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“Chiefly from my uncle."

derstanding. It cut him up very much. "By the way, Judith, how is your But I hope we-the girls and 1-have uncle? I wonder he didn't come in," done all that lay in our power to make said Mrs. Conisbrough.

up to him for the loss of his son.' “He-oh, he seemed rather in a “Ah, y-yes," said Mr. Danesdale, hurry to get back to Scar Foot,” an- returning to his drawl and his hesitaswered Judith, with a sudden constraint tion. But an only son's a difficult in her manner, which Delphine noticed thing to replace. Being one myself, I with a quick look upward.

speak from inournful experience. My “ Have you seen Mr. Aglionby, yet, father tells me, often, what an unique Mr. Danesdale ?" asked Judith." He article 1 am. I'm sure he finds me a and Sir Gabriel are great friends, great anxiety, just from that very feelthough such very opposite characters." ing that he couldn't replace me if any.

I've heard a lot about him, but I thing were to happen to me. have not seen him. That is a lovely have some more tea, Miss Conisbrough ?" place of his by the lake-what is it call- Judith started as she gave him her ed ?"

half empty cup to put down. “Shennamere.”

"No, thank you. I'm not thirsty, “Shennamere — yes. I rode over nor lungry either. with my father, the very day after my I should think that lake by Scar return. But Mr. Aglionby was out, Foot must be a glorious place for they said.

skating," observed Mr. Danesdale.

Does it ever get frozen over ??' " And there didn't appear to be any- Oh, yes !" Rhoda exclaimed ferbody else. Has Mr. Aglionby no chil- vently. It does, and when it is frodren ?''

zen, I could live on it. You can't think There was a momentary, a more than what it costs me to come off it at the momentary, pause and silence, during end of the day. I do hope the next which Danesdale thought to himself, winter will be a hard one, Mr. Danes

Now, why did I ask that question ? dale, and then you would see what it is I've put my foot in it somehow." like, all about here. I always say there

At last Mrs. Conisbrough remarked, is no such place as Yoresett and the dale blandly, but not cordially,

in the world, but Judith and Delphine “Mr. Aglionby's only son displeased vow they would rather live in a musty him exceedingly many years ago.

He town ; and why, do you suppose ?" married a woman his inferior in every Society, perhaps.' way. Mr. Aglionby quarrelled with him "Oh, no! At least, only the society and disinherited him, and some years of dead men. They would like to live afterward the son died.”

in a town because there would be libraries I see.

It must be rather slow for there." the poor old fellow, I should think. Scorn unutterable was expressed in He must often have regretted the loss the accent laid on the penultimate word. of the only fellow with whom he could “L-libraries. But you can have a constantly quarrel.”

library in the country. At least, there's “Oh, I don't think it was his desire Mudie's. They send all over the counto be always quarrelling with any one, try. Mudie's will send you anything poor old man ! Of course he felt the you want. misunderstanding.

Another pause, till Mrs. Conisbrough “Rather a serious misunderstanding, began, to quarrel irreparably with one's only Well, really, in many ways, Mudie's son, wasn't it ?" asked Mr. Danesdale, is such a tiresome institution. They whose drawl had almost disappeared, sometimes keep you so long-" and whose eyes, no longer half closed, "Mudie's is a delightful institution, were regarding Mrs. Conisbrough in- but a very expensive one, said Judith quiringly.

composedly. "A box for the country, Y-yes," replied the lady, trifling to be worth anything, costs five guineas, with her teaspoon, and gazing into her and then there's the carriage to and cup. “It was a very terrible misun- from London.'' New SERIES.-Vol. XXXIII., No. 4


"My dear Judith, that won't interest Not much else,” answered she. Mr. Danesdale."

So little else that it will take me a “ Perhaps not, I only wished him to long time to digest all that I saw understand."

and heard in Irkford while I was Yes,” said he, " in such a case,

there" you want a free library.”

He shook hands with Mrs. Conis“Our library consists of fields and brough, remarking that he would be just trees, and the running brooks," observ- in time for dinner, if he took the short ed Delphine laughing.

cut across the moor, and then, bidding “Miss Conisbrough's has been some- adieu to the young ladies, and asking if thing else as well,” he observed, looking he might come again, he took his deat Judith, putting down his cup, and parture. - Temple Bar. rising all at once.



