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V. 3









Mr. Wesley's parentage. Mrs. Susanna Wes- Mr. Charles Wesley's labors in Cornwall,

ley. Samuel Wesley, jr. Mr. Wesley at School Kent, Staffordshire, and the North of England.

and College. Religious Impressions and In- Persecution at Devizes. Remarks. Mr. Wes-

quiries. Ordination. College Honors. Charles ley at Newcastle. His Statement of the case be-

Wesley's early life. Methodists at Oxford. Ori- tween the Clergy and the Methodists. Remarks.

gin of the name Methodist.

3 Labors in Lincolnshire, &c. Persecutions in


Cornwall. Count Zinzendorf. Dr. Doddridge.

Mr. Wesley a writer of Tracts. His sentiments

The Wesleys at Oxford. Their efforts to do

on Church Governinent. Extracts from the Mi-

good. Opposition. Correspondence with Mr.

nutes of the early Conferences. Remarks. Mr.

Wesley, sen. Mr. Samuel Wesley, and Mrs.

Wesley's labors in different parts of the King-

Wesley. Mr. John Wesley refuses to settle at

dom. His zeal to diffuse useful knowledge.

Epworth Remarks. Death of Mr. Wesley, Mobs in Devonshire. Visits Ireland. Succeed-

sen. The Wesleys engage to go out to Georgia. ed there by his brother. Persecutions in Dublin. 37

Letter of Mr. Gambold.




The Wesleys on their voyage.

Labors of the Preachers. Doctrinal conversa-


with the Moravians. Conduct, Troubles, and

tions of the Conferences. Justification. Repent-

Faith. Assurance. Remarks. Fruits

Sufierings in Georgia. Affair of Miss Hopkey.

Mr. Wesley relurns to England.


of justifying Faith. Sanctification. Witness of

the Spirit. Remarks. Spirit in which Mr. Wes-


ley sought truth. Miscellaneous extracts from

Mr. Wesley's review of his religious Experi- the Minutes of the early Conferences. Notices of

ence. Trouble of mind. Interview with Peter the deaths of Preachers. Remarks.


Pohler. Receives the doctrine of justification by


Faith. Preaches it. Mr. Charles Wesley's reli-

gions experience. Remarks.

15 Early List of Circuits. Mr. Charles Wesley

in London. Earthquake there. Differences be-


tween Mr. Charles Wesley and the Preachers.

State of Religion in the Nation. Mr. Wesley's Remarks. Respective views of the brothers.

visit to Germany. Return to England. His la- Mr. Wesley's marriage. Mr. Perronet. Kings-

bors in London. Meets with Mr. Whitefield. wood School. Remarks. Mr. Wesley visits

Dr. Woodward's Societies. Mr. Charles Wes- Scotland. Letters. Sickness. Mr. Whitefield's

ley's labors. Field Preaching. Remarks. 19 Letter to him in anticipation of his death. Mr.


Wesley's Remarks on Books. His address to the

Clergy. Remarks. Hervey's Letters.


Effect of the labors of the Messrs. Wesley

and Mr. Whitefield at Kingswood. Mr. Wesley


at Bath. Statement of his doctrinal views. Se- Methodism in America. Revivals of Religion.

parates from the Moravians in London. Forma-

Remarks. Mr. Wesley's labors. Notices of

tion of the Methodist Society. Mr. Wesley's mo- books from his Journals. Minutes of the Con-

ther. Correspondence between Mr. John and

ference of 1770. Remarks. Mr. Shirley's Cir-

Mr. Samuel Wesley ou Extraordinary Emotions, cular. Mr. Wesley's “ Declaration." Contro-

and the doctrine of Assurance. Remarks. En-

versy respecting the Minutes. Remarks. In-

thusiasm. Divine Influence. Difference be-

crease of the Societies. Projects for the manage-

tween Mr. Wesley and Mr. Whitefield. Their

ment of the connection after Mr. Wesley's death. 63

reconciliation. Mr. Maxfield. Mr. Wesley's

defence of his calling out Preachers to assist him


in his work. Remarks.

