that purpose.


the good company I can, as they have few -Nelson's kindness of heart exhibits to look up to besides myself during the itself everywhere. Scarcely can a page time they are at sea. This kindness and of his correspondence be opened without attention made the young people highly some evidence of his affectionate dispo- esteem him ; and even his wishes, could sition. Habitually he treated all under they have been known, would have his command, down to the very powder- been instantly complied with.”_Des. monkey, as his children; and they had patches and Letters of Admiral Lord for him a love as for a father. In a pri- Nelson. vate letter to his brother, speaking of his

PREPARATORY Midshipmen, he calls them by the very SETTLER IN AUSTRALIA.—Day afname: “ All my children are well,” he ter day it was no slight army of trees says. A letter from Lady Hughes, de- against which we had to do battle ; we scribing a scene on board the “ Boreas," had to fight hard with them to gain posin which she was a passenger, is beauti- session of the soil, for the trees in those ful : “ As a woman, I can only be a judge days were giants. I then felt thankful, of those things which I could comprehend, knowing well how to appreciate my adsuch as his attention to the young gen- vantages, that having been born and tlemen who had the happiness of being brought up on an English farm, all on his quarter-deck. It may reasonably kinds of tools, agricultural and others, be supposed, that, among the number of were at home in my hands. There was thirty, there must be timid as well as a world of work, digging to lay bare the bold : the timid he never rebuked, but roots, felling, and then cutting the boles always wished to show them he desired and boughs up with the saw and axe. nothing of them that he would not in- Such of the boles as were good for any. stantly do himself; and I have known thing we cut into proper lengths for him say, "Well, Sir, I am going a race posts ; splitting and mortising them for to the mast-head, and beg I may meet

Rails also we had to get you there. No denial could be given to when there were any boughs straight such a wish, and the poor fellow instantly enough. Some of the trees were of unbegan his march. His Lordship never conscionable girth, six or eight yards in took the least notice with what alacrity circumference. Immense was the space it was done ; but, when he met in top, of ground that had to be dug away to instantly began speaking in the most lay bare the roots. And then, what cheerful manner, and saying how much roots ! they were too large to be cut a person was to be pitied that could through with the axe; we were comfancy there was any danger or even any pelled to saw them in two with the crossthing disagreeable in the attempt. Af. cut saw.

One of these monsters of the ter this excellent example, I have seen wild was fifteen days burning, burning the timid youth lead another, and re- night and day, and was a regular oxhearse his Captain's word. How wise roasting fire all the time. We entirely and kind was such a proceeding! In routed the quiet of that old primeval like manner he every day went into the forest-solitude, rousing the echo of ages school-room, and saw them at their nau. on the other side of the river, that tical business; and at twelve o'clock he shouted back to us the stroke of the was first upon deck with his quadrant. axe, and the groan and crash of falling No one there could be behind-hand in gum-trees. Night never came too soon, their business, when their Captain set and we slept without rocking. Then them so good an example. One other what curious and novel creatures_ban. circumstance I must mention, which dicoots, flying squirrels, opossums, will close the subject, which was the bats, snakes, guanas, and lizards_we day we landed at Barbadoes. We were disturbed, bringing down with dust and to dine at the Governor's. Our dear thunder their old domiciles about their Captain said, “You must permit me, ears! Sometimes, also, we found nests Lady Hughes, to carry one of my aides- of young birds, and of young wild cats ; de-camp with me;' and when he pre- pretty black creatures, spotted white. sented him to the Governor, he said, The wild denizens looked at us wildly, * Your Excellency must excuse me for thinking, probably, that we were rough bringing one of my Midshipmen, as I reformers, desperate radicals, and had make it a rule to introduce them to all no respect for immemorial and vested rights. It was unnatural work, and LABOUR IN MAKING A WATCH. cruel ; especially when, pile after pile, Mr. Dent, in a lecture delivered before we added to our other ravages the tor. the London Royal Institute, stated that ment and innovation of vast fires. The a watch consists of 902 pieces, and that horrid gaps and black openings in the forty trades, and probably 215 persons, grand old woods seemed, I felt at times, are employed in making one of these to reproach us. It was reckless waste, little machines. The iron of which the in a coal-less country, to commit so much balance-wheel is formed, is valued at fuel to the flames. Timber, too, hard in something less than a farthing; this its grain as iron almost, yet ruddy, and produces one ounce of steel, worth 41-2 more beautiful than mahogany. No mat- pence, which is drawn into 3,250 yards ter, we could not eat wood; we must do of steel wire, and represents in the marviolence to our sense of the beautiful, ket £13. 3s. ; but still another process of and to nature's sanctities; we must have hardening this, originally a farthing's corn-land, and we, with immense labour, worth of iron, renders it workable into cleared seventeen acres. On one occa. 7,650 balance-springs, which will realize, sion I was laid up for a fortnight, keep- at the common price of 2s. éd. each, ing my bed part of the time, having £956. 58., the effect of labour alone. been struck by a falling tree.--Impres- Thus the mere labour bestowed upon sions of Australia Felix, during Four one farthing's worth of iron, gives it the Years' R nce in that Colony, by value of £956. 58., which is 918,000 Richard Howitt.

