Missionary Retrospect and Foreign Intelligence.



Extract of a Letter from the Rev. W. Ward to W. Burls, Esq. dated Serampore, Aug. 5, 1817. "We are all pretty well.

Mr. Ranattacks, but are better. Dr. Carey is passing through this trying season very mercifully yet."

dall and I have both been ill of bilious

A MEMBER of the church in Calcutta, who had been encouraged to devote himself to the ministry, has been sent to labour at Moorshudubad. The excellent letter of advice sent to him by the missionaries, shew the spirit by which these excellent men are influenced, and the sentiments which they wish to be propagated among the heathen.

"Serampore, Nov. 30, 1816.

"Dear brother Ricketts,

"We have been much encouraged by your disinterestedness and devotion to the cause of Christ. We hope that these desires will ever be cherished with the utmost solicitude, and that they will Carry you forward till you become well qualified to speak the two languages you will want, the Bengalee and Hin. doost'hanee, and be wholly absorbed in the blessed work of winning souls, so that this shall become as your daily meat and drink.

"You are about to take up your abode as near as possible to what was once the capital of Bengal, and which is still called the city. In your immediate vicinity you have more than a million of souls, without there being any other messsenger of salvation beside yourself who will care for their state. What an important and most awfully responsible situation! Read Ezek. xxxiii. Many of the persons who will visit and converse with you will be found not deficient in reasoning and sophistry. You will, therefore, need a good knowledge of gospel doctrine, and of the languages in which you are to convey your ideas. We are very anxious that you should choose a place of abode very near to Moorshudubad, that you may be able, in as short a time and as freVOL. X.

quently as possible, to itinerate through it, distributing in these interesting jour neys the word of life, the precious seed which cannot perish, but must bear im mortal fruit. If you live at too great a distance, the natives cannot visit you, and almost the whole of this immense

population will die without ever having once heard the glad tidings of salvation. The nearest healthful spot, therefore, to the city should be chosen. As your services at Berhampore will only be once a week, or so, you can easily visit it in a boat.

wish to recommend to you in fulfilling "With respect to the dispositions we the great object you have in view, we need not enlarge: we are persuaded your own mild temper will ever preserve you from every harsh expression, and ther than win the natives. Your aim is every thing else that would offend ra to draw, not to frighten or repel your hearers. Zeal for God, tempered with deep compassion for men-earnestness in your addresses, mixed with the tenderness of a kind and anxious parentand a holy conversation, will not fail to gain you the respect and confidence of the natives. Your heathen and Musulman neighbours must always be welcome to your house and presence: nothing must give you greater pleasure than their visits, let them come at whatever hour of the day they may. Reading to them the divine word, accompanied with serious application and prayer, will shew them that you love their souls, and that you are seeking their eternal good.

"The doctrines we wish you to preach are, we hope, already interwoven into your own conceptions and gracious feelings. Those doctrines, however, which distinguish the gospel as a system of redemption, we wish you to lay as the basis of all your discourses: these are, the fall and total depravity of man-his being in an absolutely perishing condition, with his whole understanding dark, his entire affections polluted, and his whole will alienated from God, ending in a complete spiritual and voluntary incapacity to save himself-the overflowing mercy of God in Christ-the complete atonement, and perfect righ teousness, and all-prevalent interces sions, of Christ-his gracious naturethe work of the Spirit-the necessity of


regeneration and a holy life-the indis-
pensible necessity of conversion-a fu-
ture state of everlasting rewards and
punishments. But, as you will find,
that the awful deceptions under which
all your hearers labour, are all connect-
ed with the merit of works, you must
constantly labour to shew that salvation
is by grace, through faith in Christ, and
not of works. In destroying their con-
fidence in works, you will, without the
disagreeable labour of exposing these
systems in detail, accomplish the work
at once, aud bring them immediately to
the grand doctrine of faith in the Re-
deemer, where indeed they can alone
find life and peace. The preaching of
this doctrine by the apostle Paul, as
'well as the revival of it at the Reforma-
tion, and by Whitfield and others, pro-
duced a harvest which yet replenishes
and exhilirates the whole church of
God; so that your work will not consist
in gaining petty victories in argument
over their superstitions, but in preaching
the doctrine of faith, of the cross,' as
the ground of acceptance with God, to
the utter exclusion of all works of merit;
and this doctrine being received, the
mind will at once reject the whole sys-
tem of superstition; and every direct
and unwelcome attack on particular
acts of idol worship will be rendered

