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resolved that Robert Dorsett | ter that by Mr. J. Biggs, now of should be authorized to adminis- Devizes, until March, 1796. In ter the Lord's Supper to either the same month, 1797, Mr. of the branches as often as re- Sprague, of Tiverton, came among quired, till they obtained a proper this people; but being dissatisofficer for that service. fied with the situation, he returnSoon after this, Mr. John Over-ed to Tiverton the following Nobury, received by letter, from Tet-vember. In March, 1798, Mr. bury, Oct. 20, 1729, became pastor James Smith, minister of the first of the church at Alcester; and in church at Pershore, came on in1731, brother Belcher was allow-vitation, and remained as pastor ed to administer the Supper at until 1812.

Henley. On April 30, 1732, bre- In the spring of 1803, the memthren living in and about Eves-bers of this church living at Henham, were dismissed to form a ley, were dismissed to form a seseparate church, at Bengworth, parate body, and their present having Mr. Jacob Mower for their pastor, Mr. Stephen Barker, was minister. About the same time, ordained in the September fol the three persons last mentioned, lowing. assisted at the formation of the church, in Cannon-street, Birmingham.

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In the month of August, 1787, a place of worship was opened at Astwood, Worcestershire, about five miles distant, and re

After a long and respectable service of the church, Mr. Over-gularly supplied by the Alcester bury died at Alcester, May 28, minister. Mr. Smith residing at 1764, and lies buried under a Astwood, and finding the labours stone, in the middle of the meet- of both congregations too much ing-house. In December, 1766, for his health, resigned the pastorMr. Thomas Skinner was received ship of Alcester, in 1812, with a into the church, and ordained view of presiding over the people pastor, September 7, 1768. He in his own neighbourhood. A remained highly esteemed among friendly dismissal was therefore them till his death, February 15, given to the late pastor, and twen1782. A large marble tablet, in ty-five members, to form a sepathe meeting-house, records his rate church, in September, 1813. memory and worth. Mr. Benja- This is the third church that has min Spencer, a member of the happily arisen from Alcester, over church in Grafton-street, London, which Mr. Smith is still their vathen a student at Bristol, was in-lued and excellent minister. vited to visit Alcester, and was ordained in August, 1785. But soon afterwards, he gradually manifested his having embraced certain sentiments, contrary to those which are believed by this society, to be scriptural. His ministry was therefore no longer acceptable, and a separation took place.

In consequence of these changes, Joseph Price, a member of Cannon-street, Birmingham, then as sisting at Oxford, was invited to Alcester, and ordained pastor, September 15, 1813, (see Baptist Magazine, Vol. VI. p. 85.) Since that time, a large and promising Sunday-school, of nearly 200 children, has occupied the attenThe greater part of the follow- tion of the congregation. Last ing year, the church was served year, a small piece of ground by Mr. William Pendred; and af-joining the meeting-house, was

purchased by voluntary subscrip- Wainsgate, assisting. Mr. Col

tions; and this year, two school- linge was originally a member of rooms, opening into the meeting- the Baptist church at Bacup, house, have been erected, which whose pastor was the Rev. Joseph answer the double purpose of Piccop. Mr. Collinge abode at enlarging the place of worship, Shipley not more than two years and affording very comfortable-changed his views--became an accommodations for instructing Independent minister-settled at the children, both in public and Kendal, and died there a few private. The meeting-house was years since. re-opened, after this addition, on July 9, 1817. "Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children; and let the beauty of the Lord our God be upon us and establish thou the work of our hands upon

us."

HISTORY

OF THE

BAPTIST CHURCH

AT

SHIPLEY.

In 1774, the church at Shipley was favoured in Providence to receive Mr. George Haines as its pastor. He was previously a member under the Rev. B. Francis, of Horsley, and dismissed from that church to Shipley, July 10, 1774. He was a man eminent for godly simplicity in his manners, and in all his conduct. It pleased God abundantly to bless his labours-many were added to the Lord-the congregation grew rapidly, and great grace was upon them all. Though this good man has been dead thirty-eight years, his name and memory are still precious to many. After Mr. Haines, Mr. Robert Gaze. Previously to his coming to Shipley, Mr. Gaze was settled at Dunstable, Bedfordshire. He removed from thence to Shipley, in Nov. 1781, and in May,

JOSEPH GAWKRODGER was baptized at Rawden, by the Rev. Jonathan Brown, 1750; began to preach in a private house, at the Holt, in Windhill, 1752, A Baptist church was formed in 1758, at Shipley, composed of members from the Baptist church at Raw-1782, took the small-pox and den, and persons baptized at Shipley.

died. Mr. Gaze gave every evidence of sterling talent and Ground was bought and a piety; but "his sun went down chapel built at Shipley, October, while it was yet day." It is be1758. In this chapel Mr. Gawk-lieved that he was originally a rodger preached till 1767, and native of Norwich. then removed to Bridlington. The church did not increase much during his ministry.

