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neas;" and there can be no doubt, knowledge what an excellent young that our example will be speedily fola i man he must have been, as young men lowed by Lord Grey, Mr Lambton, go. Mr Wilbraham Bootle, Gale Jones, 1. Amativeness. It was moderate. J. A. Murray, Esq. &c. But we Now this is just what amativeness positively object to Sir James Maca ought to be in a human creature. A intosh being treasurer, for reasons
man is not a horse, a bull, or a ram ; which we shall be happy to commu- and therefore David Haggart's organ nicate to him, whenever he writes to of amativeness was moderate. Accordus upon the subject. It is plain, that ingly, Mr Combe prettily writes, “You had Mr Combe's intended plan been would not be the slave of the sexual carried into effect, “ for reclaiming passion ; you could resist that tenyoung offenders at the outset of their dency, without a great effort, when. career,” some late subscriptions, and, you wished to do so." This remark among others, that for Sir Robert, David rather misunderstood. He seems would have been uncalled for.
to have forgot Mr Combe's philosophiThe real character of the late la- cal character, and the great aim of all mented Mr Haggart, as indicated by his inquiries, namely, to establish a his cerebral organization, may be sup- new system of education, and to have posed by shallow thinkers to be at va- suspected that his friend was sneering riance (in some of the minuter points) on a point, on which all 'men are exwith his supposed character, as indi- tremely tender, be the size of their orcated by some of his actions. This gan of amativeness what it may. So discrepancy, however, disappears be- David rather pettishly replies : -fore the eye of philosophy.
66 You have mistaken me in this point of “The developement of Haggart's head, sexual passion; for it was my greatest fail." as it appears upon the cast of the skull, is ing, that I had a great inchination to the as follows:
fair sex,-not, however, of those called 1. Amativeness, moderate.
Prostitutes ; for I never could bear the 2. Philoprogenitiveness, large.
thought of a whore, although I was the 3. Inhabitiveness, large.
means of leading away and betraying the 4. Adhesiveness, moderate.
innocence of young women, and then lea5. Combativeness, very large.
ving them to the freedom of their own will. 6. Destructiveness, full.
I believe that I was the master of that art 7. Constructiveness, large.
more than any other that I followed.” 8. Acquisitiveness, moderate.
Now all this is perfectly consistent : 9. Secretiveness, very large.
with a moderate sized amative organ. . 10. Self-esteem, very large.
“ An inclination for the fair sex," to 11. Love of approbation, small. employ Mr Haggart's moderate and 12. Cautiousness, full.
well-chosen expression, does not im13. Benevolence, large.
ply extreme criminality; and his natu14. Veneration, moderate.
ral and acquired abhorrence of “ those 15. Hope, rather small.
called prostitutes,” is much in favour 16. Ideality, very small.
both of himself and of Mr Combe. 17. Conscientiousness, small. 18. Firmness, very large.
“Leading away and betraying the in19. Individuality, moderate.
nocence of young women, and then lea20. Form, full.
ving them to the freedom of their own 21. Size, moderate.
will,” was certainly far from being one 22. Weight, unascertained.
of the most amiable habits of this ac23. Colouring, small.
complished young man ; but it is by 24. Locality, large.
no means conduct inconsistent with. 25. Order, full.
the possession of a moderate organ of 26. Time, moderato.
amativeness; for in Haggart it seems 27. Number, moderate. 28. Tune, full.
to have proceeded from a mixed feel29. Language, full.
ing. Pride of art, vanity, &c. were 30. Comparison, moderate.
gratified by these successful amours; 31. Causality, full.
and he knows little indeed of Mr 32. Wit, full.
