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in social questions and economic theo- cells, saturated with the waters of the ries he is prepared to believe in the least Neva flowing by the prison walls. This realizable Utopian scheme and to be symbolizes the close connection between captivated by the most chimerical theo- despotism and secret plotting, autocracy ries. Herein lies the chief danger to and conspiracy. Constitutional freedom society. Much of the rebellious spirit is, therefore, the first step toward naof the higher classes is owing to the per- tional regeneration and the restoration sistent exclusion of able men of social of social peace. Judicial reforms come position and culture from a share in the next in order. At present, we are told government of the country, directly or by a competent authority, "a civil suit indirectly, while this is carried on nomi- is, in fact, an auction in which the highnally by the Tzar, but in reality by a est bidder prevails on the judge to select small knot of military and diplomatic from the code the decree which he refavorites who surround his person and quires to put him in the right.” Anenjoy his confidence.
other reliable eye-witness concludes a Not until some voice in public mat- long indictment against the corruptions ters is given to the educated classes, and of the Russian courts of justice in these promotion is facilitated in the ranks of remarkable words : “ The nature of the army-not until timely land reforms Russian law may be described in a few have been adopted to complete the work lines-in fact, in a few words-- Arbiof emancipation in securing the inde trariness, legal violence, denial of justice, pendent development of the rural com- passive obedience.” For such abuses immunes-in short, not until social and mediate remedial measures have to be political reforms have been introduced adopted, if the spirit of lawlessness is -is there any hope of these three sec- not to spread farther than it has done tions of society becoming truly loyal. already. Again, a reduction of the warThe ruling classes, the army, and the tax, both in men and money, and a people will learn to defend existing in- healthy reconstruction of the financial stitutions when they have learned to ap- and fiscal system, has become imperapreciate their value.
tive, so as to lessen the burdens which To know approximately the nature of oppress the nation and lame industry, such reforms we have only in brief to and so prevent a healthy development consult some of the suggestions in an of the vast resources of the country. official report made to the Emperor by But such material improvements are one of the Provincial Assemblies. conditioned by the education of mind Speaking of the grave causes of discon- and heart in the bulk of the nation, and tent which exist in Russian society, and the formation of character by means of which at this moment foment the Nihi- mental, moral, and religious culture. listic movement, in putting the bulk of Faulty education, out of all harmony the people into antagonism toward the with practical life, and limited educagovernment, they suggest, among other tion with an intention to nip in the bud things, liberty of speech, freedom of the liberal aspirations of the young, the press, judicial reforms to gain re- have had the effect of producing a respect for the laws, an improved system bellious spirit in school and college, so of education, and some sort of popular that the enthusiasm of youth has been representation. The “Great Empire enlisted in the service of Nihilism. A of Police,” in short, is to become a reformed and less restrictive system of self-governing body, and the system of education will have the contrary effect Knoutocracy (i.e., government by lash in creating higher ideals as opposed to abolished by law, but not altogether the existing materialistic views of life, abandoned in practice) is to be replaced and in stemming the current of cynical by constitutional government. At pres- scepticism which is undermining Rusent the palace of the Tzars, like a sen- sian society. tinel, stands opposite to the fortress of Unfreedom has not only enslaved the St. Peter and St. Paul, in which State people hitherto, it has also morally prisoners are languishing, and, it is brutalized them. The liquor traffic of rumored, undergoing secret tortures, in- the government, farmed out to irrecarcerated for life in the damp, dark sponsible speculators, has produced and even enforced a fearful amount of intem- -is a drunkard, and the cross is made perance, so that vodki (a cheap brandy of wood," rhymes in Russian ; the sons of bad quality) has become the "opium and daughters of clergymen are proof peasants," to soothe them into politi- nounced Nihilists. Like priests, like cal slumber. Teetotalers were flogged people. The demoralized condition of at one time into drinking, clergymen the latter is owing to the degenerate were ordered to preach against them in character of the former, and a reformathe pulpits, and publications denounc- tion of Church and State alike is reing the immorality of the liquor trade quired to preserve the Russian people were confiscated. No wonder the reve- from national decrepitude. nue yielded £32,000,ooo sterling a year.
