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nén manifestation cannot be entirely sup- and we have now to inquire into the ter pressed ; and it may be extended to emotions which he experienced in sur2.. shew itself in occasional gleams of veying the murder of Morriu, which

good feeling amid his atrocities, like he was certain he had 'committed. e the lightning's flash through the gloon The account of his sensations, when * of the storm!” This is one of the few he heard that the jailor was dead, is a bursts of impassioned eloquence in Mr completely in point. When,” says

Combe, whose style is in general mark- he, « the boy answered, “No, but the ka ed by a philosophical calmness and jailor died last night at ten o'clock, se što scientific precision, that remind us of bis words struck me to the soul; my * the happiest passages of the late Mr heart died within me, and I was in

5: Playfair. Mr Combe has too much sensible for a good while ; on coming bu guod sense to sustain long this highly to myself, I could scarcely believe I

elevated tone, avd accordingly descends had heard them, for the possibility of ta into his own dignified simplicity thus : poor Morrin's death had never entered

" There are, accordingly, various ins into my mind.” The sympathy which

dications of the activity of this feeling; he expresses (p. 141) for the young was his dividing the plunder of a gentle women, who had murdered a lady in To man's pockets

betwixt two poor thieves, Dublin, because their situation resemand retaining none for himself; his bled his own, and the agony which he sealing the walls of Durham jail, to felt when he entered the jail at Dum

liberate his condemned associate ; his fries, after the murder, (p. 146,) afTi a bribing the hangman in Perth, not to ford evidence, that his mind was not

be severe on the boys whom he was altogether steeled against humanity. employed to flog through the town; Bellingham, the murderer of Mr Per

his forbearing to rob a young gentle cival, a cast of whose skull may be seen di man, whom he met in the mail-coach with Messrs O'Neill and Son, in which

coming to Edinburgh, because he had destructiveness is very largely deve-
been kind to him ; these instances, loped, and benevolence uncommonly
and his dying declaration, that the small, shewed no contrition, but to
humanity with which he had been the last hour of his life spoke of his
treated while under sentence of death, crime with the most perfect indiffe-
was the severest punishment he had yet rence, and even self-approbation. This
met with, afford decided evidence that was the natural feeling of such a com-
he was not altogether insensible to bination, but Haggart never exhibited
generous emotion, although this feel- such relentless ferocity.'
ing unfortunately was not sufficient Never was there a more triumphant
to control the tendencies by which it vindication of disputed benevolence.
was opposed. The singular mildness The organ of benevolence is thus seen
of his aspect, also, which was remarked to be of the greatest use in tempering
by all who saw him, and which evi- murder to the shorn lamb. We see
dently, in various instances, contribu- little or no ferocity in Haggart. He
ted to his escape, by misleading spec- shot (as he says) the Newcastle beak,
tators as to his real character, is unac with a small pocket-pistol,--a weapon
countable, except on the principle now in which there is little to shock the
explained.

feelings. Neither, perhaps, is shootIn Haggart's Life, we find the ing a beak any thing very reprehensinarrative of two murders; but these ble in the abstract. Then it is obappear to me referable, with greater vious, that in knocking the Irish farpropriety, to combativeness, which mer off his horse with a blow on the gave to his mind the bold and deter back of the head, with the loaded butt mined tendency to attack, than to de of a whip, poor Haggart acted more in structiveness, which, when too ener the spirit of fear than of ferocity. getic, inspires with a disposition to There was nothing very ferocious in deliberate ferocity. Benevolence is op the mere thought of drowning an imposed to destructiveness, which, when pertinent gentleman, who stared Hagpowerful, disposes to cruelty. In Hag- gart out of countenance in the packetgart's head, conscientiousness is small, boat ; and when all the circumstances and it will be perceived that there is of the murder of Mr Morrin are tascarcely a feeling of remorse expressed ken into consideration, we agree with for the numerous robberies which he Mr Combe in considering it, on the committed ; but benevolence ia large, whole, rather a mild murder. Hage

