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admits) very doubtful whether it might ernment; but that it should have been defendnot end in the disgrace of its authors.
ed by those who had so often reprobated and
moved for the repeal of Lord Castlereagh's “The result, however, has been most glo. Six Acts only shows how differently men feel rious. The machinery has worked beyond on the same subjects in different situations." our most sanguine hopes, and almost univer. sally the very men have been returned that This was written in 1842. His first would have been wished for.
The display as law officer was on the quesTories as a party are annihilated, and the Rad- tion whether Mr. Pease, the Quaker, icals repressed. Against such a House of Commons neither king nor peers can resist might be permitted to sit on making an improvement, try
ancient affirmation at the table, without taking abuses.
an oath. He maintained the affirmation, The Tories rallied rather rapidly for and was much applauded by the Liberal an annihilated party; and the wavering press. state of his own mind while the result * But my popularity was soon dimmed by was in abeyance might have suggested the arrival of the Irish Coercion Bill from the a more charitable view of the conduct mously. I thought it was gone on the first read
Lords, where it had passed almost unaniand motives of his opponents ; especial- ing-it was so very inefficiently opened by ly Lord Lyndhurst, to whom he is syste- Lord Althorp, who seemed heartily ashamed matically unjust. Thus, vividly describ- of it; but Stanley came to the rescue and ing the second night of the grand debate showed such nerve, such knowledge, such tact,
and such eloquence, that he brought round the in the Lords :
House to the opinion that it was necessary,
mild, and humane." “ Lord John Russell was standing or sitting by me a great part of the time, and we criti- Despite of his dislike to this bill, the cised the different speakers together. They were Solicitor-General could not help defendalmost all lawyers, whom I very intimately ing it in Committee, and had many knew, Wynford performed indifferently. Brougham was magnificent, and Copley clever. “ tussles' with O'Connell, who deThere is now a complete breach between him nounced him as a tool of the “base and and Grey, who must now repent his coup d'état bloody Whigs.” His business (he in making him Chief Baron, instead of offering the office to Scarlett, as he ought in fair-states) was now much greater than that ness to have done. Copley must consider the of any other man at the bar, except his Whigs in a bad way, for he vilified Grey and father-in-law, to whom he was generally the whole of them. Grey's reply was admirable, opposed, and some unpleasant collisions and the conclusion of it threw me into tears.
took place. He sees nothing at all strange or “I of course thought that I behaved with reprehensible in the conduct of Lord great moderation and forbearance, and that the Abinger, who, after being a steady. Whig of my client I should defer to him as in private
fault was his in expecting that at the expense past middle life, was converted into a
life. Unfortunately he had now gone over determined Tory ; but a vague rumor most zealously and bitterly to the Tories. that Lord Lyndhurst had been prior to This arose partly from bad luck, by which he his entrance into public life a Liberal, is gradually and imperceptibly drifted into a false deemed ground enough for denouncing position, and partly from the treachery of
Brougham, who when the Whigs took office in or sneering at him on every available oc
1830 was commissioned by Lord Grey to con: casion as a renegade.
ciliate Scarlett, and hold out to him the prosCampbell's first confidential commu- pect of being made Chief Justice of the King's nication from the Government was the Bench, but who withheld the communication draft of the Irish Coercion Bill of 1833. feeling rankling in his breast of
and forced him from the Liberal side, with the
ving been “ It was then still more arbitrary than when
betrayed and cast off by the party he had long introduced into the House of Commons, sey
zealously supported." eral very obnoxious clauses having been omit- It is far from clear how Brougham ted, or qualified, on my earnest remonstrances to 'Lord Grey. The bill no doubt was the ciliate Scarlett by the prospect of the
could have been commissioned to conmeasure of Stanley, the Irish Secretary, and very much in accordance with his rashness, Chief Justiceship, which, on the death wilfulness, and determined spirit ; but I am now or retirement of Lord Tenterden, would quite at a loss to understand how all the rest regularly devolve (as it did, in fact) on of the Cabinet were induced to concur in it.
