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the old order, is bondage now; and if grow into a dull resemblance or become even more women than men, standing in inimical to each other, it will not prea position which should render them re- sumably happen until the planet which sponsible, are wasting life and leisure on they jointly inhabit has advanced far pursuits wholly selfish and trivial, it is upon the process of cooling down; a that wealth has loosened the claims of contingency too remote for adjustinent former duties, before liberty has given in regard to it, to come within the provauthority to the new. It is thus clear ince of statecraft. that the continued refusal to women of I am loth to accept as truly meant on their demands for a more active citizen- the part of the men even most opposed ship, is the denial to them of a sacred to liberal views on this matter, the inhuman right to perfect and harmonious considerate dictum that the possession development.
of equal rights by those who can never A great deal has been said, is still be- be gifted with equal strength, should be ing said, about the alteration of the re- held to exclude them from all chivallations of the sexes which might be ex- rous service and manly observance. If pected to result from any extension of certain of those who have been the piothe franchise in the manner demanded. neers of this movement have used the I own I find it difficult to respond to rough and ready methods of speech and these fears with becoming seriousness. action which are perhaps proper to the If there be any one thing of which Na- nature of the work they have had to do ture is careful, she is careful of her in its beginnings, it affords no argument types, and while that " likeness in un- that those who enter upon tranquil poslikeness'' subsists, which is at the base session of the good for which these of physical attraction, there is little fear others fought, would need to abandon of sexual relations being either reversed any graces or gentlenesses which belong or annulled. So long as the maternal -let me say—to contented womanhood. function continues tenderly to fashion Butthe hearts of women, so long as the voices of men retain their resonance,
“A woman moved is like a fountain troubled,
Muddy, ill-seeming, thick, bereft of beauty.' and until their bodies lose their superior power of action and endurance, and And, be it said, by the way, the poet their capacity for food and sleep, so who has best held the mirror to the nalong will there be little doubt that the ture he has left us to interpret for oursaying of our neighbors, “ La barbe im- selves, has given us, in the play wherein pose, ” will remain substantially correct. these lines occur, a picture of the lying These quasi-material causes might be subservience resulting from acquiescence out of place in a system where abstract in despotism, which would furnish a justice answered to a rigid logic, but in keener sting than could be found in any this world of incalculable movements, words of mine, to some of the foregoing of checks and counterchecks, they pre- remarks. sent themselves as something more than Women are demanding a fair field the “ windage" for which in all reason wherein to labor, and they make no ing we are bound to allow. It would claim for favor so far ; but life is not seem that the alarmists above mentioned all made up of labor and sorrow, and are reckoning without that great primal even labor and sorrow do not exclude force which binds together men and mutual help. women, and for which the higher devel- Let it never be said that the daughters opments of reason are forever forging of Albion have had to choose between stronger if more spiritual links. I would justice and mercy ; the alternative bid them take courage in remembering would be hard, but the election could the comparative stability of the opera- not be long doubtful. The grace which tions of Nature, judged by the shortness one sex arrogates to itself the right of of the days of man ; in any case, to according to the other, while its exer: plant a quiet hope in the largeness of cise has in all time been partial and selfthose grants of time demanded for the regarding, has become, in relation in changes she is supposed to effect. If the exigencies of modern female life, men and women are finally either to little better than a sop to Cerberus. It
is justice, simple, and, as is now scarce- she must live or die ; and if she would ly denied, obvious justice, which the influence them at all, must have recourse femme sole of our modern society, and to the nearest man-possibly her butler, through her womanhood at large, in coachman, gardener, or the laborer in such a degree as natural laws render ex- her fields-as the stalking-horse of her pedient, is seeking to secure.
own unrecognized personality. It is no There was a time when physical force wonder if the moment has at length arruled the world, when law was feeble, rived when society, having outgrown the and only the strong hand could make it- gross appetites which placed its physiself respected. A woman then who had cally weaker half in a state of dependent got no man to marry her was forced to tutelage, women are showing themselves seek the refuge of the cloister ; married impatient of the persistence of limitaor immured, in either case she was ex- tions which, beneficial in their time and ternally cared for and protected, as was season, have now become as oppressive needful in her unfitness to barbarous as they are unmeaning, and insulting to conditions ; and in either case she gave rational intelligence. herself wholly and was swallowed up,
“ There is a divinity which shapes our ends." whether of the Church or her liege lord, in return for shelter, suit, or service. It Had it so continued that every woman was an agreement, and when fulfilled ac- in these isles could have “ dropped into cording to the letter, it left no ground the jaws" of some one man, and so for complaint.