The materials for a Lise of Lord with the race, the ascendants and ancesCampbell were ample : his daughter, tors, we should have a clear light on the Mrs. Hardcastle, has made an excellent secret and essential quality of mind. use of them ; and the result is a most Conceiving this canon of criticism to be agreeable and really valuable book. It equally applicable to the superior or diswas in 1842, when he was in his sixty- tinguished lawyer, Lord Campbell, not third year, that he began the autobiog- thinking it necessary to remind the raphy; an age when memory is con- world that he was a Scotchman, begins trolled by judgment, when narrative is with an account of his ancestors. Pacommonly weighted by reflection, when ternally he claims to be descended from a man who has risen to eminence is Donald, the fourth son of the Earl of more disposed to dwell upon the grave Argyll, who commanded the van of the and dignified than on the lighter and Scotch army at Flodden, but he conhaply more illustrative passages of his fesses to some misgivings, “knowing career. It is fortunate, therefore, that, well from my experience in pedigree from his first arrival in London to seek trials how easy it is, giving one link, for his fortune, Lord Campbell kept up a the claimant to trace himself up to Alregular correspondence with his father fred, Charlemagne, and the Greek emand brother, in which his impressions

npressions perors." In the maternal line, his are set down while they were fresh, and mother being a Hallyburton, he can his early struggles, with the alternating " really and strictly and optimá fide" hopes and fears, are described in mi- deduce his origin from the kings of nuie detail with never-failing frankness Scotland. and vivacity. The letters have been Although, he continues, "of gentle preserved, and the most interesting por- blood each parent sprung,” yet in his tions of the work are based upon them. early days he derived no credit or assist

Sainte-Beuve has laid down that "it ance from ancestors or relatives. I is very useful to begin with the begin- was born in obscurity, and had to strugning, and, when one has the means, to gle against penury and neglect." This take the superior or distinguished writer is rather overstating the case, as at the in his native country, in his race. If time of his birth, his father, a dignified we were well acquainted physiologically clergyman (D.D.), was second minister

of Cupar, with a stipend exactly double * " Life and Letters of John, Lord Campbell, that of Goldsmith's village preacher Lord Chief Justice, and afterward Lord Chan

passing rich with forty pounds a cellor of England, based on his Autobiography, Journals and Correspondence." Edited year," and subsequently became first by his Daughter, the Hon. Mrs. Hardcastle,

inirister with a considerable augmenta2 vols. Svo. London, 1881.

tion of income from other sources. His a debate on free-trade by an alliterative a feeling of eeriness or superstitious dread com sentence which he thought very fine : ing over me ; and if when I am in this state of mind the wainscot cracks or a mouse stirs be- “Somehow or another it became necessary hind the hangings or the clock strikes twelve, or expedient to denounce the ironmasters who, the hair of my head bristles up and I expect by combination a short time before, had raised some inhabitant of the world unknown to stand their commodity to an extraordinary price : I before me. From the same instructress, prob- described them as a set of men 'whose hearts ably, I was, when a boy, a firm believer in were as hard as the metal they manufactured witches."


mother, too, was considered an heir- When about seven he was sent to the ess, having a fortune of 1500l.” He was grammar-school at Cupar, where he refortunate in both parents. His father, mained three years, and acquired a fair before taking orders, had been private knowledge of Latin, with the exception tutor during many years to the son of of quantity, in which his master was deCampbell of Carwhin, the heir-pre- ficient. sumptive to the Earl of Breadalbane,

' However, I fatter myself that I have never who took a lively interest in the educa

been found out in a false quantity, and have tion of his successor. At this noble

thus been more fortunate than Edmund Burke man's table, both in town and country, or Sir James Mackintosh. Burke's magnum the elder Campbell was a constant guest. vectigal is known to all the world. I have been

told that Mackintosh, speaking in a debating " It was probably from this intercourse with society on his arrival in London, said, “Non the best society that my father acquired the omnis moriar, multaque pars nei Vităbit Libi. polished manners for which he was remarkable. While in London he paid great attention to the correct pronunciation of the Eng- On the other hand, he says that he lish language, and so far succeeded that an has often felt a great superiority over Englishman who had visited Cupar when he Englishmen in the grammatical knowlme, His dialect, compared to that of his edge of their own language, from his parishioners, was like pieces of gold among having learnt it as a foreign language. copper.'

