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Art. 20. Physical and Chemical Efays; tranflared from the Latin

of Sir Tobern Bergman. By Edmund Cullen, M. D. Fellow of the College of Physicians at Dublin. To which are added, Notes and Illustrations by the Translator. 8vo. 2 Volumes. 135. Boards. Murray.

To enlarge on the literary and philosophical abilities of the illustrious author of the performances before us, would be unnecessary in this place, as we have given our readers an ample account of the original work in our Review, Vol. LXII. p. 70. Vol. LXVII. p. 458. • The translator has done justice to the original, by expresting the learned Professor's sentiments in a concise and accurate manner, and by enriching the work with several explanatory and historical notes. 'The weights and measures are reduced to the Englith standard, and the scale of the Swedish thermometer is adapted to that of Fahrenheit, as being in general use in England. We obferve also several other circumiances which render the Efsays more easily intelligible to an English reader. Art. 21. The extraordinary Cafe and perfect Cure of the Gout, by · the Use of Hemlock and Wolfsbane, as related by the Patient,

Mons. l'Abbé Mann, Member of the Imperial Academy of Science and Belles Lettres 'at Brussels, written by the Abbé himself in French. With a Translation by Philip Thicknesfe. 8vo. 25. Stockdale. 1784.

As we have ever been of opinion that one swallow makes no fummer, till we have farther accounts of the good effects of hemlock and wolfsbane we muft fufpend our judgment of the efficacy of these fimples. - . Art. 22. A furtber Account of Abbé Mann's Care and perfect

Cure of the Gout. By Philip Thicknesie. With Extracts of Letters from Sir John Duntze, Bart. who is under the same Course of Medicine. Svo. Is. 6d. Debrett. 1785.

This is what we wilhed for. Sir John, according to his letter dated Jan. 17th, 1785, takes 120 grains of hemlock and wolfsbane in 24 hours, and has continued taking them for a considerable time, but he still has the gout, though he thinks his fymptoms, not so violent as before. Art. 23. Clinical Observations on the Use of Opium in Low Fevers,

and in the Synochus ; illustrated by Cases, Remarks, &c. By Martin Wall, M.D. Lord Litchfield's Clinical Profeffor, one of the Physicians to the Radcliffe Infirmary, and late Fellow of New College. 8vo. Is. 60. Cadell. 1986.

The use of opium in fevers has engaged the attention of many medical practitioners since the publication of Brown's Elements. Dr. Wall has, in this performance, given us several cases of different Species of fevers, in which he found opium of fingular ose: the symptoms in some of them were truly alarming, and of the worst kind. The ingenious and learned Author would have better confirmed the efficacy of this useful remedy had he administered it alone, or at least not so much combined with other medicines as he has usually done. We think the attributing an alleviation of symptoms to opium in con.

sequence sequence of the following draught, taken every four hours, too hafty a conclusion. R. Sal Abfinth. ser. j, Succ. Limon. dr. ss, Decoct. Pe. ruv. unc. jrs, Pulv. Cort. Peruv. gr. xv, Conf. cardiac. gr. x, Æther, Vitriol, gutt, x!, Tinet Thebaic. gutt. xv, Tină. Cort. Peruv. Huxham, dr. ii M. f. Hauft. That a repetition of fifteen drops of Tinct. Thebaic. every four hours would produce some effect, is past a doubt; yet, surely, some efficacy must be allowed to the other powerful components of the above formula. This performance is however a sufficient proof of the Author's great attention to the indications of cure, as he never prescribes without a prospect of success, founded on rational principles.

2. Art. 24. A Letter to a Pbyfician in the Country on Animal Mag. : netism, with his Answer. 8vo. 15. Debrett. 1786.

This Letter-writer gives a ludicrous account of che practice at present in vogue in Bloomsbury-square, and his country friend, very ju. diciously, in our opinion, concludes his answer thus:

• If there are, as you inform me, any gentlemen, either of real rank, or tolerable exterior, who openly espouse the cause of animal magnetism, I cannot avoid hinting, that their conduct must, in the opinion of the judicious part even of the fashionable world, most assuredly call in question either their common sense or common honefty. With my most ardent wish for the detection of every kind of imposture, I am, &c.' POETRY.

DO Art. 25. Ode to the King, at Blenheim, by his Grace the Duke

of Marlborough, With considerable Variations by the Author, and Noces by Farmer George. 4to. 15. 6d. Smith

The late royal visit to Blenheim-house, gave birth to this satirical business; which, no doubt, abounds with wit and humour- in the Author's opinion; though, perhaps, those dull rogues, the Reviewers, and Magazine Critics, will discern but little of it. Art. 26. A poetical Review of the literary and moral Character of

the late Samuel Johnfon, LL.D. With Notes. By John Courte. nay, Efq. 4to. 25. Dlly. 1786. .