AnThey had not the experience which we have
the Attorney-General, Denman. since happily obtained of the good effect upon
other strange statement is when he menIreland of a kind, liberal and confiding gov- tions the arrangements (in 1833) conseNEW SERIES.-VOL XXXIII., No. 5
quent on the death of Sir John Leach, man, but it is by no means certain. All Master of the Rolls, who was succeeded I have made a point of is that it must be by Pepys, the Solicitor-General : a certainty." On his way to the scene
of action in the mail, they took up a gen“There was a considerable demur about naming me a colleague as Solicitor-General.
tleman who had just left Edinburgh and With my concurrence Charles Austin was first (not knowing his fellow-traveller) ended proposed, and I wrote to him strongly advis- an animated description of the state of ing him to accept. But he had made £40,000 feeling there by the consolatory reflecin one session before railway committees ; this
tion : “ As for poor Campbell, he has practice he must have sacrificed and he preferred it to all the allurements of ambition. not the remotest chance. When the He was a man of consummate abilities, and day of election arrived, he had more might have made himself a great name. His
votes than both his opponents put tohealth soon after broke down, and he was obliged to retire into obscurity.”
The change of Premier from Lord Charles Austin was at the commence- Grey to Lord Melbourne made no perment of his career in 1833. The rail. ceptible difference in his position, and way mania, which enabled him to make he remained in office till the Whig Ad£40, coo in one session, did not begin ministration was summarily ejected in till many years later, and it was on the November, 1834. On the ensuing dissoformation of the Whig Ministry in 1846 lution he stood again for Edinburgh, that the offer of the Solicitor-General- where he was opposed by Lord Ramsay ship was made to him at the suggestion (afterward Governor-General of India of Lord Lansdowne, who had been and Marquis of Dalhousie) and his struck by his varied acquirements and former adversary, Learmonth, a wealthy remarkable powers of mind, which un- coachmaker. Lord Ramsay, appealing fortunately were concentrated too long to the Scotch weakness for pedigree, on money-making. He made (as he had boasted of being the twenty-third in told the writer) more than £80,000 in lineal descent of his house : two consecutive sessions ; but eminence
“I reminded him of what Gibbon said of at the parliamentary bar was never the · Faerie Queen' and the triumphs of Marldeemed a title to the higher honors of borough as connected with the house of the profession.
Spencer, and advised him to be most proud of The patent appointing Campbell At
Allan Ramsay, the barber, well known to be
his cousin, and to regard ‘The Gentle Sheptorney-General in succession to Horne
herd' as 'the brightest jewel in his coronet.' passed the Great Seal on the 23d of The coachmaker and the noble of twenty-three February, 1834. This vacated his seat descents were at the bottom of the poll." for Dudley, and failing to get re-elected, In the course of the discussion of the
ut of Parliament for three Municipal Reform Bill, he was provoked months, when“ what no god nor whip- into denouncing the freemen as the per-in could promise" was brought plague spot of the Constitution ;" and about by the resignation of an old Scotch advantage was instantly taken of this judge, who was succeeded by Jeffrey, escapade by distributing copies of his and one of the seats for Edinburgh was speech in every town in which there were thus left open to competition. Sir John freemen holding votes. His colleagues Hobhouse, who had been thrown out for maintained a prudent silence, and the Westminster, had put forth feelers to only defence or apology attempted for try how a Government candidate would him was by Mr. Philip Howard, the fare, and then shrank from the attempt. member for Carlisle : Lord Grey, on being consulted, told
“We should remember that the honorable Campbell, It is a very perilous thing and learned Attorney-General once represented for you and for us. Another defeat the borough of Stafford, and I am afraid that would be most injurious to you individ- his recollection of the freemen there is not to ually, and ruin to us as a Government.
