20. At St Ann's Church, Soho, London, P. J. 31. The Rev. Andrew Lawrence, brother of Sir Macdonald, Esq. apothecary to his Majesty's for Thos. Lawrence, President to the Royal Academy, ees, to Eliza, the youngest daughter of William Chaplain to the Royal Hospital at Hasler, and ViOverton, Esq. of Mile End.

car of Long Parish, Hants. 21. At Brown Square, Arthur Robertson, Esq. Aug. 1. At his house in Charles Street, Berkedistiller, Ormiston, to Mary, the only daughter ley Square, London, the Right Hon. Lord Sufof James M.Robin, Esq. solicitor.

field. His Lordship dying without issue, is suc. 23. At Glasgow, James Peddie, jun. Esq. W.S. ceeded in his titles and estates by his brother, the to Margaret, daughter of the Rev. Dr Dick, Glas Honourable Edward Harbord. gow.

- At the Boarding-house, Kensington, Mrs 27. At Conway, North Wales, Sir David Ers Inchbald, the celebrated novelist and dramatist. kine, of Cambo, Bart. grandson of the Earl of Mrs Inchbald married in 1775; in the following Kellie, to Jane Silence, only daughter of the late year she was on the Manchester stage, where she Hugh Williams, Esq. of Conway.

divided the public attention with Mrs Siddons, - At Seton-house, Dr John Fletcher, of Park who was perforining there at the same time. Her Street, Edinburgh, to Miss Agnes Seton, second age was about 65. She had composed Memoirs of daughter of James Seton, Esq.

her Life, with anecdotes of her contemporaries; - At Irvine, Robert Rankine, jun. Esq. writer, but these have since been destroyed, in compliIrvine, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mr Robert ance with her own positive commands. Dunlop, merchant there.

- At her mother's house, Edinburgh, Miss 98. At Leith, Mr John Hill, merchant, Edin Jane Shirreff, daughter of the late Mr John Shirburgh, to Margaret, daughter of the late Mr Wm. reff, Captainhead, East Lothian. Loudon, farmer, Kersehall, near Kirkliston. 2. At Castletown-house, county of Kildare, aged

30. At Portobollo, James Lamont, Esq. to He- 77, Lady Louisa Conolly, sister of the late Duke len Currie, daughter of Alexander Lang, Esq. of Richmond, and relict of the late Right Hon. Gayfield Square, Edinburgh.

Thomas Conolly. Lately, At Dysart, Mr Robert M‘Dougal Fa 3. At Edinburgh, Matthew Sandilands, Esq. of milton, surgeon, Kirkcaldy, to Elizabeth, only Couston, writer to the signet. daughter of the late Lieutenant James Black, R.N. 4. Ann Eliza, youngest daughter of Major W.

- In the parish church of Plympton St Mary's, H. Raincy, aged two years and eight months. Richard Lapthorne, to Mary Ford. This is the - At 24, London Street, Agnes Primrose, wife fifth time the bride has been married in the same of Mr Peter Macdowall, accountant. church, and her four last husbands were buried - At her house, Hanover Street, Mrs Janet in the same church-yard.

Christie, widow of the late John Weir, Esq. writer in Edinburgh.

- At her house, Castle Street, Mrs Helen Ni

colson, relict of Mr John Moses, spirit-merchant DEATHS.

in Edinburgh, aged 71. Jan. 5. At Madras, Miss B. Hunter, daughter - At Glenogle, near Lochearn-head, Mr Saof the late Mr James Hunter, merchant, Edin muel Lindsay, aged 82. burgh.

At Gilmerton, Miss Jean Helen Waldie, aged 17. At Trichinopoly, William Campbell Scot, 15, only daughter of Lieutenant Waldie, late 18th Esq, of the honourable East India Company's hussars. service, second son of the late William Scot, Esq. - At his residence, Leeds Castle, in the county of Trinity Mains.

of Kent, General Philip Martin, in his 89th year. Feb. 19. At Huacho, in Peru, the infant daugh 6. At Edinburgh, Mr William Manson, account. ter of Lord and Lady Cochrane.

ant. June 14. Mr George Hadaway, of the island of At Edinburgh, Hugh Bethune, Esq. of St Vincent's, second son of the late Patrick Had- Queenslie, late merchant in London. away, Esq.