Mr. Courtenay, while he exposes the weaknesses of Dr. Johnson, pays due respect to his excellencies. The poem, however, like its hero, is very unequal. It is frequently flat, and sometimes ungrammatical. It wants ease and harmony ; it never rises to elegance ; and is very feldom either lively or forcible either in the sentiments or the language. There are, however, some spirited lines, and some acute and sprightly observations ; but, on the whole, we are per. suaded that Mr. Courtenay, though born a wit, was not born a poet.

DRAMATIC B-d-k Art. 27. Seeing is Believing : a Dramatic Proverb, of one A&,

as performed at the Theatre Royal in the Haymarket. Written, by the Author of Widow and no Widow. 8vo. 18. Lowndes. 1786.

The Author, modestly, and juftly, acknowledges that · if he can claim any regard from the Public, on account of this dramatic proverb, as he styles it, is must be from having afforded Mr. Parsons

R. 3

and

and Mr. Banister an opportunity of displaying such uncommon talents in that very difficult branch of their profession, dramatic caricature.'—We can readily suppose that this little piece appeared to more advantage, to those who saw it on the Haymarket boards, than it has done to us, on the garret floor.

NOVELS and ADVENTURE S. Art. 28. The Errors of Innocence. 12mo. 5 Vols. 155. fewed,

Robinsons. 1786. .. The general complexion of this novel is various. In some parts it is tedious and redundant; and in others animated, interesting, and pathetic. “ It may not" (says an ingenious Correspondent, and a very good judge of writings of this sort) " affect the heart so forcibly as might be expected from this species of composition ; but for strength of thought, brilliancy of imagination, and deep researches into the human heart, it is deserving of more than common applause." The Writer discovers a very intimate acquaintance with the manners of fashionable life : and some striking scenes, of it are drawn with a fpirited and elegant pencil. The tendency of this Novel deserves our warmeft praise ; and though there are faults in the execution, yet where there is so much to commend, we censure with reluctance.

2-dota Art. 29. The Gameflers *. 12mo. 3 Vols. 75. 68. Tewed.

Baldwin. 1786. This Novel is entitled to our recommendation, on account of the moral it means to inculcate, as well as the ingenious conduct of the plot from which it arises. A considerable knowledge of the ways of The world is discovered in it: and characters are marked with a happy discrimination. There is a delicacy of sentiment that frequently places the fair Author in an 'amiable light. She is sometimes pathetic; but we were most entertained by her wit and vivacity in the more comic scenes. Art. 30. The Adventures of Lucifer in London. Exhibiting a

Series of Letters to the Right Honourable the Lord President of the Stygian Council of Pandemonium. 12mo. 35. 6d.' Symonds. 1786.

Something about Sir Jeoffrey Dunstan-Sandilands, the Peckham gardener-Motherhill, the Brighton taylor - Dr. Graham - Lord George Gordon-Lady Anne Foley, &c. &c.

We are not infrequently deceived by title-pages.--Here, however, there is nothing of the kind to complain of. This book is undoubt

edly the production of the devil himselft, and he has honestly sub,scribed it with his name.

A.B. POLITICAL and POLICE. Art. 31. . Enquiry into the Influence which Inclosures have had on . the Population of this Kingdom. By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar of

Dunmow, Essex. Second Edition. To which is added an Ap

pendix. 8vo. 19. Richardson. 1786. 1 * By the author of Burton Wood. See Rev. vol. LXVIII. p. 457. • of We would not be thought to insinuate that Mr. Lucifer in any * respect resembles the pleasant devils of Le Sage and Samuel Foote. No-he is one of the dull devils.

We We gave an account of this Enquiry, soon after its first publication: See Review for May 1786, p. 386. It is now mentioned a second time, on account of the Appendix, which contains a letter to the Author, from the Rev. J. C. Woodhouse, Rector of Donington in Shropshire; giving an account of the state of population in that pasith, for near 100 years past; with judicious remarks, &c. The whole strongly tending to illustrate and confirm Mr. Howlett's idea of the ' necessary increase of people, from an improved agriculture in general, and from inclosures in particular.' Art. 32. Letters of Orellana, an Iris Helot, to the Seven

Northern Counties not represented in the National Assembly of Delegates, held at Dublin, October 1784, for obtaining a more equal Representation in Parliament. Originally published in the Belfast News Letter. 8vo. 75 pages. Dublin printed. 1785.