It is certainly remarkable how few eduHis mother is described as having re- cated Englishmen, including authors by ceived the very best education which profession, have made a careful study Scotland could then afford, and as cel- of English grammar. ebrated for the grace with which she School and college alternated in his danced the court minuet. He was born education instead of college succeeding at Cupar on the 15th of September,

school. Shortly after completing his 1779, " in the midst of a tremendous eleventh year (November, 1790), he was hurricane, memorable for having blown sent with his elder brother to the Unithe pirate Paul Jones out of the Firth versity of St. Andrews, where they atof Forth.” He was the third child of tended the Greek and Humanity classes seven, five daughters and two sons, and, till the termination of the session in the being very sickly, was nursed with much May following, when they returned tenderness by his mother, whose favor- home and went to school as before. ite he was supposed to be. He was also His studies were interrupted for some petted by a nurse, who was not only a months by a severe illness, and he then firm believer in ghosts, but could hard returned to the University, of which he ly think or talk of anything else.

continued a member for four years :

till, in fact, he had finished the curric“ Notwithstanding the caution she received ulum” which entitled him to the degree to abstain from ghost stories in the nursery,

of A.M.; but degrees, it seems, being she constantly entertained us with them, and she told them with such conviction of their granted as a matter of course on paytruth and such impressive effect, that I well ment of fees at St. Andrews, were not remember being afraid to look round the room held in high esteem, and he did not lest a spirit should become visible to us. The claim the privilege till some years afterconsequence has been, that, though theoretically a disbeliever in all supernatural appear ward, when he was settled in England, ances since the beginning of the world, except

and it was creditable to add A.M. to his where a miracle was be worked for the

He had begun in his third sesspecial purposes of Providence, and though in sion to practise oratory at a debating company and in the daytime I laugh at the credulity of others, sometimes, when left all club, and recollects gaining applause in alone about the midnight hour, I cannot help

and monopolized.''


He was under fifteen when his univer- ple, whose conversation was commonsity education was regarded as complete place enough, but he went frequently and, even from his own modest account to London, where he was kindly received of his acquirements, we should say that by friends of his father, among others, there was small ground (barring quan- by Dr. William Thomson, author of tity) for the envy he expresses of the some political satires, at whose house he foundation of solid learning laid at saw a good deal of literary society and schools in England. He was intended was first inflamed by the ambition of be. for the ministry. This was his father's coming an author himself. wish, in which he entirely acquiesced. He takes the first opportunity of see“I was pleased with the thought of ing John Kemble and Mrs. Siddons, becoming, like him, a

him, a great popular who exceed any notion he had formed preacher, and I anticipated that I might of histrionic excellence, and he is one day reach the dignity of Moderator wretched” until he had been in the of the General Assembly of the Church House of Commons, in which he finds of Scotland." According to the rules himself for the first time on the 3d of of the establishment, no one could be a April, 1798, the day of Wilberforce's candidate for orders till, after having motion for the immediate abolition of finished his philosophy course, he had the slave trade. been four years a student at a divinity “This was the most memorable day of my life. college or hall; and in his sixteenth ... Now was the most splendid era in the his. year he was sent to St. Mary's College, tory of the House of Commons, and this debate St. Andrews, appropriated exclusively was one of the finest ever heard within its walls. to Theology and Hebrew. Here his

If Peel, the best performer we now have, had

then risen to state officially the result of the diligence and general conduct ingratia- papers laid upon the table respecting the imted him with the Principal, who recom- portation of negroes and the price of colonial mended him as private tutor to read produce, he would have done it clearly and he with the only son of Mr. Craigie of listened to ; but if he had attempted such elo

would have been respectfully though coldly Glendoick, “a great laird in the Carse

quence as I heard from him last session in the of Gowrie, and son of Lord President peroration to his much-applauded speech on Craigie, a celebrated Scotch lawyer." the income tax, he would have been laughed

Business talents This was his position in the spring of at or coughed down. 1798, when the professors of St. An

now have, but real fine speaking is gone fordrews were requested to recommend a tutor for the son of Mr. Webster, part- Lord Campbell would probably have ner in the West India house of Wedder- said the same of the finest of Mr. Gladburn and Webster in Leadenhall Street, stone's budget speeches, and it is startling The appointment was offered to Camp- to be told that really fine speaking was bell, who was eager to accept it, but his gone forever in 1842. The following father hesitated about trusting him, so estimate of Pitt's motives must also be young and inexperienced, at such a dis- received with caution : tance from home. " At length he consented; all the terms were arranged,

“After Henry Thornton and several inferi.

or speakers had shortly addressed the House, and I bade adieu to the University of uprose Pitt himself, and delivered a most St. Andrews, after a residence there of splendid oration in favor of immediate aboseven years.

lition, which he declared was not less impeThe family in which he was domesti- riously required by the interest and safety

of the West India Islands than by the oblicated resided at Clapham Common. gations of morality. No one while listening Mr. Webster is described as

a very

to his fervid eloquence could then question good-natured but not very wise man, his sincerity, but there is no longer à doubt without much weight or authority in his that he was insincere, and that he was merely own household.