December 22, 1782, the Rev. John Bowser was settled at Shipley: a native of Sunderland. He April 21, 1769. After the had been preaching for some church here had been destitute time at Sunderland, Whitehaven, of a pastor about two years, Mr. and at Bolton, in Lancashire, Luke Collinge was settled here: previous to his removal to Shipthe Rev. James Hartley, of Ha-ley. At his coming, he was neworth; William Crabtree, of cessitated to follow his former Bradford; John Oulton, of Raw- business to support his family; den; and John Fawcett, of the congregation, however, in

creased, galleries were put up, and some years afterwards a side wall was taken down, and the chapel enlarged to its present size, 13 yards by 14 inside, and galleried on three sides. Mr. Bowser laboured here, with vari- | ous success, till May, 1812, when he quitted his situation. He still remains an inhabitant of the village, but has not been able to preach for some time.

moved to Bradford: took a place which had been used as a cockpit, in 1753.

December 4, 1753, a church was formed at Bradford, consisting of 23 members; the day fol lowing, Mr. Crabtree was ordained over them: Messrs. Smith, Hartley, and Lord, assisting. Mr. Crabtree had been a member under Mr. Smith, at Wainsgate, and dismissed thence to Bradford.

1755.-Left the cock-pit, and re-built a chapel capable of holding 400 or 500 hearers. Ministry very much blessed: 60 joined in two years, and soon grew in number to 130.

August 13, 1814, J. Mann, the present pastor at Shipley, moved from Benslem to Shipley. On his taking the oversight of the church, its number was 56; at present, March 30, 1818, its number is 103, although he has had to follow eight members to the grave.

The church at Shipley has, since its formation, sent out three ministers:

Ebenezer Cook, dismissed to the church at Dunstable, July, 1786. Died there.

Miles Oddy, to Haworth, June, 1787. Yet labouring there. William Wade, to Ogden. Now living at Hull. Shipley

HISTORY

OF THE

BAPTIST CHURCH

AT

BRADFORD.

J. M.

1751 and 1752.-A number of persons met for divine worship in the house of Elizabeth Frankland, at Maningham, near Bradford. In 1752, this people invited Mr. James Hartley, of Haworth; Mr. Richard Smith, of Wainsgate; and Mr. Henry Lord, of Bacup, to preach to them. Mr. Hartley baptized eight. Some from the church at Rawden united with the eight above, and they all

1770.-Thirty members were dismissed to Farsley, a village five miles distant from Bradford, and a church formed there.

1782.-A new chapel built, to contain about 700.

1803.-Resigned his charge, after labouring at Bradford more than 50 years.

1805. The Rev. Wm. Steadman, D.D. 'settled at Bradford in November; first year of his settlement at Bradford, added by baptism 46 to the church; and between November, 1805, and February, 1818, added 217.

1817.-Enlarged the chapel, to seat 900, and accommodate 300 Sunday-school children.Cost £1000,-collected it all among themselves within a year. Sent out to the ministry:

Mr. John Beatson, Hull, 1770; who had previously been among the Independents.

Mr. William Rowe, about the same time. Died at Farsley.

Now at Upton on the Severn. 1807. Mr. John Shepherd.

1810. Mr. Thomas Wilcocks.

Now at Plymouth Dock.

1816. Mr. William Copley. Now at the Academy.

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Juvenile Department,

D

VALUABLE

DISCOVERIES.

We are commanded to give unto the Lord the glory due unto his name, both in the natural and moral world. I propose, in the following lines, to pay a tribute of veneration to the Divine wisdom and goodness of God, who has caused the most valuable discoveries to be made, at different periods of time, for the benefit of mankind; and, no doubt, ultimately to promote his designs of mercy to a lost and ignorant world.

MAGNET.

THE Magnet, commonly called the mariner's compass, is not amongst the least favours of Providence to mankind; so great is its use in navigation.

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Three centuries before the Christian era, the conquests of Alexander produced a greater revolution in the commercial channels of the world the successive events which effected

it, were the taking of Tyre, the con quest of Egypt, the subjugation of India,-and, the discovery of the sea, south of that country

No person of serious and reflecting mind can contemplate the discovery of the Magnet, without admiring and adoring a wise and be neficent Providence; who, in the creation of our globe, has not omitted

any thing necessary to the wellbeing of society; and when the time shall come, that the population of the world shall require more room, the intercourse of the different nations of men will be such, as to exchange the produce of their climes and industry, that a considerable part of the human race will be found living on the sea; which occupying, as it is known to do, two-thirds of the surface of our planet, is sufficiently extensive to accommodate and enrich a large portion of the human race.