times its original value.




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SOUTH AFRICA. CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Richard Fladdy,

dated Cape-Town, November 5th, 1846. I Am greatly distressed on account of little to help in the beginning of this the deficiency of labourers in the Damara Mission, to assist less experienced breMission. The places mentioned on the thren; but three years have elapsed since District-Minutes of this year it is very I engaged in this enterprise, during important to occupy immediately. What which I have had to encounter hardships shall we do with such a field, so far from and endure privations of no ordinary our brethren, so few in number, and so kind, and we have travelled nearly eight distant from each other ? Surely the thousand miles in ox-waggons ; but no Committee will send Missionaries at additional labourers have arrived, and once, or withdraw their labourers from

none, it seems, are to be expected. I that field, and leave it to others. My know that the Committee would gladly race is almost run; but I wished to do a send help if they could. O, who will

* Our readers are earnestly requested to avail themselves of the opportunity to procure the entire copy of the “ Wesleyan Missionary Notices,” published by the Secretaries of the Society, and sold at the Centenary-Hall, Bishopsgate-street, and at 66, Paternoster-row, London. Our selections from this invaluable record of the progress of the Gospel in heathen lands must, of necessity, be brief: we are there. fore very desirous that the “ Notices” should receive an extensive circulation among all classes of the religious public.

pity, to the extent that is necessary, tongue. It is to me, and no doubt will these poor uninstructed Heathen ? Ab! be to you, a pleasing consideration, that what avails praying, and not sending » our old Institution is furnishing useful The Heathen are not saved; they do not agents for extending the Mission-work pray: for “how shall they call on Him in this country. They are married men, in whom they have not believed, and and will have to take their families with how shall they believe in Him of whom them. It requires the exercise of selfthey have not heard ? " &c.

denial to leave a comfortable home at I have recommended the employment Khamiesberg, to go and live in the of two or three young men, of established Damara country ; yet I find they are piety and promise, connected with, and willing to do this. I hope the expense brought up on, our Mission Institution of each will not exceed £25 per annum. at Khamiesberg. My plan is to employ They must have waggons and oxen to them, in the first instance, as interpret- transport them to the scene of their ers and Schoolmasters, under my own labours, for which a sum must be ad. superintendence; and to give them far- vanced; but I think they will be able ther instruction in things pertaining to and willing to allow an annual deduction the kingdom of God, and general useful from their salaries, to purchase the wagknowledge, as circumstances may allow. gons, that they may become their own One has been with_me whom I have property. I trust the Committee will mentioned before. Two others are re- approve of this arrangement. We must commended, who can read and write the look to native agents to engage in this Dutch language, and, of course, speak work, under the superintendence of the Namaqua, which is their vernacular European Missionaries.

CAPE OF Good HOPE.-Extract of a Letter from the Same, dated Cape-Town,

November 10th, 1846. I HAVE already written you at some in the prosecution of Missionary labour, length concerning the openings for Mis- and the enterprising Cook descended sionary exertions in the Damara coun- to his grave in the morning of life,) we try, and now I will add a few particulars now see the progress of Christianity, and more.