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gart very naturally wished to get' out of the head of man, and, we underof prison, and Mr Morrin stood in the stand, of all other animals, is laid way. What then did he do? He down with a minuteness of accuracy concealed himself, with his character- that must be very galling to the feelistic benevolence and firmness, be- ings of an Arrowsmith or a Morrison. hind a door, with a large stone in a Aristotle, Lord Bacon, and Locke, are bag, and on Mr Morrin making his mere impotent ninnies, in comparison appearance with a plateful of potatoes with Gall, Spurzheim, and Combe; in his hand, for a gentleman of the and indeed, any one page of Combe's name of O'Gorman, who was to be great work on Phrenology is worth hanged before the dinner-hour on the « all that Bactrian, Samian sage e'er day following, he knocked the unsus- writ.” We propose that a colossal pecting Morrin full on the temples with and equestrian statue be erected to this ingenious sling-fractured his Him on the Calton Hill, instead of skull--and then, by repeatedly bob- that absurd national monument the bing it against the stone floor, smash- Parthenon; and that a subscription ed it in upon the brain, knocked the be forth with set a-going, under the eyes out of the sockets—and then made auspices of Sir John Sinclair, who his escape. Mr Combe gives us a will soon make Michael Linning hide slight description of a murder com- his diminished head. mitted upon a poor half-witted pedlar The world will rejoice to hear that boy, in a solitary moor, by a ruffian a Phrenological Society has been estanamed Gordon, and then reverting blished in this city. Their “Report” with calm and philosophic satisfaction is now lying before us; and as it is to the murder by Haggart, also slight- quoted in Waugh, we presume that, ly described above, observes, “ the without offence, we may quote it also. most benighted intellect must perceive

“ The existence of this Society implies a difference in the motives of the mur a belief in the Members, that the Brain ders for which these men suffered.” the organ of the Mind, and that particular The difference is indeed great, and parts of it are the organs of particular menexhibits the benevolence of Haggart key to the trae Philosophy

of Man. The

tal faculties; and that these facts afford a in the most pleasing light. We have left ourselves room only the doctrines have met with, and of the ri

Society is aware of the opposition which to inform the philosophical world, dicule which has been cast upon them ; but that Mr Haggart's cerebral organiza- they know also, that in all ages à similar tion exhibited in great fulness the or- reception has been given to the most imgans of Form, Locality, Order, Tune, portant discoveries ; which, nevertheless, Language, Causality, Wit, and Imita- have in time prevailed. The Pope imprition; so that, had his life been spa- soned Galileo for teaching that the earth red, he would probably have distin- turned on its axis ; but the earth continued guished himself as a sculptor, a geo- it had done

before it, and carried him round

to revolve after the Pope's denunciation as grapher, a musician, a linguist, a philosopher, an Addison, and a Ma- lileo's assertion or not.

on its surface, whether he believed in Gathews. Never before have so

As the evidence many

• faculties been found united in one indic and now Galileo is an object of respect,

was examined, the fact itself was believed ; vidual; and melancholy it is to reflect and the Pope of compassion or contempt. that that individual should have been The result, it is believed, will be the same hanged.

with Phrenology.” From the 'slight and imperfect

This is finely put.

Nothing can be sketch which we have now given of more simply sublime than the statethe conduct of this interesting young ment of the earth continuing notonly to man, as furnished to us by Mr Combe, revolve after the Pope's denunciation, the world will perceive the high cha- but also to carry the misbeliever round racter of that philosophy of which he on its surface, instead of chucking him is the ablest expounder. For our own overboard. In like manner, if a louse parts, we think that Gall, and Spurz- were to get drunk in the head of a heim, and Combe, have thrown great- phrenologist, he would indisputably er light on the nature of man, than be of opinion that the said head, with all the other philosophers put together all its organs, was whirling round; since the world began. Indeed there but in this the louse would be most is now little or nothing to discover. grossly mistaken ; and the head would The moral and intellectual geography continue to remain unrevolving after,

