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consulted her as if she were his mother; turns aside, when even the voice of kinand, in a reluctant fashion, she gave her ship is dumb, and the helpless victim is consent to his engagement to her younger forsaken by his natural protectors, there rival, although always entertaining a pre- arises perforce to plead his cause, the sentiment that it would be his ruin. first and last friend of humanity-a The town residence of the Hatzfeldts man. You all know, he

goes on, was in Düsseldorf, but they also pos- "and have read with horror, the terrible sessed a large property in its immediate story of the unhappy Duchess of Prasneighborhood. The Countess was cou- lin.

lin. Which of you would not have sin to the Count, but the double tie of hastened to stand by her in her deathrelationship and marriage did not pre- struggle? Well, gentlemen, it appears vent her husband from ill-treating her to me that this case is ten times worse very shortly after they became man and than Praslin's, for what is the short wife. They had several children, but struggle of an hour to the torment of a lived a notoriously unhappy life to death-agony extending over twenty gether, he seeking in every way to insult years ? What are the wounds inflicted her, and deprive her of her property, by a knife compared to the sufferings of while spending his own substance in the a woman who day by day has every feelmost reckless manner on his mistresses. ing tramped under foot, every right The Countess, we are told, was not ex- taken from her by one who, in order actly beautiful, but clever, stately, and that he may be able to insult her with fascinating, and a wonderful horse- impunity, threatened her with the terrors woman; she was Bohemian in her tastes, of law if she ventured to remonstrate ?" and entirely indifferent to the world's Thenceforward this “Son of the New blame or praise.

Time," full of learning, fiery, impasThe lawsuit about the “cassette" sioned, bold and presumptuous— this arose from the fact of the Count having Young Titan, Wunderkind,' Sogiven a certain Baroness von Man cial Luther," what you will-was desannuity bond for a thousand pounds a tined to play a great part in German poliyear. His wife endeavored in vain to tics, to publish incendiary pamphlets, gain possession of it, and hearing that give lectures on the “Working Men's one morning the Baroness had left Aix- Programme, on “ Might and Right,' la-Chapelle for Cologne, she applied for on - The Essence of a Constitution," help to Lassalle. He in his turn had re- etc., to become the friend of Bismarck, course to his two friends, Mendelssohn to throw down the glove to the celebratand Offenheim, who followed the Baro. ed “ Fortschritt" party, to be prosecutness to Cologne and possessed them- ed before the Berlin criminal court for selves of the box containing the bond. his political opinions, to be concerned They were, however, discovered and ar- in more love scandals than any man of rested. Offenheim was tried for it in his time, and to terminate his career by 1846, and all the actors in the affair were falling shot in a duel, in 1866, for the brought into great notoriety. Hencefor- sake of Helena von Doenniges, writer of ward the Count and Countess became the memoirs before us. avowed enemies, Lassalle openly espous- The next charge the authorities ing the cause of the latter, as we can see brought against Lassalle was the accusaby the celebrated speech before referred tion of having incited the citizens of to, made in the August of 1848. We Düsseldorf to arm themselves against know how men's minds were seething the royal power, and stirred them up to and working in that memorable year, resistance to the officers of the state. and can imagine how this “burst of He defended himself with energy and passionate rhetoric,” “this subtle spe- power, and again proved himself to be a cial pleading,” these burning words, brave and outspoken democrat, hurling spoken by the stupid Jewish boy (as the epithets and sentences at his opponents fashionable surroundings of the Coun- which became henceforth household tess Hatzfeldt were wont to term La- words and rallying cries to the party. salle), fell like a spark of fire on tow. In spite of his eloquence, he did not

When men are silent, stones will escape punishment, and was sentenced speak,” he says ; " when all mankind to six months' imprisonment. They


might cage the “ eagle" as they would, her intimacy with him, for the benefit of his influence, however, was not to be society at large. “I have not the honor withstood; he had started a movement of being noble, but am by birth a plain which stirred Germany to the very heart citizen,

and by my heart one of the peoand spread the tenets of socialism and ple, and will fight for them, and if co-operation over the length and breadth

necessary die for them." He was desof Fatherland.

