tempt to augment the heat serves but to accelerate the vaporization.

a prophet, and another to pay the tribute money, that should show his obedience to the powers that be. From the survey of such wisdom, power, and mercy, let us learn to exercise unbounded confidence in his promise, and eagerly peruse the direct revelation of his will that we may learn what those promises are. N. N.

In combination with other bodies, as in mortar and cement, water becomes more solid than ice, parting with still more of its caloric than in the frozen state: the heat given out in the making of mortar is the escape of caloric from the water. Quick lime has so remarkable an affinity to water, that it absorbs one-fourth of its own weight of the liquid, without being moistened by the addition.- REFORMATION ANECDOTES. It also requires solidity in combination with various salts, many of which lose their transparency and crystalline form when deprived of it. How numerous, then, how incalculable, are the advantages we derive from this fluid,

“That chief ingredient in Heaven's various works,
Whose flexile genius sparkles in the gem,
Grows firm in oak, and fugitive in wine."


While it affords one of the most use-
ful supports of animal life, it emi-
nently improves our health, being the
great means of cleanliness and com-
fort. It is one of the principal agents
in vegetation, and is continually em-
ployed as a solvent for numerous
solids. It greatly conduces to the
salubrity of our atmosphere, and,
serving as a vehicle for vessels, opens
a communication between the most
distant regions, and thus affords a
means of endearing mankind to each
other, the greater part of whom, other-
wise, though the children of one
common parent, must be inaccessible
to each other, and as they are beyond
the reach of the senses, and conse-
quently ignorant of each others' exist-
ence, could not assist in the supply of
their reciprocal wants, nor exercise
those exquisite sympathies which will
be increasingly manifested as genuine
Christianity prevails. Nor must we
forget, that in the ocean it forms, as
it were, a world within itself, teem-
ing with a countless population, the
contemplation of which is calculated
to fill the mind with admiration, at
the omnipotence of Him, who, when
on earth, perfecting his merciful in-
tentions, could walk on its impetuous
billows, and bid its waves be still,
or summon its finny tribes to the
nets of his disciples, or cause one of
its inhabitants to preserve the life of

In the year 1377, in the reign of Richard II. a council was held in St.

Paul's Church, London, for the purpose of condemning the doctrines of Wickliff. Upon the day appointed, Wickliff went thither, accompanied by the Duke of Lancaster, and Lord Percy, Earl Marshall of England.A vast concourse of people had assembled, so that it was with dif ficulty and not without some tumult that he and his noble protectors could press through the crowd.— "When the Bishop of London (says Fuller,) saw, contrary to his expectations, Dr. Wickliff enter the court, supported by persons of so elevated rank, and such great authority, his malevolent passions were highly excited, and hurried away by the impetuosity of angry passion, he addressed Lord Percy in terms so haughty and insulting, that the lofty spirit of Lancaster was provoked to answer the Bishop with a tart reply. A fine dispute ensued.

Bishop Courtenay. Lord Percy, if I had known what maisteries you would have kept in the church, I would have stopt you out from coming hither.

Duke of Lancaster. He shall keep such maisteries here, though you say nay.

Lord Percy. Wickliff, sit down, for you have many things to answer to, and you need to repose yourself upon a soft seat.

Bishop Courtenay. It is unreasonable, that one cited before his ordinary should sit down during his answer. He must, and shall stand.

Duke of Lancaster. The Lord Percy his motives for Wickliff is but reasonable.

And as for you, my Lord Bishop, you are grown se

proud and arrogant, I will bring | down the pride not of you alone, but of all the prelacy in England. Bishop Courtenay. Do your worst, Sir.

Duke of Lancaster. Thou bearest so brag upon thy parents [his father was Earl of Devonshire] which shall not be able to help thee, they shall have enough to do to help themselves.

Bishop Courtenay. My confidence is not in my parents, nor in any man else, but only in God, in whom I trust, by whose assistance I will be bold to speak the truth.