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the louse's denunciation as it had done on its surface just as it had done be-
before it, and keep him on its surface fore, whether the phrenologist agreed
notwithstanding his astronomical hem with the opinion of the louse or not.
resy. If, instead of a louse on the · The Phrenological Society, we hope,
head of a phrenologist, the phrenolo- will publish their Transactions, as well
gist himself were to get drunk, and as the Royal Society, and the Dilet-
the louse to remain sober, then the tanti. We shall have an eye on their
phrenologist would opine that the head proceedings; and, in a future number,
revolved, and would denounce, if he we mean to give a list of the members,
knew it, the opinion of the louse; but which, as it might be expected, con-
the head would continue stationary tains many of the most illustrious
after the phrenologist's denunciation, names in literature and science.
and would not carry round the louse

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VOYAGES AND TRAVELS OF COLUMBUS SECUNDUS.

CHAPTER XVIII.

Christmas. The Christmas holidays in Edinburgh dern plans of tanning the stomachs of have long furnished the working classes their customers; the grocers were con with an intermission from labour,-the scientious, and ash-leaves and burnt lovers of good eating with excuses for horse-beans were totally unknown in gratifying their propensities,-andhave the manufacture of tea and coffee ; ale annually suspended the administration was drunk in quaighs without measure, of justice in our courts of law, by a and reaming stoups of genuine claret three weeks' recess from business. The superseded the necessity of paying five Church of Scotland, having wisely dis- shillings a bottle for sloe juice. carded from her polity set times, ap. One of the first demonstrations of pointed feasts, and unprofitable fast- the approach of Christmas in Edinings, the approach of Christmas brings burgh was the annual appearance of with it no idea connected with reli- large tables of anchor-stocks at the head gion, except what may be gathered of the Old Fish-market Close. These from festive hilarity, and the practical anchor-stocks, the only species of bread gratitude of family meetings. For made from rye that I have ever obsersome time previous to this day, all is ved offered for sale in the city, were bustle and preparation among the ina exhibited in every variety of size and nufacturers of confectionary ;, cur- price, from a halfpenny to a half rants and almonds, raisins and orange- crown; and the manufacture, as far peel, and all the necessary ingredients as may be judged from a hereditary for forming shortbread and buns, are resemblance of feature, has been conlaid out in tempting variety in the tinued to the present time by the same shop windows of the grocers; and Bri- family,ẠI believe from Musselburgh. tish and foreign spirits, of every va- Anchor-stocks, at this period, had, trom riety and price, are also exposed, their novelty, an uncommon sale; and with the price per gill in conspicuous even among the higher ranks many characters, to attract purchasers who were purchased, as an agreeable varie wish to get merry at a trifling expense. ty in the accustomed food; for they

The Christmas holidays to which I were sweet-tasted, and baked with ca. allude, it is necessary to mention, are raway seeds and orange-peel. I have those of some twenty years back, be- been particular in mentioning the comfore the morals of the humbler citi- position of anchor-stocks, as, without zens were broken down by a change of some such explanation, many who read manners ;-when the poor man could my travels might proclaim to the world, easily procure labour, have his amorie that the citizens of Edinburgh were filled with wholesome provisions at a so ill off in point of provisions, as in cheap rate, and was able to get desi- winter to eat the very stocks of their rably tipsy upon penny whip for two- ship anchors,—and thus class the inhapence. The distillers were then allow- bitants of the Northern Athens with ed to poison the lieges without check; the saw-dust and fish-bone eaters of the brewers had not adopted the mo- Lapland and Norway.