23 Mr. Wesley's sickness in Ireland. Letter to

the Commissioners of Excise. Visit to the Isle of



Man. Opening of City-road Chapel.

Persecution in London. Institution of Classes.

nian Magazine.” Disputes in the society at Bath.

Mr. Wesley charged with being a Papist. His

Jabors in Yorkshire, Northumberland, and Lin-

Mr. Wesley's Letter to a Nobleman. His visit to

Holland. * Deed of Declaration." Remarks. 72

colnshire. Death of Mrs. Susanna Wesley. La-

bors and persecutions of Mr. Charles Wesley in


Statlordshire and Yorkshire. Increase of the So- State of the Societies in America. Ordination
cieties. Mr. Wesley's danger and escape at Wed- of Superintendents and Elders for the American
nesbury. His first visit to Cornwall. Riots in Societies. Rewarks. Dr. Coke. Mr. Asbury.
Staffordshire. Preaches for the last time before Mr. C. Wesley's Remonstrances. Ordinations
the University of Oxford. Correspondence with for Scotland. Remarks. Mr. Wesley's second
the Rev. J. Erskine. His sermon on " A Catho- visit to Holland. His labors in England, Ireland,
lic Spirit.” First Conference held. Remarks. 30 and the Norman Isles. Return to London. Re.

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which Christians will have of each other in hea-

His parentage. Loss of his mother. Poetic

What will engage their thoughts there.

description of her character. First school. Cru.

Just views of Christian friendship. Strength of

elty he experienced there. First serious im- his religious affections. Humbling views of him-

pressions. Is placed under the care of an emi-

self. Melancholy death of Mr. Unwin. Cow.

nentoculist. Entrance upon Westminster School.

per's reflections upon it. Mr. Newton's nex-

Character while there. Removal, thence.. En- pected but providential visit to Mrs. Unwin. Cow-

trance upon an attorney's office. Want of em- per's determination to remain with the family.

ployment there. Unfitness for his profession.

Their removal from Huntingdon to Olney. . 118

Early melancholy impressions.




Commencement of Cowper's intimacy with

Entrance into the Temple. Employment there.

Mr. Newton. Pleasure it afforded him. His

Depression of his mind. Religions impressions.

charitable disposition. Means provided for its

Visit to Southampton. Sudden removal of sor- indulgence, by the munificence of the late J.

Death of bis father. Appointment to the

Thornton, Esq. Mr. Thornton's death. Cow-

office of reading clerk in the House of Lords. per's poetic tribute to his memory. Remarks on

Dread of appearing in public. Consequent aban-

the insufficiency of earthly objects to afford peace

donment of the situation. Is proposed as clerk

to the mind. His great anxiety for the spiritual

of the Journals. Feelings on the occasion. Vi.

welfare of his correspondents. Consolatory re-

sit to Margate. Return to London. Preparation

marks addressed to bis cousin. Severe affliction

for entering upon his office. Distressing sensa-

of his brother. Cowper's great concern on his

Tiong on the occasion. Is compelled to relinqnish

behalf. Happy change that takes place in his

it for ever. Serious attack of depression. Visit

brother's sentiments on religious subjects. His

of his brother.

107 death. Cowper's reflections on it.

Deep im-


pression it made upon his mind. Description of

his brother's character. Engages with Mr. New-

His removal to St. Alban's. Painful state of ton to write the Olney Hymns. Cowper's severe

his mind there. Receives a visit from his brother. indisposition.


Good effects of it. His recovery. How it was
effected. His subsequent happiness. Pleasing


conversation with Dr. Cotion. The delightful Great severity of Cowper's mental depression.

manner in which he now passed his time. De- His presentiment of it. Its consequences. Re-

scription of his experience. His grauitnde lo marks upon its probable cause. Absurdity of at-

God. Employs his brother to look out for him a tributing it, in any degree, to religion. Mrs. Un-

new residence. Leaves St. Alban's. Feelings win's great attention to him. His aversion to the

on the occasion.

