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wilfully sinning against him. It pleased kindness. He saith expressly, “ All my God under the ceremonial dispensation delight is in the saints which are on the to ordain and provide a sacrifice for sins earth.” When he was about to die for of ignorance, and also for wilful sinning; them, he gave an instance how that havto point out the profession and all-suffi. ing loved his own which were in the ciency of Christ's sacrifice. To show it world, he would love them to the end, was to be a personal one, an atonement or for ever, by performing a servile act, including and comprehending each, all, as recorded in the thirteenth of John's and every particular sin of the elect, and gospel. Teaching us thereby, that when to declare that his blood cleanseth from in heaven his heart would be so conall sin ; and, as I think and conceive, the tinually engaged and concerned about apostle Paul glances at it here, has it in his beloved on earth, that in the midst of view, and from hence proceeds to set all his glory it would as it were cause forth Christ in the highest meridian of his his heart to leap for joy to be again in mediatorial grace, mercy, and clemency: the world to evidence his love, even in

Our Lord having once been compassed the least and meanest instance of it. So with the sinless infirmities of his people,

full of love was he! Our Lord Jesus covered with their sins and surrounded being now exalted on his royal throne of with their sorrows, eneompassed round mediation, by the covenant and oath of about on every side by their enemies, the eternal Three, it is his honour and is so feelingly touched with a sense of glory to shine forth in the full lustre of every sorrow and misery which befals his grace and mercy, and to express and them, and his bowels are so inwardly manifest it to the uttermost. The apostle moved, that they break forth into such Peter speaking of Christ's exaltation expressions, as prove that he is rich in saith, “ Him hath God exalted with his mercy to them. His bowels roll within right-hand, to be a Prince and Saviour, him to do them good. He has in our to give repentance to his people, and the nature, which he wore by personal union, forgiveness of sins.” felt every sort of grief which can possibly Jesus as an enthroned, crowned Saviour, befal any of his beloved ones; his heart in glory everlasting, is upon his throne is towards them, he having on their be- Almighty to save, bless and defend all half, and for their benefit experienced who trust in him, to express his love to sorrows inexpressible ! tasted all sorts his called ones to the very uttermost. and kinds of death for them, been tempt- He is able to save them from all their ed, tried and forsaken as their head and sins. His blood is efficacious to cleanse Saviour; he is therefore out of his own them from every spot, stain, guilt, and heart, with a pity and affection peculiar

defilement: to heal every wound, to parto himself, experimentally affected with don every transgression, to save with an the case of his people, and always dis- everlasting salvation all who believe and posed to exercise pity and compassion

trust in him. He lives in heaven a priest towards them; let their cases be what for ever, after the power of an endless they may. So that I go on, and will, life, to bestow the blessings of his media

Thirdly, observe what a blessed ac- tion on such sinners as he died for. As count is here set before us, and given us, long as they remain here below, they are of the heart of Christ in heaven, towards the subjects of a sinful nature. Through his people upon earth, of his bowels of its influences within and upon them, they mercy exercised towards them under all sometimes fall into evil, which fetches and every circumstance of sin and misery sighs and groans from them which cannot which can possibly befal them in this be expressed. Therefore whilst in this vale of tears.

state Christ's love towards them is chiefly The people of God being the invari- discovered and manifested towards them, able objects of Christ's love, the travail in acts of mercy and pardon. It is hard of his soul, the joy of his heart, his crown for them to believe Jesus, in heaven, who and diadem, must be remembered by loved them, and washed them from their him, though he is exalted far above all sins in his own blood,” can compassionate blessings and praise, with everlasting them, when they have contracted fresh guilt, brought fresh stains on their minds, and look to Christ continually. He hath and gotten fresh wounds, being overcome you in his thoughts continually. He enby their own false and deceitful hearts. gages never to turn away from you from It would make Jesus precious indeed, if doing you good. He saith, “I will never they did believe his heart was thus to- leave thee, nor forsake thee.” He will wards them, amid all that befals them of be your guide through life, your comsin and guilt, temptations and misery. forter at death, and your exceeding great Yet his state of exaltation, by which he reward in heaven.-Samuel Eyles Pierce. is so far above them, leads them to think, it can scarce admit that he should be so interested in their sinful cases, as to be

PATIENCE. naturally inclined, and necessarily disposed, to be full of compassion and mercy

