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race of myopes, but it is not true to anything token “how much of friendliness, of actually like the same extent as that matrimony is credible buman love, I have had from that doing so. Myopia, and the tendency to country, and what immensities of worth and myopia, are usually inherited, and it is not an capability I believe, and partly know to be uncommon thing to find a large family of chil- lodged, especially in the silent classes there." dren all inheriting myopia from one parent ; He oddly speaks of his library as a very but few persons would on this account alone poor and, indeed, almost pathetic collection of recommend universal and perpetual celibacy. books." In leaving the letters of his wife and Myopia may, no doubt, be developed, and the the autobicgraphic fragments lately published tendency to myopia may be aggravated by to Mr. Froude, he says : “ The manuscript is neglect of the known physiological conditions by no means ready for publication ; nay, the of healthy vision, and it is therefore incumbent questions how, when (after what delay, seven upon all persons concerned in the construction

-ten years ?), it, or any portion of it, should of school buildings, and upon those who have be published, are still dark to me; but on all charge of the education of children and youths, such points, Jaines Anthony Froude's practical to take care that these conditions are strictly summing-up, is be taken as mine." observed. As regards our public schools and Whether this applies chiefly to the letters still universities, however, it should not be forgot- unpublished, or chiefly to the Reminiscenten that shortsightedness is a fashionable com- ces," it proves clearly enough that Carlyle had plaint. Myopia has been said to be an affec- the greatest doubts on the point of what ought tion of those who read much and think little ; to be withheld altogether and what long deit fairly belongs, therefore, to the present age. layed ; and that he contemplated the publica-Lancet.

tion of no portion at all immediately after his The Moon PHOTOGRAPHED BY EARTH

death. The whole will is a very curious illusLIGHT.-It is well known that when the moon

tration both of the self-consciousness and of is new on a fine night, the markings of its sur

the deep Romanticism of Carlyle's character.

- The Spectator. face may be distinguished by a low-power telescope, being illuminated by the sunlight re

THE PHILOSOPHY OF SMELLING.–The sense flected from the earth. This earthlight is, of

of smell occupies itself with gases ; for these course, many times brighter than moonlight,

alone can gain access to the organ, or cause from the greater size of the earth. M. Janssen the sensation of smell. Lest the reader should has succeeded in taking a photograph of the moon under these conditions, when only three

suppose this statement opposed to the testi

mony of his experience, from the well-known days old. There was a narrow rim of bright

fact that solids, such as cedar-wood, camphor, ness, the rest of the disc being in shadow, but

and musk excite the sensation of smell, while still faintly visible. The photograph, which

ordinary scents are preserved and carried about was taken on a gelatine plate, exhibits the gen

in a liquid form, it must be explained that these eral marking of the surface with considerable distinctness. Perhaps our electrically lighted which, on free exposure to the air, are slowly

substances contain volatile essential principles, cities may soon be visible from the moon at night, and act as the signal to any

possible in given off in a state of vapor. Some solids give

off particles of their substance in a state of habitants of the moon, which it was suggested

vapor without first becoming liquid, as is ordishould be attempted by the construction of

narily the case. Thus snow, which coats the some gigantic geometric figure.

earth in winter, will diminish daily even though

the air is frosty, and there is no melting proMISCELLANY.

cess going on. In other cases, as in cedar

wood, oils naturally volatile seem to be long CARLYLE's Will.-Carlyle's will has been entangled in the solid matter and but slowly published, and turns out to be a document in rendered to the air ; but their odoriferous some sense characteristic of him, though char- power is so great that very small portions of acteristic, we think, rather of Carlyle's weaker them produce strong perfumes. This is somethan of his stronger side-of the deep interest times truly wonderful. Dr. Carpenter states which he very naturally felt in his own genius, that a grain of musk may be freely exposed to than of his own teaching as to the silences and

the air for ten years, during which time it perreserves of life. It is a document full of self- fumes the whole surrounding air ; yet when consciousness and of little picturesque egotisms. weighed, there is no perceptible loss observed. In giving the books used in writing

Matters which exhale odorous emanations are well ” and “Frederick" to Harvard Uni- detected at a great distance, from the tendency versity in the United States, “after due con- of gases to pass through and diffuse themselves sultation as to the feasibilities and excuseabili- equably throughout all other gases. Thus, ties of it,” Carlyle states that he gives them in though there be but a very small escape of coal

