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From hearts that have no other dower,
2. It is the hour, when from the boughs
Seem sweet in every whispered word;
As twilight melts beneath the moon away.
3. THE OROTUND is the pure tone deepened, enlarged, and intensified. It is used in all energetic and vehement forms of expression, and in giving utterance to grand and sublime emotions; as,
1. Strike-till the last armed foe expires;
STRIKE-for the green graves of your sires;
2. "FORWARD, THE LIGHT BRIGADE!
CHARGE FOR THE GUNS!" he said :
Into the valley of Death rode the six hundred.
3. The sky is changed! and such a change! O Night,
From peak to peak, the rattling crags among,
4. THE ASPIRATED TONE is an expulsion of the breath more or less strong,- the words, or portions of them, being spoken in a whisper. It is used to express amazement, fear, terror, horror, revenge, and remorse; as,
1. How ill this taper burns!
Ha! who comes here?
Cold drops of sweat hang on my trembling flesh,
2. The ancient Earl, with stately grace,
Would Clara on her palfrey place,
And whisper, in an under-tone,
3. While thronged the citizens with terror dumb,
Or whispering with white lips," The foe! they come, they come !" 5. THE GUTTURAL is a deep under-tone, used to express hatred, contempt, and loathing. It usually occurs on the emphatic words; as,
1. Thou slave, thou wretch, thou coward!
Thou wear a lion's hide?
Doff it, for shame, and hang
A calf-skin on those recreant limbs.
2. Thou stand'st at length before me undisguised,
6. THE TREMULOUS TONE, or tremor, consists of a tremulous iteration, or a number of impulses of sound of the least assignable duration. It is used in excessive grief, pity, plaintiveness, and tenderness; in an intense degree of suppressed excitement, or satisfaction; and when the voice is enfeebled by age.
7. The tremulous tone should not be applied throughout the whole of an extended passage, but only on selected emphatic words, as otherwise the effect would be monotoIn the second of the following examples, where the
tremor of age is supposed to be joined with that of supplicating distress, the tremulous tone may be applied to every emphatic syllable capable of prolongation, which is the case with all except those of pity and shortest; but even these may receive it in a limited degree.
O love, remain ! It is not yet near day!
Pity the sorrows of a poor old man,
Whose trembling limbs have borne him to your dvor,
O give relief, and Heaven will bless your store.
RATE' refers to movement in reading and speaking, and
is QUICK, MODERATE, or SLOW.
2. QUICK RATE is used to express joy, mirth, confusion, violent anger, and sudden fear; as,
1. Away! away! our fires stream bright
And their arrowy sparkles of brilliant light
2. Away! away to the rocky glen,
Where the deer are wildly bounding!
3. The lake has burst! The lake has burst!
Down through the chasms the wild waves flee :
Exercise on Rate.-For a general exercise, select a sentence, and deliver it as slowly as may be possible without drawling. Repeat the sentence with a slight increase of rate, until you shall have reached a rapidity of utterance at which distinct ar
ticulation ceases. Having done this, reverse the process, repeating slower and slower. Thus you may acquire the ability to increase and diminish rate at pleasure, which is one of the most important elements of good reading and speaking.
They gallop along, with a roaring song,
4. And there was mounting in hot haste: the steed,
3. MODERATE RATE is used in ordinary assertion, narration, and description; in cheerfulness, and the gentler forms of the emotions; as,
1. When the sun walks upon the blue sea-waters,
We pace this shore,-I and my brother here,
2. I have sinuous shells of pearly hue
Within, and they that luster have imbibed
3. Warriors and statesmen have their meed of praise,
Passes without a thought, without a word;
Of duties sternly, faithfully fulfilled-
And leaves no memory and no trace behind!
Yet it may be, more lofty courage dwells
In one meek heart which braves an adverse fate,
Than his whose ardent soul indignant swells
Warmed by the fight, or cheer'd through high debate. The soldier dies surrounded could he live,
Alone to suffer, and alone to strive?
4. SLOW RATE is used to express grandeur, vastness, pathos, solemnity, adoration, horror, and consternation; as, 1. O thou Eternal One! whose presence bright
All space doth occupy, all motion guide;
2. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day;
When, for a moment, like a drop of rain,
ONOTONE consists of a degree of sameness of sound,
or tone, in a number of successive words or syllables. 2. It is very seldom the case that a perfect sameness is to be observed in reading any passage or sentence. But very little variety of tone is to be used in reading either prose or verse which contains elevated descriptions, or emotions of solemnity, sublimity, or reverence.
3. The monotone usually requires a low tone of the