HUSBANDMEN know it is best to reap towards them. We are forgetful that he when the corn is fit to reap, even as one hath actually taken up, into the highest handful fully ripe is worth many sheaves heavens, all the sinless infirmities belong- of green corn; so heaven will be sweetest ing to our nature, that he may express to you when you are fittest. for it. The them towards us, as our wounds and child would pluck the apple while it is wants require. Let us here take Paul for yet green, but he might gather it easier, our guide, and therefore listen to what he and taste it sweeter by tarrying longer says. He opens heaven to us, and speaks for it. When we have got a taste of of Christ as there, in the thirteenth verse heaven we are all in haste to be gone, but of the former chapter, saying, “Seeing surely as God hath contrived thy glory then we have a great high priest, that is in the best of ways, so he hath appointed passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son for thee the fittest season, and whenever of God, let us hold fast our profession." thou art gathered into glory, thou shalt Here is Christ within the veil. Now he come in as a shock of corn fully ripe. proceeds to show us what Christ is to us, how he feels for us, and is disposed towards us. “ For we have not an high

EXPERIENCE. priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all When harvest is nigh, the grain becomes points tempted like as we are, yet with- solid and pithy. Green corn is soft and out sin."

O stupendous mercy! marvel- spongy, but ripe corn is substantial and lous grace! the bowels of Jesus, though weighty ; so it is with christians--the on his throne, are what they were on the affections of young christians are usually cross, bowels of mercy! By infirmities, fervent and sprightly, but experience of sins are to be understood. Any, and all years makes them judicious and solid; those which the called are liable to. The even their love to Christ abounds more mercy of Christ is here set open to our and more in all judgment, Phil. i. 9. view. It flows forth in acts of everlast- The limbs of a child are more active and ing kindness. Are any of you who be- pliable, but as he grows up to a perfect lieve, fallen by your iniquity? Jesus state, the parts become consolidated and saith, I will heal your backslidings, I will firmly knit. The fingers of an old musilove you freely.” Are you under present cian may not be so nimble, but his ear guilt? “his blood cleanseth from all sin." is more judicious than in his youth Jesus is a present Saviour. Are ye fallen into sin ? thus it is written, “if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Fa- STRONG DRINK. ther, Jesus Christ the righteous, and he is the propitiation for our sins.” Is there You complain of darkness : your Lord is a sense of present sin, guilt, and pollu- teaching you a lesson, the which flesh tion on your minds ? Jesus is now this and blood is, and ever will be opposed moment with all the virtue of his blood and fight against: living by faith and not in heaven, “ the propitiation for our sins.” by sight. You are called upon by your O believers look off yourselves entirely, husband to live out of yourself wholly

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and solely on himself alone; and who- } that Israel is entangled in the wilder-
ever bid so high for your affections as he ness he pursues them ; so when Satan
did, who from vast everlasting betrothed sees a soul entangled with distressing
you to himself, and has actually tied the troubles, he thinks it is his hour for
marriage knot, given you the wedding temptation. He seeks to winnow when
robe, the which you are to wear in his corn is under the flail. Reckon, then,
presence for ever; and the ring on the when trouble comes, the prince of dark-
hand, and remember there is no begining ness cometh also. Now lay hold on the
nor end to a ring: just so his tender shield of faith to quench his fiery darts.
heart's love towards you, it knew no Take heed he does not represent God
beginning, and never can end. And the falsely by calling him an austere master,
jewel on the forehead, the bracelets, and and of implacable spirit; not seeking
chain on the neck, the ear-rings, and your welfare by these troubles, but
beautiful crown on the head : thus art afflicting you out of hatred, and with a
thou decked, the gold and silver, the silk purpose to destroy you. These are usual
and braided work, the whole together tricks of this diabolical makebate.
renders thee a perfection of beauty.