tined, alas ! to throw away his life for a As soon as he was liberated, he deter- very different cause. mined to go to Berlin in spite of the law The friendship between Lassalle and forbidding all radicals and democrats to Bismarck was an interesting one, and was enter the capital. A difficulty of this the natural outcome of the celebrated kind stimulated his daring spirit. He split between the social democrats and took the position by storm, got into the "Fortschritt" men, the latter being the city disguised as a carter, and through avowed enemies of Bismarck. The comAlexander von Humboldt obtained per- prehensive quickness of Lassalle's mind mission from the king to remain there. enabled him from the moment that BisAs was to be expected, the Countess marck first appeared in the arena of polisoon established herself in the same tics, and while the odium against him place, and it was these further relations was at its height, to discern in the youthwith her that gave such a handle to Las- ful politician the "man of the future,' salle's enemies, who stated openly that and predict the great career there was in he made use of and spent her money. store for him. One of the most interDuring this period he wrote his great esting portions of Madame von Racowork on Heracleitus the Dark, which witza's book is the account of the interwas the outcome of all the studies and view between him and Bismarck, which meditations of his early years. It is she relates at first hand from her lover's easy all through to see the affinity be- lips. tween Heracleitus and Lassalle. He puts many of his theories and philoso

Yes, I went to see him," he says. “The phical ideas into its pages, and gives a

great iron-man wishes to take me captive, and

iron is a costly metal, strong, hard, and relitolerably accurate account of his own able ; what has not iron done in the world ? scientific life in his youth. He had been Almost everything is made and strengthened by a pupil of Hegel, and shared his master's iron; but there is another metal more malleadmiration of the “old Ionian sage,

able, more easily bent, not made for heroic

deeds of arms, and yet more powerful than and he seems all through to try and iron, ‘Gold'! What iron destroys, gold reprove that Hegel's was a continuation builds. The shower which won the heart of and further development of Heracleitus'. Danäe was golden! Yes, yes, you 'Golden Although it is from this work that we Fox !' it is still a question which of the two

metals is the strongest, the most enduring. In principally derive our knowledge of the elevated circles, it is true, they say gold is great political agitator, it was by his "Jewish ;' its real worth is only to be tested speeches and pamphlets that he ruled by a practical trial. And, besides, iron rusts, the people of his time, and put himself and rusty iron is only fit to be cast out amongst at the head of the

rubbish. Away then, among the rubbish accugreat “ Labor

mulated by centuries of tradition and ignorLeague."

ance! But as to what Bismarck wants of me,

and what I want of him, it is enough for me to I hear everywhere from the operatives,"

tell you it is out of the question, and quite imwords to this effect : We must

possible! We are both too cunning, and are forge our concentrated and united will into a mighty sledge-hammer, which we must place another. Were we not so well trained, we

fully aware of our intention to deceive one in the hands of a man in whose intelligence and

would laugh in one another's faces ; as it is, we strength of character we have implicit confi- confine ourselves to the courtesies of social indence, and he must strike for us.'

tercourse." It is evident that by this man Lassalle clever?" asks she. “Clever ! what do you

“Do you like Bismarck ? Do you think him meant himself. "You placed before mean by clever? If you and I are clever, Bismy name a ' von,' to which I can lay no marck is not ; he is cutting and powerful, is claim," he says in one of his love-letters indeed iron. Refine iron, it becomes steel,

out of which we make polished, sharp weapto a young lady whose name has never transpired, but who, like Helena von

ons, but only weapons! I like gold belter.

You will see, my heart, what you and I will Racowitza, has published an account of accomplish with gold !"

he says,

We fear the expression of such senti- to her own account, she soon became ments will hardly make us believe in the the queen of a large and intellectual cirunselfishness and generosity of " Ferdi- cle. Among her most devoted slaves nand, the chosen of the people," the was the young Boyar, Count Yanko von “political messiah.” Vanity and ambi- Racowitza, who, owing to the swarthition were the ruling passions of his life, ness of his complexion and his dark and these revelations, written by the eyes, immediately received the nickname woman whom he loved, show still more of " Othello." After several


of distinctly the feet of clay on which the this life she returned again to Italy, popular idol of the day was supported. where Russian naval officers and other

It was when overworked, disappointed male figures appear on the scene of her with the results of his efforts, invaded life, and the Italian count vanishes from by that weariness which generally comes it for ever ; in fact, the whole time over the most dauntless when they reach (passed principally at Nice) seems to what the Tuscan poet calls “the middle have been entirely taken up with balls, of the path of life," with every hope fêtes, and gaieties, and it was then, as chilled, and every desire for the benefit she says, that she lost her power of disof humanity unattained, that his fate, in criminating between good and evil, bethe shape of Helena von Doenniges, tween right and wrong. It was her again came across his path, and it is on grandmother who, deeply concerned for these few years that the memoirs before the welfare of her favorite, again stepped us throw so much light.