Duke of Lancaster. Rather than I will take these words at his hands, I would pluck the bishop by the hair out of the church.

The latter words, spoken in a low tone, were overheard by the byc-standers, and a violent commotion ensued; the Londoners took the part of Courtenay, declaring aloud, that they would oppose even with their lives any insult offered to their bishop. The tumultuous proceedings obliged the delegates to break up the court without proceeding to the examination of Wickliff."-Fuller's Church History, book iv. cent. xiv.



cording to the situation of the spec
tator, and that, consequently, this
eclipse will not be found exactly to
correspond with the above account,
excepting within a short distance
of London. Nevertheless, the dif
ference in the phase of a solar eclipse
is not generally very perceptible in
places comprised within the limits
of this island, unless the eclipse is
either very small or very great, when
the distance of a few miles may in
the one case make the moon disap-
pear from the sun's disk, and thus
render the eclipse invisible; and in
the instance of a great eclipse, it
may render such eclipse essentially
different in its character.

The present eclipse, it may be
observed, is the third return of the
great eclipse of 1764, according to
the period of eighteen years and
about eleven days a period which
was first discovered by the Chal-
deans, and which was probably the
first resource for the computation
of eclipses, as it was found to be a
period that produced a certain order
of eclipses, which order seems also
to be produced in every succeeding
period of the same description. But
the return of the solar eclipses must
have been found very much to vary
on account of the moon's parallax ;
and even the lunar eclipses would,
after a long succession of years,
show that the forementioned period
could not afford a suitable standard
for correct computation.

The quantity of the eclipse of 1764 was eleven digits and five minutes at London, and it became annular in those parts of the kingdom where the quantity was more than eleven digits, eleven minutes, and a half.-The first return of this eclipse was on the 12th of April, 1782, on which day the sun set about five digits eclipsed. The second return was at the commencement of the 24th of April, 1800, when the eclipse was invisible, the sun being below the horizon. The third return is on the 5th of the present month, as above stated, the new moon, or ecliptic conjunc tion, happening at 25 minutes and 24 seconds after seven in the morn

ON Tuesday morning, the 5th of the present month, there is a visible eclipse of the sun; which, in the neighbourhood of the metropolis, commences at fifty-eight minutes after five, and ends at forty-seven minutes after seven, according to apparent or solar time. The first appearance of the eclipse will be distinguished by a small notch about one third from the lower extremity of the sun in ascending on the right hand towards the top, or on that side which is next to the meridian. The greatest obscuration happens about nine minutes before seven, when the quantity of the eclipse is four digits and a half. It is, however, well known, that a solar eclipse is susceptible of some varia-ing. tion in duration and quantity, ac

It may perhaps be interesting


to state, that the next solar eclipse visible at Greenwich will, with respect to degree, make a nearer approach to the eclipse of 1764 than any one that has occurred since that period. By a computation from Delambre's Solar Tables and Burckhardt's Lunar Tables, and by assuming the polar axis of the earth at 304, and the equatorial axis at

305, it appears that the greatest ob-
scuration at Greenwich will happen
on Thursday, September the 7th,
1820, at fifty-three minutes and
four seconds after one in the after-
noon, when the quantity of the
eclipse will be ten digits and twenty
seven minutes: and the eclipse will
be still greater on the eastern coasts
of this island,
J. F.




Late Deacon of the Baptist Church,


he would take possession of the eternal inheritance, where his holy soul is now engaged in contemplating the mysteries of that redemption, which had been his favourite and constant theme on earth for half a century. He seemed to breathe the its society, and as he approached air of heaven long before he joined the verge of mortality, he became more and more indifferent to all earthly concerns: if obliged to attend a little time to business, he was out of his clement; his pious soul seemed impatient to break from the earth, that it might ascend again to those divine contemplations, which engrossed and fixed all the energies of his soul.

