian jugglers ; first, those who confine he retires to await the issue. This descripthemselves to the practice of medicine; and tion, applied by Heckewelder to the Delaware secondly, those who undertake the exercise of jugglers, holds true of the same class, under similar imposition for the pretended accom- various names, throughout the continent. plishment of some other object.”

“ The juggler's dress is not always so unAn essential part of the Indian Medical assuming as that of the Virginian is repré"Art,” will be found to consist in a variety of sented by Beverly in the Cut. They frequently fantastic ceremonies and stratagems; intended make themselves as hideous as possible.”

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