playing the game which he thought the most “ Madame was mis

skilful as minister and leader of a party, to detress in everything. She was young, nounce the traffic which he was resolved to beautiful, gay, and fond of admiration." uphold. Notwithstanding the strong leaning His pupil was a boy of nine or ten years of the Court and a certain section of the arisof age, who required to be initiated in tocracy in its favor, he might have carried the the first rudiments of Latin. The guests and his hostility was afterward proved to be

abolition at any hour had he been so inclined, of the Websters were mostly City peo- colorable by his encouraging the employment



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of British capital in the importation of slaves don, and that the sooner he comes back into the captured colonies.”

to Cupar the better : that “one way his The motion was lost by a majority of foolish fancy had once suggested of four, which, it is suggested, was prob- rising,'' but experience had dispelled the ably arranged by George Rose, the Sec illusion, and he finds that he is as little retary to the Treasury, with the view of qualified for literature as for everything saving the slave trade and keeping up else. the hopes of the abolitionists and the

My ambition now is to find some secure credit of the Minister.

retreat, where forgetting and forgotten I may “ After hearing this debate, I could spend the curriculum vitæ cælo datum in gloomy

I have no longer have been satisfied with being peace and desperate contentment.

some thoughts of setting out in search of such Moderator of the General Assembly.

a retreat Where wild Oswego spreads her However, he continued two years longer swamps around ;' but if you can procure me a with the Websters, doing his utmost for living in the Kirk of Scotland, you will save the improvement of his pupil, whom he me the trouble of crossing the Atlantic. brought to the point of composing in

Before the end of the year a complete Latin prose and reading Ovid's “ Meta

change has come over him, and the morphoses” with facility and amuse spirit of his dream has begun to point ment. During these two years his mode to the Woolsack, to be reached through of life, mental progress, and plans for the reporters' gallery. His whole soul the future, are detailed in letters to his is bent on getting his father's consent to father and brother. * Mrs. Webster had his becoming a law-student, and he parinduced her husband to take a house in ries the objection of insufficient means a fashionable quarter of the town, and by example upon example of similar not thinking it genteel that her son's

difficulties overcome. " You know tutor should sleep or eat in the house, how poorly off Tom Erskine was while had caused lodgings to be taken for him

a student. Mr. Pitt was obliged to with an allowance for his board ; not a pawn his chambers in Lincoln's Inn beliberal one, unless he was economizing fore he was called to the Bar.” On for a purpose, for in a letter dated War- December 11th, 1799, he writes : wick Street, December 16th, 1798, he writes :

As a country minister I should be the most

miserable of human beings, and not improbably “MY DEAR BROTHER, .. My attention is should at last become completely deranged. always occupied with some literary pursuit. As a reporter, and afterward as a lawyer, I and I have never felt a moment's ennui since shall be obliged to be busy every hour of the I came to town. I live very economically. I day, and shall have no time to indulge in dine at home for a shilling, go to the coffee- gloomy and distressing reflections. In Scothouse once a day, fourpence; to the theatre land I should be nearly cut off from the streams once a week, three-and-sixpence. My pen of Helicon ; in London I have only to kneel will keep me in pocket-money. I this day be down and drink my fill." gin a job which I must finish in a fortnight, and for which I am promised two guineas ;

His father reluctantly consents, and but, alas ! Willie Thomson paymaster! He his approach to the streams of Helicon owes me divers yellowboys already. I go no is facilitated by Mr. (afterward Serjeant) farther than to write the history of the last war in India for him till he pays me all. I Spankie, who procured him an engagehave given up, foolishly I believe, my engage

ment with the Morning Chronicle, ment with the Oracle,' the office of historian founded and edited by Mr. Perry, being more noble than that of newspaper critic“who, by his talents, ' honor, consistand translator."

ency, and gentlemanly manners, had Like all men of conscious ability and conferred great credit on the newspaper uncertain prospects, he is constantly press.' His duties were of the most fluctuating between hope and despond- multifarious description.

He was exency. In April, 1799, he writes to his pected to attend public meetings as well father that he shall never get on in Lon

as the House of Commons, to translate French newspapers, and to make him

self generally useful. In October, 1800, * Afterward Sir George Campbell of Eden

he writes, wood. He obtained an appointment in the

though much indisposed I Medical Service of the East India Company,

was obliged to go yesterday to the and lest England for India in 1800.

Shakespeare Tavern, where was cele

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