be reckoned among the pleasures of memory." Brougham, whom he suspected of a spice It is remarkable how long incisive of jealousy at the thought of his repre- expressions of this sort stick to the senting the Scotch metropolis, wrote: speaker, and how impossible it has been “DEAR A.-I am puzzled about Edin- found to throw them off. Lord Lyndburgh. I still think you are not the hurst's “ aliens in blood, language, and
religion,” and Lord Plunkett's supposed ness and good temper, has this morning sent allusion to history as an old almanac,
to me his final determination, which is that he
cannot submit to be passed over, and must re. are familiar examples. Lord Lans
sign if our arrangement is carried into effect.' downe used to relate that what did more than anything else to damage the famous
The matter was at length arranged by Coalition was an expression of the Attor- his accepting a peerage for his wife, by ney-General, Jack Lee, who, when the the name and title of Baroness StratheEast India Company appealed to their den, which, it was represented to him, charter, exclaimed : What is a char- would remove all semblance of slight : ter?-a piece of parchment with a lump “ Pollock, and one or two others, blamed of wax dangling from it.”.
me for not resigning, and said I had lowered The discussion of the Municipal Bill the office of Attorney-General ; ; but Aber
cromby, Follett, and those whose opinions I is particularized as one of the many occasions when Peel and Lord Lyndhurst repented any part of my conduct on this occa
most regard, approved, and I have never since were opposed to each other :
sion, When I urged to Lyndhurst that Peel ap- The right which he declared to be unproved of certain clauses which he had struck questionable was the right of his office, out in the Lords, he exclaimed : :'D-n Peel ! What is Peel to me?' And this was not mere
not a personal right to be bartered away bravado or laxity of talk. About this time he for a personal object, and with all due and other ultra-Tories had formed a plan of respect for Follett and Abercromby, deposing Peel from his lead. Stephenson such was the opinion of the bar. His lately told me that in 1835 or 1836 Lyndhurst defence that he got what he could-reconsulted him as to whether Foliett might not do to be set up as leader in Peel's place.
sembles that of the learned counsel ar
raigned before the tribunal of the CirUnless we are mistaken as to the man,
cuit-mess for unprofessional conduct in Stephenson, “ Boots" Stephenson, one taking a fee in silver (some five or six of the oracles of Brooks's, was an odd shillings), instead of gold, with a brief person for Lord Lyndhurst to consult
to defend a prisoner : “I took all the about the leadership of the Tory party. poor devil had in the world, and I hope
In his contests with Brougham, who you don't call that unprofessional." was indiscreet and inaccurate, Campbell
His account of the case of Norton v. sometimes obtained the advantage ; with Melbourne adds little to what is popuLyndhurst, whose magnificent intellect larly know of it, with the exception of overawed him, he had not a chance; Lord Melbourne's letter to him, beginand (unconsciously, we hope) he en- ning : deavors to throw off the sense of inferi
“MY DEAR ATTORNEY: I have been thinkority by depreciation.
ing over again the matter of this trial, and I In allowing the Solicitor-General, know not that I have anything to add to what Pepys, who was made Master of the I have already written, and to what passed the Rolls in 1834, to be promoted over his
other day at the consultation. I repeat that I head, Campbell, then Attorney-General, and emphatic manner that I have never com
wish it to be stated in the most clear, distinct, had submitted to a sacrifice which he
mitted adultery with Mrs. Norton, that I have was not disposed to repeat. On hear- never held with her any furtive or clandestine ing, therefore, toward the end of 1835, correspondence whatever, and that both in
visiting and in writing to her I always conthat arrangements were in progress for
sidered myself to be acting with the full knowlmaking Pepys Lord Chancellor, and giv. edge and with the entire approbation of her ing the Rolls thus vacated to Bicker- husband.” steth, with a peerage, he wrote to Lord
A measure for the abolition of churchMelbourne and Lord John Russeli to
rates was brought in by Spring Rice, the enter a firm protest. He had interviews Chancellor of the Exchequer, in 1837. with both, the general purport of which
When he sat down, Follett said to me, may be gathered from Lord Melbourne's
'The Lord has delivered you into our letter to Lord Lansdowne, dated Jan- hands ;' and all England was instantly uary toth, 1836 :
in a flame." When the regular debate Campbell, after much discussion on the subject, which I must say, considering how * “Memoirs of the Right Hon. William, deeply his interests are involved and his feel- second Viscount Melbourne." By W. M ings touched, he has carried on with great fair- Torrens, M.P. Vol. ii. p. 173.
