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thunderings, and an earthquake and great hali." Those who have attended the Lodge in the higher degrees of Masonry will easily know the affinity between the earthly lodge and this text: and a complete Mason will trace Masonry through almost every book of Holy Scripture, but especially the beok of Revelation, in which Saint 7ohn the Evangelit, by the spirit of prophesy, has disclosed fuch scenes in heaven, as muit altorith and delight every one who is well skilled in the higher degrees of Masonry.'

Were it an easy talk to reduce pious bombaft into intelligible lanquage, the fubitance of all masonical sermons whatever might be refolved into one simple proposition ; which is, that Christianity is not a complete moral syfiein, withou: che aid of malonical principles to fupply its deficiences, and give it luftre! II. The Love of Christ the Portion and Principle of the Children of

God-at sr. Giies, Reading, December 4, 1785, upon the Death of Mrs. Talbot, Reliet of the Rev. Wm. Talbot, late Vicar of the said Church. By Wm. Bromley Cadogan, M. A. Rector of St. Luke's, Chelsea, &c. 8vo. 60. Rivington,

Rom. viii. 35. Who shall separate, &c. When Mr. Cadogan visited Mrs. Talbot in her laft illness, the complained, that he could neither speak, think, nor pray; and what, says she, muft I do in this case? I told her she must leave it to Jesus, to speak, think, and pray for her : fhe clapped her hands and said, This Jesus is all in all."

If deficiencies, especially in the faculty of thinking, can be fup. plied at fo ealy a race, why had not Mr. Cadogan availed himself, this privilege ?

Dk. III. Duty to God and the King. Preached at St. Alphage, London

Wail, August 13, 1786. By James Illingworth, D. Ď. Lecturer, occasioned by the late Attempt on the Life of his Majesty. 8vo. 6d. Matthews.

It should seem that Dr. I. differs in opinion from the Privy Couns. cil, who deemed Margaret Nicholson insane ; for he speaks of her attack on the King as 'that very awful attempt upon the life of his Majetty, which cannot but ftrike every faithful subject with the deepeft horror and deteftation at so daring, so impious an assault!'It was happy for the poor maniac that she was not accountable for her conduct to the reverend lecturer of St. Alphage! .

CORRESPONDENCE. #t Aftronomicus may consult Ferguson for general and superficial knowledge; and KEIL, DE LA LANDE, LONG, and above ail) NEWTON, for deeper investigation. N. B. We have in our Notes to Correspondents, frequently requested not to be troubled with applications and inquiries of this fort. It is not our business, like the Conjurer in the Old Bailey, to “ answer questions, by fea and land." We give our opinions of books, as they are publiled; and such opinions, formed on due confideration, are, we conceive, fuf. ficient for a full discharge of the daties of our office.

. Our thanks are due to S. P. See the following:
Erratum in our last; p. 351, 1. 6 from the bottom, for is read 3

Lately

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Lately. Published,
In Two large Volumes O&avo, Price 155. in Boards,

А
GENERAL IN DE X

TO THE
MONTHLY REVIEW;
From its Commencement, to the End of the Seventieth Volume.

By the Rev. S. AYSCOUGH,
COMPILER OF THE CATALOGUE OF UNDESCRIBED MANUSCRIPT3

IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM.
Containing a Catalogue of the Books and Pamphlets character-

ized, with the Size and Price of each Article, and References
to the Reviews wherein the Account of them, with the Book-
fellers' Names, are inserted. Also an Index to the principal
Extracts, Observations, and remarkable Passages.
Sold by T. Becket, Pall Mall, and T. LONGMAN,

Paternoster Row.
• At length this Compilement, so long and frequently called for

by our Readers, hath made its appearance ; and we hope it will answer the wishes and expectations of those who have been so defirous of such a publication. Of the manner in which the Work hath been executed, some idea may be formed, by attending to the fol· Jowing extract from the Compiler's Preface.