"In prosecuting your ministry, you will consider yourself as a person bearing tidings, tidings of the last consequence to be known, enriching for ever those who cordially believe them. But this news must be carried to the souls committed to you, as they are widely scattered, and know not as yet the value of a gospel ministry, nor the pleasures of meeting for congregational worship. Beware of the insinuation, that Missionaries can do little in the way of preaching; this must be left to the converted natives. To resist this temptation it is only necessary to listen to the apostle: It pleased God, by the foolishness of preaching, to save them that believe.' This then is to be your great and daily work, the most important and most necessary part of your whole ministry, viz. constant visits to the natives, either on foot, or on horseback, &c. If the natives are not visited, nothing can possibly be done in a case where ignorance is so great, and the natives so shy of familiar intercourse.

"We hope, at some future time, to enable you to set up schools, but at present funds are wanting.

"The spiritual state and labours of the native assistants who may be near you,

must be watched over with a kind, but
a daily attention: they must be stirred
up to their duty; and the growth of re-
ligion in them will be an object you will
not neglect. Upon their spirituality and
scripture knowledge depends their use-
fulness. Pray with and for them daily.
Converted native assistants are, as means,
the very hope of India.

"Thus, dear brother, we have given
you a few ideas on the nature of that
blessed ministry to which you have de.
voted yourself. Oh! that you may
have, in an abundant degree, those in-
fluences which are absolutely necessary
to all, to qualify them for this work, to
make them useful in it, and to enable
them to persevere.
Our most affection-
ate concern and prayers accompany
you. May you, in that day, present
to the Great Shepherd many children
whom he may have given you, and hear
him say, 'Well done-thou hast been
faithful over a few things: enter thou
into the joy of thy Lord."

"We remain," &c.

Letter from the Rev. Adoniram Judson,
American Baptist Missionary in Bur-
mah, to a Minister in London.

"Rangoon, March 30, 1817.

"Rev. and Dear Sir,

"I WROTE you under date of August, 1815, in reply to yours of the preceding year; but am apprehensive, from certain circumstances, that the letter was lost, together with many others, which were forwarded by the same conveyance. It is nearly four years since I settled in this place, during which time I have been wholly employed in stu dying the language. Mrs. Judson and myself have lately written some little things in Burman, and I am now engaged in translating the gospel of Matthew. We were joined a few months ago, by Mr. Hough (Huf) and family, from America. He was pastor of a Baptist church in New Bedford, and acquainted also with printing, having acquired the art from childhood, in his father's printing-office. He brought a press from Bengal, and since the beginning of this year, we have published two tracts, and hope shortly to publish an edition of 500 of Matthew, which is now in the press. I cannot refrain from noticing the opportuneness of my bro ther's arrival. I had just become competent to write somewhat intelligibly in the language, and not being apprized of Mr. Hough's leaving America, had just been writing to Bengal to inquire

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whether they could print what I should send them, or whether I must come found myself, when, behold, at this very crisis, a printer walks into the missionhouse, with all the apparatus about him. May he be to the Burmans all that Mr. Ward is to the Hindoos!

"In regard to translating, I proceed with fear and trembling. I feel that I am not yet sufficiently versed in the fanguage; and indeed should hardly have ventured to make the attempt at present with a view to publishing, had I not, by mere accident, discovered a copy of a translation of Matthew, on palm-leaf, made, I suppose, some years ago, by a Roman Catholic padre. This affords me great assistance. 1 derive some help, also, from a manuscript of Matthew, left here by Mr. Chater, which, with some revision by another hand, has been printed at Serampore. This, however, is quite unintelligible to Burmans, unless they are furnished with some previous ideas, which may serve as a key to open the meaning to their apprehension. After Matthew is done, I am desirous of desisting a little, and applying myself to study, and preaching to the natives; and to this I am induced by the consideration, that the printing cannot proceed any further at present, for want of paper and types, -our present types being in a miserable state, some new, and some worn flat, which we cannot account for, as so little work has been done with them at Serampore. Our remittances from America, also, have been hitherto so limited, as to prevent our incurring any great expense, beside that of necessary subsistence. It is painful to write, as usual, that no Burman has yet been brought to the knowledge of the truth. Yet so it is. We now and then discover something hopeful, but it passes away. We are breaking up the ground, and beginning to sow the precious seed. O may the Lord display his power, and change the face of this barren wilder


"I suppose, that you know nothing more of me, than that I am a Baptist missionary, in Rangoon, from America, except what I have already written. Nor have I much else to say. I was once in England, but my business lay wholly with the Pædobaptist Missionary Society. I frequently regret (as I have mentioned somewhere else) that my change of sentiment concerning bap tism had not occurred before my visiting England; in which case, I should have sought an interview with many whose names I greatly love and respect, but

whose faces I shall never see-whose conversation I shall never enjoy.