in to save her. A second visit to GerHelena was the daughter of a Bava. many was arranged and welcomed by the rian diplomatist for some time Minister young girl with delight, and after a jourin Italy. She represents her father as ney through France, Switzerland, and an ambitious, clever man, indifferent to the south of Germany, she and her his children; in fact, she states, that grandmother reached Berlin in the winfrom her fifth to her sixteenth year, she ter of 1861, where her friend Yanko was hardly exchanged a thousand words with again pressed into the service, and made him. Her mother was vain, frivolous, her daily companion at concerts, lecand worldly, and took the greatest de- tures, picture-galleries, and balls. An light in plunging her daughter, while yet eye-witness at this time relates that she a child, into all the gaiety and excite- was more piquante'' than beautiful, “ an ment of a worldly life. At the age of accomplished mistress in the arts of the twelve she was engaged by her parents toilet, clever, with an amount of culture to a man thirty years her senior, an beyond the average of German women. Italian count whom they met while tra- She bore the character of being eccenvelling in the island of Sardinia—the tric, adventurous, and had, moreover, a only reason, their dutiful daughter says, fortune of 70,000 thalers. that she could see for their doing so be- One evening at a friend's house she ing “ that he cooked well.” The child, met Lassalle. She had already heard a who certainly showed extreme precocity great deal about him and his adventufor her age, was occupied less with her rous career, notably the affair of the studies than with thoughts of marriage cassette and his intimacy with the Counand prospective engagements. She de- tess. She had asked her grandmother lighted in receiving letters from her fiery about him, but was told he was a danItalian lover, which she showed to her gerous demagogue, who had once been youthful companions, to make them concerned in some robbery, in fact, a envious.” This was all very well, how- person no one could know. She had ever, so long as he was at a distance, then turned to her friend Yanko, who but when he appeared on the scene some advised her to make no further inquiries, few years afterwards and expected her as such people were quite out of her to keep her promise, she found him de- sphere. Conceive the delicate feeling testable, and absolutely refused to do so. of a woman who can put down such a

Her grandmother taking pity on the statement, even second-hand, about a poor girl, and wishing to save her from man she was once supposed to love ! her fate, asked her to come and stop In spite of all the warnings she had with her at Berlin, and here, according received, however, the first meeting with NEW SERIES. — Vol. XXXIII., No. 5


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him was a coup de foudre. “I had ex- were fixed on them, and mutually conpected,” she says, to see a small, insig- gratulate one another on their superiornificant, ugly-looking Jew, and was as- ity, cleverness, and power, to an extent tonished to find a tall, slight, handsome that is almost ludicrous. On one occaman, with a head like a Roman emperor, sion, when he tells her of the observaand beautiful beaming eyes !” Hence- tions made about him, and the persecuforth there was but one man in the world ons to which he has been subjected, for her, and he, as he afterwards told she answered, " Oh yes, I understand it her, “ for the first time felt his life com- well, “La supériorité est une infirmité plete, and as if something, long want- publique !' ing, had been added to it. They On the death of her grandmother, she talked together the whole night, made was obliged to leave Berlin, and return many mutual confidences, and applied to her family, who, in consequence of the familiar epithet “du" to her mother's health, were living at Nice. another.

Here Yanko resumed his visits, and At four o'clock in the morning, when again she seems to have been on most Helena rose to go, Lassalle took her in intimate terms with him, and to have his arms, carried her downstairs (there encouraged his attentions in every way. were three flights), and accompanied her She says that these were the last bright to her own home. Well might Heine memories she has retained of her say that the Sons of the New Time knew father's house. In the beginning of nothing of abnegation and shamefaced- May, she was seized with a fever, from ness. She excuses the peculiarity of her which she took a long time to recover. behavior by confessing that he exercised The doctors ordered a change to a a sort of magnetic inflence over her. northern climate, and mountain air, and She tells us that she always felt para- as a young English friend of hers was lyzed, as if she had lost all will and contemplating an expedition to Switzerpower over herself, whenever he came land, with her children, she made up near her. This feeling was strengthened her mind to accompany her. According all the more by her lover's declaration to Helena's account, the idea of going that they were made for one another; to the Righi was suggested by her that he was her fate, against which it friends, and she describes how it unexwas useless to struggle. So imbued did pectedly and suddenly occurred to her, she become with this feeling, that she while riding along the road towards her plainly told her friend, the poor devoted destination, to ask if there was an estabYanko," that she had met a man, with lishment for the curd-cure ? (It is a whom, if he would marry her, she would curious coincidence, however, that she elope whenever he wished.”

mentions shortly before having had a Circumstances, however, were stronger letter from her friend Holthoff, telling even than the will of her fiery lover. A her that Lassalle had been ordered to point-blank refusal was given by her the Righi for his health.) parents to his request to be allowed to Yes," answered her guide ; “two : become a suitor for the hand of their one in Closterli, and one here in Kaltdaughter, and we rather think in her bad." heart of hearts Fräulein von Doenniges She immediately bent down towards a never wished for their consent.

little boy of eight, who was standing “I had up to now," she says, “only given close by, and whispered, “ Tell me, my as much as I chose ; I had put all men under child, do you know if a Dr. Lassalle is my yoke, and they had looked on the smallest stopping at the Sanatorium ?" favor as an inestimable treasure, but here was The boy looked at her, and replied, one who insisted on all or nothing."