the advancement of civilization; and About thirty-seven years ago the Mis- this happy result is traceable to the sionary work was undertaken in Great- influence of the word of God, the Gospel Namaqualand. At that time, in the whole of our common salvation. Man is mor. country, from the frontier of the colony tal, Missionaries die: “but the word of on the south to the northern boundaries our Lord shall stand for ever. Thouof the Namaqua tribes, from the thir- sands of the Namaquas can now read, tieth to the twenty-third degree of south or are learning to read, the Scriptures ; latitude, no worship existed, no know- and are beginning to act and think as ledge of God and spiritual subsistences rational, responsible, and immortal bewere enjoyed, and scarcely a sign of civil. ings. At Nisbet-Bath, and its various ization or humanity was left to relieve subordinate or branch establishments, the distresses of the philanthropic be- five or six hundred church-members holder, throughout this vast moral have learnt to worship God, to place desert. Such was the condition in their trust in their Creator and Redeem. which this portion of Africa was then er, to regard him as their Judge, and to found by the first Missionary labourers. look for the world to come. They join What is the state of this section of the heartily in his praises. They are concontinent now? They who first engaged soled with a sense of his favour. Their in the work met with numerous obsta- hearts, their affectionate regards, are cles and discouragements; some were set on things that are above. They taken away by death, others removed to desire a better country. Wars and rob. labour elsewhere ; but they had carried beries, revenge and bloodshedding, the word of God into the regions beyond cease; they love their fellow-men, rethe Gariep; in the name of the Lord spect their rights, and pity their misethey had set up their banners, they ries: they pray for their countrymen, entered upon the work of sowing the they pray for their enemies; they conseed of the kingdom with tears and tribute towards the spread of the Gospel, prayers, and God owned and blessed. So

that others may hear of and embrace the that, notwithstanding reverses, notwith- salvation which they enjoy, or are seekstanding the loss of life, (for Threlfall ing to obtain. This place is only a fell, with his devoted native companions, specimen. Look at Bethany and its off.


shoots ; where, probably, a similar num- to look out for small Damara parties, men ber have been blessed and elevated, and, or women, seize them, treat them kindly, to a similar extent, are enjoying the give them presents, explain the proposals fruits of Missionary instructions. But of peace, and send them home to their still farther north, over vast regions, the friends, with a request that their friends happy results of Missionary labours would, if they approved of the proposal, have been exemplified. In the imme- send back an answer. Three or four diate vicinity of the Damara tribes, experiments of this kind

were made Christian churches exist; and the Da- without any apparent success.

The maras themselves see the very people messengers thus procured did not return. who were once their enemies living in About three years were expended in peace with them, and using means for such negotiations, before peace their conversion, and for the promotion secured. At length the work was accomof their best interests. This is the effect plished, the Damaras believed that the of preaching and making known the Namaquas were sincere ;

peace was Gospel in Great-Namaqualand. I will introduced, and the way for the extenstate the facts as briefly as possible. sion of the Mission was laid open

In the year 1837, the late Rev. Ed. amongst the Damara tribes, and to the ward Cook wrote from Nisbet-Bath to undiscovered interior of the north and Jonker Afrikaner, who was then living north-east. We are now in a fair way near the Damaras, and who had accom- to carry the Gospel onward until the panied Sir J. Alexander in several of his Missionaries from Western Africa form excursions in the northern parts of a junction with the Missionaries of Da. Great-Namaqualand.

Amongst other maraland. Where shall we meet ? things, Mr. Cook urged the Chief to Who will help us in this vast design ? make peace with the Damaras, and Will not the Anti-Slavery Society ? We restrain his people from committing shall, at all events, help that philanthrodepredations on them. At this instiga- pic body. Some of the labourers who tion, and with the hope of getting a began this great work have departed Missionary, he soon commenced the hence : their graves urge us on; their work of pacification. It was at once a

unburied remains bid us be courageous. novel and difficult undertaking. For Look at this picture, and say whether upwards of sixty years the Namaquas God has not blessed the labours of his and the Damaras had been in the habit servants, your Missionaries, to an extent of looking upon each other as avowed of which you have not rightly conceived. enemies, and with deadly hatred. They Help is wanted, more help. O, send the neither gave nor hoped for quarter. For Gospel to this vast region, that we may a Namaqua to meet a Damara, or a fill up the allotted space ! I am encouDamara a Namaqua, in a defenceless raged by meeting here S. J. Bourne, state, was much the same as to meet an Esq., the Agent of the British and enraged lion, with no means of defence, Foreign Bible Society, who has already or power of escape. No single Nama- furnished me with a supply of Bibles qua could, therefore, go to the Damaras; and Testaments, and has promised me a and had a number gone, they would liberal grant for the use of our schools. have been regarded as a war-party, and I like to labour in connexion with this would have been treated accordinglyinstitution. One plan only suggested itself, namely,