At Petersham, the Hon. Clementina ElphinJuly 4. At Baltimore, America, Mr James Neil stone, daughter of John, the eleventh Lord El son, son of the late Mr Gilbert Neilson, merchant, phinstone. Edinburgh.

- At Newliston-house, Mrs Hog of Newliston. 12. After a painful illness, Mr Fergus Haw. At Laurencekirk, Mr Charles Suiven, snuffthorn, for upwards of 50 years parochial school box maker, aged 68. Mr Stiven was joiner to the master of Colmonell.

late Sir James Nicolson of Glenbervie, for several 21. Aged 80, Mr Alexander Thom, manufac. years prior to the year 1780, when he made the turer. He was not only the first who introduced first box, and presented it to Mr William Bailie the art of spinning flax, by machinery, into Scot of Montrose, at that time factor on the estate of land, (having acquired the knowledge of it from Glenbervie. He continued in his original avocathe original patentees at Darlington), but erected tion of joiner, occasionally making boxes, till the the first Scotch spinning-mill on the water of Ber year 1790, when the late Lord Gardenstone, the vie.

founder of the village of Laurencekirk, brought 24. At Rutherglen, Lieut.-General John Spens, him to that place, and introduced him to public of Stonelaw,

notice. The high degree of eminence which Mr 25. Suddenly, at Hawthorn Brae, West Dud Stiven had attained by the manufacture of these dingston, Mrs Anne Reid, wife of Mr James Scott, boxes, of which he was the inventor, is well merchant in Leith.

known to those who contemplate with interest the - At Cheltenham, the Countess Dowager of progress of persevering ingenuity: Frequent imi. Jersey.

tations have been attempted of these boxes, but 26. At Edinburgh, Andrew Macwhinnie, Esq. though some of them have been exceedingly well 28. At Edinburgh, Mrs Craik of Arbigland. executed, yet they have always fallen far short of

- At 83, Candlemaker Row, Mr George San the neatness of polish, and excellent accuracy of derson, tobacconist.

execution by which the boxes manufactured by 29. At Dalkeith, Alexander, youngest son of Mr Mr Stiven were so eminently distinguished. Alexander Wilson, merchant there.

7. At Brandenburgh-house, Hammersmith, at - At Berwick-upon-Tweed. Mrs Ogle of Gains 25 minutes past ten in the evening, her Majesty lax, widow of Robert Ogle, Esq. of Eglingham, the Queen, Caroline Amelia Elizabeth. Her Maaged 62.

jesty was second daughter, and fifth child of Chas. 3.!. At Edinburgh, Mrs Catherinc Grindlay, re Wm. Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, by her Let of Mr William Burnside of Flask.

Royal Highness Augusta, eldest sister to his late - In Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, most gracious Majesty, George III. ;-was born Eleonora Sarah, only child of H. Brougham, Esq. 17th May, 1768, and on 5th April, 1795, marof Brougham, M. P.

ried to his present Majesty, George IV. by whom 31. At her house, in Union Place, Mrs Sarah she had one daughter, the late Princess Charlotte, Hamer, relict of Captain Ibbetson Hamer, of the of Saxe Coburg. Her Majesty's age was 53 years, royal invalids.

two months, and 21 days.


7. At Craiglockhart, Mr Alexander Scot, far 16. Mr Benjamin Hall Cooper, merchant, Drummer there.

mond Street. At Edinburgh, Mr Lewis Mackenzie, porter - At Banff, Major John Cameron, of his Ma dealer, Niddry Street.

jesty's late Scots brigade. 8. At her house, in Lower Grosvenor Street, 17. In Queen Street, Cheapside, London, Wm. London, after a short but severe illness, aged 41, J. Waldie, Esq. the youngest son of George Walthe Hon. Mrs Ryder, the lady of the Right Hon. die, Esq. of Henderside Park, Roxburghshire. Richard Ryder, brother to the Earl of Harrowby. 19. At his brother's house, of Whitehall, Rox

- At Leith, Jane, youngest daughter of Robert burghshire, Thomas Milne, Esq. Dryhope. Ogilvy, Esq. of that place.