Haggart's character-little indeed of 33. Imitation, full.
human nature in general-perhaps 34. Wonder, small.
little of his own, who does not know, As the above is, beyond all doubt, that even this mixed, compounded, his real character, just let us observe and complex emotion, excited Captain how it tallies with his life, and ac- Smith of Halifax to the seduction
the unfortunate Miss Baillie. Besides, amiable weakness, and made him ocperhaps, there is a little embellishment casionally apply the rod. He says noin this picture from Mr Haggart's thing of natural children, in his Meimagination, Wiser and better men moirs, so that this organ had never than he, have been apt to stretch a long been brought into play. bow in love matters; and let us hope 3. Inhabitiveness, LARGE. According that David was not so ruinous to the to Spurzheim, the positive evidence maid-servantry of Scotland as this con- of theexistence of this faculty is insuffession, so much in the spirit of Rous- ficient; and it is stated only as conseau, might lead us to suppose. His jectural. Perhaps, therefore, the ortime seems to have been rather too gan which is now supposed to be that much occupied to have left him any of inhabitiveness, may afterwards turn leisure hours for such exploits, which out to be for some totally different we should conjecture must often prove purpose.
This also is conjectural. tedious and protracted even to the most Haggart had it large;
and it appears dexterous; and his opportunities of from almost every page of his Meforming acquaintance with modest moirs, that he had the faculty in great young women, in decent private fami- perfection. He took up his habitation lies, could not have been very great. any where-in lodging-houses,-in Here and there too, during his Me- bagnios,-in prisons,-in sheds,-in moirs, as dictated to his amanuensis, hay-stacks,-in woods,-in ditchesMr Robertson, he seems to talk of those no place came amiss to him.
“ Some called prostitutes,” in a way rather in- animals,” says Mr Combe,“ consistent with his language on that tial to high regions, some to low counclass of society,in his remarks onCombe. tries and plains, and others to marshes." We hear of him passing whole months Haggart was not so nice—but would in houses of bad fame, and a scene of sleep one night in the Figgite Whins, such profligacy and wickedness in an one inch above the level of the sea, Irish Jail is alluded to, that Mr Hag- and another on the top of Arthur's gart's modesty prevents him from lay- Seat, 800 feet above high water. ing the details before the public. In 4. Adhesiveness, MODERATË. “The fact, notwithstanding his abhorrence function of this faculty is to give at
to those called prostitutes,” he seems tachment in general.” . See Combe on to have lived in their company at all Phrenology, p. 145.
" When too times when not with his înale palls, strong,—excessive regret at a loss of a following the more or less active duties friend, or excessive uneasiness at leaof his profession ; and let us hope, that, ving our country, called Nostalgia, is on the same principle of historic truth, the result.” Ibidem.--Haggart seems he abstained entirely from the com to have mixed a good deal with sociepany of those modest virgins whom ty; but then it is to be remembered, he says he found so much pleasure in that it was not from the feeling of deluding. Still
, in whatever conclu- “adhesiveness," or attachment to the sion the mind may ultimately rest, parties, but simply in order to pick there is no reason to doubt that his their pockets. He certainly says that conduct is reconcileable to the fact of he loved his friend Barney, but it was a moderate organ of amativeness, which not pure disinterested attachment. is the point contended for by us and Mr It was rather admiration of superior Combe.
talents and acquirements and when 2. Philoprogenitiveness, LARGE. Barney's own feelings of adhesiveness This is an exceedingly amiable trait in were violently rent asunder by transthe natural character of Haggart. This portation for fourteen years to Botanyorgan is in general larger in females Bay, it appears that Haggart mournthan in males; and its great size indi- ed, not for the loss of a bosom friend, cates the feminine tenderness of Hag- but for the withdrawing of the guigart's heart. No doubt, had he been ding genius of his profession. His the father of a family, he would have good spirit, he says, forsook him been a most indulgent one---perhaps when Barney was lagged, and he nespoiled his children by giving them ver prospered afterwards. No symptoo much of their own way,- unless, toms of Nostalgia ever shewed themindeed, his firmness, which we shall selves in David. Indeed, he was presee he possessed in an eminent degree, paring to go to France, and we have had counteracted the tendency to this understood that he would willingly Vor. X.