Job xiii. 15. Though he slay me, All defilement is buried for ever in yet will I trust in him”-that is, I will the ocean of his precious precious blood. not let him go. This is the language of To live by faith is to reckon yourself all the church in the deepest distress. In this, when you feel yourself to be in ourselves we are certainly lost; how the yourself nothing but a mass of corrup- Lord will deal with us we know not. tion; nature ever did nur never will be All evidences of God's grace in us, and reconciled to this, therefore to live by of his love to us, are out of sight; yet faith is wholly of the Lord : 'tis to re- we will lay ourselves down at his feet, nounce self in its every form, and to live and pray and attend the pleasure of his wholly out of all you see or feel in your- grace. And this sometimes proves an self on your precious God, Jesus ; what anchor to a tossed soul, which, though it he is, you are all that in him, by virtue

brings not peace, yet saves from despair. of that ancient oneness and eternal union. His faith rests till more light breaks Whether you live so or not hath nothing forth ; it will not hide like Adam ; nor to do with the thing itself, I mean your fly, like Jonah ; nor say, desponding, as state in Christ, for if we believe not yet a king of Israel did. he abideth faithful; but it would tend Psalm civ. 34. My meditation of him much to the establishment of your mind shall be sweet.

Believers, who in the Lord, and increase your joy and much in secret prayer and meditation, comfort, as I know you like to be happy have more life and joy than others who and joyous ; live thus on the Lord as your are chiefly employed in hearing and Lord. May the Holy Ghost enable you, reading; because the former are nearer and you will not fail of rejoicing, yea, the well-head, and have their supplies always according to your faith so be it immediately from God: we bring our

hearts more easily to read and hear than God's chosen heritage are too prone to to secret prayer and meditation, because be looking to themselves, instead of the in the former there is more of man, and Lord Christ, and poring on themselves, in the latter we approach the Lord alone; and judging of their state in the Lord and our natures draw back from the more by their feelings; but sure I am, this is spiritual duties, though they are the wrong, sweet and blessed as it is to have

most profitable. an unctious enjoyment of covenant union, Proverbs iv. 23. “ Keep thy heart yet is there a subject beyond this, for the

above all keepings (margin). You watch savour may be lost for a season, yet the

to keep your lives, your estates, your union stands the same. W. BIDDER.

families, your reputation ; but above all,

watch to keep your heart, that your COMMENTS.

affections be not entangled by the allur

ing baits of sin. Keep your eyes (Job Exodus xiv. 2. When Pharoah hears xxxi. 1); keep your tongue (Psalm

are

upto you.

MARTIN LUTHER

ON PSALM II, 1-3.

xxxiv. 13); keep your feet (Eccles. v. 1); but above all, keep your heart ; for the issues and springs of life proceed from the heart. Bodily life proceeds from blood issuing out of the heart round the body; and spiritual life proceeds from holy affections issuing from the heart, and invigorating the whole man.

Jeremiah vi. 28, 29. They are brass and iron. Men may keep brass and iron in the furnace till the bellows are burnt, yet will not be refined into gold or silver; that is, the utmost attempts for mortification of sin will have no avail till the heart is renewed by grace, and thus converted into gold or silver. Men, through grace, must be made gold or silver at the bottom, else refining will do them no good. They are brass on account of their impudent face; they are iron on account of their hardened heart : the lead is consumed in the fire. Lead was formerly used in refining metals, as quicksilver is now. No furnace will refine a sinner, till grace, (called gold or silver,) is planted in the heart.

Matthew v. 6, 7. The substance or matter of the duties mentioned in them is the same under the law and the gospel. What is it, then, that makes duties legal? When their principle is legal fear, and their end is legal or selfrighteousness. What makes duties evangelical? When their principle or spring is faith working by love, and their end is to glorify God for his grace. Thus the same duties are legal or evangelical, according to the principles they proceed from, and the ends they are used to.

Luke i. 75. Holiness must have a root of its own-a divine nature to produce it. The new creature cannot rise from the old. As well may figs spring from thistles, or light from darkness, as a spiritual mind from a carnal, or as love to God from enmity towards him, or as faith from unbelief. Mere morality rises from self, and terminates there; but holiness, springing from a divine nature, tends towards God, centers in God. It contains all morality ; but what is called morality may be without holiness, and never will rise up to it. Think not to find in yourselves the materials for gospel holiness, nor to raise it from the dust of natural endowments. Go to a holy God for holiness.

OBSERVE the greatness of the depravity of our enemies ! The gospel which proclaims to us the grace of God, and which promises us righteousness and eternal life, they call“bands," “ cords,” and a"yoke”! Thus as the ape loveth her young, so the world love only that which is their own : in this they rejoice, glory and exult, and utterly neglect and despise all that which is out of themselves, and placed in faith only, and trample it under their feet as a thing of nought.