"I have been particularly interested in the accounts of the Baptist Society for Ireland, which Mr. Lawson sent me, and heartily wish I could testify my sincerity in some other way than by words."


"Two other victims immolated on the funeral pile.-Last Thursday week, a Sutee, or female sacrifice by burning,

no less remarkable on account of the firmness displayed by the victims, than from some extrinsic circumstances, took place at Kalee-ghat. The victims of superstition, in the present instance, were the twowives of Neeloo, a physician and inhabitant of Shobhabazar, the first aged twenty-three, and the second only seventeen. By a regulation of government, before any sacrifice of this nature can take place, notice must be given to the Police; and we are informed, that the officers attached to the Police establishment of the twenty-four Purguns nahs, with a laudable humanity, employed many endeavours to turn the misguided from their fatal determination. Their persuasions, however, being utterly disregarded, it was suggested, we believe, by Ram-Mohun-Raya, that' in the actual mode in which females are burnt on the funeral pile of their hus bands, there had been a wide departure from the method prescribed by the books of the Hindoos, and that the correction of this irregularity, in the present instance, might not only lead to the saving the immediate victims, but also of many others on future occasions. According to the usual method, it seems, previous to the fire being lighted, the females lay themselves down beside the corpse, when such a quantity of wood and other combustible materials are immediately heaped upon them, that if, in the agony inflicted by the flames, they should be desirous of retracting, it is utterly beyond their power so to do. This is probably a mere invention of the brahmuns to deprive their victims of all free-agency; but, if we are rightly instructed, the Shastra explicitly directs that fire shall first be applied to the fuel on which the corpse is laid, and while it is in a state of ignition, the wife shall go, if she pleases, and lay herself down upon it. Agreeably to this view of the law, we understand that it was determined, that the wives of Neeloo should have

the full benefit of this latter mode of sacrifice. The brahmuns were prevailed on to give their consent. It is with pain, however, that we are obliged to add, that the hopes entertained from the experiment, in respect to a change of determination on the part of the victims, were altogether disappointed. The flames had no sooner began to rise, than the elder female deliberately walked into the midst of them, and quickly af terwards the younger followed her example, but previously with great animation addressed herself to the by-standers in words to this effect- You have just seen my husband's first wife perform the duty incumbent on her, and you will now see me follow her example. Hence

forward I pray do not attempt to prevent Hindoo women from burning,otherwise our curse will be upon you.' We are informed, that this young woman then flung herself into the flames, apparently with the same unconcern as she had been accustomed to plunge into the Hoogley river, in order to perform her morning ablutions and devotions. We have heard of several respectable and intelligent natives openly testifying their abhorrence of the cruel ritual of the Sutee-and it is probable that a similar sentiment prevails in the minds of many others, though prudence may induce them to conceal it."-From the Oriental Star, published in Calcutta.

Domestic Religious Intelligence.



Protestant Dissenting Ministers.

AN EXTAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING of the three denominations of Protestant Dissenters was held on December 9, 1817, to consider the best mode of expressing their sentiments of condolence on the occasion of the lamented death of the Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales. At this Meeting, which was numerously attended, the Rev. Dr. John Rippon was called to the chair. The expressions of affectionate and deep regret to the memory of the Princess were strong and universal: these were heightened by the recollections of the gracious and condescending manner in which her Royal Highness had received the deputation after her marriage; and from its having been understood, that both at the time, and afterwards, the Princess had signified, how much she was gratified at the token of respect paid her by the Dissenting Ministers.

his Royal Daughter, and his Serene Highness Prince Leopold of Saxe Coburg, and having had the honour of personally addressing the illustrious and happy Pair on the same event, we cannot but feel most powerfully the sad reverse of circumstances, occasioned by the lamented death of the Princess Charlotte and her


"That though we deem it most expedient and respectful to abstain from such communications of our condolence on the mournful occasion, as might revive the painful sensations which must have agitated the minds of her Royal Parents and his Serene Highness Prince Leopold; we do, nevertheless, consider it our duty, as a body, to testify our deep sense of the great loss which the nation has sustained by that afflictive event.