have had sentence of death commuted of its activity, we may possess when for that of transportation for life. the day of want comes, and not be Therefore his organ of adhesiveness left to the uncertain provision which was but moderate.
could be made from the mere dictates 5. Combativeness, VERY LARGE.— of reason, after tracing a long chain of 6. Destructiveness, FULL. Haggart, consequences." In Haggart this oraccording to his own account, was a gan was moderate. Now it appears, tolerable pugilist. But unluckily he that he never shewed the least dispo was but poorly made about the chest, sition to hoard. We do not read of his shoulders, and arms. He was an eleven having lodged money with Sir Wil. stone man; but he could not have stood liam Forbes, or lent it out on herita- ? for ten minutes before the Sprig of ble bonds, or dabbled in the stocks. Myrtle, who weighs only a few pounds Mr Combe adds, “This faculty, when above eight. We saw him dissected by too energetic, and not controlled by Dr Monro, and that skilful anatomist superior powers, produces theft.” But observed the defects we have now spo- he ought to have added, that the indi- *** ken of. At school, &c. he used to vidual must, in that case, be both a fight boys bigger than himself; and thief and a miser. Now Haggart, a in Ireland, on one occasion, he fought we have seen, was no miser; there a Paddy, and smashed him all round fore, though a thief, his organ of acthe ring. So he says. On another oc- quisitiveness was moderate. casion, he and Barney together knock 9. Secretiveness, VERY LARGE. "The ed down a man in a flash-house, and function of this faculty,” says Mr Haggart struck him when down with Combe,“ appears to be to conceal in Las the heels of his shoes. There are other general, without delivering the object has a anecdotes to which we might refer to and the manner of concealing. Many prove his combativeness. He knocked persons conceal their opinions and in- * down a pig-drover at an Irish fair ; tentions, and soinetimes maintain in and also struck a man on horseback conversation, in writing, or in public from behind with the butt-end of his an opinion opposite to their own. The list whip. His destructiveness was exhi. faculty gives the propensity in poets bited by his shooting a Newcastle to construct interesting plots for to beak, and by fracturing the skull of mances and dramatic pieces; and its the Dumfries jailor. He had also ini- appears to inspire that compound of tended to drown a justice of the peace, dissimulation and intrigue which is les we forget where, and to shoot an Edin- designated scavoir fairc. In animals burgh police officer.
it produces slyness." -“ When the fa7. Constructiveness, Large. This culty is very powerful, it produces set organ was, we understand, very large slyness of look, a peculiar side-long in the late VIr Rennie, whodesigned the rolling cast of the eyes, and a stiffened Waterloo Bridge, and the Plymouth approach of the shoulders to the head." Breakwater. Why it should have been Mr Haggart excelled in concealment
. so large in Haggart, who does not ap- He concealed bank-notes in the palmes pear to have studied architecture, it is of his hand so dextrously, that they hard to say. But he had a mechanical were invisible to the searching eyes of this turn, and could construct false keys. the beak. He concealed his very name, He had also a singular felicity in pullo and assumed divers alias's. He not ing down walls, and getting out of only concealed all his intentions, but for places of confinement. This shewed he concealed himself for two days in s he excelled in one part of the mason's hay-stack. Had he written for the trade. Besides, Mr Combe says in his stage, no doubt he would have conPhrenology, p. 150, “ That it does stricted interesting plots for roinances not form ideas of the objects to be and drainatic pieces; and we regtet constructed.”—“ Its function is to that Mr Murray had not retained him produce the desire or impulse to con- about the theatre here as stage-poet. struct in general."