20. At Paisley, James Weir, 17 months old, - At Dunblane, Mrs Elizabeth Lindsay, wife known by the name of the “ Wonderful Gigantic of Alexander Ewing, Esq. late of Balloch, Dum Child." When 13 months old, and he continued bartonshire.

to increase ever since, he weighed five stones; his At Edinburgh, John M‘Dougall, Esq. of Ar- girth round the neck was 14 inches, the breast 31 dincaple.

inches, the belly 39 inches, the thigh 204 inches, - In Thames Str Limerick, Lieutenant and round the arm 11 inches. He was born in General Daniel O'Meara.

the parish

of Cambusnethan, county of Lanark. 9. At her house in Dover Street, London, the 21. At Falkirk, John Taylor, Esq. surgeon. Dowager Countess of Mexborough.

22. At Gayfield Square, Miss Jane Brodie. 10. At his seat, Ashley park, Surrey, and of 23. At Edinburgh, Mr Alexander Miller, billiardClea Hall, in Cumberland, Sir Henry Fletcher, room keeper. Bart. aged 49. He is succeeded in his title and es 24. At Edinburgh, Jane, eldest daughter of the tates, by his eldest son Henry, aged 13 years. late Thomas Wharton, Esq. and of Lady Sophia

- At her house, at Hampton-court, the Hon. Wharton. Dorothy Charlotte Montague, relict of the Hon. 25. Mr Bartolozzi, (son of the celebrated enJolin Geo. ¡Montague, eldest son of John, fifth graver), himself in great estimation in the same Earl of Sandwich.

line as his father, aged 64. - At Cupar Fife, Christian, the third daughter 26. At Barrowmuirhead, near Edinburgh, Anne of the late D. M‘Pherson, Esq. of Cuill, Lochfine Fraser, wife of Major A. Rose. head, Argyllshire, and grand-daughter of the late 27. At Viewfield-house, near Dunbar, Mrs BurWilliam Campbell, Esq. of Glenfalloch.

net, spouse of Mr Burnet of Viewfield-house; and 11. At his house, 21, Castle Street, Mr Richard on the 13th, at the same place, Miss Henrietta Stevens, land-drainer.

Lawson, her sister. 12. At Edinburgh, aged three years, Robert, the - At Leith, James Pillans, second son of Mr youngest son of Mr Alex. Dallas, W.S.

W. Mowbray, merchant there. At Edinburgh, aged 19, Robert, third son of 28. In Portland Place, London, Anne, the wife William Dumbreck, St Andrew's Square.

of Sir James Graham, Bart. M.P. for Carlisle. 13. At Frankfield, near Lasswade, after a long 29. At her house, Warriston Crescent, Mrs Ann and painful illness, Mrs Warner, of the island of Margaret M'Konochie, widow of the late AlexSt Vincent's, wife of C. J. Warner, Esq. also of ander M‘Konochie, Esq. one of the Commissioners that island.

of his Majesty's Customs in Scotland. 14. At Bonaw, Mrs Captain Kelly, in the 32d – Suddenly, Miss Cumming, Dovehill. She year of her age.

was returning from King Street, Glasgow, where - At Grosvenor Square, London, after a long she was suddenly taken ill, and sat down on the illness, the Dowager Countess of Ely.

pavement in the Gallowgate. Some people car. 15. At George's Place, Leith Walk, aged 25, Mr ried her into a surgeon's shop, where she immediGeorge Thomson, bookseller in Edinburgh. ately expired.

At Leith, Margaret, youngest daughter of 31. At Dumbreck, near Glasgow, Miss Sophia Mr Mark Sanderson, shipmaster there.

Woddrop, daughter of the late John Woddrop, Margaret Moth Collins, spouse of Mr E. Esg. writer, Edinburgh. Prentice, Edinburgh.

Lately, at Southampton, Sir Henry William - At her father's house, George's Square, Miss Carr, K.C.B. Lieutenant-Colonel 3d regiment of Jane Hamilton Anderson.


Printed by James Ballantyne & Co. Edinburgh.