That there are latent powers and posBut at what price ?-the moral degrada- sibilities of such a regeneration we have tion of the people by drink at the ex- no doubt, and we can only express the pense of raising one third of the national hope that the present dejection of Nibudget on drink thus consumed.
hilism, and the appointment of Loris The power of personal self-restraint Melikoff, the representative of moderamust precede the right of self-govern- tion in government, to restore social ment, and individual self-improvement order, may be the earnest of better things the introduction of social reform. But to come, the beginning of a new era, moral self-control depends, in a great the reign of law and liberty in the place measure, on the power of religion over of an effete system of corruption and a people, and of what sort it is.
coercion, the healthy growth in the " The Russian clergy," we are told material and moral well-being of the by Iwan Golowin, a witness worthy of people after the remaining impediall consideration, “has no deep faith ; ments to progress have been successfully the pope-i.e., the parochial clergyman removed. - Leisure Hour.
KITH AND KIN.
BY JESSIE FOTHERGILL, AUTHOR OF
THE FIRST VIOLIN."
like a mortal blow. Still stunned by
this stroke, she passed almost automatiA THORNY PATH,
cally out of the garden, under the old Judith closed the door after her, and archway, through the farmyard, without passed through the large houseplace, full returning, or even hearing the greeting of a ruddy dancing light and a cheering of the herd, who said : warmth, out at the open door, into the “Good-naat
, Miss Judath. There's drear October twilight. The lake was a storm on the rooad." rougher now, and its livid surface was She was tongue-tied, dumb, powerless covered with flashing specks of foam. to speak. Out in the shady road again, The weird whisper from Raydaleside with the dusk fast falling, with that had grown into a long shrill shriek—a long, “dree,” desolate way before her, prolonged storm-cry. All else was death- and with such a result to report to Delly still. Mechanically, as she passed phine! She walked mechanically onthe windows of the old house, she ward, perhaps half a mile, while conglanced toward them, and saw that fusion reigned in her mind. Then the ruddy light, that cheering warmth with- whole affair seemed suddenly to start in. Her heart was nigh to bursting. before her eyes in an almost lurid light. She felt bewildered, battered down by She had descended so low as to ask for what had taken place. It was all so in- money, and she had been spurned and credible, so inexplicable that she had cast out—and that by one whom she had been thrust out, desired never to dark- truly loved and honored all her life, deen those doors again, called by opprobri- spite his rugged nature, which ruggedous names, there-within those beloved ness she had weakly fancied to be but walls, beneath that happy roof! It was the outward mask of a great tenderness
cominon to rugged natures. She had and how high would Judith's heart have always thought there was sympathy be- beaten ! tween his nature and hers, for her in- But it had not succeeded. Her nate reserve was as great as his own; thoughts suddenly flew off to what was the effort to overcome it had always left-to the prospect before them of a been like a physical pang, and in the whole lifetime of this pinching and bitterer and more desponding moments scraping and starving, and saving sixthrough which she had often passed, she pences, till they grew old, and friends too had felt repeatedly as if she could had disappeared, and joys were past, be rough, could use harsh words, and and death longed for. The effort to could gird savagely at those who worried change these grinding circumstances had her with their stupidity. She had made failed ; that which remained was almost a great mistake. The ruggedness con- too fearful to think of. It takes a great cealed no deep wells of tenderness, but deal to chill the blood and dismay the a harsh, hard-yes, a brutal nature. It heart of two-and-twenty, healthy, resowas nothing short of brutality to which lute, and untroubled by morbid fancies ; he had treated her this afternoon. What but Judith Conisbrough felt her blood trembling hopes she and Delphine had cold and her heart as wax at the prosbuilt upon this poor little chance ; the pect before her. Nothing gained, and possible result of so tremendous an all the few privileges they had ever had effort ! How they had planned a course irretrievably lost. of work, of economy and saving, and An indescribable weariness palsied patient waiting! They had come to the her limbs, a despondency which amountsolemn conclusion that their present life ed to despair laid its cold hand upon was wrong and degrading, or at least her heart. The storm-wind came whistthat it was wrong and degrading to ling over the desolate fells, the lake bemake no effort to escape from it. They neath her looked like a sheet of lead. did not believe it was what they had Where was its shining ? Where the been born for. Delphine had been glory and the dream which had sustained much moved by Judith's account of her on her way to Scar Foot an hour how, while she was at Irkford, a girl had ago ? been pointed out to her, at a picture ex- Straight before her the bleak, cold hibition, as a young artist of promise, mass of Addlebrough rose, and looked who painted portraits and got forty gui- like a monstrous barrier which she neas apiece for them.