We believe also, that Haggart's gene8. Acquisitiveness, MODERATE. No. ral appearance correspondel very neste 8, in Mr Combe's great work, is called ly with the above description. We Covetiveness ; and he observes, “ that never but once had the pleasure of seer the intention of nature in giving this ing him; and then we particularly faculty, is to inspire us with the desire remarked' « the stiffened approach of of acquiring ; so that, in consequence the shoulders to the head.” But calz
dour forces us to confess, that the ap- carry his head high, and · reclining pearance may have been temporary backwards. The expression it gives and deceitful, for he had just been to the manner is cold and repulsive.” turned off ; and in that predicament, -COMBE, p. 159. Haggart was conit is possible that the shoulder of any sequently placed, by this organ, in a gentleman whatever might make a very awkward predicament. For we stiffened approach to his head, however have seen that he also possessed in deficient the gentleman right have great force, the organ of secretiveness, been in slyness, or in the scavoir faire, «which produces a slyness of look, a or in dramatic genius, or in a general peculiar sidelong, rolling cast of the talent for constructing interesting plots eyes, and a stiffened approach of the
shoulders to the head.' Now, let the .. 10. Self esteem, VERY LARGE. This reader combine these appearances, and is one of the four organs that, in Mr suppose them, for a moment, united Combe's opinion, brought Haggart to in one individual. What would he the gallows. Dr Gall first found this think, say, or do, if he were to meet organ of self-esteem in a beggar. In in Mr Blackwood's or Mr Constable's examining the head of this person, he shop, a gentleman carrying his head so observed, in the midst of the upper high as to recline backwards, with a posterior part of the head, an elevation cold, repulsive air, haughty as a king, which he had not before observed in an emperor, or
transcendent genius, so high a degree. He asked him the and yet with a sly look, a peculiar, cause of his mendicity; and the beg- sidelong, rolling cast of his eyes, and gar accused his pride as the cause of a stiffened approach of the shoulder to his present state, he having considered the head? What if he were told, that himself as too important to follow any is Mr Combe, the great phrenologist, business. He had therefore only spent or Christopher North, the Supreme
his money, and did not think of earn- Editor, or the Great Unknown?' How į ing a livelihood.—Combe's Phreno- Mr Haggart, having both organs in
logy, p. 157. When this organ be- perfection, contrived to manage the comes diseased, the individual some- matter, , we do not know, nor, in a times believes himself to be a king, scientific point of view, do we care. emperor, a transcendent genius, or for, that he had the organs, and that even the Supreme Being. --Combe, the sentiments do produce these inp. 160. It does not appear that Hag- dications, are matters of fact; and it gart went the length of believing him- is altogether a private concern of the self the Supreme Being; and he was gentleman who unites them, how he too often in confinement, and under carries himself—let him look to that the lash of the law, ever to think him- let the painter study his appearance self a king or an emperor. But he if he chuses; but we repeat, it is certainly thought himself a transcend- enough for the man of science to have ent genius; and Mr Combe seems to discovered the facts, and the philosothink so likewise. Mr Haggart says, phy of the facts-all the rest is but that at school, though ratheridle, heex. My eye and Betty Martin. celled all his fellows in talent and eru 11. Love of approbation, SMALL ditiou;and Mr Combeafterwards speaks There was some strange anomalies in of his “ great talents.” His self-esteem Haggart's character. Though able to of himself, as a master in his profes- command the approbation of great sion, knew no bounds. We have seen part of mankind, and though receiving that he thought himself irresistible it every day in his life, he did not vaamong the fair sex. He prided him. lue it a single curse. Even on the self on his personal prowess in fight- scaffold, where he conducted himself ing, running, &c. He thought him- in a manner deserving the highest apself skilful in the law, and made some probation, he did not, we are told, (for very arrogant strictures on the con we were a minute or two behind our duct of an Irish judge on the bench; time) seem to value the good opinion and he imagined his poetical genius to of the spectators at a pin's head, but be of a high order, as witness his seemed to be wholly absorbed in the Chaunt composed in prison on the enjoyment of his own self-esteem. evening of his sentence.