Christmas was also preceded in Ed. and seated round the bowl, now began inburgh, and all over the country, by to partake of the half-boiling brose, on the appearance of guisards or guiserts, the understanding that the person wbo young men and boys, who, in antic ha- was so fortunate as to get the ring in biliments and masks (called in Edin- their spoon, was to be first married.burgh fause-faces), went round the Reader, if you were ever young and houses in the evenings performing frag- unmarried, you must have felt what ments of those legendary romances or it would have been to be assured of not religious moralities, which were once always living in unprofitable and unthe only dramatic representations of respected celibacy; of moving through Britain. Of the former, the general the world as unserviceable to its consubject was Alexander theGreat, accom- tinuance, as half a pair of scissars, panied by two other kings, and several or the single lever of a pair of souffers, knights, who " said their say,” fought which, according to the proverb, can their battle, and received their reward neither clip nor cut. But I am tired in the hospitalities of the season. The of description ; let the parties who ensubject of the latter, I believe, was the joyed these scenes speak for tbemwell known one of the Abbot of Un- selves. reason, which the reader, curious in Is a' the young folk come?” said such matters, will find lively pictured old Mr Callimanky to his wife, as in the romance of the Monastery. One he entered his house, having left his of the masquers in this last, represent- shop in the Luckenbooths for the pured the Devil, with a formidable pair pose of enjoy ing the brose in the perof horns ; another personated Judas, sons of his children and their friends: designated by carrying the bag; and “there's no muckle doing in the shop there was likewise a dialogue, fighting the day. Except three spats o' prins, and restoring the slain to life at the and a remnant o' duffle for big-coats conclusion of the piece. The opening to the Laird o' Mosshag's dochters, I of the scene commenced by the recital haena measured an ell o claith sin' I of a rhyme beginning thus :

gaed down."-"Ye're ne'er content Redd up stocks, redd up stools, wi' your selling," answered Mrs Cal.

Here comes in a pack of fools, &c. limanky; "an ye were as gude at getBut the guising is now on the de- ting in, as ye are at gi'en out, we might cline, and the older masquers have hae been at the Citadel bathing this given place to young boys, who now year, as weel as our neighbour the carol the most common songs at the button-maker, and his yellow-faced doors of the citizens for halfpence. dochters. Ye might hae been writing

Another prelude to the approach of your accounts for half-an-hour langer, Christmas, was the appearance of flocks had ye liket; for Sandy's playing at of geese, driven froin the south to be the shinty wi' Geordy Bogle in the massacred and eaten on this day. These, Krames, and the M'Guffies winna be however, were chiefly destined for the here till twall, they're sae thrang cleansolace of gentle stomachs, the prevail. ing currants."-"Weel, I see I'm ower ing Christmas dish among the common soon, sae I'll just gang down the length people and peasantry, being the na- o' Gillespie's and hear the news till tional one of fat brose, otherwise de- they a' gather,” said Mr Callimanky. nominated Yule brose. The large pot, -- Ye had better gang ben to the in almost every family of this descrip- parlour and see what the weans are tion, well provided with butcher meat, about,” rejoined the lady; “ Mr Co(if bullocks' heads or knee bones may lumbus's auldest son's been there this be so called,) was put on the fire the good while, rampin wi' Jean and Marprevious evening, to withdraw the nu- garet, and cuttin paper leddies to the tritive juices and aniinal oil from the young anes:-ye see I'm tbrang wi' the said ingredients. Next day after break- pye that I promised them-them that fast, or at dinner, the brose was made, eats, little kens the trouble aforeband." generally in a large punch-bowl, the “od, I'm glad ye've gotten young Mr mistress of the ceremonies dropping a Christopher wi' ye; I'll gang nae fargold ring among the oatmeal upon ther, he has sae muckle to say about which the oily soup was poured. The auld-farrant things that happened lang family, or party,(for on these occasions ago." there was generally a party of young Mr Callimanky saying this, immepeople assembled)provided with spoons diately proceeded to the parlour, and

made hisentrée, while his eldest daugh We had scarcely arranged ourselves

ter, a girl of about eighteen, was en- in becoming order after this interrupmint acting the part of Blind Harry, and tion, before old Miss Callimanky, a B%21