" Crom

He

gas in one part of the room, it soon announces military cloak to cover him. He allowed his itself to the nose in every corner of the apart son, the late Emperor, £ 40,000. a month while ment. This is a faculty peculiar to gases, and travelling abroad ; the Empress spent money produces many interesting results. ---Cassell's so lavishly that her expenses for one night that Popular Educator,

she halted at Hanover exceeded £ 1600.

gave, too, largely, but his personal wants must The CZAR NICHOLAS. - E. C. Granville

have cost little indeed. Murray has lately contributed to the Swiss Times some entirely personal reminiscences of

THE FRANKLIN MANUSCRIPTS.-There is the Czar Nicholas. Of his mental habits and rather a curious history attaching to the Franktemperament he says : “ He was a man of hastylin manuscripts which were offered to the temper, but very full of generous impulses.

American Congress the other day for the sum Having on some occasion used harsh language of $25,000. The manuscripts were originally toward one of his colonels, and learning that left to Benjamin Franklin's grandson, William the officer had taken his rebuke to heart, the Temple Franklin, and contain the secret hisCzar ordered a review, and publicly embraced tory of the war, private negotiations, and many him at the head of his regiment. A kind man,

political anecdotes of the time, which would too, who could unbend at times. One ist of now of course of great value, but which at the April, a lady, who told me the story herself, period of Franklin's death it was considered was surprised by her servant abruptly an

unwise to make public. The manuscripts were nouncing the Czar. It was so early in the

taken to England by William Temple Franklin, morning that she thought it was some joke of who, however, suppressed most of them, in her sisters in connection with the day, so she

consideration, it is said, of a sum paid to him replied laughingly, “Tell the Czar to wait,” by the British Government, and only published and went on sipping her tea. Presently she a portion of that part which consisted of the looked up again, however, and saw the servant autobiography of his grandfather, and even standing aghast near the door, which was still

this he greatly mutilated before making it pubwide open, and behind it, casque and plume, lic. The documents now offered to Congress was the stately figure of the Emperor. He had

are said to be the whole of the suppressed come to bring her good news of her son, who manuscripts which belonged to William Temwas abroad, and had been ill. He was not tol- ple Franklin. If they have been preserved in erant, however, of intentional disrespect, and

their entirety, they are of course most valuable had but a modified appreciation of a joke. A pieces of history, and should undoubtedly be in general who was police-master at St. Peters- possession of the American Government. But burg for a short time, found this out to his

there is some doubt as to whether they really cost. The general was considered a very stu

are in perfect condition. The man who did pid man, and was the Czar's favorite butt, so

not hesitate to mutilate the autobiography of his Majesty was pleased one night at a court Benjamin Franklin would scarcely be inclined ball to send him off in search of a thief who to regard the remaining dianuscripts with any had stolen a colossal statue of Peter the Great. great reverence, and it is quite possible that he The police-master, finding this statue in its may have taken liberties with them which usual place, as any one else would have ex

greatly deteriorate, if they do not destroy, pected, felt mortified at the laugh raised against their historical value. - London Daily News. him, and determined to be revenged in his

BEFORE THE SPRING. own way.

Shortly afterward, therefore, he announced to his Imperial master while at the

The wind has blown the last year's leaves theatre that the Winter Palace was on fire.

From off the prim rose head;

The lilac-shoot its prison cleaves, The Czar rose hastily to witness the conflagra

The elm-tree tips are red, tion, and on finding that the police-master had And all about, though trees are bare,

And covert none to sing, presumed to retaliate on his august self, sent

The blackbird heralds everywhere him to reflect on his indiscretion in Siberia.

The coming of the spring. Finally he was not a faithful husband, but he

Sing on, sweet bird, for you have faith was fond of his wife and very jealous. Her To trust all darkness is not death! Majesty was quite aware of this, and, unfortu

The spring has signs to show her nigh, nately, very mischievous. Whenever, there

Ard bid the world prepare ; fore, she wished to get rid of an officer who Has Joy no herald, or must I displeased her, she commanded him to dance

Look for no future fair?

My heart seems barren as a world with her, and so sure as she did so he was sent

Where Spring comes nevermore; to the Caucasus. The Czar's personal habits No leaf shows from its sheath uncurled; were soldierly and simple. He ate and drank

No birds their raptures pour. with extreme moderation, and he slept in his

Yet, faithless heart, believing be

The Spring must come again for thee! uniform on a tent bed in his study, with only a

R. I. O.

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Entered at the Post Office at New York is second-class matter.

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