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Dear Sir, --In the third letter in the little parcel,) which I have headed with your name, you will find my reasons for wishing these five letters, and a sixth, which will follow in my next, on the plan and code of a Magazine, which should unite the utile and dulce, to appear in the first instance. My next will consist of very different articles, apparently ; namely, the First Book of my True History from Fairy Land, or the World Without, and the World Within. 2. The commencement of the Annals and Philosophy of Superstition ; for the completion of which I am waiting only for a very curious folio, in Mr

's possession. 3. The Life of Holty, a German poét, of true genius, who died in early manhood ; with specimens of his poems, translated, or freely imitated in English verse. It would have been more in the mode to have addressed myself to the Editor, but I could not give up this one opportunity of assuring you that I am, my dear Sir,

With every friendly wish, your obliged,
Mr Blackwood.






No. 1.

LETTER I. From a Professional Friend. MY DEAR AND HONOURED SIR, guilt. I can conceive, indeed, of no I was much struck with your Excerp- other mode of accounting—I do not ta from Porta, Eckartshausen, and say of their suspicious last dying avowothers, as to the effect of the ceremo als at the stake ; but—for their prinial drinks and unguents, on the (fe- vate and voluntary confessions on their male) practitioners of the black arts, death-beds, which made a convert of whose witchcraft you believe to have your old favourite, Sir T. Brown. Perconsisted in the unhappy craft of be- haps my professional pursuits, and mewitching themselves. I at least know of dical studies, may have predisposed me no reason, why to these toxications, to be interested ; but my mind has been (especially when taken through the in an eddy ever since I left you. The skin, and to the cataleptic state indu- connections of the subject, with classiced by them.) we should not attribute cal and with druidical superstitions, the poor wretches' own belief of their pointed out by you—the Circeia pocuVol. X.

2 H


la-the herbal spells of the Haxæ, or an interest I attach to this request; Druidesses—the somniloquism of the nor how many, beside myself, in the prophetesses, under the coercion of the circle of my own acquaintance bave the Scandinavian enchanters—the depend- same feeling. Indeed, my dear Şir! ence of the Greek oracles on mineral when I refect, that there is scarcely a waters, and stupifying vapours from chapter of history in which superstithe earth, as stated by Plutarch, and tion of some kind or other does not more than once alluded to by Euripides form or supply a portion of its contents, -the vast spread of the same, or simi- I look forward, with unquiet anticipalar usages, from Greenland even to the tion, to the power of explaining the southernmost point of America ;-you more frequent and best attested narra. sent me home with enough to think of! tions, at least without the necessity of -But, more than all, I was struck and having recourse to the supposition of interested with your concluding re- downright tricks and lying, on one mark, that these, and most other su- side, or to the devil and his imps on perstitions, were, in your belief, but the other. the CADAVER ET PUTRIMENTA OF A

Your obliged Pupil,

and affectionate Friend, Why not rather the imperfect rudi

J. Lments ? I asked. You promised me your reasons, and a fuller explanation. P.S.-Dr L. of the Museum, is quite But let me speak out my whole wish; of your opinion, that little or nothing and call on you to redeem the pledges of importance to the philosophic nayou gave, so long back as October 1809, turalist can result from Comparative that you would devote a series of pa- Anatomy on Cuvier's plan ; and that pers to the subject of Dreams, Visions, its best trophies will be but lifeless skePresentations, Ghosts, Witchcraft, letons, till it is studied in combination Cures by sympathy, in which you with a Comparative Physiology. But would select and explain the most in- you ought yourself to vindicate the teresting and best attested facts that priority of your claim. But I fear, dear have come to your knowledge from C., that Sic Vos; non Vobis, was made books or personal testimony. for your motto throughout life.

You can scarcely conceive how deep




In Answer to the above. Well, my dear pupil and fellow-stu- qui suo nomine obscuri sunt, meo indent ! I am willing to make the at- notescant.” The readers I have in tempt. If the majority of my readers view, are of that class who with a sinhad but the same personal knowledge cere, though not very strong desire, of of me as you have, I should sit down acquiring knowledge, have taken it for to the work with good cheer. But granted that all knowledge of any value this is out of the question. Let me, respecting the mind, is either to be however, suppose you for the moment, found in three or four books, the eldas an average reader-address you as est not a hundred years old, or may such, and attribute to you feelings and be conveniently taught without any language in character.—Do not mis- other terms or previous explanations take me, my dear L

Not even

than these works have already renderfor a moment, nor under the pretext ed familiar among men of education. of mons a non movendo, would I con Well, friendly reader! as the protemplate in connection with your name blem of things little less (it seems to “ id genus lectorum, qui meliores ob- you,) than impossible, yet strongly trectare malint quam imitari : et quo- and numerously attested by evidence rum similitudinem desperent, eorun which it seems impossible to discredit, dem affectent simultatem-scilicet uti has interested you, I am willing to at

* The passage, which cannot fail to remind you of H. and his set, is from Apuleius's Lib. Floridorum—the two books of which, by the bye, seem to have been transcribed from his common place-book of Good Things, happy phrases, &c. that he had not had an opportunity of bringing in in his set writings.