111 company of strangers. Symptoms of his reco-


very. Domesticates three leverets. Amusement

they afford him. Mr. Newtou's removal from

Removal to Huntingdon. Sensations there.

Oluey. Introduction of Mr. Bull to Cowper.

Engages in public worship for the first time afier His translation of Madame de la Guyon's poems,

his recovery. Delight it afforded him. Com.

at Mr. Bull's request. Coinwences liis original

mences a regular correspondence with some of

bis friends. Pleasure he experienced in writing

productions, at the suggestion of Mrs. Unwin.

Renews his correspondence with Mr. and Mrs.

on religious subjects. Anxiety of his mind for Newton. Describes the state of bis mind.


the spiritual wellare of his former associates. At-
tributes their continuance in sin chiefly to infi-


delity. Folly of this. Beauty of the Scriptures. Makes preparations for publishing his first vo-

Absurdity of attributing crents to second causes, lume. Reasons assigned for it. Beneficial effects

instead of to the overruling providence of God. of composition on his mind. His comparative

Dependence upon Divine direction the best sup. indifference to the success of his volume. Great

pori in aliction. Forms some new connections. care, nevertheless, with which he composed it.

Becomes acquainted with the Unwin family. His readiness to avail himself of the assistance

Happiness he experienced in their company.

115 and advice of his friends. The interest which

Mr. Newton took ju his publication. Writes the


preface for the volume. Cowper's judicious re-
Cowper becomes an innate of Mr. Unwin's ply to some objections that had been made to it.
family. Is much delighted with their society. Publication of the volume. Manner in which it
Describes the manner in wbich they spe their was received. Continuance of Cowper's depres-
time. His opinion respecting the knowledge sion. State of his mind respecting religion. His



warm attachment to the leading truths of the gos- severity of Cowper's depression. Is again urged

Ardent desires to make his volume the to write on the Slave Trade. Again declines it.

means of conveying them to others.

130 Assigns particular reasons for it. His indefa-


tigable application to Homer. Notice he took of

Commencement of Cowper's acquaintance with

passing events. Mr. and Mrs. Newton's visit 10

Weston. The pleasure it afforded Cowper. Lady

Lady Austin. Pleasure it affords him. Poetic

Hesketh's visit. Completion of the Iliad, and

epistle to her. Her removal to Olney. Benefi-

commeucement of the Odyssey. His unwearied

cial influence of her conversational powers on

application to Homer not allowed to divert his at-

Cowper's mind. Occasion of his writing John

tention from religion. Occasional composition of

Gilpin. Lines composed at Lady Austin's re-

original poetry. Readiness to listen to any altera.

quest. Induced by her to commence writing The

tion that might be suggested in his productions. 155

''ask. Principal object he had in view in com-

posing it. Sudden and final separation from


Lady Austin. Occasional severity of his depres- Mrs. Unwin much injured by a fall. Cowper's

sive malady. Hopes entertained by his friends of

anxiety respecting her. Continues incessantly

his ultimate recovery. His own opinion upon it. engaged in his Homer. Expresses regret that it


proofs of the power of religion on his

should, in some measure, have suspended his cor-

mind. Tenderness of his conscience. Serious

respondence with his friends. Revises a small

reflections. Aversion to religious deception and volume of poems for children. State of his mind.

pretended piety. Bigotry and intolerance, with Receives as a present from Mrs. Bodbam, a por-

their opposite vices, levity and indifference, deplor- trait of his mother. Feelings on the occasion.

ed. Sympathy with the sufferings of the poor. Interesting description of her character. His af-

Enviable condition of such of them as are pious, fectionate attachment to her. Translates a series

compared with the rich who disregard religion. 134 of Latin letters from a Dutch minister of the gos


pel. Continuance of his depression. Is attack-

Publication of Cowper's second volume of

ed with a nervous fever. Completion of his trans-

lation. Death of Mrs. Newton. His reflections

poems. Manner in which it was received by the

public. His feelings on the occasion. Greai self-

on the occasion. Again revises his Homer. His


abasement. Renewal of his correspondence with

unalterable attachment to religion.