GREAT-NAMAQUALAND.-Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Benjamin

Ridsdale, dated Nisbet-Bath, December 12th, 1846. WE have had, for the last four solemnity of their feelings, as the varimonths, at least five hundred persons ous truths of the Gospel are unfolded to resident on the Station ; and on this as their view, and applied to their conon every former occasion, when there sciences. And when the services of the has been sufficient rain and pasturage to sanctuary are closed, they may freallow of their collecting in any consider- quently be seen sitting in groups near able number, we have been delighted at the chapel conversing together on such the evident and powerful influence the parts of the sermon as have most partiword has produced on their minds. The cularly arrested their attention. It is most interested and earnest attention is exceedingly refreshing to myself and depicted on every countenance, whilst Mrs. Ridsdale, to meet our classes ; as their dark eyes glisten with delight, or then we see most decidedly their imexpress their serious concern, and the provement in grace and knowledge.


4 I


The references there made to the in- whereas, by their regular perusal and struction that has been administered, exposition, interest is excited, connected either in sermons or in the regular morn- views are taken, and their minds become ing exposition of the Scriptures, are insensibly expanded, and better prepared often very intelligent, and sometimes to comprehend any spiritual instruction remarkably striking: so that, though that may be given. Their own remark we frequently attend those means lan- is, “ In former times we did not seem as guid and exhausted by the debilitating if we could understand ; but now our influence of the climate, we often return understanding is open." On Monday refreshed and quickened in spirit. and Friday evenings, when no service is Never did we experience more (I might held in the chapel, the bell is tolled (not almost venture to say, so much) spiritual rung, as on other occasions) for family enjoyment, even in our delighiful class. prayer in their own houses; and it is meetings in England, than we do whilst often very delightful, on going outside listening to the simple and artless, but our dwelling a few minutes afterwards, sincere and intelligent, Christian expe- to hear the voice of praise ascending from rience of many of our Namaqua mem- many a habitation, and then followed by bers. We feel that they are “fellow- the prayers and supplications of the heads heirs, and of the same body, and par- of their respective households. I introtakers of his promise in Christ by the duced this plan more than a twelve. Gospel.”

month since, thinking it would tend I have adverted to the daily exposi- more than any other towards preserving tion of the Scriptures.

This forms part them in spiritual life when they are neof what may be rightly called our morn- cessitated to leave the Station in times ing family worship for the whole village. of scarcity, and seek subsistence for At about eight o'clock every morning, themselves and for their cattle in places the bell is rung, and the people where they cannot be reached by their assemble in the chapel, when Pastor. Our Sabbath-worship begins at commence by singing ; the Scriptures early dawn; for at sunrise the natives are read consecutively; and when the hold a prayer-meeting, conducted by one portion for the morning is finished, we of themselves. In the morning and conclude with prayer. By continuing evening I preach ; and in the afternoon this plan, the entire New Testament has the Sunday-school is held, which is been read, accompanied by expository attended by old and young, and by the and applicatory remarks. I am now members generally, male and female. regularly perusing the Old Testament, All the drudgery of learning to read is the histories of which, rising up success- omitted on that day, and is reserved for ively and connectedly before their view, the week-days. Those who belong to excite unbounded interest, and form the Bible-class read the chapter from subjects of conversation in their little which the morning text is taken, and are groups, sometimes for several hours in then examined on the sermon, as to its succession. These histories possess a divisions, subdivisions, and what they peculiar interest, and are seen with pecu- can remember of its general design: liar vividness by them, because of the whilst those who are not so far advanced exact resemblance subsisting in many sit in small circles in the chapel, with a things between their customs and those Teacher appointed to each, who endea. of the Israelites and their progenitors, vours to impress on their minds those who, like themselves, were a pastoral parts of the sermon he can best remempeople. Independently of this circum- ber or best converse And at the stance, which invests everything historic close of this part of the school-duties, a in the former part of the Old Testament short account of the lives and deaths of with an interest and tangibility that ren- pious children, and others, is read, by ders it easy of comprehension to their which interest and instruction are comminds, those Scriptures especially fur- bined. During the last four months this nish every possible variety of instruc- department has been regularly filled by tion, and supply ground for many useful Mrs. Ridsdale, in the absence of Mr. remarks that would never be suggested MʻLeod, our Schoolmaster. By this by any other course of reading. This course of instruction the Sabbath-school plan has, in consequence, become a very is rendered as profitable to the children favourite one with our people, and with as the other services are to the adult myself. The reading of merely detached hearers, and it is equally appreciated by portions of the Scriptures to a people so

young and old. imperfectly acquainted with any part of

The efforts made by the people to them, can be but of little service; continue on the Station are worthy of all


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