could not pass looked like the embodi“That would be the height of happi- 'ment of her poverty, her circumstances, ness to me,” Delphine had said, tears her doom. In the dusk her foot struck
her eyes. “I could paint portraits against a large, loose stone. She stumto earn money to do greater things. bled, but recovered herself, sat down on Ah, what a happy girl! I wonder if a rough log by the roadside, and covshe knows how happy she is."
ered her eyes with her hands, as if tryTheir plan had been for Judith to ing to shut out all which confronted her secure their uncle's assistance, and go -all which had once been so dear and to Irkford, and, failing other things, warm, and was now so cold and cruel. adopt the nursing of which she had No tears would come. spoken to her mother ; to look out all burnt ; her brain was filled with the rethe time with a view to finding some membrance of that irate old man, towemployment for Delphine, which, they ering over her, pouring upon her angry were both convinced, was to be had, rebukes for some crime of whose nature however humble. This their she had not the least idea, uttering scheme, and had it succeeded, they words of abuse and condemnation. would have rejoiced more than if they Thrills, hot thrills of passionate indighad suddenly inherited fortunes twice as nation and cold ones of chill dismay large as their uncle could leave them, shook her one after the other. Now and which their mother was always crav- she felt as if she must go back and beard ing for them.
the old man in his anger, and tell him If it had succeeded! How quickly how wicked he was : that he maligned would that road have been traversed, her, and that she defied him ; and
again, she felt as if she must remain "Certainly I am ; having no other there where she was for the rest of the mode of conveyance, I must either do night, too out of heart to rise or move so or remain where I am.” another step.
Judith had recovered her outward The last consideration had grown up- self-possession, but her answers were permost, and had at last forced from her curt, and there was bitterness in her a deep, tearless sob, which gave her no tone, and the mental agony which she relief, and only seemed to set her heart was obliged to suppress forced from her in wilder agitation. No outside sound certain tones and expressions which roused her, or would have roused her, were unlike her usual ones. less than that which she now heard- “ Then,
“ since I have been her own name.
fortunate enough to overtake you" (with "Miss - Miss C- Conisbrough !" as much gravity as if he had overtaken came in accents of surprise.
her walking at the rate of three miles an Judith started violently, crimsoning hour), " allow me to have the honor of with shame ; the instincts of pride, reti- escorting you home. I of course have cence, reserve, impelling her instantly to pass through Yoresett on my way to to subdue and conceal every sign of Danesdale Castle.” emotion. But they came too late. “ I cannot think of detaining you. Randulf Danesdale had seen her. It Pray ride on," said Judith, who, howwas he who reined up his horse close ever, had begun to move onward, while beside her ; his face, wondering and he, slipping the bridle over his arm, shocked, which looked from his eleva- paced beside her, and his horse, his tion down upon her, as she gave a friend, followed him. startled glance upward.
“ I shall enjoy the walk.
I rode as He was alone, apparently, save for far as Hawes, indeed beyond, this mornhis dog.
Air and exercise had a little ing, to have lunch with the Sparthflushed his usually pale face ; surprise waites. Do you know the Sparthgave it animation, and lent expression waites?" to his eyes. He looked, as she could “ By name, of course.
Not personnot help seeing, very handsome, very ally—at least, I only just know them to manly, very well. Horse and rider were speak to.” on the best of terms, and they formed a But your uncle, Mr. Aglionby-" good-looking pair.
“Oh, Mr. Aglionby is on terms of He had spoken her name half inquir- friendship with many people whom we ingly, as if he doubted the evidence of don't know at all. When my father was his own eyes. But when she suddenly living, he was the vicar of Yoresett, and uncovered her face, and looked up at he and my mother of course visited with him, and he saw that it was indeed she, all these people. Since his death, my he backed his horse a step, and bowed. mother has been unable to visit any. She had risen in an instant, but she where. She cannot afford it." could not entirely recover her presence "I beg your pardon--" began of mind in the same space of time. Rand if. “I- Mr. Danesdale !"