Lady Hesketh. Acceptance of her proffered as-


sistance. Her projected visit to Olney. Cow-

Publication of his Homer. Anxiety respecting

per's pleasing anticipations of its results. Her

it. To whom dedicated. Benefits he had derived

arrival. Cowper's removal from Olney to Weston.

His intimacy with the Throckmortons. Happi-

from it. Feels the want of employment. Pre-

pares materials for a splendid edition of Milton's

ness it afforded hiin.


poetic works. Vindicates his character. Attempts


of his friends to dissuade hin from his new en-

Extracts from his correspondence. Description gagement. His replies. The commencement of

of the deep seriousness that generally pervaded

his acquaintance with Mr. Hayley. Pleasure it af-

his mind. His remarks to justify his removal

forded Mr. Hayley. Mrs. Unwin's first attack of

from Olney. Vindicates himself and Mrs. Un- paralysis. Manner in which it affected Cowper.

win from unjust aspersions. Reasons for under-

Remarks on Milton's labors. Reply to Mr. New-

taking the translation of Homer. His opinion of

ton's letter for original composition. Continn.

Pope's. Unremiting attention to his own. In- ance of his depression. First letter from Mr.

mense pains he bestowed upon it. His readiness Hayley. Unpleasant circumstances respecting it.

to avail himself of the assistance of others. Vex- Mr. Hayley's first visit to Weston. Kind manner

ation he experienced from a multiplicity of critics.

in which he was received. Mrs. Unwin's second

Just remarks upon criticism. Determination to severe paralytic attack. Cowper's feelings on

persevere in his work. Justifies himself for un. the occasion. Mr. Hayley's departure. Cowper's

dertaking it. Pleasure he took in relieving the

warm attachment to him. Reflections on the re-

poor. Renewal of bis correspondence with Ge- cent changes he had witnessed. Promises to visit

neral Cowper and the Rev. Dr. Bagot. Conso- Eartham. Makes preparations for the journey.

latory letter to the latter.

145 Peculiarity of his feelings on the occasion. 166


Pleasure he enjoyed in his new residence. Sud- Journey to Eartham. Incidents of it. Safe
den death of Mrs. Unwin's son. Cowper's dis-

arrival Description of its beauties. Employ.
tress on the occasion. Experiences a severe at-

ment there. Reply to a letter from Mr. Hardis,

tack of illness. Is compelled to relinquish, for a

on the death of his sister. State of Cowper's

time, his labors of translation. Mr. Rose's first

mind at Eartham. His great attention to Mrs.

visit to him. His sudden recovery. Manner of

Unwin. Return to Weston. Interview with Ge.

spending his time. Peculiarities of his case. Is

neral Cowper. Safe arrival at their beloved re-

dissuaded from resqining his translation. His de-

Violence of his depressive malady. Re-

termination to persevere in it. Applies to it with grets the loss of his studious habit. Ineffectual

the utmost diligence. Great care with which he

efforts to obtain it. Warmth of his affection for

translated it. His admiration of the original.

Mr. Hayley. Dread of January. Prepares for

Providential preservation of Mrs. Unwin. His

a second edition of Homer. Commences writing

painful depression unremoved.

150 notes upon it. Labor it occasioned bim. His

close application. Continuance of his depres-


sion. Judicious consolatory advice he gives to his

Pressing invitations of his friends to write a friends. Letter to Rev. J. Johnson on bis taking

poem on the Slave Trade. Reasons for declining orders. Pleasure it afforded him to find that his

it. Correspondence with Mrs. King. Particular relative entered upon the work with suitable feel-

description of his feelings. Death of Sir Ashley ings. Reply to Mr. Hayley respecting a joint

Cowper. Description of his character. Great literary undertaking.




Latin. Rapid decay of his strength. Last illness.