MR. JOHN TUCK was born at Wells, November 30, 1751, where he constantly attended the episcopal church; but, on the removal of bis friends to Frome, he left the Establishment, and united with the Dissenters, as their sentiments and mode of worship were most agree able to his own views of divine truth. He was the subject of serious impressions at a very early period of his life, which were deepened and matured under the ministry of the late Rev. John Kingdon, by whom he was baptized, October 5, 1770, and afterwards received into the church. After occupying the station of a private member nearly twenty-two years, he was called by the unanimous voice of the church to the office of deacon; and never was a man more anxious to fill that office in a becoming manner, more solicitous for the peace and prosper-wished almost to stop the wheels of ity of the church, or more tenacious of its respectability and its honour.

For many months previous to the death of this eminent saint, a rapid religious improvement was evident to all his intimate friends, which, together with an increasing debility of body, induced many of them to suppose, that it would not be long before

For some months before his death, owing to the extreme thirst with which he had been long afflicted, he was accustomed to take a very early breakfast with his family. This season was exceedingly interesting to them all: they were often surprised and delighted with his conversation; itwas wisdom,and kindness, and love, and piety, all blended together; he was often highly animated with his subject, and his wife and children

time in their course, unwilling to close a season so truly interesting.

Coming down stairs one morning, about two months previous to his decease, he asked one of his daughters, if she thought that believers before their death were ever favoured with extraordinary manifestations of divine goodness and

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love? On her replying, that she thought it very probable, in order to prepare them for the solemn and trying change that awaited them, he said, I know not whether this be my case, or not; but I have had feelings this morning which I cannot describe." Being desired to state the nature of them, he said, that he had enjoyed an uncommon view of the character of God, in his wisdom, and love, and mercy, which produced sensations that were indescribable; and though the intenseness of the feeling had then subsided, yet the serenity and pleasure which sat on his countenance, plainly showed that its effects still remained: it seemed as if he had made a visit to the celestial regions.


weeks before his death, he asked
her if she thought his complaint
would end in death? After
sing her fears that it would, he said,
"Well, my child, you must pray for
me, and I will try to pray for you."
She observed, that he had done that
many times. "Yes," said he, "I
have many times mentioned your
name, and when I think that those
prayers of so poor and mean a crea-
ture as I am have been answered,
it seems too much to believe. O!
to think that the Almighty should
ever so favour me, as to call any of
my children by his grace-but
when I think again that any of
them may be lost, it almost over
whelms me."

Sweet was the journey to the sky, The wondrous prophet try'd: "Climb up the mount," said God, " and die :"

One of his sons, on a succeeding One evening, he accosted his evening, having read to him several daughter, (who was silently watch- hymns, which evidently produced ing his pale and sickly counte- the most pleasing and tender emonance) rather abruptly, inquiring tions, observed, that for a good man whether she had ever attentively" to live was Christ, and to die gain." read the 8th of Romans, and added, "How beautiful," he replied, "has "I have been thinking of that ex- Dr. Watts described the death of pression,' It is Christ that died, yea, Moses: rather, that is risen again.' subject of the resurrection has occupied much of my attention lately, on that all my hopes depend; for if Christ be not raised, our faith is vain, we are yet in our sins." On her repeating the declaration of our Lord," I am the resurrection and the life," &c. his feelings overpowered him, tears filled his eyes, and when able to speak, he said, “I wish you to mind that, when I die, if it should be thought worth while to preach a funeral sermon for such a poor unworthy creature as I am, this be the text, 'It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again.""

Speaking of his death one day, his daughter said to him, "Would you be willing, father, to leave us, were the message to come to call you home?" He replied, "Were I to consult my own feelings, I should wish to stay a little longer for my family, my friends, and the church; but I am perfectly resigned to the Divine will, and I leave all in the hands of infinite wisdom. When I am wanted no longer here, I hope I shall be willing to go."

Calling her to him, about three

The prophet climb'd, and died,
Softly his fainting head he lay

Upon his Maker's breast;
His Maker kiss'd his soul away,

And laid his flesh to rest.'

