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And this man
Is now become a god; and Cassius is
A wretched creature, and must bend his body,
And, when the fit was on him, I did mark
How he did shake: 't is true, this god did shake:
And that same èye, whose bend doth awe the world,
DULATION is the act of varying the voice in reading and speaking. Its general divisions are PITCH, FORCE, QUALITY, and RATE.
The four general divisions, or modes of vocal sound, presented in this section, are properly the elements of expression; as, by the combination of the different forms and varieties of these modes, emphasis, slur, monotone, and other divisions of expression are produced.
PITCH' refers to the key-note of the voice-its general
degree of elevation or depression, in reading and speaking. We mark three general distinctions of Pitch: HIGH, MODERATE, and Low.
2. HIGH PITCH is that which is heard in calling to a per
'Exercise on Pitch.-For a general exercise on pitch, select a sentence, and deliver it on as low a key as possible; then repeat it, gradually elevating the pitch, until the
top of the voice shall have been reached, when the exercise may be reversed. So valuable is this exercise, that it should be repeated as often as possible.
son at a distance. It is used in expressing elevated and joyous feelings and strong emotion; as,
1. Go ring the bells, and fire the guns,
2. Ye crags and peaks, I'm with you once again!
First came renowned Warwick, Who cried aloud, "What scourge for perjury Can this dark monarchy afford false Clarence?" And so he vanished. Then came wandering by A shadow like an angel, with bright hair Dabbled in blood; and he shrieked out, aloud,— "CLARENCE is come-false, fleeting, perjured Clarence ; SEIZE on him, ye furies, take him to your torments.” 3. MODERATE PITCH is that which is heard in common conversation and description, and in moral reflection, or calm reasoning; as,
1. The morning itself, few people, inhabitants of cities, know any thing about. Among all our good people, not one in a thousand sees the sun rise once in a year. They know nothing of the morning. Their idea of it is, that it is that part of the day that comes along after a cup of coffee and a beef-steak, or a piece of toast.
2. The mountains look on Marathon,
I thought that Greece might still be free;
4. LOW PITCH is that which is heard when the voice falls below the common speaking key. It is used in expressing reverence, awe, sublimity, and tender emotions; as,
1. 'Tis midnight's holy hour, and silence now
The still and pulseless world. Hark! on the winds
2. Softly woo away her breath,
Let her leave thee with no strife,
She hath had her bud and blossom;
Earth, into thy gentle bosom!
ORCE' is the volume or loudness of voice, used on the same key or pitch, when reading or speaking. Though the degrees of force are numerous, varying from a soft
'Exercise on Force.-For a genexercise on force, select a sentence, and deliver it on a given key, with voice just sufficient to be heard; then gradually increase the quantity,
until the whole power of the voice is brought into play. Reverse the process, without change of key, ending with a whisper. This exercise can not be too frequently repeated.
whisper to a shout, yet they may be considered as three: LOUD, MODERATE, and GENTLE.
2. LOUD FORCE is used in strong, but suppressed passions, and in emotions of sorrow, grief, respect, veneration, dignity, apathy, and contrition; as,
1. How like a fawning publican he looks!
I hate him, for that he is a Christian.
If I but catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
2. VIRTUE takes place of all things. It is the nobility of ANGELS! It is the MAJESTY of GOD!
3. Roll on, thou deep and dark-blue ocean-roll!
Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain.
Warring in heaven against heaven's matchless King. 3. MODERATE FORCE, or a medium degree of loudness, is used in ordinary assertion, narration, and description; as,
1. Remember this saying, "The good paymaster is lord of another man's purse." He that is known to pay punctually, and exactly at the time he promises, may, at any time, and on any occasion, raise all the money his friends can spare.
2. What is the blooming tincture of the skin,
A curious child, who dwelt upon a tract
Of inland ground, applying to his ear
4. GENTLE FORCE, or a slight degree of loudness, is used to express caution, fear, secrecy, and tender emotions; as, 1. Heard ye the whisper of the breeze, As softly it murmured by,
Amid the shadowy forest trees?
It tells, with meaning sigh,
Of the bowers of bliss on that viewless shōre,
2. They are sleeping! Who are sleeping?
One remains that slumber deep:
UALITY has reference to the kinds of tone used in
reading and speaking. They are the PURE TONE, the OROTUND, the ASPIRATED, the GUTTURAL, and the TREMBLING. 2. THE PURE TONE is a clear, smooth, round, flowing sound, accompanied with moderate pitch; and is used to express peace, cheerfulness, joy, and love; as,
1. Methinks I love all common things
The common air, the common flower;