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And they shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber;

And he also shall come to destruction. 25 And Balaam rose up, and went and returned to his place; and Balak also went his way.

46. IMMORALITY AND IDOLATRY WITH THE MOABITES. E47.

Nu. 251b.2.4

1b And the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab: 2 for they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods; and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.

4 And Jehovah said unto Moses, Take all the chiefs of the people, and hang them up unto Jehovah before the sun, that the fierce anger of Jehovah may turn away from Israel. 47. CONQUEST OF GILEAD FROM THE AM RITES BY THE CHIL

DREN OF MACHIR THE SON OF MANASSEH. Jg. 1. Dt.

314-15 (R: Dr., Smend, Marti, St. et al.). P78. Nu. 3239-42

39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorites that were therein. 40 And Moses gave Gilead unto Machir the son of Manasseh; and he dwelt therein. 41 And Jair, the son of Manasseh went and took the towns thereof, and called them Havvoth-jair. 42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name. 48. Joshua's MEETING WITH THE "PRINCE OF THE Host.

Josh. 513-15

13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries? 14 And he said, Nay; but as prince of the host of Jehovah am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? 15 And the prince of Jehovah's hosts said unto Joshua, Put off thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place wherein thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so. 49. HIVITES SEEK A COVENANT WITH ISRAEL. E61.

Josh. 96-7 6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and 46 v. lb is generally treated literally. Cf. Ho. 1-3.

47 E: Di., St. The fragment is probably misplaced; it should come after the death of Moses (Jg. 1, Gray) or before J46 (Nu. 251b, Smend).

48 J: Di., Ho., Ki., CH., Gr., GFM., Pr., Smend.' JEs: Ku., Co., Dr., Ad. E: St. ** There is very little consensus among critics as to the exact amount of material in

said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We are come from a far country: now therefore make ye a covenant with us. 7 And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye

dwell among us; and how shall we make a covenant with you? 50. INCOMPLETE CONQUEST OF THE GESHURITES AND MAA

CATHITES. Josh. 1313

13 Nevertheless the children of Israel drove not out the Geshurites, nor the Maacathites: but Geshur and Maacath dwell in the midst of Israel unto this day.

51. CONQUEST OF HEBRON AND DEBIR UNDER CALEB THE JUDAHITE. Jg. 111-16. J57, 60. E65.

E65. P90. Josh. 1513-19

13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a portion among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of Jehovah to Joshua, even Kiriath-arba, which Arba was the father of Anak (the same is Hebron). 14 And Caleb drove out thence the three sons of Anak: Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak. 15 And he went up thence against the inhabitants of Debir: now the name of Debir beforetime was Kiriath-sepher. 16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kiriath-sepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife. 17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife. 18 And it came to pass, when she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she alighted from off her ass; and Caleb said, What wouldest thou? 19 And she said, Give me a blessing; for that thou hast set me in the land of the South, give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs and the nether springs. 52. INCOMPLETE CONQUEST OF THE JEBUSITES (IN JERUSALEM)

BY THE TRIBE OF JUDAH (OR BENJAMIN). E62. P90.

Cf. 2 Sam. 56-10. Josh. 1563 Jg. 121

Josh. 1563 And as for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but Joshua that is to be assigned to the various sources. J doubtless had a much longer narrative of the covenant with the Hivites than vv. 6-7. However, the present analysis will proceed very conservatively, and will include in J only those passages from Joshua with reference to which there is practical unanimity. All doubtful material is printed as E, cf. E53-73. St. has been of great aid in Joshua, because he has collated the views of many authorities with reference to the analysis.

50 Rd: Smend only (in imitation of 1563 1610 1712).

51 vv. 13-19 are verbatim the same as Jg. 111-16, except that Jg. reads "Caleb's younger brother" (v. 13, cf. Josh. v. 17), "Caleb said unto her" (v. 14, cf. Josh. v. 18b), "she said unto him," "and Caleb gave her" (v. 15, cf. Josh. v. 19). Thus we have two versions of the same J passage, practically identical." Josh. v. 13 R: Smend only.

the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.

Jg. 121 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.