His son then remarked, that Dr. Watts, when near death, said, “I am no more afraid to die, than I am of walking out of one room into another." "No," he answered, "and why should he? The souls of Watts and Griffith were fitted for heaven by close and intimate com munion with Christ upon earth. Į have often thought," he added, "that Dr. Watts had clearer discoveries of the glories of heaven, than any other uninspired writer; and it was no wonder: such delightful anticipations of glory were the natural result of his great and intimate fellowship with Christ. How beautiful are those lines!

"O glorious hour! O blest abode!
I shall be near and like God;
And flesh and sin no more controul
The sacred pleasures of the soul.'”

His son rejoined, "What renders | heaven so attractive to the good man is, what Dr. Watts has so finely described in those two lines,

There shall we see his face,
And never, never sin.""

"Yes," added his father, "the pre-
sence of Christ, and the absence of
sin, constitute heaven."


versation; his nights were sleepless, but his mind was wholly occupied with divine things, as appeared from broken sentences which he uttered, of some favourite scripture passage, or of some divine hymn.

On the following day, a friend having called to see him, asked him if he knew her? "Yes," he replied, "I do; and I shall soon be with your father. I am going to dwell with Christ for ever and ever;" and presently after, with evident emotions of wonder and delight, he exclaim

"To be with Christ! to be with Christ! I am going to Jesus!" On being asked, if his fears were gone? "Yes! yes!" he answered, "I have nothing but happiness."

While his daughter was sitting by his side one morning, he said, "Where do you think heaven is?" She answered, that no conjectures on that head could be satisfactory.ed, But," he replied, "it is where Christ is, and that is enough." He then said, "How can we see God? for since he is a pure spirit, we can have no idea how he is to be seen." She then repeated the sentiment of Dr. Watts: "The God shines gracious through the man." Yes," be answered, with eager delight, | "there we shall see the full blaze of the Divinity, shining through the person of Christ."


His joys, however, were not uninterrupted; for soon after this, a thick gloom fell upon his mind, which induced him to doubt the reality of his religion. "I am almost afraid," he said to his daughter one morning, "that I am not a Christian; that I do not know what saving faith is." She replied, "These doubts are only the suggestions of Satan; they will last but a little while: you will not be troubled with them in the hour of death." "Will it be so?" said he, "now mind, if it proves to be as you say, I will inform you of it." Accordingly on the afternoon preceding his transition to the skies, as she was sitting on the bed-side, he took her hand be

A few mornings before his death, while his daughter was serving him with his breakfast, he said to her, "Come here, my child, sit down by me; I am persuaded now that I shall not be long with you; I shall soon be taken from you; but I feel anxious for you. May the Lord bless you, and take you under his protection, and direct you, and keep you all through life; may you be comfortable and happy, a respect-tween both of his, and holding them able and useful character; may you always cultivate a meek and peaceable disposition; always be ready to give up your own inclination, where conscience is not concerned, for the sake of peace. Try to do good; do not forget the profession you have made; maintain it with honour. May the Lord bless you, my child, and make you a blessing. Be useful in the world, and, as far as it lies in you, be useful to the church."

The last hour of this venerable and pious man was now evidently approaching; and his friends saw with unspeakable emotions that, in a little while, his spirit would be dismissed to the invisible world. On Sunday, January 25, he became worse, and was incapable of con


up in the attitude of prayer, with his eyes fixed upward, he said, "My poor child, all is well, all is well? She said, "Then you are happy, father?" "O yes!" he replied, "yes!yes!" The conflict, while it lasted, was distressing; but so far was it from injuring his soul, that it gave additional glory to his victory over the powers of darkness.

Soon after this, one of his brethren in office entering his chamber, said to him, "You are almost in heaven, and will soon obtain the crown." His eyes immediately brightened with joy, and pointing upwards, he said, "Yes! yes!" and added, "These are they who came out of great tribulation." Being asked, whether he were in pain, he an swered," Yes: but in heaven there

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