“ceased” as a social unit, it is highly The laws which were made or re- probable that no word would have been dressed from time to time, were shaped heard among us of any further suffrage. in accordance with the demands of the But necessity has presented itself to the ruling sex. That one of their chattels, women of our generation with talons and which from the beginning has possessed beak more formidable than those of the a sad faculty of feeling, and was learn- eagle who drives the young one from ing by degrees to think, was taken no
the nest. They have not sought the heed of by the State, but left, with the shelterless strife with opposing prejurest of a man's personal property, en- dices and interests, but have been forced tirely at his own discretion. And, per- into it by the incontrovertible law which haps, on the whole, the possession of pushes the tribes of men over barren an object, if it happen to be of value to continents, and out upon stormy seas. the holder, may be taken as a fair guar. It is Hunger, the mighty Maker, which antee for its receiving a reasonable is urging our women upon new paths, amount of care. But now a day has and driving them upon a way which they come when, if the “ seven women” of would not, to the fulfilment of a destiny the prophet would not "take hold on which they know not. With this force one man,'
” some of them must be re- behind them it is impossible that they signed to belong only to themselves, should turn back, impossible that those and prepared to stand up and fight the before them should resist their impulbattle of life alone. That they are to a sion. They have been crowded by their certain extent handicapped by Nature own numbers out of the penfold in which in this struggle of opposing interests, is their activity was enclosed, and forced not, cannot be, denied ; but no one, I to seek the equivalent of their labor in think, will say that any plea for undue an ever-widening sphere. In making allowance is put forward on this account the experiment of their fitness for unby the brave women who are already in tried work, they have had to face odium the arena. On the contrary, their de- and abundant ridicule from those whose mand is only that the terms of conflict approval then hold dear. Their efforts shall be something like equalized where to train themselves for higher and more that is possible ; and this is precisely the remunerative labor have encountered justice that is denied them. The rate- the opposition of a jealously-guarded paying, law-abiding, property-holding, monopoly; and the claim for citizenship professional, or working woman, is suf- now formulated-though enforced indefered to have no voice in the regulation pendence has rendered it a right-may of the taxes or the laws under which be met, seeing that it lacks the element
of material force which still enters large- win much, we must lose something, by ly into human affairs, on many sides this as by every other change ; but with indifference, and on some with change is a law of life, and this one has scorn. It would not be thus if there long been gathering force to make itself existed a threat behind it. Meetings of obeyed. Neither men nor women can men of any class, upon the scale of the finally resist the momentum of circumwomen's meetings which have lately as- stances, but women at least could be sembled, would be held sufficiently rep- made to suffer unduly by the presence of resentative of their mind and will to prolonged opposition. enforce respect for their demands. But I will not deal to my countrymen such the stream of tendency which sets in the scant measure of the justice often inway of women's advance is irresistible, voked, as to doubt that there are generand the vital rational principles incor- ous souls among them with whom the porated in her claim could in the end appeal of reason and feeling gains more win alone in the struggle with material than it loses by the knowledge that it resistance
emanates from a region wherein the “ The soul of things is strong:
power to enforce it brutally has no ex
istence. A seedling's heaving heart has moved a stone."
It would only be entirely
worthy of the men whose fathers have The march of civilization is one sure, fought and died for liberty on many if slow, progression from the rule of the fields, to share the precious heirloom on strongest to the equal right divine, and the basis of moral right, with companit will not stop short of its legitimate ions who could never wrest it from their end. But with ends, as ends, we have unwilling grasp, or prizing it however nothing to do; our progress is step by truly, baptize it with their blood in constep, our only guide the awakening con- tact with such opponents.