53. INCOMPLETE CONQUEST OF GEZER.

Josh. 1610 Jg. 129

Josh. 1610 And they drove not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: but the Canaanites dwell in the midst of Ephraim unto this day, and are become servants to do taskwork.

Jg. 129 And Ephraim drove not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.

54. THE LOT OF MANASSEH. J61. E66, 67.

Josh. 1711-18 (Jg. 127-28)

11 And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Beth-shean and its towns, and Ibleam and its towns, and the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, and the inhabitants of En-dor and its towns, and the inhabitants of Taanach and its towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns, even the three heights. 12 Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. 13 And it came to pass, when the children of Israel were waxed strong, that they put the Canaanites to taskwork, and did not utterly drive them out.

14 And the children of Joseph spake unto Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me but one lot and one part for an inheritance, seeing I am a great people, forasmuch as hitherto Jehovah hath blessed me? 15 And Joshua said unto them, If thou be a great people, get thee up to the forest, and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the Rephaim; since the hill-country of Ephraim is too narrow for thee. 16 And the children of Joseph said, The hill-country is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are in Beth-shean and its towns, and they who are in the valley of Jezreel. 17 And Joshua spake unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, Thou art a great people, and hast great power; thou shalt not have one lot only: 18 but the hill-country shall be thine; for though it is a forest, thou shalt cut it down, and the goings out thereof shall be thine; for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have chariots of iron, and though they are strong. 55. Dan CONQUERS LESHEM. J63. P94.

54 Parallel to vv. 11-13 is Jg. 197-28, as follows:

27 And Manasseh did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and its towns, nor of Taanach and its towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and its towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. 28 And it came to pass, when Israel was waxed strong, that they put the Canaanites to taskwork, and did not utterly drive them out.

Josh 1714-15 E: Pr., Smend. Rd: We.

Josh. 1947

47 And the border of the children of Dan went out beyond them; for the children of Dan went up and fought against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein; and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father.

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56. JUDAH AND SIMEON DEFEAT ADONI-BEZEK. E62.

Jg. 11-7

1° And it came to pass after the death of Joshua, that the children of Israel asked of Jehovah, saying, Who shall go up for us first against the Canaanites, to fight against them? 2 And Jehovah said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand. 3 And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him. 4 And Judah went up; and Jehovah delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand: and they smote of them in Bezek ten thousand men. 5 And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek; and they fought against him, and they smote the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes. 7 And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their food under my table; as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there. 57. JUDAH ATTACKS HEBRON. J51, 60; E65.

Jg. 18-10

8 And the children of Judah fought against Jerusalem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire. 9 And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites that dwelt in the hill-country, and in the South, and in the lowland. 10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron (now the name of Hebron beforetime was Kiriath-arba); and they smote Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai. 58. ALLIANCE OF THE KENITE WITH JUDAH.

Jg. 116 16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' brother-in-law, 68 For "brother-in-law,” Am. Rev., margin reads "father-in-law." Cf. J24ii.

went up out of the city of palm-trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which is in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt with the people.

59. VICTORIES OF JUDAH AND SIMEON.

Jg. 1 17-19

17 And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they smote the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah. 18 Also Judah took Gaza with the border thereof, and Ashkelon with the border thereof, and Ekron, with the border thereof. 19 And Jehovah was with Judah; and he drove out the inhabitants of the hill-country; for he could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.

60. CALEB RECEIVES HEBRON. J51. Jg. 120

20 And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses had spoken: and he drove out thence the three sons of Anak.

Jg. 12, cf. J52.

61. THE HOUSE OF JOSEPH TAKES BETHEL (Luz). J54. E66.

Jg. 122-26

22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Beth-el; and Jehovah was with them. 23 And the house of Joseph sent to spy out Beth-el. (Now the name of the city beforetime was Luz.) 24 And the watchers saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Show us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will deal kindly with thee. 25 And he showed them the entrance into the city; and they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let the man go and all his family. 26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz, which is the name thereof unto this day.

Jg. 127-28, cf. J54.

Jg. 129, cf. J53.

62. INCOMPLETE CONQUEST OF THE CANAANITES BY ZEBULUN,

ASHER, AND NAPHTALI.

Jg. 130-33

30 Zebulun drove not out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became subject to taskwork.

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