came on, Poulett Thompson, who had highest dignities of the law. As soon as been told off to follow Follett, turned to the dissolution of 1841 was resolved Campbell and said, “I cannot answer upon, Lord Melbourne and Lord John this, and retreated into the library. Russell, foreseeing the result, proposed Campbell undertook to answer it and (to to him to take the Great Seal of Ireland say the truth) it was no difficult task for as successor to Lord Plunket, with a a lawyer. Not content with replying to peerage, to which he assented, supposing Follett, he was sarcastic on Stanley, who that the matter had been arranged with the next night retorted “most furiously Lord Plunkett, who at first declined to and unfairly.” This led to the publica- give way. It was an undeniable job, tion of " A Letter to Lord Stanley on for Campbell was to retire with the Govthe Law of Church-Rates," a pamphlet ernment and secure a pension of £4000 which (he states) was commended by a year by a few weeks' tenure of the Sydney Smith as an excellent specimen office. When, therefore, Plunket relucof Liberal juridical reasoning and of gen- tantly yielded, declaring that the resignauine Anglicism, neither to be expected tion had been forced upon him, Campfrom a Scot.'' Such was not the opin bell agreed to waive the right to a retirion of his father-in-law, who, hearing ing pension and became Lord Chancellor that an answer was in preparation by a of Ireland and (“ never having done any. well-known juridical writer, sent for him, thing to make me ashamed of my name") carefully indoctrinated him, and ended John Lord Campbell. After a few by saying, “ Don't spare Mr. Attorney; weeks spent in Dublin, he resigned, and give it him hot and strong!”
his position on his return is thus deHe boasts, and not altogether without scribed : reason, that his arguments were substan
“Thus was I of office, pension, and practice tially adopted by the courts of law and at once bereft. With decent resignation I put the Legislature. Not so the view he on my scarlet robes as a peer, was introduced by took of the celebrated Parliamentary
the Earl Marshal and two Barons, had my Privilege question, on which the best patent read at the table, took the oaths, and,
after making the requisite number of bows, lawyers are now agreed that he was
was placed upon the Barons' bench." wrong. He misstates it at starting. It
The low condition of his party, to was not simply-" Whether an action for a libel could be maintained against which he thinks they were reduced by
their own mismanagement, is mentioned for publishing their proceedings by their in a letter to his brother, September ist, authority," but whether a libellous pub
1841 : lication did not cease to be privileged
Perhaps you may have some curiwhen exposed for sale or otherwise cir. osity to know, what the newspapers cannot culated in a manner not required for the stunned, in a state of stupor, with a feeling of
tell you, how the Party bear this change : due discharge of the business of the annihilation, quite unlike Milton's devils House. We entered fully into this ques- awakening in hell, who were animated by retion on its occurrence, and have neither venge and meditated schemes again to get in. time nor inclination to renew the argu
Peel bestrides the world like a Colossus, and
are only looking out for dishonorable
graves. At Brooks's 'Hope ne'er comes that Although the remaining part of the comes at all.' 'Voi che entrate lasciate ogni Autobiography abounds in passages speranza.' The universal opinion is that the which invite quotation and provoke com
game is irrecoverably up, and that the Tory ment, we can do little more than recapit. Most of our men
will be in power for fifty years to come. party
are gone to Scotland to ulate the steps by which he attained the shoot, or are flying abroad. The few who re
main in London say there is no use in attend. * The Quarterly Review for January, 1838, ing either House. Art. V. Talking over this article with the writer, Follett owned that he had not fully con
Hopeless of judicial or official occusidered the subject when he gave the opinion pation for many years to come, he rewhich mainly induced Sir Robert Peel to take solves to engage in some definite pursuit the democratic side. Campbell states that the Duke of Wellington refused to permit the pass from going to sleep on the sofa in the
“ to fill up my mornings and prevent me tinctly understood that the judgment of the evening," and, December 29th, 1841, court of law was not to be overruled.