The place science of humanity. It were vain to of a people in the scale of human develdeny that seemingly moderate and wholly opment is determined by the condition reasonable as is the demand now put of its women ; it would be a meet crown forward, such exercise of reason would to a long career of freedom, iť the counbe a new and strange thing in the his- try of which it is the chosen home, tory of the already old world, and that should be the first among the nations to some degree of faith in right is needed yield that which no one of them in the to enable men to commit themselves end may be able to withhold.-Contemconfidently to the unknown. We may porary Review.
MR. FRANK BUCKLAND.
BY SPENCER WALPOLE.
Events, in the present time, follow Frank Buckland occupied so exceptional one another with such rapidity, and the a position, and held it so long, that favorites of society pass in such con- common justice requires that his memstant succession over the stage, that the ory should be preserved ; and a short most startling occurrences are only re- article on his doings, on his character, garded as nine days' wonders ; and men and even on the eccentricities which who have even filled a prominent place formed part of his character, may be are almost forgotten before a monument welcome to hundreds of persons who is erected to their memory. Under such knew and loved the man, and to thoucircumstances it may prove an almost sands of other persons who did not know hopeless task to recall attention to the the man but loved his writings. character of a man who held only a com- Francis Trevelyan Buckland was the paratively subordinate official position, eldest son of the Very Reverend William and who has left no first-rate work be- Buckland, the founder of the modern hind him to illustrate the achievements school of geology, the author of one of of a singularly ready pen. Yet Mr. the best known of the Bridgewater
Treatises, and Dean of Westminster, gil at his fingers' ends. He used to say, His mother-Miss Morland before her when he could not understand an act of inarriage-threw herself into the geolog- parliament, that he always turned it into ical researches which made her husband Latin ; and within a fortnight of his famous, and frequently proved a ready death he was discussing a passage of a assistant to the Dean. His father was Greek play with one of the accomplished probably one of the most popular lecturers medical men who attended him, interestever known at Oxford. With the zeal of ing himself about the different pronunan enthusiast, he never confined his teach- ciation of ancient and modern Greek, ings to the lecture-room, but frequently and the merits of Greek accentuation. organized parties to scour the neighbor Mathematics were not supposed to form hood of the university, and explained a necessary part of a boy's education the geology of the district standing on forty years ago, and it may be doubted the very stones on which he was coin- whether even his dread of his uncle's menting. He had the rare art of throw- ferule or the discipline at Winchester ing interest into the most abstruse sub could have induced him to make any jects; and stories are still told of him, progress in the study. To the end of tb illustrate his ready wit, which would his life he always regarded it as a provienliven any article. In 1826, when his dential circumstance that nature had eldest son was born, he had already ac- given him eight fingers and two thumbs, quired a considerable reputation; and as the arrangement had enabled him to he chose as sponsors for his boy two count as far as ten. When he was enmen who both filled some position in gaged on long inspections which involved the world—Sir Francis Chantrey, the the expenditure of a good deal of sculptor, and Sir Walter Trevelyan, the money, he always carried it in small apostle of temperance. The boy owed paper parcels each containing ten sovhis two names, Francis Trevelyan, to ereigns; and, though he was fond of his two godfathers. But these names quoting the figures which his secretary are probably unfamiliar to the majority prepared for him in his reports, those of the people who were afterwards ac- who knew him best doubted whether quainted with him ; the future naturalist they expressed any clear meaning to almost always signed himself, and him. He liked, for instance, to state friends and strangers always spoke of the number of eggs which various kinds him as, Frank Buckland.