6. This sen
Even when saluted by the tears and timent of self-esteem, when predomi- the blessings of the most fair and virnantly powerful, makes the individual tyous of their sex, who lined the lane
up which he walked to the place of this roundabout way of going to worki execution, he appeared to hold light our answer is, Hold your tongue. We med their tender and touching expressions present you with facts; and if they i of approbation, though, with that gal seem mysterious to you, you ought to lantry for which he was, nevertheless, remember that all nature is full of my life distinguished and beloved, he gra- tery. Now that tbese opposite powers, ciously inclined his head towards when existing in the same individual
, a them; at which, according to the do neutra ize themselves, or leave a me newspaper reporter, the air was rent balance merely in favour of some one, prip with the clamours of female grief. is certain, otherwise Mr David Haga at Probably some of the young women gart's personal appearance, as far as in were those “ whom he had left to the we have followed him in Combe, pa freedom of their own will;" and it miglit be thus recapitulated :-"Mr baise must have disgusted his chaste nature Haggart carried his head so high, tha raie to see also“ so many of those called it even reclined backwards. He had : prostitutes,” collected to witness his cold, repulsive air, which bespoke a la last efforts, with an approbation of haughtiness equal to that of a king, a his courage, which the conformation emperor, or a transcendent genius a of his skull rendered hateful to his United with these externals, le bail proud and intrepid spirit.
a peculiarly sly look, a peculiar, side12. Cautiousness, FULI..-" It ap- long, rolling cast of his eye, and pears to me,” says Mr Combe, “that a stiffened approach of the should this faculty gives an emotion in genee der to bis head. The tones of his friend ral, and that this emotion is fear.” voice were emphatie; and the stiff- fex “ The tendency of it is, to make the ness and uprightness of his whole gait individual in whom it is strong, hesi- were such as if his person were trade tate before he acts, and, from appre- fixed with an iron-rod. He was a hending danger, to lead him to calcu- bold, timid, fearless, cautious, consilate consequences, that he may be as- derate, and infatuated person, who a sured of his safety.” “Too great an en- rushed boldly on danger, without a dowment, and too great activity of this moment's pause, after the most miafaculty, predispose to self-destruction." ture deliberation on the most remote Now, from this account, we should consequences; and he was only prea 3 bave expected Haggart to be afraid of vented from committing suicide, to ever putting his hand into any man's which he had a strong natural propel- en pocket, without having previously pro- sity, by two other propensities, which ved, tó a demonstration, the certainty he had the good luek to possess in of his taking it out again in safety. equal vigeur-combativeness and de It is also calculated to make us look structiveness, which led bim to put on Haggart as a youth whose imagi- others to death, instead of himself
, nation must have been continually and finally saved him from the guilt haunted with fetters, stripes, dun- of self-destruction, by placing himn in geons, cords, and gallow-trees. It the salutary hands of the hangman." prepares us also to find him self-sus- To a mind uninstructed in the new pended by his pocket-handkerchief to and true philosophy, this soundsoddly, a nail in the wall, or with a quarter of But before the eye of a Combe every a pound, at least, of arsenic in his thing is reduced to order ; and the stomach. But,
reader, admire the wise picture is complete, distinct, and indiprovision of nature; for, look at No. vidually characteristic. 18. Firmness, and you will find it We have not room to continue out very LARGE. Now it gives “con- separate consideration of all the powers stancy and perseverance; and when and feelings of Mr Haggart ; so let 12 too energetic, produces obstinacy, stub- say a word or two on bis Benevelence bornness, and infatuation.” “When LARGE, and skip over the rest lightlyeminently powerful, it gives a stiffness Mr Combe seems at first sight to bave and uprightness to the gait, as if the stared a little at the big bump of beneperson were transfixed with an iron volence on the head of Haggart. But rod; and it gives a peculiar emphatic he soon recovered from bis amazement
, tone to the voice." -COMBE, 181. and remarks, “When, however
, the Now, Nature gave Haggart that power organ of benevolence possesses the de of firmness, to counteract the effects of gree of development, which, in Haga cautiousness. And if it is asked, Why gart's
case, it undoubtedly doen, die