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tempt the solution. But then it must ferred you before to the botanist, so

be under certain conditions. I must now to the chemist. Light, heat, char124 be able to hope, I must have sufficient coal, are every man's

words. But fixed Je grounds for hoping, that I shall be or invisible light? The frozen heat? si understood, or rather that I shall be Charcoal in its simplest form as diadas allowed to make myself understood. mond, or as black-lead? Will a strana 2. And as I am gifted with no magnetic ger to chemistry be worse off, would 3 power of throwing my reader into the the chemist's language be less likely to a state of clear-seeing (clairvoyance) or be understood by his using different

luminous vision; as I have not the words for distinct meanings, as carbon, este secret of enabling him to read with caloric, and the like? nes the pit of his stomach, or with his But the case is still stronger. The ppf finger-ends, nor of calling into act chemist is compelled to make words,

is the cuticular faculty," dormant at in order to prevent or remove some erbisa the tip of his nose ; but must rely on ror connected with the common word;

WORD8-I cannot form the hope ra- and this too an error, the continuance

tionally, unless the reader will have of which was incompatible with the Fria patience enough to master the sense first principles and elementary truths !! in which I use them.

of the science he is to teach. You But why employ words that need ex- must submit to regard yourself ignoIS planation? And might I not ask in rant even of the words, air and water ;

my turn, would you, gentle reader and will find, that they are not chemisabe put the same question to Sir Edward cally intelligible without the terms,

Smith, or any other member of the oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, or others
Linnæan Society, to whom you had equivalent. Now it is even so with
applied for instruction in Botany ? the knowledge, which you would have
And yet he would require of you that me to communicate. There are cer-
you should attend to a score of techni. tain prejudices of the common, 'i. é. of
cal terms, and make yourself master the average sense of men, the exposure
of the sense of each, in order to your of which is the first step, the indispen-
understanding the distinctive charac- sable preliminary, of all rational psy
ters of a grass, a mushroom, and a chology and these cannot be exposed
lichen! Now the psychologist, or spe- but by selecting and adhering to some
culative philosopher, will be content one word, in which we may be able
with you, if you will impose on your- ' to trace the growth and modifications
self the trouble of understanding and of the opinion or belief conveyed in
remembering one of the number, in this, or similar words, not by any re-
order to understand your own nature. volution or positive change of the ori-
But I will meet your question direct. ginal sense, but by the transfer of this
You ask me, why I use words that sense and the difference in the appli-
need explanation ? Because (I reply) on cation.
this subject there are no others ! Be Where there is but one word for
cause the darkness and the main diffi- two or more diverse or disparate mean-
culties that attend it, are owing to the ings in a language, (or though there
vagueness and ambiguity of the words should be several, yet if perfect syno-
in common use; and which preclude nimes, they count but for one word,
all explanation for him who has re- the language is so far defective. And
solved that none is required. Because this is a defect of frequent occurrence
there is already a falsity in the very in all languages, prior to the cultiva-
phrases, “ words in common use; tion of science, logic and philology,
To the language of common sense. especially of the two latter : and among
Words of most frequent use they may a free, lively, and ingenious people,
be, common they are not ; but the lan- such as the Greeks were, sophistry
guage of the market, and as such, ex- and the influence of sophists are the
pressing degrees only, and therefore inevitable result. To check this evil
incompetent to the purpose wherever by striking at its root in the ambigui.
it becomes necessary to designate the ty of words, Plato wrote the greater
kind independent of all degree. The part of his published works, which do
philosopher may, and often does, em not so much contain his own system
ploy the same words as in the market; of philosophy, as the negative condi-
but does this supersede the necessity tions of reasoning aright on any sys
of a previous explanation? As I re tem. And yet more obviously is it

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