"I think so," upon which she said, She was half frightened, half pleased, Then go and tell him to come here. at his impetuosity, and in spite of the The boy vanished to do her bidding, veto of her parents, still continued to but suddenly she started, for she heard see her lover, and to carry on secret a voice beside her saying, “By all the communications with him. Her egotism gods of Greece, it is she !" Turning, and self-laudation are only exceeded by she beheld Lassalle ; whom, after the his; they talk as if the eyes of the world first start of surprise, she introduced to her friends, and an expedition was of his vanity as to that of his heart. He planned by the whole party, to ascend tries to persuade Helena to elope with the summit of the mountain, and see the him. Once, he said, their marriage had sunrise.

become a fait accompli, her parents could While on the way up, Lassalle in- make no further objection. He emformed her " that he had had enough of ployed all his eloquence to try and intrifling and nonsense, and must bring Auence her, but she remained firm, things to a climax, and that he had writ- pleading as an excuse his political opinten to Holthoff to say so."

ions and intimacy with the Countess. Thus runs her narrative. We now give Lassalle assured her“ that his old friend that of Lassalle himself. He writes valued his happiness above all things, to his old friend, the Countess, on the and would never stand in the way of his 27th of July, and thus describes the marrying.". She laughed, but at the meeting :

same time doubted the entire satisfaction The day before yesterday I was sitting in of the Countess. my study writing in the midst of the most hid- The letters exchanged at this time beeous weather, which has lasted without inter

tween the three individuals concerned mission ever since I came, when a peasant boy came in and said, “There is a lady on the ter.

are of the most remarkable description, race who wishes to speak to you. I immedi- and could only have been produced in a ately thought, “Who can it be? I know no state of society sadly at variance with all one here! I took my hat and stick, however, the laws of morality and right. Each is and hastened down. There whom should I see on horseback, accompanied by an English

a study in its way : there is the fiery, lady, an American and a Frenchman? Who? vain, egotistical democrat, writing to the but Helena, the Golden Fox !

woman to whom he had once been at“She had been informed in a letter received tached, to tell her that his last love is from Holthoff that I was here, and had at

fair," and by her individuality the only once, with her friends, organised a party for the ghi, so as to take me up at the Kaltbad.

woman that suits me.” En avant, Naturally, I started at once with them for the

“then over the Rubicon. It leads to summit, where we all spent the night.

fortune for you also, good Countess ; at “Unluckily, the English lady's child is re- least as much as for me. ... The old covering from scarlet fever, and the mother could not be persuaded, in spite of the horrible strength is still there ; the old luck there weather, to stay a day longer.

also. I will carry everything to the “Poor Helena ill, and suffering from her most brilliant issue.” chest, had, like the rest of us, to descend early As a contrast to him, there is the girl the next morning through dense mist and he wants to marry, with her frivolity, rain. We parted where we had met, but one courtesy deserves another, andy beave on the claring that she will and shall be his

her weakness, and her flightiness, de15th and 25th of August.

wife, acknowledging herself to be "will** Is it not truly a wonderful piece of luck less” as a child. that at the age of thirty-nine and a half years I should find a wife so beautiful, of such a “ But this time, friend Satan, the child will free, and to me suitable character, who loves show you that it feels its devilish kinship; me so dearly! and lastly-what is to me an that your demoniac neighborhood has at last absolute necessity-one who submits so en- worked on it, that Nature has waked out of tirely to my will."

her sleep, and that a drop of your satanic The Countess answers in a long letter,

blood has rolled into her veins, giving her strength and joy to live.

The hardand asks, Cannot wisdom, friendship, est thing for her, however, to bear,' she writes, and the beauties of nature satisfy you ' is the thought of Yanko, and of the deathfor a time?'

stroke she will deal him, by engaging herself Ah ! how little you know me, is

to another.

In spite of my terrible his answer. “I wish nothing so ardent

frivolity I never had a trace of coquetry in my

composition, and I never had been able to ly as to be able to retire to the enjoy amuse myself by attaching a man, however ment of science, friendship, and nature ; slightly, to me, and then laughing at his sufferbut I am too old and too great for

ings with cruel indifference." child's play."

The most dignified figure of all is the He was, it appears, inconstant, and Countess Hatzfeldt, who saw all the eager of conquest where women were difficulties and dangers of the position, concerned ; fascinated for the moment, and tried to warn Lassalle from the and quite as susceptible to the triumph brink of the precipice. “Remember,"

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