of fish produced, but he never rounded Dr. Buckland is said to have expected off the calculations which his secretary his son's birth with as much impatience made to enable him to do so. The unit as Mr. Shandy awaited the arrival of at the end of a sum was, in his eyes, of Tristram. When the nurse told him equal importance to the figure, which that the child was a boy he declared represented millions, at the beginning that he should go at once and plant a of it. birch, for he was determined that his Of Mr. Buckland's Christ Church son should be well brought up. The days many good stories are told. Aldeclaration proved a prophecy. Young most every one has heard of the bear Buckland was educated by his uncle, which he kept at his rooms, of its misdeDr. Buckland, of Laleham, the friend meanors, and of its rustication. Less and kinsman of Dr. Arnold, but a most familiar, perhaps, is the story of his severe and even brutal pedagogue. He first journey by the Great Western. The was subsequently sent to Winchester, dons, alarmed at the possible conseand in due course passed on to Christ quences of a railway to London, would Church. At school he certainly received not allow Brunel to bring the line nearer his share of chastisement, and within a than Didcot. Dean Buckland in vain year or two of his death he showed some protested against the folly of this deciof his friends scars on his hand which sion, and the line was kept out of harm's he said were his uncle's doing. He was way at Didcot. But, the very day on probably a trying pupil to an impatient which it was opened, Mr. Frank Buckschoolmaster ; yet he contrived to ac- land, with one or two other undergradquire a large share of classical knowl- uates, drove over to Didcot, travelled edge. He had whole passages of Vir- up to London, and returned in time to
fulfil all the regulations of the university. St. George's, he was offered and acceptThe Dean, who was probably not allo ed the post of assistant surgeon in the gether displeased at the joke, told the 2d Life Guards. Perhaps no army surstory to his friends who had prided geon ever enjoyed so much popularity themselves on keeping the line from among his brother-officers. The friends Oxford. “Here," he said, "you have whom he made during his nine years deprived us of the advantages of a rail- with the regiment remained his friends way, and my son has been up to Lon- to the day of his death ; and whenever don.''
any of them happened to meet him, Mr. It was probably no easy task to select Buckland had an endless store of aneca profession for a young man who had dotes of his old Life Guards days. The already distinguished himself by an ec- nine years during which he served with centric love for animals, which had in the regiment were probably the happiest duced him to keep a bear at Oxford and of his life. He left it on the surgeoncy a vulture at the Deanery at Westminster. falling vacant, and on finding that the At his father's wish, Mr. Buckland de- rules of the service necessitated his own cided on entering the medical profession. supercession by the transfer from another To qualify himself for his duties, he regiment of another surgeon. But durstudied in Germany, at Paris, and at ing the nine years through which he had St. George's Hospital. While he was served his name had become famous. at Paris the cholera was raging, and the His contributions to the Field newspaper patients who died of it in the hospital and his " Curiosities of Natural History'' were allotted to the Anatomical School. had made natural history popular in Mr. Buckland, however, had the stout- thousands of households ; and the exest of nerves and the strongest of consti- ertions which he had already comtutions, and never contracted any illness menced in the cause of fish-culture had during the year of sickness. He return- marked him as a man with an idea. ed to London and soon afterward be. Thus he left the army a known man, came house-surgeon at St. George's. and during the next few years relied on He used to say that the cases which his pen. Unfortunately he was unable were brought into the accident ward to continue contributing to the paper grouped themselves into classes accord- which he had been instrumental in origing to the hours of the day. The sui- inating. Differences arose between himcides came at an early hour of the morn- self and the conductors of the Field, ing; the scaffold accidents next, since and Mr. Buckland, separating himself a scaffold, if it gave way at all, gave way from his fellow·laborers, founded Land early in the day; the street accidents and Water. It is not too much to say afterwards, and so on. At St. George's that the latter periodical was indebted he collected a fund of good stories, with 10 his pen for its existence and reputawhich he used to amuse his friends to tion. the last days of his life. One of the A new sphere was, in the meanwhile, best of them told, as he never minded preparing for Mr. Buckland's energies. his stories telling, against himself. An In 1861 Parliament had sanctioned the old woman came to the hospital with a appointment of two Inspectors of Fishcough, which she declared nothing would eries for England and Wales. One of alleviate except some sweet, luscious these gentlemen, Mr. Eden, retired in mixture which another out-patient, a broken health in 1867, and Mr. Buckfriend of hers, had received. The old land was chosen as his successor. He woman was given a bottle full of the had hardly been appointed when his colmixture, and returned again and again league, Mr. Ffennell
, died ; and another for more, though her cough got little gentleman had to be chosen for the secbetter. At last Mr. Buckland's suspi- ond inspectorship. The old traditions cions were aroused, and he desired that of the office were thus snapped at the his patient should be watched. She was period of Mr. Buckland's appointment, watched, and was found outside Chelsea and the new inspectors, without the asHospital selling the mixture in half- sistance of an experienced colleague, had penny tarts.
to map out their own policy. This is In 1854, while he was still engaged at not the place to describe the policy which