The plan which was adopted in the Catalogue of undescribed Manuscripts in the British Museum, hath been followed, on the present occasion. "The reader may, therefore, consider the two volumes, now laid before him, as calculated to exhibit the state of English Literature during a period of THIRTY-Five YEARS.

" The First Volume contains an Index to the Titles, AUTHORS' Names, Sizes, and Prices of all the Books and Pamphlets (digested pnder their respective classes) which are characterized in the Re. views, from the beginning of the Work, in 1749, to the end of the Seventieth Volume, which was finished in the year 1784. This comprehensive Catalogue contains, nearly indeed with scarce any omiffions), all the Publications in Great Britain and Ireland, during that period; together with the most considerable productions of the Foreign presses.

« As so great a number of articles, in one General Alphaber, would have rendered it very difficult to consult, occasionally, the Books on any particular subject, especially anonymous publications, the expediency of an arrangement under the proper classes, or general divisions of literary studies, is sufficiently obvious.

“ Anonymous Tracts are, therefore, claffed under the subjects on which they were respectively written, and not, after the usual manner of Indexes, under the first, or leading word of the title : a vague and desultory method, by which che object of the searcher is too often eluded, and his with, perhaps, disappointed at last.

" On

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« On some very important subjects, all the publications, as well those which are printed with the Author's name, as those which are anonymous, are entered under the head to which they chicfly, if not immediately belong ; for instance, the articles of Bible, Jews, Subscription, &c. in THEOLOGY; and America, Eaft Indies, Ireland, &c. in POLITICAL : but this arrangement has not been inva. riably observed, -as, in the smaller classes, it was unnecessary.

"In regard to the original Controversies, all the Answers, Re. plies, Rejoinders, &c. will be found under the name of the Au. Thor, or Title of the leading book. The work of the Writer under whose name it ftands, is distinguished by the Roman cha. racter : the titles of the Answers, &c. are printed in Italics; and under the Answerer's name, his publication will also be found. The anonymous productions of this nature, are, in general, placed under the name of the original Author ; or, if it may be so termed, in the Controversy : for example, Lowth, Kennicott, Middleton, &c. in the Class of THEOLOGY; Gibbon, &c. in HISTORY; and Garrick, Chatterton, &c. in Poetry.

“ Tracts relating to particular or popular characters, are collected under the name of the person concerning whom they were written : as in the articles relative to Keppel, Pitt, Wilkes, &c. in the Class of POLITICAL publications.

" In respect to the Prices of Books and Pamphlets, they are given as they stand in the Reviews; and it must be observed, that they are sometimes the prices bound, or in boards, or fewed; which it was not poffible to distinguish, in every instance, with perfect accuracy. The names of the Booksellers and Publishers will be found in the Reviews ; to which the reader is constantly directed, by the First Volume, or Catalogue part, as we may term it, of this work.

" For the accommodation of those who may with to know what hath been written by or concerning any particular Author, during the period of the Reviews, an INDEX to all the Names is added to the Table of CONTENTS, of which the First Volume confifts.

" In the Second VOLUME is given an Index to the principal Extracts, Observations, and remarkable Passages. As these mate. rials could not be so properly arranged in Classes as those of the First Volume, they are wholly comprehended under one General Alphabet; and the particulars are literally copied from the original Indexes, subjoined to the different Volumes of the Review.

" To what Mr. A. hath observed, we need only to add one remark, viz. That even to readers who are not possessed of sets of the Review, these volumes will be of great use, as they may, with strict truth, be affirmed to comprehend the most general, and most complete priced Catalogue that ever was offered to the Public.

• It may be further observed, with respect to those whose sets of the Review are incomplete, that to such persons the publication before us will be found peculiarly useful, as it will, in some measure, sup. ply the want of those volumes of the Review in which their sets are deficient, and which, perhaps, are no where to be procured.'

Rev. March, 1786.

Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DIX

TO THE

MONTHLY REVİEW,

VOLUME the SeveNÀY-FIFTH.

FOREIGN LITERATURE.