? I myself was perched upon the top of maiden sister of my friend, appeared, 132a table to avoid being caught. "He leading in Sandy with a bloody nose. In the came in with so little noise, or we He had been engaged in single combat sa : were making so much, that his arrival with a boy in the street, who had un

was not perceived ; and Miss Calli- necessarily interrupted his sport at the Demanky, passing the door at the time, shinty. This was resented by Mr Alexbe la she seized the old gentleman round ander in a becoming manner, and a as the neck, and with a clap or two on battle“ower the bannets” was the conmit his head, or rather on his powdered sequence, which, on the testimony of HERR wig, cried out, pulling the bandage Geordy Bogle, I beg to say, was nofrom her eyes,

“Ye're hit-ye're hit thing discreditable to young Calliqui - I've catched you at last!"

manky's courage, though claret, achar The surprise of the young lady, when cording to the modern phrase, was un she found that she had catched her fa- drawn on both sides. “ Pit the muckle

ther instead of me, Christopher, in her key down his back," said the old lady, o arms, is, to use a common expression, “ and that'll stop the bleeding. Ma ti more easily conceived than described. wee man, I hope ye gied the little He

* The old gentleman, however, was per- ritor as gude as he's gien you.” The to* fectly good-humoured, and conveyed house key was procured and put next com no reproach on our conduct, further his neck; the bleeding ceased, as Miss dret than by saying, as I leaped from tile Callimanky the elder had predicted ir table, “ Kit, Kit, if ye hae spoilt my and a piece of shortbread, and a baw

table, I'll gar your father send me a bee to buy snaps, soon effaced all re

new ane.' The convenience of the old membrance of the battle. l's houses of Edinburgh for games of this

The two Misses M'Guffie now apa kind, is only known to the last gene- peared; “ three muckle buns, which Visi ration. When Mr Callimanky came had to gang to the carrier's in the Lt; into the room, the only persons visible morning,” being their apology for not

were Miss Callimanky and myself. appearing earlier at the fishing of the The numerous presses and concealed ring in the kail-brose. Mrs Calliman

cupboards included the remainder of ky having, it would seem, finished her T* the party, to the amount of half a do- apple-pye, “ready to send to the ba

One little fellow was laid along ker's,” now made her entrance, followunder the piano-forte; Miss Marga- ed by a girl with the meal-can. The ret had, by the help of a chair, attain- punch-bowl was placed on the table; ed the upper and unoccupied shelf of a sufficient quantity of oatmeal was a press ; one had stowed itself un- deposited in it; a gold ring dropped der a sofa, and another little imp among the meal; and the bowl was had rolled under the large leather- taken away to have the necessary licovered chair, which stood by the quid supplied from the muckle pat. side of the fire. Two others had The bowl was placed on the table, and

found concealment, the one behind a all hands grasped their spoons. “Tak Blarge tea-tray, and the other behind a care, and no burn yoursells, bairns,”

butter-kit, in what was denominated said Mrs Callimanky, as she endeathe store-closet. “ What's come o'a' voured to repress an eagerness which the bairns ?” said the old gentleman, might have been followed by a scalded as he looked round the apartment. mouth; " just take time—some o' you “ Dear me, are you twa playin: at maun get the ring."_" See, aunty Blind Harry your ain sells!” “Eh, Betty, Meg's takin twa soups for my that's my father,” said Geordy, as he ane, said Miss Callimanky:-“ Ye peeped from under the piano.—“Help maun just sup faster, Jean," was the me down, papa,” cried Miss Margaret, reply.—“ I've gottin't,” cried Miss as she looked from her elevation, like Susan M'Guffie, as she was blowing a an angel on the inferior world.--"Eh, hardened piece of meal between her we'll get the brose now—that's papa teeth.— The supping was suspended for frae the shop !" sung out the one from a inoment.--"Eh no, it's just a knot under the sofa ; and in a short time, o'meal,” Mr Callimanky, though no sorcerer, The search commenced with greater had eight people about him, where a eagerness. “ Aunty, will ye no try't?" minute before only two were visible. said Sandy to old Miss Callimanky;

Voi.. X.

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