"That, from the talents and acquirements of her Royal Highness, from her attachment to those principles of true freedom, civil and religious, which have been the bases of our country's felicity and glory, from the countenance which her public conduct and domestic virtues afforded to the interests of good morals and the exercises of devotion and piety, and from her courteous and condescending manners, we were led to anticipate, in common with the country at large, extensive blessings to the comted into the presence of his Royal High-munity under her rule, if she had lived ness the Prince Regent, to offer our con- to fill the throne of this United King gratulations on the auspicious nuptials of dom,

The following are the Resolutions which were unanimously adopted by the Meeting, and ordered to be printed in the public papers:

"That having so recently been admit

"That the Almighty having been pleased, in the course of his Providence, to disappoint our sanguine hopes, by removing her, we trust, to a better world, we bow in humble submission beneath his chastening rod, and hope, and pray, that the Universal Sovereign will cause good to arise out of this national affliction, and that he may still continue to be a wall of fire round about, and the glory in the midst' of our land. (Signed,)

JOHN RIPPON, Chairman."




WE intimated in our last Number, that a Public Meeting had been announced, to commemorate the glorious

event which took place in Saxony in

1517, when Martin Luther first opposed
the corruptions of Popery. This meet-
ing was accordingly held on Wednesday,
the 30th of December, 1817, (the day
on which our British Reformer, Wick-
liff, "finished his course with joy;"
more than 30 years before Luther.) His
Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex pre-
sided on this truly animating occasion,
and delivered the most enlightened sen-
timents on the subject of civil and re-
ligious liberty. Many ministers and
gentlemen, of different denominations,
instructed the meeting by their speeches;
and a company of more than 1000
sons gave the liveliest demonstrations of
the gratification they felt in the recol-
lection of the many blessings which, as
Protestants, they had derived from the
Reformation from Popery.

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"III. That such pure and undefiled' religion by the Holy Scriptures alone is taught: and that they therefore should be accessible in every language, to every individual, of every nation on the globe; and that all attempts to limit such diffusion, oppose the beneficent purposes of God, and the best and only perfect happiness of man.

"IV. That equally intrusive and unworthy are all efforts authoritatively to impose any expositions of those Holy Scriptures, which every man for himself is entitled to investigate, and to expound; and which every man should read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest.'

"V. That the experience of Europe, from the third to the sixteenth century, has demonstrated that these great principles are as important in their practical operation, as, in theory, they are correct and that to their violation are mainly attributable those multitudinous ills, which, for that long period, afflicted humanity, deformed the Christian faith, and oppressed the world.

" VI. That this meeting could not enumerate all those evils which flowed from that abundant source-but that the sacred truths were displaced by corrupt scriptures were forbidden :-That their traditions--and simple, true, and spiritual worship, by superstitious forms:That crusades were substituted for the peace-announcing gospel, ignorance for knowledge, and persecution for goodwill to men:-That priests, operating by hopes of the deluded and untaught, extheir dogmas on the fears and on the per-clusively amassed both wealth and power:-That absolutions and indul gencies, purchaseable from them, encouraged crimes :—That admission even into heaven was made dependant on their dear-bought masses, and their prayers:-That the people groaned in wretchedness, and that monarchs trembled on their thrones :--and that a do mination, interested, arbitrary, and in. jurious, extended over the fortunes, the intellect, and consciences of men,

The following are the Resolutions passed unanimously:

"I. That the right of every man to worship God according to his conscience, is a natural, unalienable right-anterior to all social institutions; which no human authority should ever presume to violate or restrict.

"II. That religion is not intended to aggrandize a peculiar class, nor to become an engine of State; but to inform the judgment-to purify the heart to mitigate, by heavenly consolation, the calamities of life-and to inspire hopes of immortality, blissful and sublime.

* The Royal President was prevented by the heavy fog from being in time; the Chair was therefore first taken by the Rev. Charles Simeon, of Cambridge.

"VII. That, afflicted at the retrospect of evils so much to be deplored, this meeting delight to trace even those gleams of moral light, which in the fourteenth century partially dissipated a gloom so oppressive and profound; and that the memories of Wickliff, of Jerome, and Huss, and of the Waldenses, are enshrined within their hearts.

"VIII. But that it is the peculiar and important object of this meeting to celebrate, at this tri-centenial period, that glorious Reformation which, in 1517, commenced in Saxony: which

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