Mr. Hayley's second visit to Weston. Finds



Cowper busily engaged. Great apprehensions

respecting him. Mrs. Unwin's increasing infirmi-
ties. Cowper's feelings on account of it. Vigor Description of his person, his manners, his dis-

of his own mind at this period. Severe attack of position, his piety. His attachment to the Esta-

depression. Deplorable condition to which he blished Church. His attainments. Originality

was now reduced. Management of his affairs of his poetry. His religious sentiments. The

kindly undertaken by Lady Hesketh. Mr. Hay- warmth of his friendship. His attachment to the

ley's anxieties respecting him. Is invited by Mr. British constitution. His industry and persever-

Greathead to pay Cowper another visit. Com- ance. Happy manner in which he could console

plies with the invitation. Arrival at Weston. the afflicted. His occasional intervals of enjoy-

How he is received by Cowper. Inefficiency of

Character as a writer. Powers of de-

the means employed to remove his depression. scription. Beauty of his letters. His aversion

Handsome pension allowed him by His Majesty. to flattery, to affectation, to cruelty. His love of

His removal from Weston to Norfolk, under the liberty, and dread of its abuse. Strong attach-

care of the Rev. J. Johnson. Death of Mrs. Un- ment to, and intimate acquaintance with the

win. How it affected Cowper. Recovers suffi- Scriptures. Pleasure with which he sometimes

ciently to resume his application to Homer. Fi- viewed the works of creation. Contentment of

nishes his notes. Letter to Lady Hesketh, de-

his mind. Extract from an anonymous critic.

scriptive of his feelings. Composes some origi-

Poetic tribute to his memory.


nal poems. Translates some of Gay's fables into


Mr. Spencer's parentage and early years. Love Liverpool. Preaches at Newington chapel. His
of learning. Religious impressions. His inclina- popularity as a preacher. Correspondence. Re-
tion to the Christian Ministry. Apprenticed to turn to the academy. Invited by the congregation
a glover in London. Rev. Mr. Heward. Ac- of Newington to become their pastor. Calls from
quaintance with Thomas Wilson, Esq. commenc- other congregations. Acceptance of the call from
ed, under whose patronage he enters upon his Liverpool. Last sermon at Hoxton.
preparatory studies with the Rev. Mr. Hordle, of
Harwich. Rapid progress in learning. Returns Mr. Spencer commences his pastoral labors at
to his father's residence in Hertford..

195 Newington chapel. Correspondence. Success

of bis ministry. Lays the foundation stone of a
Mr. Spencer's return to Harwich. "Résumes new chapel for his congregation. Correspond-
his studies. Interesting correspondence, Papers

Ordination. His first administration of
submitted by Mr. Spencer to the committee of the Lord's Supper. Death. Funeral. Sketch
Hoxton academy.
204 of his character.

Mr. Spencer's entrance at Hoxton. Diligence Appendix.—No. I. Hoxton academy.· No. II.

in study. Vacation. Return to Hertford. First Mr. Spencer's early exercises in preaching.

Sermon. Continues to preach to the country-

No. III. Christ AT EMMAUS-a serinon on Luke

people during his stray at Hertford. Hoxton. xxiv. 32. No. IV. Farewell sermon at Hoxton.

Christmas vacation. First sermon at Hertford. No. V. Address at laying the foundation stone of

Appointed to assist in the pulpit at Hoxton. At the new chapel. No. VI. Mr. Spencer's an-

the earnest entreaties of the people, allowed to swers to the questions proposed to him at his or-

preach. First sermon at Hoxton, in his seven- dination. No. VII. Additional papers. No. VIII.

teenth year. His success and popularity. Itine- Additional letters.


racy. Correspondence with Mr. John Haddon. 214

A Poem on the Death of Mr. Spencer, by

Mr. Spencer visits and preaches at Brighton. James Montgomery.


Correspondence. Hoxton. Appointed to deli-

ver an oration at the academy. Correspondence. Reflections on Mortality. By Charles Buck. 269

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