PRINTING.

THE next and most valuable discovery, was that of Printing, which began to appear between three and four centuries ago; and which an

It is probable, that the Chinese were acquainted with it many centuries before the western nations. It is useless now to attempt to settle the dispute between the Venetians and Neapolitans, as to the discovery: the former claim the honour, in Europe, about 1260, and the latter, about 1302; but though so beneficial in its application to the purposes of navigation, as to facilitate the intercourse of nations, the most dis-all-wise Providence caused to come tant, as well as the various islands of the ocean, yet this public blessing effected the ruin of Egypt, as a commercial nation, which, till then, was the grand emporium of the East and West; where the merchants of Asia and Europe brought their natural and maufactured productions; and, by barter, accommodated their respective countries; but which ceased to be the case after the passage to India, by the Cape of Good Hope, was known. How unstable are all human plans and arrangements!

VOL. X.

forth, in due time, to be ready to serve the cause of the Reformation. The observation of Dr. Knox, in one of his essays, is too pertinent to be omitted here: "To the art of Printing, it is acknowledged, we owe the Reformation. It has been justly remarked, that if the books of Luther had been multiplied, only by the slow process of the hand writing, they must have been few, and would have been easily suppressed by the combination of wealth and power. but, poured forth in abundance from

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tirely taken off, then universal tem perance, health, and longevity of mankind, will usher in the glorious

the press, they spread over the land with the rapidity of an inundation, which acquires additional force, from the efforts used, to obstruct its pro-appearing of the Son of God, to gress. He who undertook to pre- consummate the work of redempvent the dispersion of the books, tion in the midst of the paradise once issued from the press, attempt- above. ed a task no less arduous than the hydra. Resistance was vain, and religion was reformed: and we, who are chiefly interested in this happy revolution, must remember, amid the praises bestowed on Luther, that his endeavours had been ineffectual, unassisted by the invention of Faustus."

Besides, the important services which it has rendered to the arts and sciences, and to every species of useful knowledge, places it in the rank of an ally to the universal diffusion of improvements and happiness; so that, excepting the articles oratory and poetry, the last three centuries have witnessed improvements equal to three thousand years previou's.

VACCINATION.

VACCINATION appears to have the next claim on universal admiration. The name of Dr. Jenner will be ranked, by the historian, amongst the greatest friends to humanity; and if a fair estimate could be made of the prevention of misery, and of the saving of human lives, to the end of time, though we could not strictly call him another Noah, the parent of a world, yet perhaps the majority of human beings would be found to have advanced to the full age of man, in consequence of the expulsion or eradication of the small pox.

We are taught, in Holy Writ, to

look forward to a state of things so different from what the history of the world presents, that the various inventions, and important discoveries, which have been made in theoretical and practical science, appear to be approaching, in their mutual and dependent operations, to contribute, as far as they go, to the happiness of the world: and as it is probable, that in the latter ages of ime, the curse will have been en

EDUCATION OF THE POOR.

FINALLY, the modern invention of the popular Education of the Poor must be regarded as a blessing of the most extensive kind. Seeing that the poor form the great majority. of mankind, among whom a melancholy and shocking reign of ignorance has hitherto prevailed, and who, from their poverty and the bad state of political society in the world; generally speaking, misery, servility, and vice, are the deformities of history, from the earliest periods of authentic document. The only radical and legitimate way to make the political institutions and governments of all the nations of the earth good, is to make mankind good. Now, universal education, and equal access to the holy Scriptures, and that which we may fairly expect to accompany such a diffusion of divine knowledge, the gracious effusion of der his own word effectual, opens the Spirit of the living God, to rensuch prospects to our hopes, as have that rules the world, for our age. been reserved, by the Providence These are not the dreams of false

It is a

philosophy, nor the reveries of su-
perstition or enthusiasm.
fact, that we live in a middle state
and wretched state of human so-
of the world, between the ignorance
ciety, that is past, and passing away,
and the glorious and approaching
state of all that is good: the past, we

rolf up as the parchment of sad, but
salutary history; the future, Provi-
dence is unrolling to us, partly in
the prophecies, and in the moral
change which the world is now un-
dergoing and though we shall not
see more than the dawn of this day,
yet we will hail its approach; and,
leave the world, saying, We die, but
when our time of departure is come,
God will visit you.

Leighton, Bedfordshire.

AWAKE.

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