Not at all," she answered, in the Good-evening; I fear I startled same quick, spasmodic way, as if she you," he replied, and his presence of spoke in the intervals of some physical mind had not for a moment deserted anguish. “I only think it foolish to him. He had waited for her to speak, pretend that there are reasons for not that he might know what line to take, visiting people which are not the real and he followed it up at once.
reasons, and concealing the real one, “I must have been sitting there with- which covers all the others, and is simply out calculating the time, for I don't —poverty,” said Judith distinctly. It possess a watch,” she said, with a fal- was not her wont to speak in this way, tering attempt at a laugh. He smiled in to flaunt her poverty, as it were, in the answer, and dismounted.
face of one better off than herself. But “That is quite evident,” he said, she was not her usual self at this moholding out his hand. “ Are you ment.
ment. What she had just gone through thinking of walking back to Yoresett ?" seemed to have branded the conscious
ness of her misfortunes so deeply into “Were you not ? Pray do not deny her heart, with so burning and indelible it. I am sure you were. a stamp that it would be long before she "Since you speak in that way of it, would be able to give her undivided at- I was more than surprised. I was tention to anything else. A week ago
A week ago shocked and pained.' she would have recoiled with horror "Poor. relations are very troublesome from the idea of thus hardly and naked- sometimes. I had been troublesome to ly stating the truth of their position to my uncle this afternoon, and had got young Danesdale ; she would have felt well snubbed-more than snubbed-init an act of disloyalty to the hardships sulted, for my pains." of her mother, an unwomanly self-as- “ The old r-rascal !" observed Ransertion on her part. Now she scarcely dulf, and Judith almost smiled at the gave a thought to what she said on the naïve way in which he revealed how subject, or if she did it took the shape readily he had associated the cause of of a kind of contempt for her own con- her trouble with Mr. Aglionby. dition, a sort of “what does it matter? “I left his house in indignation. I He knows perfectly well that we cannot of course tell you what had haphalf-starved wretches- why should he pened, nor can you have any concern to not hear it, and learn that he had better know it. I was thinking about it. I go away and leave us to our natural ob- shall never be able to tell it to any one scurity ?"
but my sister Delphine, for it concerns But for one slight circumstance, Ju- us alone ; so, as you have accidentally dith would almost have supposed that seen that something was wrong, would Randulf had really forgotten or not
not you mind, please—not mentioning-you noticed the strange position in which he can understand that I do not wish any had found her, " crying in a hedge, one to hear of it.” she scornfully said to herself. That “ It is natural on your part to ask circumstance was,
that he neither it,” said he, “but I assure you it was drawled nor stammered in his speech, unnecessary, so far as I am concerned. but spoke with a quick alertness unlike But I give you my word, as a gentleanything she had imagined him capable man, that whoever may hear of the cirof assuming This convinced her that cumstance will not hear of it from me. he was turning the case over in his Pray regard it, so far as I am conmind, and wondering very much what cerned, as if it had not happened.” to think of it. She knew nothing of his He spoke with a grave earnestness character. Of course he was a gentle which pleased Judith extremely and man by birth and breeding. Was he a sent a glow of comfort to her chill gentleman, nay, more, a man, in mind heart. The earnestness sat well on the and behavior ? Would he be likely to handsome young face. Looking up, as receive a confidence from her as a she thanked him for his promise, she sacred thing? or would he be capable thought how young he did look, and of treating it lightly and perhaps laughing happy. She herself felt so old-so inover it with his friends ? She knew
She knew calculably old this afternoon. nothing about him which could enable “I thank you sincerely," was all she her to give even a conjecture on the said. subject. But the confidence must be The s-storm's close at hand," obmade, the favor asked.
served he the next moment, displaying “Mr. Danesdale," she said abruptly, once more the full beauty of his drawl after they had walked on for some little and his hesitation, “I shall be in for a time, and saw the village of Bainbeck drenching, in more ways than one." below them, and the lights of Yoresett “As how ?" she asked, in a tone gleaming in the distance, and when she almost like her usual one. felt that the time for speaking was not “From the rain before I get to long.
Danesdale Castle, and from my sister's Yes, Miss Conisbrough."
looks when I walk in late for dinner and “You must have felt surprised when take my place beside the lady whom I you saw me this afternoon ?
ought to have been in time to hand in." " Must I ?"
Oh, and it will be my fault ?"