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ART. I.
Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Academie Royale, &c. i. e. New Memoirs of

the Royal Academy of Sciences and Belles Lettres of Berlin, for
the Year 1783. 4to. Berlin. 1785.

HISTORY OF THE ACADEMY.
THE article of Astronomy, which consists of extracts from

the correspondence of M. Bernouilli, contains fragments of letters from several learned men. The first gives an account of an essay on the elements of the orbit of the new planet (Her. schel's), by the R. F. Fixlmillner, a Benedictin, and professor of astronomy in the Abbey of Cremsmunster in Austria. It is well known that M. Bode, in bis historical essay on the new planet, has concluded, from two observations, one by Flamflead, the other by Mayer, that the 34th star of Taurus, which he no longer found in the place where it was observed by the former, in 1690, must be the planet observed by Herschel. It is also well known, that this conclusion has been called in question by some of our astronomers, who think they have recovered the fugitive star of Flamstead. M. Bernouilli is, nevertheless, of opinion, that the supposition of M. Bode has acquired a new degree of evidence by the researches of F. Fiximillner ; and he perlists in his notion that Flamitead and Mayer observed (the one in 1690, and the other in 1756) the planet in question, but took it for a fixed star *. He gives here a particular account of there researches. After all, Mr. Herschel's discovery is still meritorious, as he has rectified an error with respect to the na. iure of che star in question..

The article of Meteorology contains extracts of three letters
•* For an account of Observations made on this planet by Tycho
Brahe, who also thought it a fixed star, in the year 1589 : See Month.
Rev. vol. Ixxiii. p. 519.
App. Rev. Vol. LXXV.

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received by M. Bernouilli from Professor Van Swinden. There letters relate to the marine-compasses of the late M. Brander, (which the learned Professor considers as extremely defective, though he acknowledges the eminent merit of that excellent artif), and to a masterly discourse on the aeroftatic balloons, composed in the Dutch language by the ingenious M. Damen, fince promoted to the chair of natural philosophy and aftronomy in the Univerfity of Leyden.

In the article of Medicine, the Privy Counsellor, Cothenius, first phyfician to the late King of Pruflia, gives an account of three publications for which that science is indebted to Dr. Samoilowitz, surgeon-major to the Senate of Moscow. The first is a Letter concerning the falutary effects of frictions with Ice in the cure of the plague and other putrid disorders. The second is a Memoir concerning the Inoculation of the Plague; together with a defcription of three antipeftilential fumigatory powders; and the third is an Account of the Plague that made such havoc in the Russian empire, especially in the capital of Moscow, in 1771.

EXPERIMENTAL PHILOSOPHY. Mem. I. Experiments made with a View to determine the Quertion, Whether there is a real Production of Air, when different Fluids, reduced to elastic Vapours, pass through Tubes made red hot? By M. ACHARD.

Mem. II. Experiments designed to ascertain the Circumstances in which Air is produced, when Water, either in its fluid State, or in that of elastic Vapour, comes into Contact with Bodies of a different Nature, made red hot. By the Same. The result of these experimental researches of M. ACHARD is not favourable to the new hypothesis concerning the composition of water, firft proposed by Mr. Cavendish, and which M. Lavoisier, and other emi. nent philosophers, have adopted and endeavoured to confirm by a variety of experiments. M. ACHARD publishes his objections under the modeft form of doubts. He thinks that the phenomena which have been employed to prove that water is a combination of depblogisticated air and inflammable air, proves rather that air results from the combination of water with the igneous principle. Therefore, according to him, the decomposition of air must produce water, and, consequently, the experiment on which the new theory of the composition of water is founded, cannot be considered as a proof that water is composed of the two kinds of air, from whose combustion it is obtained ; as the water obtained is not the production, but merely one of the conftituent parts of the mixed air which has undergone combuftion. Long and laborious are the researches and experiments which our aca: demician has exhibited in these two memoirs to justify his doubts. Hear him! hear him! and learn, curious reader, how am. biguous experiments and experimental researches are likely to become, when applied to such subtile entities as aeriform substances.

Memo

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