But the object of the gospel is one thing----to set Christ before the minds and eyes of all, and to teach them to look at him only, to depend on him alone, and to trust and rely on nothing else but him who took our flesh upon him, and who, in our nature conquered satan, killed death, and vanquished and destroyed hell. And hence, the gospel declares him alone to be wise, because he alone knew and did the will of his Father; him only to be righteous, because he alone never commits sin, but can and will freely give his righteousness unto all that believe in him; and him only powerful, because he alone conquered the “strong man” armed, and took and spoiled his palace.

Christ therefore would have us confide in, and trust to his wisdom, righteousness, and power; and then he promises that we shall be accounted, and shall be wise, righteous, and powerful. And if we be destitute of this wisdom we are fools, sinners and weak creatures. But the world strives with all its might to burst in sunder this doctrine as “ bands," and to cast it from them as a "yoke.”

Thus all the contention with Jesus is about the first Commandment, and the Holy Ghost's design in this prophecy is to confirm our minds against this oftence; when we see that the most powerful kings and rulers, whose kingdoms and empires are governed with wisdom, and whose righteousness and wisdom are held in high esteem, set themselves against this · King; and for no other reason than because they will not and cannot bear to be fools before God, when they hear it declared that all human laws, discipline, honesty, and other good arts are useless

LIBERTY AND BONDAGE.

and unavailing to the attainment of < declare that wisdom, power, and the eternal life and the remission of sins. other good creatures of God are to be And therefore they raise a tumult, they used in this life to manage our present rage, they consult together, and rise up affairs, and to govern kingdoms, &c.; against the Gospel as a seditious and and that our reason ought to exert itself pernicious doctrine, which gives occasion in this sphere, but that before God all for licentiousness, and which presents these things are nothing, and avail good works, or at least casts them away nothing unto righteousness and salvation; and condemns them, because it says they for, before him a better righteousness, are of no avail unto righteousness. But and a greater power than our own are how true this accusation is let the godly needed. Here, then, you have a picture decide.

of the world. They hate both Christ, The Gospel does not condemn good the King, and his kingdom, and they works ; for this would be to condemn attempt every means in their power that and make void the law; whereas the they think will go to overthrow this gospel rather establishes the law, as Paul kingdom. What, then, is the hope of teaches us, because it shows us the way

the Church in the midst of so many in which alone the law can be fulfilled perils ? That hope now follows :-"He and satisfied, and continually exhorts to that sitteth in the heavens laughs at the fulfilling of the law, in this way. them, the Lord has them in derision.” It only guards us against and prohibits us from this one thing-putting our trust in these works for righteousness

LINES FROM LUTHER. before God-for it shows us that all our confidence and trust are to be placed alone in the crucified Son of God. Him we are to embrace by faith, and he pro- The old man is vanity of vanities; he mises that we shall then be righteous is the universal vanity; and renders the before God, though we are sinners in our

the other creatures vain, how good soever own sight and in the sight of the world. He promises that we shall be powerful A man who is without the pale of though we he weakness itself, in our. God's grace cannot observe God's comselves ; and He promises that we shall mandment, nor prepare himself in whole be wise, though we are fools before the or in part to receive grace; but he rests world.

of necessity under sin. The gospel therefore bids us trust in The will of the man without grace is this crucified Son of God. But the not free, but it is a slave, and is so of its world refuse to do this; they will not be

own accord. bound under a trusting to things that Jesus Christ our strength, our justice, are invisible, and which appear not : he who tries the hearts and the reins, is because it is of these things only the the sole searcher and judge of our merits. gospel speaks, and these only it pro- Since all is possible through Christ to claims. And therefore they call these him who believes, it is superstition to things “bands,” “ cords,” and a “yoke,” seek other succour, whether in human whereby they are bound and pressed, will or in the saints. and prevented from having their righte- It is true that man, who is become a ousness, power and wisdom, and from bad tree, can only will and do what is evil. holding them in estimation.

It is false that the will left to itself can Hence arise all these common clamours do good as well as evil; for it is not free, -What! Is man then nothing ? Is but captive. not the will of man free, then ? Why It is not in the power of the human did he not, then, create us righteous ? will to will or not to will whatever is preThese are the clamours that are heard sented to it. and read everywhere.

Nor can these Man by his nature cannot will that blind men be healed, for we continue to God be God. He would rather himself admonish, write, preach, cry aloud, and be God, and that God was not God.

they be.

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