he sets down that he has resolved upon
a grand work, to be called the “ Lives temptation of playing the slave in the of the Chancellors.”
chariot : The Autobiography is suspended from November 27th, 1842, and not resumed Herald, the journal in which he now lauds
“ Brougham has exploded in the Morning till November, 1847, when it is taken up himself and vituperates his friends. Last Satfrom the point where it stopped, so as urday appeared there an editorial article to preserve the continuity of time. It violently abusing me rather than my 'Lives,' recommences thus :
which are denominated ' ponderous trifles,' but
calling me 'plain John,' and alluding to my “ I took possession of my new home a few
peerages and my son Dudley, etc.-50 evidays before Christmas, and found it most con
dently from Brougham's pen that everybody venient. The famous Lady Holland said there immediately recognized the author." were three great pieces of good-luck which had befallen me : the first was marrying my wife,
On the formation of the Whig Governwhose grace and sweetness she justly prized; ment in 1846, Campbell became Chanthe second was the selection of my subject for a cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with a literary work, ‘The Lives of the Chancellors; seat in the Cabinet—an arrangement to and the third, purchasing Stratheden House.” which he was reconciled by the reflection
The selection of subject was certainly that the office had been similarly held a lucky hit. Legal biography, when by Dunning, and that it would not well handled, is one of the pleasantest fere with the completion of his magnum and most instructive sorts of light litera- opus. . He here pauses to give studied ture. He was by no means the first to portraits of his colleagues, which are cultivate it ; but his name and position tolerably good likenesses, although enabled him to attract general attention, sometimes overcharged. After the highwhile the labors of his predecessors in est praise of Macaulay as a writer, he the same walk were little known beyond goes on : the pale of the profession. To him was “ Tom's manners I cannot defend. To him reserved the honor and profit of making it is a matter of utter indifference who the legal sages an object of interest in draw- company may be, ladies, bishops, lawyers, ing-rooms and a topic of animated dis
officers of the army, princes of the blood, or
distinguished foreigners, whom the guests are cussion in the clubs. The comic alarm
invited to meet, off he goes at score with hardly expressed by ex, actual, or expectant a gleam of silence, without any adaptation to Chancellors was also calculated to his auditory of the topics he discusses, and quicken curiosity. “He has added a
without any remorse or any consciousness of new pang to death,” was their cry.* have left him in disgust.”
his having acted at all improperly when they The book was consequently in demand as soon as it was announced, and it fully This is partially true of Macaulay in answered the expectations that had been early life, before his return from India, formed of it :
although even then he so evidently "At last Mr. Murray's trade sale came (I spoke because his mind was full that no think the 15th of December, 1845), which was
one could suspect him of assumption or the day of publication, and a rụmor having got conscious rudeness ; but it was in no reabroad that the book was lively, the chief part spect true of him at the time of which of the edition was 'subscribed for,' that is, Campbell was speaking, when, let him taken by the retail booksellers. In a few days the Quarterly Review appeared with warm com- monopolize the conversation mendation of the work, and the same strain would, such were the richness of his was adopted by other periodicals -- daily, mind and his felicitous range of topics, weekly, monthly, and quarterly. I can safely that rare indeed was the auditory' say that no new work of solid information had caused such an excitement for many years. In
who did not leave him with regret. Toa very little time it was 'out of print,' and a
ward the end of 1846, Campbell writes : new edition was called for."
“My second series of the 'Lives of the Brougham alone could not resist the Chancellors' was now published, 'from the
Revolution in 1688 till the death of Lord Thur.
low,' Its success was not at all inferior to * This joke was really made by Sir Charles that of the first. I printed 3000 copies, and Wetherell at a grand dinner in Lincolns-inn 2050 were sold the first day. To lessen my Hall, Lord Lyndhurst and Lord Brougham be- vanity I was told that at the same time 3000 ing present. Campbell mentions the dinner, but copies were sold of a new cookery book, and assigns another locality to the joke.
5000 of a new knitting book. These, however,