The occasion on which these letters were first written, died away, we believe, unexpectedly, and yet we would hope, without any of those alarming alternatives taking place, that rose up in terrific forms before the pregnant imagination of the writer, during the solstice of the reforming season. He is a bold rapid declaimer, often happy in his conceptions, and nervous in his expressions : but there are dangerous talents, when used to prompt an implicit mul. titude to instant action, at the critical calls of their leaders. Orel.. lana's account of the operation of freedom, will not be very inviting to every one : Are you able to be free? Be assured that if it be laborious to attain liberty, it is laborious to maintain it. The spirit of a nation able to be free, must be a haughty and magnanimous fpirit, ftrenuous, vigilant, vindi&tive, always impatient, often impetuous, sometimes inexorable.' If such be the characteristics of liberty, what are the distinguishing features of defpotism? Art. 33. Outlines of a Plan for Patroling and Watching the City

of London, &c. 8vo. 1s. "Faulder.· 1786. . ]

On this occasion we recollect the publication of Outlines of a plan for protecting London and its environs from the depredations of housebreakers, freet and highway robbers * ; which suggested an easy scheme for a night-patrole to guard the defenceless inhabitants of this great metropolis, and also contained some pertinent remarks on the police in general. The writer of this pamphlet having taken up the same subject, and copied the title as clofely as he could ; to pre. serve the plea of distinction, without the generosity of making the least mention of a predecessor, whose production must have been be. fore him all the while he was writing, it becomes an act of no more than common justice to remind our Readers of this prior tract, and to point out a resemblance for which no apology is made, though conscientiously due.

The most observable distinction between the two plans, if indeed the present one should be allowed the rank of independence, is, that the former recommended reducing the unwieldly useless body of city militia to a small well regulated band, sufficient for a constant nightly patrole of the several wards of London ; leaving the parochial watchmen to occupy their stations as they do at present: the * See Rev, vol. LXXII. p. 146.

second

second plan, taking no notice of a militia that bears a dead weight upon the citizens, recommends the forming a like regular parrole guard, instead of the parochial watchmen. The firft appea s to be dictated by æconomy, the latter, to call for an increafe of expence. All that we need to add, will be our warm wishes that magiitracy would do something of this kind which might prove effectual; for though Reviewers may have less to lose than their fellow ci'i ens, they do not like the hazard they so frequently run, of answering corporally for pecuniary deficiencies..

.: N Art. 34. A new Experiment for the Prevention of Crimes ; ad.

dressed to the serious Confideration of the Legislatures of Great Britain and Ireland. By I. Z. Holwell, F.R.S. 8vo. 15. Cadell. 1786.

This worthy Author's principal proposals for the prevention of crimes, is the establishing rewards for virtue. He recommends, that Grand Juries, in the charge from the Bench, should be directed, not only to present offenders, but also to search out and prefent every individual, whose character deserves public notice and re. ward, that they may receive, in open court, the eulogium of the judge, and be invested with a suspended gold medal, properly inscribed, as a badge of honesty or morals, to be always worn and exhibited to public view. Besides which, he pleads that some small pecuniary affittance should, in the fame public way, be allotted to honeft families, ftruggiing under labour and difficulties; and also for the encouragement of matrimony among the poor. These last propofitions may be worthy of some regard : as to the medals, it is perhaps more of a fanciful kind. Mr. Holwell adds some remarks on the methods of punishment: he wholly condemns capital ex. ecutions, except in cases of murder, and confiders the inequality of our laws, in this respect, as a national reproach. '16

MISCELLANEOUS. :
Art. 35. Account of the Asociation for a periodical Tontine, for

the Benefit of Persons of all Ages. Svo. 6d. Southern, 1786. Wherever property gets leave to settle, its attractive power of accumulation is amazing; and, of course, the greater the heap that collects in one place, the more it must be milled in others. What, therefore, those who feel a want of property cannot do individually, they sometimes effe& by united powers; and by forming a mass of property, from small separate parcels, favour its accumulation, for their eventual common enjoyment. Hence originate those associations, wherein, so far as they extend, the members make an arti. ficial community of goods, similar to what poetical philosophers are so fond of painting from the imagination, as taking place in a state of natore: a state that can only be realised under partial circumftances, amid the refinements of political society.

Such are all incorporated companies, insurance-offices against fire, annuity-Societies, box-clubs, and other contrivances to procure incomes, or to provide out of a common fund against particular dir. afters all which are useful in proportion to the wisdom of their plans, and the security of the funds that arise, * The scheme now before us is for the benefit of survivorship. It is proposed to open subscriptions, every year, for seven clases of

ages,

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